Political Conditions in Tunisia
- Type of State
- According to the terms of the Constitution, Tunisia is a free State, sovereign and independent. Its religion is Islam, its language Arabic and its regime a Republic.The power instituted by the Constitution is founded on the sovereignty of the people and the separation of powers. The regime it establishes is the republican regime.
- Executive Power
- Article 37 of the Constitution lays down that "the executive power is exercised by the President of the Republic assisted by a government led by a Prime Minister".The President of the Republic is the Head of State. He is elected for five years by universal, free, direct and secret suffrage, and by an absolute majority of the votes cast. The President of the Republic is the guarantor of national independence, the integrity of the country, the observance of the Constitution and the laws as well as the enforcement of treaties. He sees to the regular functioning of the constitutional public authorities and ensures the continuity of the State. He benefits from jurisdictional immunity during and after the end of his period of office. The President of the Republic is the Supreme Head of the Armed Forces. He accredits diplomatic representatives to foreign powers. The President of the Republic directs the general policy of the State, defines its fundamental options and informs the Chamber of Deputies. The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister and, on his recommendation, the other members of the government. The President of the Republic presides over the Council of Ministers. The President of the Republic appoints civil and military high-ranking civil servants on the government's recommendation.
- Legislative Power
The people exercises the legislative power through a representative assembly, called, since 1981, "Chamber of Deputies" and the Chamber of Councillors, or by referendum. The Chamber of Deputies is composed of 189 deputies elected by universal, free, direct and secret suffrage for a five-year term.
Laws are initiated conjointly by the President of the Republic and the members of the Chamber of Deputies. The bills presented by the President of the Republic have priority.
- Main Political Parties
Democratic Constitutional Rally (RCD), the majority party.
the Progressive Democratic Party (RSP)
the Social Liberal Party (PSP)
the Unionist Democratic Union (UDU)
As for the MTI (Renaissance Party), its legalization visa has been refused.
- Current Political Leaders
President: Foued M'BAZAA
Prime Minister: Beji Caid ESSEBSI
- Next Election Dates
Presidential elections: Not known
Parliamentary: Not known
Indicator of Freedom of the Press
- World Rank:
- 11 places down compared to 2008
Indicator of Political Freedom
- Not Free
- Political Freedom:
- Civil Liberties:
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