Citrus Annual 2011

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Argentina

Posted on: 30 Dec 2011

After a bad year for fresh lemon production in Argentina, lemon production rebounded significantly.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/14/2011 GAIN Report Number: Argentina Citrus Annual 2011 Approved By: Melinda Sallyards Prepared By: Maria Julia Balbi Report Highlights: After a bad year for fresh lemon production in Argentina, lemon production rebounded significantly in 2010/2011, and it is forecast to return to normal levels in 2011/2012. Fresh lemon estimated production for 2011/2012 is expected to decrease to 1.3 million MT, and fresh orange and tangerine production is estimated to increase to 750,000 MT and 350,000 MT, respectively. Grapefruit production is forecast at 130,000 MT. Fresh lemon exports are projected to remain stable at 260,000 MT, and orange and tangerine exports are estimated to decrease to 120,000 MT and 105,000 MT, respectively. While exports decreased, domestic consumption increased which explains the increase in production. Grapefruit exports are expected to decrease to 10,000 MT. Executive Summary: For 2011/2012 fresh lemon production is estimated to decrease to 1.3 million MT due to frosts in early July 2011 and as a result of the natural lifecycle of plants. Fresh orange and tangerine production is expected to increase to 750,000 MT and 350,000 MT, respectively, due to favorable weather conditions, and grapefruit production is forecast to decrease to 130,000 MT as area planted to grapefruit is decreasing and being replaced with sugar cane and soybeans. Domestic consumption in 2011/2012 is projected to decrease to 70,000 MT for lemons due to smaller production, and it is estimated to increase to 531,000 MT for oranges, and 150,000 MT for tangerines due to larger fruit supply and a drop in exports. Grapefruit consumption is expected to remain stable at 60,000 MT. Fresh lemon exports are forecast to remain stable at 260,000 MT due to larger fruit volumes in the Northern Hemisphere countries and the economic crisis in the EU. Orange and tangerine exports are projected to decrease to 120,000 MT and 105,000 MT, respectively, despite larger production, as a result of the EU crisis. Grapefruit exports are projected to decrease slightly to 10,000 MT. Commodities: Lemons, Fresh Oranges, Fresh Tangerines/Mandarins, Fresh Grapefruit, Fresh Production: After a bad year for fresh lemon production in Argentina, lemon production rebounded significantly in 2010/2011, and it is forecast to return to normal levels in 2011/2012. Fresh lemon production for 2011/2012 is forecast to decrease to 1.3 million MT due to frosts in early July of 2011 and, also, as a result of the natural lifecycle of plants which allows fruit to blossom heavier one season and lighter the following season. CY 2012 is expected to be this “lighter” season. Fresh lemon production for 2010/2011 is increased to 1.49 million MT, compared to previous USDA official estimates, as a result of favorable weather conditions in the main growing region during CY 2010. However, excess rain in February 2011 affected the fruit size which forced producers to delay harvest between two and three weeks. In addition, since production in 2010/2011 was very good, larger producers have been investing in new lemon tree planting and plant replacement. For 2011/12, fresh orange and tangerine production is estimated to increase to 750,000 MT (up 170,000 MT from the previous year) and 350,000 MT (up 70,000 MT from the previous year), respectively, as a result of favorable weather conditions. Grapefruit production is projected to decrease to 130,000 MT as area planted to grapefruit is being devoted to sugar cane (fostered by the increase of ethanol production) and soybeans in the North West Argentina (NOA) region since the grapefruit business is becoming increasingly unprofitable. In 2010/2011, fresh orange and tangerine production is expected to remain at 580,000 MT and 280,000 MT, respectively, compared to previous official USDA estimates, and to decrease significantly from 2009/2010, due to a severe drought which affected fruit blossom in the main growing region, North East Argentina (NEA). Fresh grapefruit production is expected to remain stable at 140,000 MT. Lemon production in 2009/10 remained unchanged at 1.0 million MT, down 350,000 MT from the previous year, as a result of a drought and late frosts in September/October 2009. Fresh sweet citrus production remained stable at 770,000 MT for oranges and 360,000 MT for tangerines. Production for both fruit were larger than expected as heavy rains that caused floods in the NEA region did not damage the plants as much as previously estimated. Grapefruit production remained stable at 140,000 MT, compared to previous official estimates, but decreased from the previous year due to a gradual reduction of area planted to grapefruit. The major lemon varieties grown in Argentina are as follows: Genova and Eureka; main orange varieties: Naventina, Salustiana, Washington Navel, Navel Late, Valencia Seedless, and Valencia Late; main tangerine varieties: Clementina, Clemenvilla, Ellendale, Malvasio, Montenegrina, Murcott, Ortanique, Satsuma, Okutsu; main grapefruit varieties: Marsh and Duncan (Source: Federcitrus). Overall, the citrus sweet varieties that have been expanding faster are seedless varieties, such as Tango for oranges, and Clementines and Clemenules for tangerines. One of the main concerns affecting the citrus sector in Argentina is increased production costs (especially, labor, inputs, and energy) estimated by private sources between 20-25 percent higher for 2010/2011, as a result of a high inflation rate which, combined with the relatively stable value of the dollar, represents a significant loss of competitiveness for local exporters. As an example of these increased costs, harvesters received a 30 percent salary increase for the current season. In addition, inland and ocean freight costs have also increased significantly. The Government of Argentina (GOA) has reduced gas supplies to major industrial operations in the country to assure household gas supplies during winter. In the Province of Tucuman, gas supplies have been reduced by 30 percent. Gas supplies are expected to continue to be scarce in the next season as no major gas investments are being planned to overcome this serious energy problem. Gas is mostly used in lemon processing between May and September. The Governor of Tucuman Province has requested that the province be exempted from this measure as the lemon and sugar cane industries are seasonal operations between May and September every year. Government Support to Producers In June 2011, two of the leading citrus companies from NEA decided to stop exports and suspend some of their employees as a result of extremely high costs, which continue to increase, and loss of competitiveness. In November 2011, over 400 producers with 13,000 hectares planted to citrus received a provincial government- support fund of about $1 million to help them recover from frosts and hail storms, which affected production in 2010. Area Planted Area planted to lemon is estimated to increase gradually to 44,000 hectares for 2010/11, up from 43,575 hectares in 2009/2010, and will continue to expand in the near future, especially in the Provinces of Salta and Jujuy. In the Province of Tucuman, lemon production competes with sugar cane production and, to a lesser extent, urban expansion and soybean production, which has grown in marginal areas. According to private sources, the Argentine lemon sector is not expected to expand through land investment but through the incorporation of new genetic material, which would improve yields. Area planted to orange and tangerine production is projected to remain stable, and area planted to grapefruit is forecast to decrease gradually as grapefruit production competes with other more profitable crops, such as sugarcane and soybeans. Processing Fresh lemons for processing in 2011/2012 are estimated to decrease to 972,000 MT, compared to the previous year, due to smaller production. In 2010/11, it is projected to increase to 1.15 million MT, compared to the previous USDA estimate of 973,000 MT, as a result of larger production and additional volumes of fruit which did not reach the size and quality required by export markets. Many producers chose to harvest smaller-sized fruit, which were devoted for processing, leaving larger sizes in the plants to obtain fruit suitable to the needs of more demanding export markets. Fresh orange and tangerine for processing in 2011/2012 is forecast to rebound to 100,000 MT and 95,000 MT, respectively, due to larger production. Grapefruit for processing is expected to decrease to 61,000 MT, as a result of smaller production. In 2010/2011, orange and tangerine for processing is projected to fall to 60,000 MT and 55,000 MT, respectively, compared to previous USDA official estimates, as a result of smaller fruit supply and larger exports than expected. Grapefruit for processing is expected to remain stable at 70,000 MT. In 2009/10, lemons for processing remained stable at 698,000 MT, compared to previous USDA official estimates, and it increased slightly from the previous year due to a slight increase in imports than expected. Orange and tangerine for processing remained stable at 84,000 MT and 91,000 MT, respectively, compared to previous official estimates, and it increased slightly from the previous year due to larger production. Grapefruit for processing remained stable at 71,000 MT. Over 50 percent of the total lemon production in Argentina is processed by four plants, of which three are located in the Province of Tucuman, and one in the Province of Salta. In addition, there are about 35 high-tech packing citrus plants which are approved for export by the Argentine sanitary authorities. Investment Investment in land devoted for lemon production is expected to continue to expand marginally, especially in the Provinces of Salta and Jujuy, whereas in the Province of Tucuman lemon production competes mainly with sugar cane production. In addition, two new packing and processing plants will become operational in Tucuman in the near future. Investment is due to the increasing profitability of lemon activity, the potential opening of significant export markets for fresh lemon, such as the U.S. and China, and the expansion of leading beverage companies in Asia. Investments in processing facilities and irrigation are also planned in the NEA region for “sweet” citrus fruit (orange and tangerine). There is an on-going project to build a juice processing facility in the Province of Entre Rios, with a $2 million-contribution by the Provincial Government, whose main purpose is to supply the increasing international demand for concentrated juices. Consumption: Fresh lemon domestic consumption does not typically vary much over time, unlike oranges and tangerines – the “sweet” categories – which are often replaced by other types of fruit depending on the price. Consumption in 2011/2012 is estimated to decrease slightly to 70,000 MT from the previous year due to smaller production. Consumption in 2010/2011 is expected to increase to 80,000 MT, compared to the previous USDA official estimate of 60,000 MT, as a result of larger production and, in 2009/2010, it remained stable at 45,000 MT, compared to previous USDA estimates, and decreased in comparison with the previous year, as a result of smaller production. In 2011/2012, orange and tangerine consumption is expected to increase to 531,000 MT (for oranges), and 150,000 MT (for tangerines), compared to previous USDA official estimates, due to larger fruit supply. Grapefruit consumption is estimated to remain stable at 60,000 MT. In 2010/2011, orange and tangerine consumption is projected to decrease to 391,000 MT and 110,000 MT, respectively, compared to previous USDA official estimates, due to smaller production. In 2009/2010, orange and tangerine consumption remained stable at 530,000 MT and 150,000 MT, respectively, and it decreased from the previous year as a result of larger exports and reduced fruit supply. Grapefruit consumption is estimated to remain stable in 2010/2011 and 2009/2010. It decreased in 2009/10, compared to the previous year, due to smaller production. Estimated annual per capita citrus consumption is as follows: lemon, 1.5 kg; orange, 10.15 kg; tangerine, 4.35; and grapefruit, 1.95 kg. Trade: Exports Fresh lemon exports for 2011/2012 are forecast to remain stable at 260,000 MT, compared to the previous year, due to larger fruit volumes in the Northern Hemisphere, especially in Spain and Turkey, and the economic crisis in the EU. Orange and tangerine exports are projected to decrease slightly to 120,000 MT and 105,000 MT, respectively, despite larger production, due to the EU economic crisis, which is expected to cause consumption to increase. In addition, larger fruit supply is expected in competing countries from the Northern Hemisphere. Grapefruit exports are expected to decrease slightly to 10,000 MT. Fresh lemon exports for 2010/11 are expected to decrease slightly to 260,000 MT, compared to the previous USDA estimates, despite larger production, due to increased fruit supply in competing countries in the Northern Hemisphere, such as Spain and Turkey. In addition, following the practice carried out in the past couple of years, relatively high volumes of fruit were devoted for processing as a result of the decision made by the industry to export only fresh lemons meeting higher quality standards, thus restricting the export supply and preventing a steep decrease of international prices. This market strategy is expected to continue. Fresh orange and tangerine exports in 2010/2011 are estimated to increase to 130,000 MT and 115,000 MT, respectively, compared to previous USDA official estimates, due to high international prices which fostered sales. However, this reflects a decrease from the previous year due to smaller production and economic recession in some European countries which are important export markets. Fresh grapefruit exports are forecast to decrease slightly to 11,000 MT, compared to previous USDA official estimates, as international demand for this type of fruit is decreasing gradually. Fresh lemon exports remained stable in 2009/10 at 264,000 MT, in line with USDA official estimates, and exceeded exports from the previous year, as international markets recover from the global financial crisis. Fresh orange and tangerine exports remained in line with USDA numbers at 157,000 MT (for oranges) and 119,000 MT (for tangerines). They decreased, compared to the previous year, due larger production than previously expected and the recovery of export markets. For 2009/2010, fresh grapefruit exports remained stable at 11,000 MT. It is not possible to export fresh organic lemons as the fruit must undergo a bleaching process, which is not allowed under organic certification standards. However, some lemon by-products are produced and exported as organic. Argentine fresh citrus are exported to over 80 international markets. The main export destinations were as follows: Fresh Citrus Fruit Destination Market Share % 2010 Jan-Sep 2011 Lemons EU 75 68 Russia 16 17 Oranges EU 55 76 Russia 18 6 Tangerines EU 36 30 Russia 37 40 Grapefruit EU 83 88 Russia 10 7 Source: FAS Buenos Aires, based on data from the Global Trade Atlas (GTIS) For 2010/2011, no major export market diversification is expected for citrus fruit. During January-September 2011, the EU remained the largest export market for most types of Argentine citrus fruit: lemons (68 percent market share), oranges (76 percent), and grapefruit (88 percent); and the second largest market for fresh tangerines (30 percent). Russia was the second largest market for all citrus fruit, except tangerines, accounting for an average of 40 percent of total Argentine tangerine exports, 17 percent of lemons, 6 percent of oranges (down from 18 percent in 2009/2010 due to strong competition from South Africa), and 7 percent of grapefruit. Other markets which increased imports of Argentine lemons were Ukraine, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, and United Arab Emirates. Imports Citrus imports are expected to remain negligible in 2011/2012 and 2010/11, and this trend is forecast to continue as Argentina is a net citrus fruit exporting country. In 2010, total citrus imports totaled 9,327 MT, and were valued at $6.3 million. Imports came mainly from Chile and Italy (lemons), Mexico and Chile (oranges), and Chile and Israel (grapefruit). Policy: Import and Export Regulations On December 22, 2008, President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner announced a package of stimulus measures for the Argentine agricultural sector. The measures affecting fruit and vegetables were published in the Official Bulletin, Decrees Nos. 38/2008 and 40/2008, on December 31, 2008. They established that the export tax for pears, apples, peaches, citrus fruit, grapes, blueberries, strawberries, onions, frozen potatoes, beans and pulses were reduced by 50 percent (i.e. fresh deciduous fruit and stone fruit currently pay a 5 percent export tax, while citrus fruit and vegetables pay 2.5 percent). The changes did not have a significant impact on overall fruit production. Export taxes for these products were already relatively low (5 percent to 10 percent). Part of Argentina’s 2.5 percent export tax on citrus is rebated depending on the size of the container. Argentine government officials have requested from Russian authorities a reduction of the import tariff affecting apples, pears, and citrus fruit. Export and Import Tariffs All Citrus Fruit (HTS codes: 080510, 080520, 080540, 080550) For countries outside MERCOSUR AREA % Import Tariff 10.00 Statistical Tax 0.50 Export Tax 2.50 Export Rebate for cases containing less than 16 kg. 5.00 Export Rebate for cases containing 16–20 kg. 4.05 Export Rebate for cases containing more than 20 kg. 2.70 For countries within MERCOSUR AREA Import Tariff 0.00 Statistical Tax 0.50 Export Tax 2.50 Export Rebate for cases containing less than 16 kg. 5.00 Export Rebate for cases containing 16–20 kg. 4.05 Export Rebate for cases containing more than 20 kg. 2.70 Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on data from Tarifar Phytosanitary Issues Argentine phytosanitary authorities continue negotiations with China to reopen the market for Argentine fresh lemons. Trade was interrupted in 2005 when China established cold treatment for all citrus fruit, which damaged the fruit quality. The industry has been focusing on other export destinations pending negotiations with officials in China. Currently, the market is open to fresh “sweet” citrus varieties. Moreover, there are on- going technical discussions with the U.S. to reopen the market for Argentine fresh citrus fruit. A research study was recently completed showing data that Citrus Variegated Chlorosis (CVC) cannot be transmitted through lemon seed, but can be transmitted through sweet citrus seed. The study is being evaluated by USDA/APHIS. Argentina is currently free of Huanglongbing (HLB). In order to protect Argentine citrus production, the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries (MAGP, in Spanish) has implemented a National Program for HLB Prevention, composed by the following organizations and agencies: National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA, in Spanish), National Service of Agriculture and Food Health and Quality (SENASA, in Spanish), National Seed Institute (INASE, in Spanish), provincial governments, Experiment Station “Obispo Colombres”, and entities from the private sector related to the citrus activity. Argentina has a National Traceability System, which allows local phytosanitary authorities, producers, and exporters to learn about the various treatments applied to the fruit, from the plant to the port of destination. This guarantees the importer that the product is healthy and safe. Marketing: Prices International (FOB) Prices for Fresh Citrus Fruit Overall, fresh citrus average FOB prices during 2009/10 were higher than the previous year, especially for lemons, with the exception of oranges. However, by the end of the marketing year, prices fell due to the delay in the arrival of fruit shipments to the main EU markets. The highest FOB price for lemons during CY 2010 was $978/MT (March); for oranges, $498/MT (June); for tangerines, $1,000/MT (January); and for grapefruit, $700/MT (March). FOB prices are estimated to decrease in 2010/11 as increased fruit supply is expected from Argentina’s primary competitors. Lemon FOB Prices ($/MT) Jan-Sep 2008 2009 2010 2011 January 583 713 -- 700 February 1,022 604 -- -- March 870 778 978 915 April 1,016 589 620 644 May 1,074 556 671 666 June 1,076 602 742 689 July 976 633 724 716 August 758 657 783 688 September 710 642 698 679 October 694 566 700 n/a November 844 -- 667 n/a December 683 -- 700 n/a Average 859 634 n/a 728 Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on GTIS trade data Orange FOB Prices ($/MT) Jan-Sep 2008 2009 2010 2011 January -- -- -- -- February -- -- -- -- March -- -- -- -- April 251 194 155 114 May 534 440 483 495 June 552 494 498 531 July 549 478 471 506 August 520 485 457 519 September 472 455 422 486 October 409 384 381 n/a November -- 205 232 n/a December -- -- -- n/a Average 470 392 387 n/a Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on GTIS trade data Tangerine FOB Prices ($/MT) Jan-Sep 2008 2009 2010 2011 January 196 333 1,000 -- February 741 1013 821 894 March 728 785 774 806 April 756 733 763 779 May 786 749 766 818 June 779 760 768 837 July 769 749 771 838 August 773 742 746 842 September 722 721 742 827 October 467 655 695 n/a November 889 -- 100 n/a December -- -- -- n/a Average 691 724 722 n/a Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on GTIS trade data Grapefruit FOB Prices ($/MT) Jan-Sep 2008 2009 2010 2011 January -- -- -- -- February -- 1,200 -- -- March 167 598 700 723 April 651 546 546 541 May 587 571 521 525 June 594 533 July 590 584 478 477 August 587 572 582 600 September 412 513 667 -- October 161 -- -- n/a November 684 -- -- n/a December -- -- -- n/a Average 493 640 566 n/a Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on GTIS trade data Wholesale Prices for Fresh Citrus Fruit Lemon Domestic Wholesale Prices ($/MT) Jan-Sep 2008 2009 2010 2011 January 390 366 1,020 1,070 February 340 352 1,150 1,166 March 630 350 950 970 April 540 328 680 646 May 298 258 490 436 June 332 222 470 392 July 387 221 460 392 August 363 261 490 375 September 308 357 560 389 October 460 470 660 n/a November 447 742 675 n/a December 401 737 953 n/a Average 408 389 773 n/a Source: Buenos Aires Central Market Orange Domestic Wholesale Prices ($/MT) Jan-Sep 2008 2008 2010 2011 January 210 217 280 308 February 310 229 280 338 March 300 276 340 366 April 350 310 340 448 May 322 298 350 434 June 283 301 320 380 July 300 295 310 345 August 331 299 300 312 September 299 339 280 336 October 372 350 293 n/a November 361 373 300 n/a December 259 382 313 n/a Average 308 306 309 n/a Source: Buenos Aires Central Market Tangerine Domestic Wholesale Prices ($/MT) Jan-Sep 2009 2010 2008 2011 January n/a n/a 360 422 February n/a n/a 350 366 March 190 n/a 350 331 April 250 296 330 305 May 288 305 330 331 June 299 320 340 352 July 341 332 330 350 August 340 330 310 347 September 293 345 290 340 October 366 400 283 n/a November 439 389 295 n/a December n/a 442 398 n/a Average 312 351 301 n/a Source: Buenos Aires Central Market Grapefruit Domestic Wholesale Prices ($/MT) Jan-Sep 2008 2009 2010 2011 January 300 365 510 541 February 340 NA 550 965 March 410 NA 520 793 April 390 403 490 515 May 313 313 440 478 June 296 301 400 473 July 332 306 390 422 August 311 288 370 401 September 281 336 350 380 October 299 340 343 n/a November 372 371 440 n/a December 452 377 595 n/a Average 341 340 450 n/a Source: Buenos Aires Central Market Domestic Retail Prices for Fresh Citrus Fruit Citrus Fruit $/kg Lemon (premium) 1.99 Lemon (standard) 1.75 Orange (Navel) 1.75 Orange (Valencia) 0.77 Tangerine (Clementina) 2.28 Tangerine (Nova) n/a Grapefruit (Marsh) 1.45 Grapefruit (Ruby) 1.50 US$1 = AR$4.29 (November 22, 2011) Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on supermarket prices Promotion “ALL LEMON Tested & Certified for Export” is the Argentine quality seal which certifies the quality of about 85 percent of lemons devoted for export. Currently, this program, created in 2009, carries out audits to the 12 leading lemon producers and exporters in Argentina. Its primary goal is to develop and establish quality standards to be applied by lemon companies, which are committed to export a strictly selected product. Lemons identified under ALL LEMON parameters must comply with: High juice content Resistance and durability Firmness Freshness Uniform format Balanced color Skin in optimal condition Traceability and safety Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Lemons/Limes, Fresh Argentina 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 43,575 43,575 44,000 44,000 44,000 Area Harvested 42,000 42,000 43,000 43,000 43,000 Bearing Trees 13,000 13,000 13,000 13,000 14,000 Non-Bearing Trees 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,100 Total No. Of Trees 14,000 14,000 14,000 14,000 15,100 Production 1,000 1,000 1,300 1,490 1,300 Imports 7 7 3 1 2 Total Supply 1,007 1,007 1,303 1,491 1,302 Exports 264 264 270 260 260 Fresh Dom. Consumption 45 45 60 80 70 For Processing 698 698 973 1,151 972 Total Distribution 1,007 1,007 1,303 1,491 1,302 HECTARES, 1000 TREES, 1000 MT Oranges, Fresh Argentina 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 48,229 48,229 48,300 48,300 48,300 Area Harvested 45,500 45,500 46,000 46,000 46,000 Bearing Trees 23,000 23,000 23,000 23,000 23,000 Non-Bearing Trees 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 Total No. Of Trees 25,000 25,000 25,000 25,000 25,000 Production 770 770 580 580 750 Imports 1 1 3 1 1 Total Supply 771 771 583 581 751 Exports 157 157 100 130 120 Fresh Dom. Consumption 530 530 413 391 531 For Processing 84 84 70 60 100 Total Distribution 771 771 583 581 751 HECTARES, 1000 TREES, 1000 MT Tangerines/Mandarins, Fresh Argentina 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Market Year Begin: Apr 2010 Market Year Begin: Apr 2011 Market Year Begin: Apr 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 34,930 34,930 35,000 35,000 35,000 Area Harvested 33,000 33,000 33,000 33,000 33,000 Bearing Trees 18,000 18,000 18,000 18,000 18,000 Non-Bearing Trees 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 Total No. Of Trees 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 Production 360 360 280 280 350 Imports 0 0 3 0 0 Total Supply 360 360 283 280 350 Exports 119 119 95 115 105 Fresh Dom. Consumption 150 150 120 110 150 For Processing 91 91 68 55 95 Total Distribution 360 360 283 280 350 HECTARES, 1000 TREES, 1000 MT Grapefruit, Fresh Argentina 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 7,685 7,685 7,500 7,500 7,300 Area Harvested 7,000 7,000 7,000 7,000 7,000 Bearing Trees 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,550 Non-Bearing Trees 70 70 70 70 60 Total No. Of Trees 1,670 1,670 1,670 1,670 1,610 Production 140 140 140 140 130 Imports 2 2 2 1 1 Total Supply 142 142 142 141 131 Exports 11 11 13 11 10 Fresh Dom. Consumption 60 60 60 60 60 For Processing 71 71 69 70 61 Total Distribution 142 142 142 141 131 HECTARES, 1000 TREES, 1000 MT
Posted: 30 December 2011

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