Sightseeing in Spain

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Tourism and Culture

Different Forms of Tourism

There are many prehistoric sites (the Altamira caves). The eight centuries of Muslim invasion have left traces (the Alhambra). A number of castles, palaces, and medieval cities (Toledo).
Spain is a country with strong Catholic culture, but also Muslim and Jewish culture, since these 3 religions have coexisted (Toledo).
Various sites registered in the world heritage sites of UNESCO.
Various museums to visit: all the museums listed on the Ministry of Culture website.
Folklore and traditions present during the fairs or the various festivals.
A number of theatre and dance festivals, concerts, bullfights, etc. especially during summer.
Many natural and national parks
Pilgrimage of Santiago de Compostela
Numerous churches, monasteries, convents, mosques and synagogues to visit.
A number of spas the tradition of which dates back to the Greek, Roman and Arab occupations.
With a vast Mediterranean coast without tides and sunshine, Spain is a paradise for "sunshine and beach" tourism. In the North, the Atlantic coast, often steeper, is especially suitable for water sports.
Winter Sports
Spain has around thirty winter sports resorts spread across the Pyrenees and the different mountain ranges of this mountainous country. The most popular is Baqueira-Beret in the Aran Valley (Catalonia), the southern most is near Grenada.
Outdoor Activities
Golf , big and small game hunting, river and sea fishing, sailing, scuba diving, horseback tourismparagliding, hang-gliding, rafting.
Theme parks: Port Aventura, Terra Mitica, Isla Magica.
Many water parks.
All the big Spanish cities offer significant options: presence of outlets of all the major Spanish and international brands (especially Madrid and Barcelona). Large shops El Corte Ingles, business centers, etc. Various products and artistic souvenirs can be bought during the fairs or markets.

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Individual and Civic Freedoms

Political Freedom
Total, except for terrorist organizations (ban on the political party Batasuna).
Civil Liberty
Freedom of the Press
World Ranking of Freedom of the Press According to "Reporters sans Frontières", 2009 report : 45/175
Evolution: 6 places down compared to 2008
For Further Information, Consult Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2009, Reporters Without Borders
Free Access to the Internet
Freedom of Assembly
Rule of Law
Rule of law.
Personal Autonomy and Individual Rights
Women's Condition
Equal rights.
In fact, the prevailing male chauvinism leads to violences and murders. There are also differences in salaries between men and women.
For Further Information
Amnesty International
The Country Report published by Freedom House
Global categorization 2006 of the freedom of the Press by Reporter without boundaries

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Degree of Freedom
Catholics 77% (50% practising) ; Muslims, Protestants, etc.: 3% ; non believers: 19%.
Role of Religion in Society
The Spanish society has been dechristianizing gradually since the advent of democracy. However the Spanish episcopal conference is attempting to influence the political choices of the people. The teachings give a choice between catechism and civic education which is strongly opposed in the regions controlled by the right. The IRPF provides for an option to make financial payments in favor of the Church.

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