Political Conditions in Sweden
- Type of State
- The Kingdom of Sweden is a constitutional monarchy based on a parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
- The King is the Head of State. The monarchy is hereditary. The King only has a ceremonial role. After a general election, the Prime Minister is first of all nominated by the parliamentary spokesperson, before being confirmed by the Parliament, for a four year term. The King plays no role in this process. The Prime Minister is the head of the government and he holds the executive power. The Council of Ministers is nominated by the Prime Minister, then submitted to the approval of Parliament.
- Legislative Power
- The Swedish legislative power is unicameral. The Parliament, called Riksdag, has 349 seats and its members are elected by universal suffrage on the basis of proportional representation for a four year term. The executive branch of government depends on the support of Parliament, often expressed by a vote of confidence. The Prime Minister can dissolve Parliament, even after receiving a vote of no confidence, unless elections took place less than three months before. Legislative power belongs both to the government and to Parliament. Swedish citizens enjoy considerable political rights.
- Main Political Parties
Sweden has a multi-party system in which no party can take power by itself. That is why parties have to come to an agreement to form coalition governments. The main political parties in the country are:
- The SAP (Swedish Social Democratic Party) – the social democratic party, its electoral base is among blue collar workers, employees in the public sector and immigrants;
- The Centre Party, social liberals who concentrate on issues concerning agriculture, the environment and the countryside;
- The Christian Democratic Party, which is concerned with elderly people and family values;
- The Green Party, the ecological party which attracts young people and is opposed to membership of the EU;
- The Left Party - the socialist and feminist party, opposed to privatization and membership of the EU;
- The Liberal Party, advocates social liberalism and is considered to be centre right;
- The Moderate Party, the liberal conservative party.
- Current Political Leaders
King: CARL XVI GUSTAF (since September 1973) – hereditary.
Prime Minister (incoming) : Fredrik REINFELDT (since October 2006) – Modern Party, head of a coalition with the Centre Party, the Liberal Party and the Christian Democrats.
- Next Election Dates
- Parliamentary elections: September 2014
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 6 places up compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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