An Overview of the Czech Economy

An Expert's View about Business Environment in the Czech Republic

Last updated: 28 Apr 2011

The Czech Republic, with a small population of 10.5 million inhabitants, is not immune to the aftershocks of the global economic crisis. In particular, being a major auto and electronics exporter in the region, the slump in demand for automobiles and industrial machinery/equipment across Europe has had a direct bearing on the Czech economy, leading to two consecutive quarters of GDP declines starting Q4 2008. Nevertheless, despite being battered hard by the global economic crisis, the Czech Republic has been one of the best performing economies in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE), with GDP growth resuming since the second quarter of 2009. Although it is still not sufficient to turn red GDP figures into black for the whole of 2009, and that high unemployment and fiscal deficit will continue to drag on consumer and investor spending, the budding recovery of the overall European economy and the subsequent rebound in export demand for automobiles, thanks largely to the proliferation of “cash-for-clunkers” programmes in Europe, has gradually put the Czech economy back on growth track. Following various upward revisions, the Czech economy, which is estimated to have shrunk by 4.1% in 2009, is forecast to pick up pace to 1.4% growth in 2010.

Together with an average GDP growth of 5% over 2003-08 and a per-capita income increase from 73% to 80% of the EU average, Czech’s sound economic fundamentals such as healthy trade balances have largely helped the country to weather the global financial crisis and stand out among peers such as Hungary and Ukraine. Be that as it may, the Czech local market will take time to rise back to pre-crisis levels, and the external market can hardly fully recover until the haze of a new round of financial crisis beset by toxic mortgage-based and consumer assets in the CEE region really comes to an end. New-to-the-market Hong Kong companies should therefore adopt a more long-sighted approach when developing the Czech market.

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Posted: 26 April 2011, last updated 28 April 2011

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