Contracts in Ukraine

Overview by

The Active Population in Figures

Main Indicators 2005
Labor Force 22.6 million
Labor Force (Annual Growth, %) -
Rate of Activity (%) -
Unemployment Rate (%) -

Source: Ukranian statistics

Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force)
Agriculture 24.0%
Services 44.0%
Industry 32.0%

Source: NationMaster

For Further Information About the Labor Market
COE, Labor migration
Statistics on the Ukranian labor market

Management of Human Resources



Method of Recruitment
Some agencies impose their own recruitment methods, some are go betweens.
Recruitment Agencies
There are different types of recruitment agencies in the Ukraine, either specialized in a precise area or targeted at temporary employment. Most of them have their own websites.
Recruitment Websites
Work in Ukraine
Work in Kiev
Work in Kiev

The Contract

Type of Contract
Employment contracts are regulated by law, collective agreements and individual negotiations. An employee is on probation of 1 to 3 months. During this period, the employee can be dismissed or confirmed.  There are three employement contracts: Permanent, temporary and provisional.
Breach of Contracts
  • Retirement
Retirement age is set at  60 years for  men and 55 years for women. It can be premature in certain sectors.
  • Dismissals
An employer can dismiss an employee for continued bad performance, serious fault, unjustifiable absence of more than 3 hours or prolonged illness of more than four months and company economic problems. An employee can resign with two weeks notice.
  • Other Possible Methods
For more information, refer to the report on the Ukranian employement market published on the Salans website.
Labor Laws
Labor Law
Employement Law

Dispute Settlement


Conciliation Process

  • Legal Framework
The law that deals with contentious matter between employers and employees in the Ukraine is the International Commercial Arbitration Act.
  • Procedure
In the case of a dispute. the parties can go to the Ukranian Tribunal of Commerce or an international court, by common agreement. Since 1994, parties can lodge an appeal with an international commercial arbitration court, which is a lot more advantageous.

Judicial Structures

  • Competent Legal Body
The body in charge of contetious matters between employers and employees in the Ukraine is the International Commercial Arbitration Court.

Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The Federation of Ukrainian Trade Unions, which unites 44 unions and 26 regional associations, brings together more than 10 million members.
Unionization Rate
The Ukraine has nearly 15 million unions for an active population of 22 million people.
Ukrainian Trade Union Federation
List of Ukrainian trade unions
Regulation Bodies
Ministry of Labor and Social Policy

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