Law and Compliance in Ukraine

Overview by

Business Contract

General Observation
The contract has to define the description, the quantity, quality of the products and the length of the transaction.
Law Applicable to the Contract
Ukranian law is complex, however, it complies with international standards: Vienna Convention, UNIDROIT and the European Law on contracts.  A contract should therefore comply with international and national laws.
Advisable Incoterms
Like the Economy Code, the October 1994 presidential resolution declared that all agreements should be subject to the Incoterms national and international regulations.
Language of Domestic Contract
Contracts are in Ukranian.
Other Laws Which Can Be Used in Domestic Contracts
The Civil and Economy Code are the two reference texts for drawing up a contract in the Ukraine.

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Legal Framework of Business

Equity of Judgments

Independence of Justice
The judiciary is not totally independent in Ukraine. Judges are often penalized for independent decision making, and there is significant evidence of routine interference in judicial decisions by the government.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Foreign nationals cannot expect an impartial trial from the country's judicial system.
The Language of Justice
The judicial language used in the country is Ukrainian and Russian.
Recourse to an Interpreter
Having an interpreter is possible.
Legal Similarities
The main source of the law is the constitution of 1996. The country's legal system is based on a civil law system and judicial reviews of various legislative acts.

The Different Legal Codes

Labor Law Law relating to employment rights, contracts, employment conditions and social and arbitration protection.
Commercial proceure law Laws relating to relationships and conflicts between citizens, legal entities and the State.  Laws relating to accountability issues.
Law on Foreign Investment in the Ukraine Law of 1996.
Checking National Laws Online
Ukrainian legislation
Other Useful Resources
The Ukraine Constitution
The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine website
Ministry of Justice
Gateway to Ukranian law websites
Country Guides
Research Guide to Ukrainian Law
Library of Congress - Guide to law online - Ukraine, Information gateway on laws in the Ukraine

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The Jurisdictions

Common Law Court Civil and criminal matters
Court of Appeal Appeal of legal decisions
Common Law Supreme Court Supreme Court of Appeal
Supreme Court of Commerce Supreme Court of Appeal of Commerce
Constitutional Court Specialised in constitutional justice matters
Tribunal of Commerce Between legal or private entities who have an entrepreneurial status.
Arbitration Courts Independent from the public legal system, they carrie out commercial arbitration in the classic sense of the word.

Court Officials
The Supreme Court of Ukraine (in Ukranian)
Find more on about Legal and Compliance Issues in Ukraine.

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