Contracts in Syria

Overview by

The Active Population in Figures

Main Indicators 2001
Labor Force 4700000
Labor Force (Annual Growth, %) -
Rate of Activity (%) -
Unemployment Rate (%) 20.0


Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2002
Agriculture 40.0%
Services 40.0%
Industry 20.0%

Source: Ministry of Labor


Management of Human Resources



Recruitment Websites
Future Corporation

The Contract

Type of Contract
The law is very specific and precise regarding the contracts of employment. The sources of labor legislation in the Syrian Arab Republic are law n°91 of  April 5, 1959 and legislative decree n°49 of  July 3, 1962. The contract must be drawn up in Arabic with a duplicate, with a copy for each party (art. 43, LC). The trial period is stated in the contract, but it cannot exceed 3 months (art. 44, LC). A contract of employment can be established for a short term period or for an unspecified period of time. If it is agreed for a short term period and both parties continue to comply with it after the expiration date, it must be renewed for an indefinite period of time (art. 71, LC).
Breach of Contracts
  • Retirement
The decrees No. 349 and No. 120 of 1961 regulate pensions and retirement.
  • Dismissals
Dismissals are difficult and costly. An employer cannot break a contract without a previous notice and without compensations, unless the employee has filled in one of the conditions stipulated in the article 76 of the labor code.
For more information, consult the site of the ILO (International Labor Organization).
  • Other Possible Methods
To be able to resign from their jobs, the employees of the public sector are required to obtain a prior authorization. This procedure is usually difficult and takes a long time.
Labor Laws
All the textes about Labor Law

Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The General Federation of Trade Unions (GFTU) is the organization which represents workers in Syria. Since 1968, a decree has obliged all the country's trade unions to belong to the GFTU. This organization is strictly controlled by the ruling Baath party. It coordinates most aspects of union activity and determines which sectors or activities may create a union or a federation. As a consequence, union action is minimal and strikes are very rare.
Unionization Rate
The unionization rate in Syria is 100 %. Belonging to a trade union is mandatory in order to be employed.
Regulation Bodies
Syrian Ministry of Social Affairs and Labor.

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