Political Conditions in Taiwan

Overview by Globlatrade.net:
Type of State
Taiwan has for all practical purposes been independent for half a century but China considers it as a part of its territory and wants it re-united with the mainland. Legally, most nations and even the United Nations (UN) acknowledge the position of the Chinese government that Taiwan is a province of China. However in reality Taiwan (official name: Republic of China) is an independent republic state based on parliamentary democracy and has a semi-presidential form of government.
Executive Power
First country of Asia to have elected its president by the universal direct suffrage. President and Vice President are elected on the same ticket by popular vote for four-year terms (eligible for a second term). Election last held 22 March 2008 (next to be held in March 2012). Premier is appointed by the President; Vice premiers are appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Premier.
Legislative Power
Unicameral Legislative Yuan: 113 seats, 73 district members elected by popular vote, 34 at-large members elected on basis of proportion of island wide votes received by participating political parties, 6 elected by popular vote among aboriginal populations; to serve four-year terms
Parties must receive 5% of vote to qualify for at-large seats.
Last elections held in January 2008 (next to be held in January 2012).
Main Political Parties
Democratic Progressive Party or DPP (TSAI Ing-wen); Kuomintang or KMT (Nationalist Party: WU Po-hsiung); Non-Partisan Solidarity Union or NPSU (CHANG Po-ya); People First Party or PFP (James SOONG)
Current Political Leaders
Head of government: Premier (President of the Executive Yuan) LIO Chao-hsuan (since 20 May 2008); Vice Premier (Vice President of Executive Yuan) Paul CHIU (CHANG-hsiung) (since 20 May 2008).
Next Election Dates
Presidential: 2012
Legislative Yuan (parliamentary):  2012

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

World Rank:
18 places down compared to 2008

Source: Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2009, Reporters Without Borders


Indicator of Political Freedom

Political Freedom:
Civil Liberties:

Map of freedom 2010
Source: Freedom House

Any Comments About This Content? Report It to Us.

Read more See less

No content has been posted to this folder yet.
Be the first to feature your expertise related to Political Conditions in Taiwan!

  • Post any content you may have that features your expertise, such as a text article with business tips, presentation, market report, etc
  • By sharing your knowledge you gain more visibility for your profile not only on GlobalTrade.net but across the web

Post your content now by simply clicking on the button below.

Check these folders already populated with content posted by other users:

Click here to find out more about key benefits and instructions for contributing to the site.


Post any content you may have that features your expertise and offers valuable information to the international trade community.

The more informative content you post the more visible your will be, as your valuable content will link directly to your profile.

Check these sample pages for illustration: