Employees in Thailand
- Opening Hours
- Legal Weekly Duration
- 48 hours
- Maximum Duration
- The maximum number of work hours is eight per day or 48 per week, except for work deemed by law to be hazardous, in which case employment is limited to seven hours per day and 42 hours per week. Overtime compensation must be paid at a rate of between 1.5 to three times the normal hourly rate to qualifying employees.
- Night Hours
- Overtime compensation must be paid at a rate of between 1.5 to three times the normal hourly rate to qualifying employees.
- Working Rest Day
- Saturday and Sunday.
- Paid Annual Vacation
- Employees are entitled to 13 national holidays per year, plus a minimum of six days of vacation after one year of consecutive work. Thirty annual paid sick days is standard, and an employer may require a doctor’s certificate for sick leave of three days or more. Female employees are entitled to 90 days of maternity leave, including 45 days of paid leave.
- Retirement Age
- There is no legal age of retirement except for civil servants who can retire at 60.
- Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
- Thailand has been successful in reducing child labour over the past 15 years due to positive measures on social and economic development and a reduction in population growth. However, some forms of child labour still persist. Ministry of Labour analysis suggests that there were 300,000 children aged 15-17 years legally employed in registered establishments in 2005 (60 percent male and 40 percent female). In reality, this official figure is compounded by illegal work by children under 15, and especially by non-registered or falsely registered migrant children. Thailand also continues to face challenges in combating some of the worst forms of child labour: victims of trafficking, working children under 15 years old, children used in begging, and children in domestic labour. Other sectors include child labour in some manufacturing and fishery industries, services such as karaoke bars and restaurants, and in the agricultural sector. Vulnerable groups include children of minority groups, migrant children, and children in poverty.
The Cost of Labor
- Minimum Wage
- between 140 baht (USD3.75) and 168 baht (USD4.94) by day
- Average Wage
- The average monthly gross earnings in Thailand is THB 7,730 (USD 226).
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