Law and Compliance in Singapore

Overview by

Business Contract

General Observation

It is very important to read the terms of the contract very carefully. The duty and responsibility of the vendor should be clearly mentioned in the contract.

Singapore is the party to the United Nation Convention on Contract for the International Sale of Goods ("CISG").
Law Applicable to the Contract
Contract law in Singapore
Advisable Incoterms
Choose FOB or CIF. Even EXW is also chosen as organizing domestic transport is very easy in Singapore .
Language of Domestic Contract
Other Laws Which Can Be Used in Domestic Contracts
The contract laws of Common Wealth nations, especially Australia and Canada

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Legal Framework of Business

Equity of Judgments

Independence of Justice
Judiciary is not completely independent. It is badly influenced by political pressures.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Foreigners can largely expect an impartial trial from the country's judicial system, especially in matters related to business.
The Language of Justice
English, Malay, Mandarin and Tamil.
Recourse to an Interpreter
English is a widely used language and hence an interpreter is not usually required.
Legal Similarities
The Constitution of 1959, amended in 1965. The country's legal system is based on English common law. Singapore has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.

The Different Legal Codes

Overview of the Singapore legal system For details, visit the web site of Singapore Academy of Law
Checking National Laws Online
Law in Singapore
Other Useful Resources
Law Society of Singapore
Country Guides
GlobaLex , Legal System Guide
Lawyerment Legal Guide

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The Jurisdictions

The Supreme Court Highest court in the country, headed by the ‘Chief Justice'. It consists of the ‘Court of Appeal' and the ‘High Court'.

The ‘Court of Appeal' hears appeals against the decisions of High Court Judges in both civil and criminal matters. The Chief Justice sits in the Court of Appeal together with the Judges of Appeal. For more details visit:

Supreme Court of Singapore

Subordinate Courts The District Courts try all offences for which the maximum term of imprisonment provided by law does not exceed 7 years or which are punishable by a fine only. For details visit : The Subordinate Courts of Singapore
Industrial Arbitration Court (IAC) The IAC enjoys the status of the High Court and handles exclusively industrial disputes. For more details visit:

Industrial Arbitration Court


Court Officials

Attorney General of Singapore
The government's chief public prosecutor, he's assisted by the Solicitor General and a staff of deputy public prosecutors, all of whom are legally qualified and recruited through the Legal Service Commission.
Public Prosecutors
A public prosecutor represents the state in court and is equivalent to the US District Attorney. Public prosecutors are legally qualified and recruited through the Legal Service Commission.
Legal Service Officers
They are qualified lawyers employed by the Legal Services Commission of Singapore.
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