Employees in South Africa
- Opening Hours
- Legal Weekly Duration
- 45 hours in a week or 9 hours in a day. For employees who work a 6-day week, it is 8 hours per day.
- Maximum Duration
- 10 hours per week and not exceed 3 hours of overtime per day.
- Night Hours
- 6 o’clock in the evening till 6 o’clock the next morning
- Working Rest Day
- The rest period must include a Sunday unless otherwise agreed.
- Paid Annual Vacation
- Leave period of at least 21 consecutive days per completed year of employment (or 1 day for 17 day’s worked, or 1 hour for 17 hours worked), on full pay. Leave accumulation from one year to another not allowed.
- Retirement Age
- The retirement age is 65 for men and 60 for women.
- Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
- 15 years of age or under the minimum school-leaving age.
- Informal Labor Market
- The informal employment sector (excluding agricultural sector) is substantial. In the year 2006, it accounted for 17.6% of the total employed work force.
The Cost of Labor
- Minimum Wage
- South Africa does not have a national minimum wage, but the Minister of Labour can make sectoral determinations, which may include a basic remuneration level. Legislation differentiates between urban and rural areas.
- Average Wage
- Average monthly gross earnings in South Africa is ZAR 8,500 (USD 1,100).
- Other Forms of Pay
- Pay For Overtime
- 50% more than the regular wages.
- Pay For Rest Days Worked
- 100% more than the regular wages, if the employee does not normally work on Sundays, Otherwise 50% more than the regular wages, if the employee does normally work on Sundays.
- Pay For Night Hours
- Paid extra, %age varies depending on nature of work.
- Pay For Overtime at Night
- Paid extra, %age varies.
Social Security Costs
- The Areas Covered
- Pension fund contributions 14%, Occupational injuries insurance contribution 1.6%, Unemployment Insurance Fund. For more information, consult the Social Security Program in South Africa from the U.S Social Security Administration's website.
Contributions Paid By the Employer: 1 %.
Contributions Paid By the Employee: 1 %.
- Competent Organization
South African Insurance Association
South African Social Security Agency
Department of Social development
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