Employees in South Africa

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Working Conditions

Opening Hours
  • Legal Weekly Duration
45 hours in a week or 9 hours in a day. For employees who work a 6-day week, it is 8 hours per day.
  • Maximum Duration
10 hours per week and not exceed 3 hours of overtime per day.
  • Night Hours
6 o’clock in the evening till 6 o’clock the next morning
Working Rest Day
The rest period must include a Sunday unless otherwise agreed.
Paid Annual Vacation
Leave period of at least 21 consecutive days per completed year of employment (or 1 day for 17 day’s worked, or 1 hour for 17 hours worked), on full pay. Leave accumulation from one year to another not allowed.
Retirement Age
The retirement age is 65 for men and 60 for women.
Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
15 years of age or under the minimum school-leaving age.
Informal Labor Market
The informal employment sector (excluding agricultural sector) is substantial. In the year 2006, it accounted for 17.6% of the total employed work force.

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The Cost of Labor


Minimum Wage
South Africa does not have a national minimum wage, but the Minister of Labour can make sectoral determinations, which may include a basic remuneration level. Legislation differentiates between urban and rural areas.
Average Wage
Average monthly gross earnings in South Africa is ZAR 8,500 (USD 1,100).
Other Forms of Pay
  • Pay For Overtime
50% more than the regular wages.
  • Pay For Rest Days Worked
100% more than the regular wages, if the employee does not normally work on Sundays, Otherwise 50% more than the regular wages, if the employee does normally work on Sundays.
  • Pay For Night Hours
Paid extra, %age varies depending on nature of work.
  • Pay For Overtime at Night
Paid extra, %age varies.

Social Security Costs

The Areas Covered
Pension fund contributions 14%, Occupational injuries insurance contribution 1.6%, Unemployment Insurance Fund. For more information, consult the Social Security Program in South Africa from the U.S Social Security Administration's website.
Contributions Paid By the Employer: 1 %.
Contributions Paid By the Employee: 1 %.
Competent Organization
South African Insurance Association
South African Social Security Agency
Department of Social development

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