Employees in Russia

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Working Conditions

Opening Hours
  • Legal Weekly Duration
40 hours
  • Maximum Duration
54 hours a week (not more than 4 hours overtime over 2 consecutive days).
Overtime may not be more than 120 hours a year.
  • Night Hours
From 10pm to 6am.
For night work, the legal duration of working time is reduced by 1 hour.
Working Rest Day
Work is usually not allowed over week-ends or on public holidays.
In a certain number of cases, it is nevertheless permitted with the written agreement of the employee.
Paid Annual Vacation
28 days per year
Retirement Age
.Retirement is possible from age 55 for women and age 60 for men (after 5 years' contributions in the private sector and 15 in the public sector).
Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
Employing people under 15 is prohibited.
People under 18 can only be employed for a limited list of jobs. In addition, it is forbidden to make them work at night, at the week-end or make them do overtime.
Informal Labor Market
Between 10 and 15% of the working population. This rate is tending to drop due to economic growth and the reduction in taxes.
.A large number have formal employment but carry out some form of trade.

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The Cost of Labor


Minimum Wage
At the present time, 1 100 RUR (40 USD ) at the federal level. This went up to 2 000 RUR in September 2008.
The regions can also set their minimum wage.
Average Wage
Average monthly gross earnings in Russia is RUB 16,447 (USD 528).
Other Forms of Pay
  • Pay For Overtime
+50% for the first 2 hours, then +100%
  • Pay For Rest Days Worked
  • Pay For Night Hours
No legal provision.
  • Pay For Overtime at Night
As for overtime.

Social Security Costs

The Areas Covered
Retirement, health insurance and disability benefit, family allowances.
Contributions Paid By the Employer: 26% (unified social tax) but the rate is regressive.
Contributions Paid By the Employee: No contributions.
Competent Organization
Federal Tax Service
Social Security Fund

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