Supply Chain in the United States

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Customs Procedures

« Export permission » and « Export approval » are necessary but they only concern goods internationally recognized as being subject to such restrictions (weapons, nuclear energy, missiles, etc.).
Export Taxes
Export Clearance
Requires adherence to the specific procedures set forth in the Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Under the EAR, the shipper, being the exporter of record, is responsible for the proper use of product classification, license if any, and corresponding export requirements.

It is imperative that the appropriate export documentation, thoroughly and accurately completed, accompany all export shipments. Failure to do so can result in tax payments, detention or seizure of shipments, mis-shipments, penalties, government audits, and adverse publicity. The documents described below are required for exports
·        Commercial Invoice
·        Packing List
·        Shippers Export Declaration

The Shippers Export Declaration (SED), Form 7525-V, is used to compile official U.S. export statistics and is required for exports authorized by the Department of Commerce. It is a mandatory form required for virtually all shipments from the United States. An SED is not required for exports of items valued at less than USD2,500 unless the items fall under a license or license exception.

Exporters are to maintain records of all exports for a period of five years from the date of export or last export or re-export.

Necessary Declaration

Entering merchandise is a two-part process consisting of: (1) filing the documents necessary to determine whether merchandise may be released from Customs custody, and (2) filing the documents that contain information for duty assessment and statistical purposes. Both of these processes can be accomplished electronically via the Automated Broker Interface program of the Automated Commercial Systems.

  • Invoices
  • Each package is marked and numbered so it can easily be identified against the invoice.
  • A detailed description of the merchandise in each package is on the invoice.
  • The country of origin is clearly marked.
  • Any special laws that apply are complied with. Merchandise such as food, drugs, cosmetics, alcohol and so on will usually fall into this category.

Controlling the Quality of the Products

Quality Control Organizations
American Society for Quality

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