Law and Compliance in the United States

Overview by Globlatrade.net:

Business Contract

General Observation
You must define precisely the seller's obligations and the methods of quality control.
Law Applicable to the Contract
Article 1 (General Provisions), Article 2 (Sales) of The Uniform Commercial Code and Article 9 (Secured Transactions).
Advisable Incoterms
Choose an incoterm FOB (Free On Board) or CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight). Avoid EXW (Ex works), if you don't want to have to take care of the transport. Visit the website Foreign Trade to see all the incoterms.
Language of Domestic Contract
English
Other Laws Which Can Be Used in Domestic Contracts
American Law: State Level.

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Legal Framework of Business

Equity of Judgments

Independence of Justice
Independent.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
Foreign nationals can expect an impartial trial from the judicial system.
The Language of Justice
English.
Recourse to an Interpreter
Each federal court is required to provide, at judiciary expense, a certified or otherwise qualified interpreter in judicial proceedings instituted by the United States for a party who speaks only or primarily a language other than English.
Legal Similarities
The main source of the law is the constitution of 1787. The country legal system is based on federal court system influenced by English common law and judicial reviews of various legislative acts. Each state has its own unique legal system with its own supreme court. A case may be appealed from a state supreme court to the federal Supreme Court only if it is related to federal issues like U.S. Constitution or laws/treaties of the United States.
 

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The Jurisdictions

 
The U.S Supreme Courts Its jurisdiction is set out by statute in Title 28 of the U.S. Code. Most of the time the Supreme Court is judicial review. While the Supreme Court is a separate branch of government, outside factors do exert some influence on the Court. For further information, consult the US Constitution
U.S Federal Court of Appeals (13) When cases are appealed from district courts. Consult the website of the U.S Federal Court of Appeals
U.S Federal District Courts (94) Consult the website of the US Courts
State Courts Consult the website of the US Courts
The Court of Claims The Court of Claims hears cases in which the U.S. Government is sued.
The Court of Military Appeals Visit the website.
The Court of International Trade The Court of International Trade hears cases involving appeals of rulings of U.S. Customs offices.
 
 

Court Officials

Chief Justice of the United States
The head of the judicial branch of the government of the United States, nominated by the US president.
U.S Attorneys
Represent the United States federal government in USA district court and USA court of appeals.
US Judges
Judges of the courts of appeals and the district courts, and judges of the Court of International Trade, are appointed for life under Article III of the Constitution by the President of the United States with the advice and consent of the Senate. Bankruptcy judges are judicial officers of the district courts and are appointed by the courts of appeals for 14-year terms. Magistrate judges are judicial officers of the district courts and are appointed by the judges of the district court for eight-year terms.
 
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