Political Conditions in Taiwan
- Type of State
- Taiwan has for all practical purposes been independent for half a century but China considers it as a part of its territory and wants it re-united with the mainland. Legally, most nations and even the United Nations (UN) acknowledge the position of the Chinese government that Taiwan is a province of China. However in reality Taiwan (official name: Republic of China) is an independent republic state based on parliamentary democracy and has a semi-presidential form of government.
- Executive Power
- First country of Asia to have elected its president by the universal direct suffrage. President and Vice President are elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term). Election last held 22 March 2008 (next to be held in March 2012). Premier is appointed by the President; Vice premiers are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Premier.
- Legislative Power
Unicameral Legislative Yuan: 113 seats, 73 district members elected by popular vote, 34 at-large members elected on basis of proportion of island wide votes received by participating political parties, 6 elected by popular vote among aboriginal populations; to serve four-year terms
Parties must receive 5% of vote to qualify for at-large seats.
Last elections held in January 2008 (next to be held in January 2012).
- Main Political Parties
- Democratic Progressive Party or DPP (TSAI Ing-wen); Kuomintang or KMT (Nationalist Party: WU Po-hsiung); Non-Partisan Solidarity Union or NPSU (CHANG Po-ya); People First Party or PFP (James SOONG)
- Current Political Leaders
- Head of government: Premier (President of the Executive Yuan) LIO Chao-hsuan (since 20 May 2008); Vice Premier (Vice President of Executive Yuan) Paul CHIU (CHANG-hsiung) (since 20 May 2008).
- Next Election Dates
Legislative Yuan (parliamentary): 2012
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 18 places down compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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