Law and Compliance in Sweden
- General Observation
- Sweden is part of the Convention of Rome (1980) which details the legal rules governing the drawing up of international sales contracts for goods, the obligations of the buyer and the seller, recourse in case of breach of contract and other aspects of the contract.
- Law Applicable to the Contract
- The sale of goods is covered by the Law Applicable to the Sale of Goods, incorporated into the Convention of The Hague (1955). Sweden is part of the Vienna Convention. The Convention of Rome (on the law applicable to contractual obligations) allows Sweden to keep its national regulations concerning legal conflict relative to goods transport by sea.
- Advisable Incoterms
- It is preferable to choose an incoterm FOB or CIF. Avoid EXW, if you do not want to have to take care of the transport in Sweden which can be complicated.
- Language of Domestic Contract
- Other Laws Which Can Be Used in Domestic Contracts
- The signatories to a contract can choose which law applies to all or part of the contract as well as the competent court in case of dispute. If the parties have not explicitly chosen an applicable law, the contract is governed by the law of the country with which it has the closest ties, according to the principle of proximity (usual place of residence, or central administration, of the provider, the location of the main establishment or the establishment which provides the service, etc.).
Legal Framework of Business
Equity of Judgments
- Independence of Justice
- Judicial power in Sweden is totally independent.
- Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
- Foreign nationals can have an impartial trial.
- The Language of Justice
- Swedish is the language of justice, but English is commonly used.
- Recourse to an Interpreter
- Legal Similarities
- The legal system is based on a system of civil law influenced by common law. The main law is the Constitution of 1974. As Sweden belongs to the European Union, its national law must submit to the conditions of Community legislation.
The Different Legal Codes
|Accounting regulations||Annual Accounts Act (1995)
Book-keeping Act (1999)
|Contract and property law||Swedish Competition Act|
|Consumer law||Marketing Act|
|Company law||Act on Identification Designation for Legal Entities (1974)
Swedish Code of Corporate Governance
The Swedish Competition Act
|Investment law||The Sveriges Riksbank Act (Law on the national bank of Sweden)
The Swedish Investment Funds Act
|Labor law||The Labour Disputes (Judicial Procedure) Act
The Work Environment Act
Find Legal Experts in Sweden on GlobalTrade.net.
|District Courts, Courts of Appeal, Supreme Court||Private law, Criminal law|
|Administrative Courts||Public law|
|Special Courts||Labor law, Commercial law|
- In Sweden, all lawyers are private (the offices of public lawyers have been abolished). Contrary to many foreign legal systems, Sweden allows citizens to plead personally before a court. So, there is no obligation to get representation or to resort to the services of a lawyer in our country. Nor does Sweden have a monopoly of lawyers, imposing on authorized representatives or legal counsel to be lawyers.
- Clerk of the Court
- The Clerk of the Court is a State employee who works in a Clerk's Office. He is in charge of enforcing court decisions and of cases relative to private and public debt which are pending. In addition, the State is often represented by a Clerk in Court in cases of bankruptcy negotiations, signing of market contracts and discharge of debts.
- Most judges work in one of the two general jurisdictional organizations. The first one, that of general courts, includes a large number of district courts, six appeal courts as well as the Supreme Court. The second one is made up of general administrative courts and includes a large number of administrative courts, four administrative appeal courts and an administrative Supreme Court.
- State Prosecutor
- State Prosecutors play a very important role within both the legal system and criminal procedures. They investigate offences, decide indictments, and plead before the court. In principle, State Prosecutors benefit from the same independence as judges and give rulings personally on indictments.
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Products entering EU and tested and certified in the United States to American standards are likely to be retested and re-certified to EU requirements as a result of the EU’s different approach to the protection of the health and safety of consumers and the environment.
U.S. Commercial Service Poland on 31 Mar 2010 related to Law and Compliance in Sweden
Sweden applies the customs EU laws and coherent regulations, as well as common customs tariffs from the United States and other non-EU countries. The basis of EU Customs Tariff is the ten-digit Harmonized Commodity Description and Coding System (HS)
U.S. Commercial Service Poland on 30 Mar 2010 related to Law and Compliance in Sweden
Find the related Swedish companies with Kompass:
US GovTrade Promotion, the United States
U.S. Department Of Commerce, Sweden