Employees in the U.K.

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Working Conditions

Opening Hours
  • Legal Weekly Duration
48 hours
  • Maximum Duration
The average working hours are calculated over a 17-week period. You can work more than 48 hours in one week as long as the average on this period is less than 48.
  • Night Hours
Under the Working Time Regulations, night time is described as the period between 11.00 pm and 6.00 am. You're considered as a night worker if you regularly work for at least three hours during this period. As a night worker, you shouldn't work more than an average of eight hours in each 24-hour period, (excluding overtime).
Working Rest Day
If you're an adult worker you usually have the right to 24 hours clear of work each week or 48 hours clear each fortnight.
Paid Annual Vacation
A salaryman is entitled to a minimum of 4.8 weeks (from 1 October 2007). The entitlement will increase again to 5.6 weeks from 1 April 2009.
Retirement Age
60 for women and 65 for men.
Child Labor and Minimum Age For Employment
13 for part time work. The website WorkSmart from the TUC shows that the type of work is restricted to light agricultural or horticultural work or as allowed by by-laws. Thus, the true minimum age for general work is 14 years. 16 is the minimum age for a full time work (if left school) and 18 for night work.

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The Cost of Labor


Minimum Wage
EUR 1,105
Average Wage
Average weekly gross earnings was GBP 457 (EUR 534) in 2007.
Other Forms of Pay
  • Pay For Overtime
There's no legal right to pay for working extra hours, and there are no minimum statutory levels of overtime pay, although your average pay rate must not fall below the National Minimum Wage.
  • Pay For Night Hours
Your employer might decide to reward you for working antisocial hours (for example, you may get free transport, food or extra pay). You only have a legal right to any of these if your contract says you do, but it's good practice for employers to offer them.
  • Pay For Overtime at Night
If your night work involves special hazards or heavy physical or mental strain, you can't be made to work more than eight hours in any 24-hour period. This includes overtime. More information on Direct.gov.uk.

Social Security Costs

Contributions Paid By the Employer: 12.8%
Contributions Paid By the Employee: 11%
Competent Organization
Department of work and pensions

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