Grain and Feed Update

An Expert's View about Crops and Support Services in Algeria

Posted on: 10 Nov 2012

U.S. wheat exports have increased through the first seven months of CY 2012.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 10/24/2012 GAIN Report Number: AG1210 Algeria Grain and Feed Update Wheat update Approved By: James Dever Prepared By: Nabila Hales Report Highlights: U.S. wheat exports have increased through the first seven months of CY 2012. Algeria has suspended import duties and VAT on animal feed inputs and co-products, including corn, DDGS, and corn gluten feed (CGF) as well as soybean meal. Post: Algiers Author Defined: General Information Production Due to extreme heat during July and August, coupled with fires in agricultural production areas, the Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) has revised its preliminary total grain production forecast from the 5.6 million metric tons (MMT) it announced in June to 5.2 MMT. Thus far, MoA has not provided an official breakdown between soft (bread) and hard (durum) wheat production. Wheat A 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 lgeria Market Year Begin: Jul Market Year Begin: Jul Market Year Begin: Jul 2010 2011 2012 USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official P ost Area Harvested 2,012 2,012 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 (1000 HA) Beginning Stocks 2,332 2,332 2,893 2,748 2,818 3,073 (1000 MT) Production 2,900 2,900 2,800 2,800 3,500 3,400 (1000 MT) MY Imports 6,436 6,291 6,100 6,500 5,200 5,200 (1000 MT) TY Imports 6,436 6,291 6,100 6,500 5,200 5,200 (1000 MT) TY Imp. from U.S. 115 80 0 80 0 80 (1000 MT) Total Supply 11,668 11,523 11,793 12,048 11,518 11,673 (1000 MT) MY Exports 25 25 25 25 25 25 (1000 MT) TY Exports 25 25 25 25 25 25 (1000 MT) Feed and Residual 50 50 50 50 50 50 (1000 MT) FSI Consumption 8,700 8,700 8,900 8,900 9,000 9,050 (1000 MT) Total Consumption 8,750 8,750 8,950 8,950 9,050 9,050 (1000 MT) Ending Stocks 2,893 2,748 2,818 3,073 2,443 2,598 (1000 MT) Total Distribution 11,668 11,523 11,793 12,048 11,518 11,673 (1000 MT) Yield 1. 1.4414 1. 1.4 2. 1.75 (MT/HA) Barley 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Algeria Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Jul 2010 Jul 2011 Jul 2012 USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official P ost Area Harvested 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 (1000 HA) Beginning Stocks 1,247 1,258 1,336 1,317 1,686 1,567 (1000 MT) Production 1,500 1,500 1,350 1,350 1,600 1,700 (1000 MT) MY Imports 89 69 700 600 300 70 (1000 MT) TY Imports 262 0 600 0 300 70 (1000 MT) TY Imp. from U.S. 26 0 0 26 0 0 (1000 MT) Total Supply 2,836 2,827 3,386 3,267 3,586 3,337 (1000 MT) MY Exports 0 10 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT) TY Exports 0 10 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT) Feed and Residual 1,250 1,250 1,450 1,450 1,550 1,550 (1000 MT) FSI Consumption 250 250 250 250 250 250 (1000 MT) Total Consumption 1,500 1,500 1,700 1,700 1,800 1,800 (1000 MT) Ending Stocks 1,336 1,317 1,686 1,567 1,786 1,537 (1000 MT) Total Distribution 2,836 2,827 3,386 3,267 3,586 3,337 (1000 MT) Yield 2. 1.5 1. 1.35 2. 1.7 (MT/HA) Trade CY 2012 wheat imports through July show a 17-percent decrease, compared to the same period in CY 2011. Total wheat imports from January to July CY2012 reached 3.6 MMT ($1.17 billion) of which durum reached 903,696 MT ($385 million) and bread wheat totaled 2.7 MMT ($792 million) versus a total 4.59 MMT ($1.75 billion) in the same period in CY 2011. CY 2012 imports are forecast well-below CY 2011 imports due to increased production. However, it currently is not clear whether Algeria’s CY 2012 imports will tick up with the downward revision in CY 2012 production or OAIC will defer purchases due to high world prices and tight supplies. Algeria Wheat Imports (January through July CY2011-CY2012 comparison in MT) January-July CY2011 January-July CY2012 Durum Common Wheat Total Wheat Durum Common Wheat Total Wheat Origins MT MT MT MT MT MT France 827809 2596018 3423827 101403 1279313 1380716 Canada - - - 692402 - 692402 Argentina - 78500 78500 - 567480 567480 Uruguay - 77733 77733 - 307065 307065 U.S.A 47090 26700 73790 29891 235034 264924 Brazil - 675097 675097 - 130709 130709 Great Britain - - - - 107081 107081 Mexico 141360 - 141360 80000 - 80000 Germany - 26250 26250 - 75070 75070 Ukraine - - - - 5640 5640 Romania - - - - 5500 5500 Czech - - - - 3270 3270 Italy 52441 - 52441 - - - Paraguay - 26101 26101 - - - Spain 24114 - 24114 - - - Egypt - - 60 - - - TOTAL 1092814 3506399 4599273 903696 2716162 3619857 Source: Algeria Official Trade data France remains the top wheat supplier to Algeria for the first seven months of CY 2012 and commands a large portion of the bread wheat (47 percent) and durum (11 percent) markets followed by Canada (19 percent) and Argentina (16 percent). The U.S. share in the wheat market has recovered to a 7-percent share of the total wheat from January to July CY2012, with 3-percent share for durum and a 9-percent share for bread wheat. The U.S. market share for durum fell from 17 percent in CY 2010 to only 3 percent in CY 2011. U.S. wheat and other products face stiff competition from European suppliers due to price competitiveness and shipping flexibility. Policy In response to increasing international feed prices, the Government of Algeria (GoA) has suspended import duties and VAT on animal feed inputs and co-products, including corn, dried distiller’s grains with solubles (DDGS), and corn gluten feed (CGF) as well as soybean meal. The GoA took this action to curb inflation by moderating expected increases the price of animal products, particularly meat and poultry. Previously, the import duty and VAT for corn was 5 percent and 7 percent and for DDGS and CGF it was 30 percent and 17 percent respectively. As a result, it is expected that imports of U.S. feed grain and DDGS could increase.
Posted: 10 November 2012

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