All business entities operating in Poland (including foreign companies) have equal access to international trade. However, this access is subject to trade policy measures introduced by the EU, which Poland as a member is obliged to observe.
There are certain licensing requirements, not related to commercial policy, for trading in dual-use (i.e. both civil and military use) goods and technologies; in certain chemicals, particularly narcotic drugs and psychotropics; or in cultural goods.
Separate arrangements are applied to trade in certain agricultural products under the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), including export/import licensing, quantitative restrictions, export refunds or preferential tariff arrangements. In Poland, licenses and permits for trading in goods that require such licenses or permits are issued by the Minister of Economy and, in the case of agricultural products, by the Agricultural Market Agency.