Political Conditions in Singapore
- Type of State
- Singapore is a republic state based on parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
- President is the chief of the state. The role of the president is largely ceremonial. Following legislative elections, leader of majority party or leader of majority coalition is usually appointed Prime Minister by the President as head of the government. Prime Minister enjoys the all the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs.
- Legislative Power
The legislature is unicameral in Singapore . The Parliament consists of 84 seats: 9 members of parliament (MPs) are directly elected from single-member constituencies, and 75 are elected in teams of between four and six to represent the 15 Group Representation Constituencies (GRCs). In addition, there are up to nine nominated members.Parliament is supreme to all other government. The government is dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence.
- Main Political Parties
Though Singapore is a multi-party nation, but practically it has been dominated by one-party which has been in power since its independence. It is PAP (People's Action Party).
Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power. Some of the important opposition parties are:
SDA (Singapore Democratic Alliance) – a common opposition alliance to fight PAP
SDP (Singapore Democratic Party) – a liberal democratic party
WP (Workers' Party of Singapore) – a party of industrial workers.
For more details, consult the list of the political parties in Singapour.
- Current Political Leaders
President: S. R. NATHAN (since September 1999, re-elected in August 2005) – non-partisan
Prime Minister: LEE Hsien Loong (since August 2004) - PAP
- Next Election Dates
Presidential: August 2011
Parliamentary: May 2011
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 11 places up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Partly Free
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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