Contracts in Sweden

Overview by

The Active Population in Figures

Main Indicators 20052004 2003
Labor Force 4 156 4004 216 0004 209 000
Labor Force (Annual Growth, %) ---
Rate of Activity (%) 73.073.674.6
Unemployment Rate (%)


Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2007
Agriculture 2.3%
Industry 23.7%
Services 74.0%

Source: Statistics Sweden


Management of Human Resources



Method of Recruitment
You find work in Sweden essentially through adverts in the major daily papers, local job centers or through personal contacts.
Recruitment Agencies
Public service for employment: AMS - Arbetsmarknadsstyrelsen and AMV - Arbetsmarknadsverket.
Recruitment agency: Juhlergroup, Sikta.
Recruitment Websites
Monster Sweden
Job adverts in the newspaper The Local
Expat in Sweden

The Contract

Type of Contract
The work contract is governed by legal measures and to a lesser degree by collective agreements and individual negotiation.
The work contract is generally a permanent contract, but fixed-term contracts may be signed under certain conditions.
For further information, click here.
Breach of Contracts
  • Retirement
Retirement is usually at 65.
  • Dismissals
In Sweden, dismissals may be for reasons of repeated negligence, being incapable of doing the job, being incapable of working with others, repeated drunkenness, refusal to take orders, participation in illegal strikes, etc.
Labor Laws
Labor laws in English

Dispute Settlement


Conciliation Process

Cases of Dispute
Physical violence, moral harassment, sexual harassment, working conditions, etc.
  • Legal Framework
Certain types of work disputes can be taken directly to the industrial tribunal. In this case, the industrial tribunal has exclusive jurisdiction. For other types of dispute between employer and employee, claims must be presented before the ordinary civil court. If one of the parties is not satisfied with the decision made by the civil court, they can appeal to the industrial tribunal. In either case, the decision of the industrial tribunal is the final decision.
For further information, click here.
  • Procedure
Click here.

Judicial Structures

  • Competent Legal Body
Industrial tribunal (Arbetsdomstolen)

Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
Collective agreements are very important in Sweden and they cover most workers. Social dialogue happens only between employers and employees. However, a Commission or a State may be a third party in the negotiations. If the two parties do not come to an agreement, it is the Commission or the State which will decide, and this encourages the parties to find an agreement.
Unionization Rate
79.2% in 2005.
LO (Landsorganisationen I Sverige)
TCO (Tjanstemannens Centralorganisation)
Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Employment

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