Citrus Semi-annual

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Argentina

Posted on: 29 Jul 2012

Marketing year 2011/12 fresh citrus production, for all fruits except grapefruit, is estimated to decrease due to unfavorable weather conditions.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 7/11/2012 GAIN Report Number: Argentina Citrus Semi-annual 2012 Approved By: Brooke Markley Prepared By: Maria Julia Balbi Report Highlights: Marketing year 2011/12 fresh citrus production, for all fruits except grapefruit, is estimated to decrease due to unfavorable weather conditions such as frosts and drought. Major drops were for oranges and tangerines, while lemon production decreased slightly. Exports for oranges and tangerines were revised downward as a result of smaller production and the EU economic crisis. Domestic consumption for oranges and tangerines is also reduced. Lemon export and consumption is projected to remain stable. Grapefruit consumption is forecast to increase to 65,000 metric tons (MT). Argentina recently informed that a case of Huanglongbing (HLB or citrus greening) was recently found in the Northeastern of Argentina region. After evaluating the case and taking appropriate precautionary measures, the Argentine official phytosanitary authorities concluded that the country maintains its status of HLB-free. Executive Summary: For 2011/2012, fresh citrus production is estimated to decrease, except for grapefruit, due to unfavorable weather conditions. Lemon production was revised down to 1.2 million metric tons (MT), and orange and tangerine production were decreased from 750,000 MT to 500,000 MT, and from 350,000 MT to 250,000 MT, respectively, compared to previous USDA estimates. Grapefruit production is projected to increase to 160,000 MT as a result of higher yields. Lemon exports will remain stable at 260,000 MT due to smaller production, larger fruit sizes than the size demanded from export markets, and the EU economic crisis. Orange and tangerine exports are forecast to decrease to 90,000 MT and 80,000 MT, respectively, as a result of smaller production and reduced demand in some export markets. Grapefruit exports are projected to remain stable at 10,000 due to decreasing international demand. Domestic consumption is estimated to remain stable at 70,000 MT for lemons, and it is expected to decrease for oranges and tangerines to 340,000 MT and 100,000 MT, respectively. Grapefruit consumption is forecast to increase to 65,000 MT. Commodities: Lemons, Fresh Oranges, Fresh Tangerines/Mandarins, Fresh Grapefruit, Fresh Production: For marketing year (MY)2011/2012, fresh lemon production is estimated to decrease to 1.2 million metric tons (MT), 100,000 MT less than previous USDA official estimates, due to frosts in early July 2011, followed by a severe drought in January through March 2012. It is also a result of the natural lifecycle of plants, which allows fruit blossom heavier one season and lighter the following season, this year being the lighter season. In addition, harvest was delayed about 40 days due to excess rains at the beginning of the harvesting season. As a consequence of the drought, the fruit quality was excellent as dry weather favors plant health conditions. However, some of the fruit grew too much and exceeded sizes demanded by export markets therefore, it will be devoted for processing. Fresh orange and tangerine production is estimated to decrease drastically due to the drought followed by a severe frost in early June 2012. Post projects orange production to drop from the previous official estimates of 750,000 MT to 500,000 MT and tangerines from 350,000 MT to 250,000 MT. Grapefruit production is expected to increase to 160,000 MT, up 30,000 MT from previous estimates, as weather conditions were favorable, which increased yields. During the past few years, grapefruit production has been decreasing gradually as area planted to grapefruit is going down and being replaced with sugar cane and soybeans. Fresh lemon production for MY 2010/2011 is increased to 1.5 million MT, compared to previous USDA estimates of 1.49 million MT, as a result of favorable weather conditions in the main growing region during CY 2010. Since production was very good, larger producers have been investing in new trees to replace old lemon trees. Despite a drought that affected fruit blossom in the Northeastern of Argentina (NEA) region, the fruit recuperated favorably from the effects of the drought later in the season. Latest revisions from private sources increased production of oranges and tangerines by more than 35 percent to 800,000 MT and 400,000 MT, respectively. Grapefruit production was increased to 160,000 MT, up 30,000 MT from USDA estimates, as a result of favorable weather conditions. The main lemon varieties grown in Argentina are as follows: Genova and Eureka; main orange varieties: Naventina, Salustiana, Washington Navel, Navel Late, Valencia Seedless, and Valencia Late; main tangerine varieties: Clementina, Clemenvilla, Ellendale, Malvasio, Montenegrina, Murcott, Ortanique, Satsuma, Okutsu; main grapefruit varieties: Marsh and Duncan (Source: Federcitrus). Overall, the citrus sweet varieties that have been expanding faster are seedless varieties, such as Tango for oranges, and Clementines and Clemenules for tangerines. One of the main concerns affecting the citrus sector in Argentina is increasing production costs during the past few years (especially labor, inputs, energy, inland and ocean freight), as a result of a high inflation rate which, combined with the relatively stable value of the dollar, represents a significant loss of competitiveness for local exporters. During the past few years, the Government of Argentina (GOA) reduced gas supplies to major industrial operations in the country to assure household gas supplies during winter. In the Province of Tucuman, main lemon growing region in the country, gas supplies were reduced by 30 percent in 2011. Gas supplies are expected to continue to be scarce as no major gas investments are being planned to overcome this energy problem. Gas is mostly used in lemon processing between May and September. The Governor of Tucuman Province has requested that the province be exempted from this measure as the lemon and sugar cane industries are seasonal operations between May and September every year. Although this is becoming an increasingly serious problem, so far, the local industry has not been significantly affected. Government Support to Producers In June 2011, two of the leading citrus companies from NEA decided to stop exports and suspend some of their employees as a result of extremely high costs, which continue to increase, and loss of competitiveness. In November 2011, over 400 producers with 13,000 hectares planted to citrus received a provincial government-support fund of about $1 million to help them recover from frosts and hail storms, which affected production in MY2009/2010. Area Planted Area planted to lemons has increased to 48,600 ha for MY2010/11 as a result of latest estimate revisions from the private sector, and it is expected to continue growing marginally, especially in the Provinces of Salta and Jujuy. In the Province of Tucuman, lemon production competes with sugar cane (for ethanol production) and, to a lesser extent, with urban expansion and soybean production, which has grown in marginal areas. According to private sources, the Argentine lemon sector is not expected to expand significantly through land investment but through the incorporation of new genetic material, which would improve yields. Area for MY2011/12 is projected at 49,000 ha. For MY2010/2011, area planted to oranges and tangerines increased slightly to 48,900 ha and 35,600 ha, respectively. Area planted to grapefruit decreased to 6,400 ha and it is expected to continue to go down, as grapefruit production competes with other more profitable crops, such as sugarcane and soybeans. Processing Fresh lemon for processing in MY2011/2012 is estimated to decrease to 870,000 MT, a drop of 102,000 MT compared to previous official estimates, due to smaller production. In MY2010/11, processing was increased to 1.16 million MT, as a result of larger production, smaller exports, and additional volumes of fruit which did not reach the size and quality required by export markets. Many producers chose to harvest smaller-sized fruit, which were devoted for processing, leaving larger sizes in the plants to obtain fruit suitable to the needs of more demanding export markets. Fresh orange and tangerine for processing in MY2011/2012 is projected to decrease to 70,000 MT each due to smaller production. Grapefruit for processing is estimated to go up to 85,000 MT, as a result of larger production. In MY2010/2011, orange and tangerine for processing increased to 126,000 MT and 110,000 MT, respectively, compared to previous USDA official estimates, as a result of larger fruit supply than expected, as per latest estimate revisions by the private sector, and smaller exports (for oranges). Grapefruit for processing increase to 86,000 MT, due to larger production. Over 50 percent of the total lemon production in Argentina is processed by four plants, of which three are located in the Province of Tucuman, and one in the Province of Salta. In addition, there are about 35 high-tech packing citrus plants which are approved for export by the Argentine sanitary authorities. Investment Investment in land devoted for lemon production is expected to continue to expand marginally, especially in the Provinces of Salta and Jujuy, whereas in the Province of Tucuman lemon production competes mainly with sugar cane production. In addition, two new packing and processing plants will become operational in Tucuman in the near future. Investment is due to the profitability of the lemon sector, the potential opening of significant export markets for fresh lemon, such as the U.S. and China, and the expansion of leading beverage companies in Asia. Investments in processing facilities and irrigation are also planned in the NEA region for “sweet” citrus fruit (orange and tangerine). There is an on-going project to build a juice processing facility in the Province of Entre Rios, with a $2 million-contribution by the Provincial Government, whose main purpose is to supply the increasing international demand for concentrated juices. Consumption: Fresh lemon domestic consumption does not typically vary much over time, unlike oranges and tangerines, which are often substituted by other types of fruit depending on the price. Lemon consumption in MY2011/2012 and MY2010/11 is estimated to remain stable at 70,000 MT and 80,000 MT respectively, compared to previous USDA official estimates. In MY2011/2012, because of smaller supplies and lower production numbers, orange consumption is expected to drop drastically to 340,000 MT, down 191,000 MT from previous official USDA estimates, and tangerine consumption is also cut by a third. Grapefruit consumption is estimated to increase slightly to 65,000 MT as a result of larger fruit supply. In MY2010/2011, orange and tangerine consumption increased to 550,000 MT and 175,000 MT, respectively, compared to previous estimates, due to larger production and smaller exports (for oranges). Grapefruit consumption increased slightly to 65,000 MT due to larger production. Estimated annual per capita citrus consumption is as follows: Year Lemon Orange Tangerine Grapefruit 2009 0.94 13.23 4.52 2.56 2010 0.74 10.15 4.35 1.95 2011 1.59 16.72 7.15 1.82 Source: Federcitrus, based on own data and, data from the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA, in Spanish), and Top Info Marketing S.A. Trade: Exports Fresh lemon exports for MY2011/2012 are forecast to remain stable at 260,000 MT. Exports are not expected to increase due to smaller production, larger fruit sizes, which exceed the size demanded by most export markets, and as a consequence to reduced demand in the EU resulting from the economic crisis. Likewise, orange and tangerine exports are projected to decrease to 90,000 MT and 80,000 MT, respectively, for the same reasons. Furthermore, larger fruit supply is expected in competing countries. Grapefruit exports are expected to remain stable at 10,000 MT as international demand is decreasing gradually. Fresh lemon exports for MY2010/11 were revised down slightly to 255,000 MT, despite larger production, due to increased competition from competing countries in the Northern Hemisphere, such as Spain and Turkey, whose production has gone up. In addition, for the past few years, the lemon industry has decided to export only fresh lemons meeting higher quality standards, thus restricting the export supply and preventing a steep decrease of international prices. This has left relatively high volumes of fruit were devoted for processing. This market strategy is expected to continue. Fresh orange exports decreased slightly to 125,000 MT, down 5,000 MT from previous estimates, and tangerine exports remained stable at 115,000 MT, despite larger production, as more fruit was devoted for domestic consumption and processing due to the economic recession in major export markets, such as some European countries. Fresh grapefruit exports decreased slightly to 10,000 MT as international demand for this type of fruit is going down. It is not possible to export fresh organic lemons as the fruit must undergo a bleaching process, which is not allowed under organic certification standards. However, some lemon by-products are produced and exported as organic. Argentine fresh citrus are exported to over 80 markets. The main export destinations, by volume, in CY 2010 and 2011 were as follows: Fresh Citrus Fruit Destination Market Share % 2010 2011 Lemons EU 75 70 Russia 16 17 Oranges EU 55 70 Russia 18 9 Tangerines EU 36 30 Russia 37 40 Grapefruit EU 83 86 Russia 10 7 Source: FAS Buenos Aires, based on data from the Global Trade Atlas (GTIS) For MY2010/2011, no major export market diversification is expected for citrus fruit. In 2011, the EU remained the largest export market for most types of Argentine citrus fruit: lemons (70 percent market share), oranges (70 percent), and grapefruit (86 percent); and the second largest market for fresh tangerines (30 percent). Russia was the second largest market for all citrus fruit, except tangerines, where Russia is the largest market accounting for an average of 40 percent of total Argentine tangerine exports, 17 percent of lemons, 9 percent of oranges (down from 18 percent in 2010 due to strong competition from South Africa), and 7 percent of grapefruit. Other markets which increased imports of Argentine lemons were Ukraine, Canada, Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, and United Arab Emirates. Fresh citrus exports to Brazil are being affected by Brazilian import restrictions, which were implemented after the Government of Argentina (GOA) restricted imports of most products, not only from Brazil but from many other countries as well (see Policy Section). Imports Citrus imports are expected to remain negligible in MY2011/2012, and this trend is forecast to continue as Argentina is a net citrus fruit exporting country. In 2011, citrus imports totaled 4,035 MT, down from 9,327 MT in 2010, and were valued at $2.9 million. The decrease in imports is mostly due to import restrictions imposed by the GOA (see Policy Section). Imports came mainly from Chile (lemons), Mexico, Uruguay, and Chile (oranges), Mexico (tangerines), and Chile, Israel, and Uruguay (grapefruit). Policy: Import and Export Regulations On December 22, 2008, President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner announced a package of stimulus measures for the Argentine agricultural sector. The measures affecting fruit and vegetables were published in the Official Bulletin, Decrees Nos. 38/2008 and 40/2008, on December 31, 2008. They established that the export tax for pears, apples, peaches, citrus fruit, grapes, blueberries, strawberries, onions, frozen potatoes, beans and pulses were reduced by 50 percent (i.e. fresh deciduous fruit and stone fruit currently pay a 5 percent export tax, while citrus fruit and vegetables pay 2.5 percent). The changes did not have a significant impact on overall fruit production. Export taxes for these products were already relatively low (5 percent to 10 percent). Part of Argentina’s 2.5 percent export tax on citrus is rebated depending on the size of the container. The Argentine fruit sector is concerned about the numerous trade restrictions and requirements affecting imports which have been instituted by the GOA. These policies hamper producers in acquiring needed production and processing inputs, and have also reduced citrus imports. Most importantly, they are affecting citrus exports to Brazil, a major market for Argentine citrus. Other measures require preapproval for imports weeks before beginning the importation process. Additional obstacles include the imposition of strict limits on foreign exchange transactions and restrictions against the payment of dividends and repatriation of profits, more widespread usage of non-automatic import licenses, and difficulties in obtaining country-of-origin certificates for products to be imported. Export and import tariffs for all citrus types are as follows: Export and Import Tariffs All Citrus Fruit (HTS codes: 080510, 080520, 080540, 080550) For countries outside MERCOSUR AREA % Import Tariff 10.00 Statistical Tax 0.50 Export Tax 2.50 Export Rebate for cases containing less than 16 kg. 5.00 Export Rebate for cases containing 16–20 kg. 4.05 Export Rebate for cases containing more than 20 kg. 2.70 For countries within MERCOSUR AREA Import Tariff 0.00 Statistical Tax 0.50 Export Tax 2.50 Export Rebate for cases containing less than 16 kg. 5.00 Export Rebate for cases containing 16–20 kg. 4.05 Export Rebate for cases containing more than 20 kg. 2.70 Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on data from Tarifar Phytosanitary Issues Argentine phytosanitary authorities continue negotiations with China to reopen the market for Argentine fresh lemons. Trade was interrupted in 2005 when China established cold treatment for all citrus fruit, which damaged the fruit quality. The industry has been focusing on other export destinations pending negotiations with officials in China. Currently, the market is open to fresh “sweet” citrus varieties. Moreover, there are on-going technical discussions with the U.S. to reopen the market for Argentine fresh citrus fruit. A research study was completed showing data that Citrus Variegated Chlorosis (CVC) cannot be transmitted through lemon seed, but can be transmitted through sweet citrus seed. The study was evaluated by USDA/APHIS. The Argentine sanitary authorities (SENASA) survey study concluded that CVC was not detected in lemon trees growing in close proximity to CVC infected orange trees. However, the study did not address the condition in which lemon trees may become infected with CVC, and the potential risk of transmitting this disease via fruit seeds originated in the infected trees. Due to this gap in the information about this disease, the Center for Plant Health Science and Technology (CPHST) and the Plant Epidemiology and Risk Analysis Laboratory (PERAL) consider that there still remains uncertainty surrounding the likelihood that lemon trees can become infected with CVC. Because of this uncertainty, it is possible that the CVC pathogen could be transmitted via infected lemon seeds, posing a potential risk to U.S. agriculture. APHIS has concluded that, until the dynamics in which lemon trees may become infected with CVC are better understood and it is demonstrated that lemon seeds are not a viable pathway for CVC, APHIS will require that lemons originated in Argentina are certified as follows: that lemon fruit are produced in an area that is free of CVC and that consignments of lemon fruits from asymptomatic trees are imported into non-citrus producing U.S. States. However, if SENASA conducts controlled transmissibility experiments and can demonstrate to our risk analysts that CVC is not transmitted via infected lemon seeds, then the above certification would not be necessary. APHIS Buenos Aires was officially informed that a case of Huanglongbing (HLB or citrus greening) was recently reported in one infected tangerine tree in Puerto Deseado, Province of Misiones (NEA region of Argentina – close to the border with Brazil). The infected tree was destroyed as a precautionary action. In addition, SENASA intensified the surveillance for citrus species in the area with sampling in 150 premises with negative results for both presence and vector (Diaphorina citri) of the disease. SENASA stated that, since the location is not a citrus commercial area, and it is surrounded by national parks, it is likely that this was an illegal introduction from Brazil. Based on the above, SENASA concluded that the country mains its status of HLB-free. Several years ago, in order to protect Argentine citrus production, the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Fisheries (MAGP, in Spanish) implemented a National Program for HLB Prevention, composed by the following organizations and agencies: National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA, in Spanish), National Service of Agriculture and Food Health and Quality (SENASA, in Spanish), National Seed Institute (INASE, in Spanish), provincial governments, Experiment Station “Obispo Colombres”, and entities from the private sector related to the citrus activity. Argentina has a National Traceability System, which allows local phytosanitary authorities, producers, and exporters to learn about the various treatments applied to the fruit, from the plant to the port of destination. This guarantees the importer that the product is healthy and safe. Marketing: Prices International (FOB) Prices for Fresh Citrus Fruit: Overall, fresh citrus average FOB prices during 2011 were higher than the previous year, except for lemons. For lemons, by the end of the marketing year, prices fell due to the delay in the arrival of fruit shipments to the main EU markets. The highest FOB price for lemons during 2011 was $915/MT (March); for oranges, $531/MT (June); for tangerines, $894/MT (February); and for grapefruit, $723/MT (March). Lemon FOB Prices ($/MT) 2008 2009 2010 2011 January 583 713 -- 700 February 1,022 604 -- -- March 870 778 978 915 April 1,016 589 620 644 May 1,074 556 671 666 June 1,076 602 742 689 July 976 633 724 716 August 758 657 783 688 September 710 642 698 679 October 694 566 700 -- November 844 -- 667 -- December 683 -- 700 -- Average 859 634 728 712 Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on GTIS trade data Orange FOB Prices ($/MT) 2008 2009 2010 2011 January -- -- -- -- February -- -- -- -- March -- -- -- -- April 251 194 155 114 May 534 440 483 495 June 552 494 498 531 July 549 478 471 506 August 520 485 457 519 September 472 455 422 486 October 409 384 381 357 November -- 205 232 116 December -- -- -- -- Average 470 392 387 391 Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on GTIS trade data Tangerine FOB Prices ($/MT) 2008 2009 2010 2011 January 196 333 1,000 -- February 741 1013 821 894 March 728 785 774 806 April 756 733 763 779 May 786 749 766 818 June 779 760 768 837 July 769 749 771 838 August 773 742 746 842 September 722 721 742 827 October 467 655 695 754 November 889 -- 100 -- December -- -- -- -- Average 691 724 722 822 Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on GTIS trade data Grapefruit FOB Prices ($/MT) 2008 2009 2010 2011 January -- -- -- -- February -- 1,200 -- -- March 167 598 700 723 April 651 546 546 541 May 587 571 521 525 June 594 533 July 590 584 478 477 August 587 572 582 600 September 412 513 667 --- October 161 -- -- -- November 684 -- -- -- December -- -- -- -- Average 493 640 566 565 Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on GTIS trade data Wholesale Prices for Fresh Citrus Fruit: Lemon Domestic Wholesale Prices ($/MT) 2008 2009 2010 2011 January 390 366 1,020 1,070 February 340 352 1,150 1,166 March 630 350 950 970 April 540 328 680 646 May 298 258 490 436 June 332 222 470 392 July 387 221 460 392 August 363 261 490 375 September 308 357 560 389 October 460 470 660 442 November 447 742 675 555 December 401 737 953 666 Average 408 389 773 625 Source: Buenos Aires Central Market Orange Domestic Wholesale Prices ($/MT) 2008 2008 2010 2011 January 210 217 280 308 February 310 229 280 338 March 300 276 340 366 April 350 310 340 448 May 322 298 350 434 June 283 301 320 380 July 300 295 310 345 August 331 299 300 312 September 299 339 280 336 October 372 350 293 380 November 361 373 300 397 December 259 382 313 369 Average 308 306 309 368 Source: Buenos Aires Central Market Tangerine Domestic Wholesale Prices ($/MT) 2009 2010 2008 2011 January n/a n/a 360 422 February n/a n/a 350 366 March 190 n/a 350 331 April 250 296 330 305 May 288 305 330 331 June 299 320 340 352 July 341 332 330 350 August 340 330 310 347 September 293 345 290 340 October 366 400 283 342 November 439 389 295 433 December n/a 442 398 369 Average 312 351 301 357 Source: Buenos Aires Central Market Grapefruit Domestic Wholesale Prices ($/MT) 2008 2009 2010 2011 January 300 365 510 541 February 340 NA 550 965 March 410 NA 520 793 April 390 403 490 515 May 313 313 440 478 June 296 301 400 473 July 332 306 390 422 August 311 288 370 401 September 281 336 350 380 October 299 340 343 407 November 372 371 440 424 December 452 377 595 576 Average 341 340 450 531 Source: Buenos Aires Central Market Domestic Retail Prices for Fresh Citrus Fruit: Citrus Fruit $/kg Lemon (premium) n/a Lemon (standard) 1.33 Orange (Navel) 1.33 Orange (Valencia) 0.78 Tangerine (Clementina) 2.22 Tangerine (Nova) 3.49 Tangerine (Murcott) 1.33 Tangerine (Dancy) 1.19 Tangerine (Ellendale) 1.19 Grapefruit (Marsh) n/a Grapefruit (Ruby) 1.55 US$1 = AR$4.5 (July 6, 2012) Source: FAS Buenos Aires based on supermarket prices Promotion “ALL LEMON Tested & Certified for Export” is the Argentine quality seal which certifies the quality of about 85 percent of lemons devoted for export. Currently, this program, created in 2009, carries out audits to the 15 leading lemon producers and exporters in Argentina. Its primary goal is to develop and establish quality standards to be applied by lemon companies, which are committed to export a strictly selected product. Lemons identified under ALL LEMON parameters must comply with: High juice content Resistance and durability Firmness Freshness Uniform format Balanced color Skin in optimal condition Traceability and safety Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Lemons/Limes, Fresh Arg 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 entina M Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: arket Year Begin: Jan 2010 2011 Jan 2012 USDA Official New USDA Post O New USDA Post New Post fficial Official Area Planted 43,575 43,575 44,000 48,600 44,000 49,000 Area Harvested 42,000 42,000 43,000 45,000 43,000 45,500 Bearing Trees 13,000 13,000 13,000 14,000 14,000 14,500 Non-Bearing Trees 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,100 1,000 Total No. Of Trees 14,000 14,000 14,000 15,000 15,100 15,500 Production 1,000 1,000 1,490 1,500 1,300 1,200 Imports 7 7 1 1 2 0 Total Supply 1,007 1,007 1,491 1,501 1,302 1,200 Exports 264 264 260 255 260 260 Fresh Dom. 45 45 80 80 70 70 Consumption For Processing 698 698 1,151 1,166 972 870 Total Distribution 1,007 1,007 1,491 1,501 1,302 1,200 HECTARES, 1000 TREES, 1000 MT Oranges, Fresh Arg 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 entina M Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: arket Year Begin: Jan 2010 Jan 2011 Jan 2012 USDA O New USDA fficial P New USDA Post New Post ost Official Official Area Planted 48,229 48,229 48,300 48,900 48,300 48,900 Area Harvested 45,500 45,500 46,000 46,500 46,000 46,500 Bearing Trees 23,000 23,000 23,000 23,000 23,000 23,000 Non-Bearing Trees 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 Total No. Of Trees 25,000 25,000 25,000 25,000 25,000 25,000 Production 770 770 580 800 750 500 Imports 1 1 1 1 1 0 Total Supply 771 771 581 801 751 500 Exports 157 157 130 125 120 90 Fresh Dom. 530 530 391 550 531 340 Consumption For Processing 84 84 60 126 100 70 Total Distribution 771 771 581 801 751 500 HECTARES, 1000 TREES, 1000 MT Tangerines/Mandarins, Fresh Ar 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 gentina Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Apr 2010 Apr 2011 Apr 2012 USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official Post Area Planted 34,930 34,930 35,000 35,600 35,000 35,600 Area Harvested 33,000 33,000 33,000 33,500 33,000 33,500 Bearing Trees 18,000 18,000 18,000 18,000 18,000 18,000 Non-Bearing Trees 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 Total No. Of Trees 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 20,000 Production 360 360 280 400 350 250 Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 360 360 280 400 350 250 Exports 119 119 115 115 105 80 Fresh Dom. Consumption 150 150 110 175 150 100 For Processing 91 91 55 110 95 70 Total Distribution 360 360 280 400 350 250 HECTARES, 1000 TREES, 1000 MT Grapefruit, Fresh Arg 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 entina Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 2011 2012 USDA New Post USDA New Post USDA New Post Official Official Official Area Planted 7,685 7,685 7,500 6,400 7,300 6,350 Area Harvested 7,000 7,000 7,000 6,000 7,000 6,000 Bearing Trees 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,500 1,550 1,500 Non-Bearing Trees 70 70 70 50 60 50 Total No. Of Trees 1,670 1,670 1,670 1,550 1,610 1,550 Production 140 140 140 160 130 160 Imports 2 2 1 1 1 0 Total Supply 142 142 141 161 131 160 Exports 11 11 11 10 10 10 Fresh Dom. 60 60 60 65 60 65 Consumption For Processing 71 71 70 86 61 85 Total Distribution 142 142 141 161 131 160 HECTARES, 1000 TREES, 1000 MT
Posted: 29 July 2012

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