Political Conditions in the United States

Overview by Globlatrade.net:
Type of State
A federal republic state based on representative democracy with three equally powerful branches of government. United States has 50 states which are largely self governing and semi-sovereign entities.
Executive Power
President is both the chief of state and the head of the government. President is elected by an electoral college (who are elected directly from each state) to serve a four-year term. President is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces.
These powers are checked by parliament. The Cabinet is appointed by the President subject to approval by the senat.
Legislative Power
The legislature is bicameral in the United States. The Congress consists of Senate (the upper house) and the House of Representatives (lower house). The Senate has the power to confirm or reject presidential appointments and to ratify treaties; the House of Representatives has the sole right to initiate revenue bills, although they may be amended or rejected by the Senate. President has the power to veto the legislation passed by the Congress. The Congress can override the veto with a two-thirds vote.
Main Political Parties
The United States has a two-party system :
- Democratic Party : the oldest political party in the world (established in 1820s) with a liberal, pro-working class Philosophy;
- Republican Party : established in 1854, socially conservative but economically more liberal, favors free-market economy and capitalism.
Current Political Leaders
President: Barack Obama (since January 2009): Democrat Party
Next Election Dates
Presidential: November 2012
ongress: November 2012

Indicator of Freedom of the Press

World Rank:
20 places up compared to 2008

Source: Worldwide Press Freedom Index 2009, Reporters Without Borders


Indicator of Political Freedom

Political Freedom:
Civil Liberties:

Map of freedom 2010
Source: Freedom House

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