Political Conditions in Thailand
- Type of State
- Thailand is a Kingdom. It is a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy.
- Executive Power
- Governed by a constitutional monarchy, Thailand has a bicameral legislature system with a House of Representatives and a Senate. Thailand’s 76 provinces each administered by an appointed Governor are divided into districts, sub-districts (tambons) and villages.
The King is the chief of the state and the monarch is hereditary. he has little direct power but commands enormous popular respect and moral authority which he has used on occasion to resolve political crises that have threatened national stability. Following national elections for the lower house of the parliament, the leader of the party that can organize a majority coalition is appointed as Prime Minister by the King for a four-year term. Prime Minister is the head of the government and holds all the executive powers including implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. The cabinet is appointed by the King on recommendation of the Prime Minister.
- Legislative Power
- The legislature in Thailand is bicameral. The parliament called National Assembly consists of: Senate (the upper house) having 200 seats with its members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms and the House of Representatives (the lower house) having 500 seats with its members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Government cannot veto the acts passed by the parliament. When not under military rule, the people of Thailand enjoy considerable political rights. The coup of September 2006 has taken place after 15 years of civilian and democratically-elected governments. The 2006 interim constitution was later surpassed by the permanent constitution on 24 August 2007. Martial law was partially revoked in January 2007. The ban on political activities was lifted in July 2007 following the 30 May dissolution of the Thai Rak Thai party. The new constitution has been approved by a referendum on 19 August, which led to a return to democratic elections on 23 December 2007.
- Main Political Parties
Thailand has a multi-party system. The major political parties in the country are:
- TRT (Thai Rak Thai Party) – has no clear ideological platform, but is commonly described as a ‘populist’ party;
- DP (Democratic Party) – the oldest party in the country, opposes any kind of military dictatorship, pro-democracy;
- TNP (Thai Nation Party) – a conservative nationalist party;
- Great People's Party – advocates left-wing ideology.
- Current Political Leaders
King: PHUMIPHON Adunyadet (since June 1946) – hereditary
Prime Minister: ABHISIT Wetchachiwa (since december 2008).
- Next Election Dates
Senate: April 2012
House of Representatives: Year 2011
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 6 places down compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Partly Free
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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