Annual Fresh Deciduous Fruit Report

An Expert's View about Horticulture and Support Services in Brazil

Posted on: 30 Sep 2012

Post estimates that the production of apples will decrease slightly in MY2012 as a result of unfavorable weather conditions and a reduction in planted area.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 8/30/2012 GAIN Report Number: BR 0817 Brazil Post: Brasilia Annual Fresh Deciduous Fruit Report Report Categories: Fresh Deciduous Fruit Approved By: Robert Hoff, Agricultural Counselor Prepared By: Priscila Ming, Agriculture Assistant Report Highlights: Post estimates that the production of apples will decrease slightly in MY2012 as a result of unfavorable weather conditions and a reduction in planted area. Pear and grape production will increase slightly in MY2012. Imports are expected to remain at same 2011 levels, given lower domestic availability and a favorable exchange rate for importers. Page 1 General Information: Apples Area: Total planted area in 2011 held steady due to a significant fall in economic returns. Total planted area for apples in Brazil in 2012 is estimated to decrease to 36,950 hectares a 5 percent decline, as the planting of new trees is limited by the higher costs of production. The reason for the reduction in the area is the eradication of old orchards, which were showing low productivity in recent years. Some producers claimed dissatisfaction with the profit margins, and did not show any interest in replacing eradicated trees. New investments in these areas are not expected in the short term. In contrast, post has observed some investments in non-traditional apple producing regions, such as: Chapada Diamantina, Barbacena, and São Paulo (Holambra and Parapanema). Santa Catarina continues to be the main apple-producing state in Brazil, accounting for 51 percent of total area, followed by Rio Grande do Sul with 44 percent. Brazil mainly produces three varieties of apples: Gala, Fuji and Eva. Total planted area for apple production State Principal Planted area Planted area Planted area Variation Varieties 2010 (ha) 2011 (ha) 2012 (ha) Santa Gala and Fuji 20,014 20,014 18,700 -7% Catarina Rio Grande Gala and Fuji 17,115 17,115 16,250 -5% do Sul Parana Eva 1,900 1,900 1,900 0% Sao Paulo & Eva 50 70 100 43% others TOTAL Gala, Fuji and 39,079 39,099 36,950 -5% BRAZIL Eva Source: based on CEPEA Page 2 Production: In CY2011, apple production totaled 1.240 million metric tons (MMT), three percent lower than in 2010 as previously reported. The major producing regions for apples, during the Brazilian winter and spring (Jun-Nov), experienced unfavorable weather conditions. Due to these adverse weather conditions, the general quality of the fruit was low and 73 percent of the production was sent for processing in 2011. CY2012 started with some hail in the principal producing areas. As a result, some orchards experienced problems. This weather damaged the fruit and has affected the quality of the 2012 harvest, but not as significantly as the 2011 harvest. The 2012 fruit is considered better in quality and color than 2011. The Eva harvest in Paraná state began in the second half of November 2011. This variety is sold in the domestic market until mid-February when the Gala variety is harvested. Hail and unfavorable weather conditions in 2011 damaged Eva orchards, and thus the production could fell by ten percent. In mid-March 2012, the Fuji harvest began. According to producers, the volume harvested this season should be similar to that of past years with a better quality compared to last year’s crop. There were sufficient cold nights and warm days in early March, the period of maturation of the fruit, to lead to good coloration. Although hail storms also affected the Fuji orchards, the amount of damage was far less to the Fuji crop than to the Gala crop. Trade sources indicate that total apple production for 2012 harvest production is estimated to decrease 3 percent due to adverse climate conditions, but in general the fruit will be of better quality than 2011. Consumption: Brazilians consume fresh apples with large variations in preference depending on the region. Consumers in southern Brazil, who have been exposed to a more European style of colonization, prefer larger apples. Consumers in the central region of Brazil prefer medium-sized apples. Those in the Northeast favor smaller-sized apples. Trade contacts highlight that this wide variety of preferences within a single country equates to a market for the entire crop. According to the World Apple and Pear Association, fresh apple consumption was 3 kilos (6.61 lbs) per inhabitant in 2011. Apples consumption decreased in 2011 when compared to the previous year as a consequence of the low quality of the fruit available for the purchase. Consumers preferred substituted low quality apples for other fruits. Apple juice is not included on the list of the seven most widely consumed types of fresh or frozen juice consumption in Brazil. Grape (22.5 percent of total juice consumed), peach (21.1 percent) and orange (9.6 percent) are the most popular juice flavors. Page 3 Trade: Fresh Apple Exports In 2011, Brazil exported 48,666 MT of apples, a 50 percent decrease compared to the same period in 2010. The decrease in exports is attributed to low product quality. On the other hand, Brazil exported 72,096 MT of apples in the first quarter of 2012, up 48 percent from the same period in 2011, according to official data from the Foreign Trade Secretariat (SECEX). Better weather conditions benefited the harvest and fruit presented a better quality and color when compared to the fruit in 2011. Apple producers prioritized exports to recover from 2011. Brazil Export Statistics Commodity: 080810, Apples, Fresh Calendar Year: 2009 - 2011 Partner 2009 2010 2011 Unit Country USD Quantity USD Quantity USD Quantity 98,264,01 55,365,80 90,839,40 36,059,46 48,666,20 World KG 56,328,134 0 5 9 1 9 Netherland 35,678,15 15,498,97 26,687,62 10,448,86 15,199,80 s KG 20,146,751 3 7 7 7 9 Bangladesh KG 4,337,786 9,098,846 3,792,645 6,735,425 4,329,384 6,250,716 Ireland KG 2,342,229 3,908,538 3,218,352 4,804,627 3,355,547 4,057,501 Spain KG 1,634,862 2,454,790 3,302,159 5,080,334 3,326,350 4,244,812 Portugal KG 4,049,193 7,338,477 4,081,711 7,066,729 3,036,779 4,484,709 Germany KG 2,141,447 3,710,684 1,398,933 2,361,953 2,307,902 3,059,345 United Kingdom KG 5,050,274 8,640,426 4,945,259 7,340,263 2,141,713 2,598,750 Finland KG 2,381,484 3,862,574 2,989,280 4,419,582 1,558,379 2,145,922 Italy KG 1,762,483 2,871,540 963,791 1,507,475 1,126,821 1,102,575 Denmark KG 929,650 1,299,885 2,731,562 4,518,251 872,025 1,222,432 Sweden KG 1,848,814 2,844,291 2,199,310 3,111,142 582,843 669,727 Netherland - - - s Antilles KG - 555,698 617,760 Russian Federation KG 886,743 1,328,905 1,928,057 3,259,964 504,014 486,864 Page 4 France KG 4,881,208 7,788,513 3,274,447 5,451,858 431,226 504,311 United Arab Emirates KG 1,026,693 2,056,207 1,446,848 2,354,677 366,324 484,747 Libya KG 544,671 1,094,121 846,968 1,538,649 289,296 359,866 - - - Tunisia KG - 246,960 317,520 Oman KG 325,685 648,405 434,539 924,895 167,068 301,381 - - - Switzerland KG - 117,470 105,840 Malta KG 208,724 319,402 285,632 361,032 67,141 85,142 - Pakistan KG - 54,200 127,008 56,448 84,672 Norway KG 122,304 278,241 37,632 85,612 39,984 85,613 Singapore KG 94,399 127,008 136,181 255,426 35,324 63,666 Algeria KG 381,345 762,048 47,040 84,672 32,928 42,336 Qatar KG 10,584 24,079 71,736 141,916 32,928 42,336 Kuwait KG 21,029 21,168 97,564 105,840 16,464 21,168 Hong Kong KG 21,168 48,157 70,560 127,008 11,246 24,079 French Guiana KG 10,614 11,610 5,357 6,055 2,332 2,610 - - - Georgia KG - 23,520 42,336 - - - - Barbados KG 89,320 148,176 - - - - Belgium KG 416,343 737,569 - - - Canada KG - 141,120 254,016 - - - India KG - 69,975 83,748 - - - - Indonesia KG 27,232 42,336 - - Estonia KG 70,039 127,243 115,931 212,150 Falkland - - - Islands KG - 739 340 Saudi - - Arabia KG 177,523 314,521 410,739 597,143 - - - Senegal KG - 32,105 42,336 Page 5 - - - Sudan KG - 123,480 148,176 - - - Mauritania KG - 23,520 42,336 - - - Paraguay KG - 3,306 1,712 - - - - Philippines KG 56,215 93,669 - - - Thailand KG - 16,324 21,168 United - - States KG 253,344 501,984 516,500 910,224 - - Uruguay KG 67,394 58,365 29,806 25,704 - - - - Vietnam KG 10,584 24,079 Source: SECEX – Foreign Trade Secretariat Brazil Export Statistics Commodity: 080810, Apples, Fresh Year To Date: January - July Partner Uni 2010 2011 2012 Country t USD Quantity USD Quantity USD Quantity Page 6 55,290,54 90,773,27 36,034,44 48,622,07 48,374,43 72,096,32 World KG 3 0 3 3 6 9 Netherland 15,498,97 26,687,62 10,425,44 15,157,47 14,934,49 s KG 7 7 9 3 8,957,738 0 11,218,19 Bangladesh KG 3,792,645 6,735,425 4,329,384 6,250,716 7,385,331 8 United 11,152,16 Kingdom KG 4,945,259 7,340,263 2,141,713 2,598,750 7,242,760 9 Ireland KG 3,218,352 4,804,627 3,355,547 4,057,501 3,976,046 6,046,645 France KG 3,274,447 5,451,858 431,226 504,311 3,577,080 4,052,896 Spain KG 3,262,242 5,044,631 3,326,350 4,244,812 3,553,009 3,978,596 Germany KG 1,398,933 2,361,953 2,307,902 3,059,345 2,946,021 5,269,983 Portugal KG 4,081,711 7,066,729 3,036,779 4,484,709 2,651,424 4,712,994 Finland KG 2,989,280 4,419,582 1,558,379 2,145,922 2,143,160 2,654,183 Sweden KG 2,199,310 3,111,142 582,843 669,727 1,471,946 2,047,024 Denmark KG 2,731,562 4,518,251 872,025 1,222,432 1,223,983 1,779,554 Libya KG 846,968 1,538,649 289,296 359,866 714,140 910,224 United Arab Emirates KG 1,446,848 2,354,677 366,324 484,747 635,180 820,848 Russian Federation KG 1,928,057 3,259,964 504,014 486,864 616,660 793,744 Oman KG 434,539 924,895 167,068 301,381 482,748 733,474 - - Sudan KG 123,480 148,176 227,136 294,504 Italy KG 963,791 1,507,475 1,126,821 1,102,575 191,710 214,263 Malta KG 285,632 361,032 67,141 85,142 85,649 84,672 Singapore KG 136,181 255,426 35,324 63,666 85,601 127,713 Kuwait KG 97,564 105,840 16,464 21,168 65,968 84,672 - - - - Egypt KG 52,920 63,504 Pakistan KG 54,200 127,008 56,448 84,672 35,280 42,336 Qatar KG 71,736 141,916 32,928 42,336 30,870 45,247 - - - - Belgium KG 21,840 34,126 Page 7 French Guiana KG 1,982 2,275 732 810 236 270 - - Othe rs 1,506,847 2,503,849 1,004,286 1,193,148 Source: SECEX – Foreign Trade Secretariat Apple Imports Fresh Apple With a strong currency (Real) and a loss in harvest quality in 2011 due to hail, more apples were imported to the national market. According to SECEX, the amount of imported apples rose by 25 percent, reaching 96,564 MT in 2011. In 2012, Argentina was the major supplier, providing 76 percent of the total imports, followed by Chile at 13 percent and France at 3 percent. United States appeared again as an apple supplier, as previously reported. Apple imports are expected to drop in marketing year 2012/2013 and return to the same levels as in 2010 around 60,000 MT. Local producers and traders consider 2011 as an exceptional year, the first year of short supply for Brazil since 2006. Brazil Import Statistics Commodity: 080810, Apples, Fresh Calendar Year: 2009 - 2011 Partner 2009 2010 2011 Unit Country USD Quantity USD Quantity USD Quantity World KG 46,187,228 61,343,068 60,046,723 76,879,090 84,486,234 96,564,845 Argentina KG 37,112,317 50,401,257 39,353,137 48,447,869 63,545,997 73,775,890 Chile KG 3,971,569 5,886,051 15,454,476 23,253,245 10,374,807 12,600,767 France KG 2,027,254 1,932,580 2,906,847 2,699,753 3,097,930 2,843,860 Spain KG 516,493 492,243 700,846 837,862 2,976,356 2,920,729 Italy KG 1,070,635 971,307 1,273,056 1,221,260 2,378,978 2,227,345 Portugal KG 1,068,609 1,320,758 294,245 346,201 1,797,466 1,842,787 Page 8 Uruguay KG 48,793 70,193 60,970 70,300 314,700 353,467 - - - - United States KG 371,558 268,679 - - - - Peru KG 3,146 2,600 Source: SECEX – Foreign Trade Secretariat Brazil Import Statistics Commodity: 080810, Apples, Fresh Year To Date: January - July Partner Country Unit 2010 2011 2012 USD Quantity USD Quantity USD Quantity World KG 23,706,321 27,997,938 33,223,131 40,282,107 28,256,423 28,310,212 Argentina KG 19,068,260 21,628,720 25,926,444 31,009,953 14,230,871 13,495,014 Chile KG 3,366,356 5,040,607 6,090,466 8,043,648 9,797,625 10,963,814 Italy KG 564,757 576,752 18,662 18,216 1,958,878 1,647,760 Uruguay KG 60,970 70,300 279,845 314,530 793,363 782,534 Spain KG 128,974 126,252 467,856 472,140 666,932 665,621 France KG 372,149 370,666 341,418 319,400 593,531 548,566 Portugal KG 141,709 182,041 98,440 104,220 191,984 188,381 United States KG - - - - 23,239 18,522 Peru KG - Page 9 3,146 2,600 - - - Source: SECEX – Foreign Trade Secretariat Apple Juice Exports and Imports Apple juice exports and imports decreased in 2011 when compared to 2010. Most of the fruit was destined for processing because the quality was not good enough for table consumption. The apple juice industry is not well established in Brazil, so most of the damaged and small fruit was destined for processing for other products such as puree, concentrates and etc. As mentioned before, the Brazilian juice industry focuses on other fruit flavors such as grape, orange, etc. Brazil Export Statistics Commodity: 200979, Apple Juice, Nesoi, Not Fortified With Vitamins Or Minerals, Unfermented, Not Containing Added Spirit, Whether Or Not Sweetened Calendar Year: 2009 - 2011 Partner 2009 2010 2011 Unit Country USD Quantity USD Quantity USD Quantity Page 10 World KG 19,438,241 22,063,147 32,904,291 38,390,929 41,931,597 31,609,422 United States KG 14,136,829 17,049,713 25,154,196 29,650,149 23,440,908 19,319,591 Japan KG 4,224,339 3,870,485 3,332,950 3,534,420 8,450,631 6,128,770 Netherlands KG 57,700 84,000 1,393,209 1,633,935 6,419,731 4,137,315 South Africa KG 7,950 13,250 1,566,693 1,933,890 1,652,350 999,250 Mexico KG 702,000 780,000 378,644 406,500 1,109,730 498,007 Puerto Rico (U.S.) KG 212,813 194,050 137,380 154,500 250,157 135,220 New Zealand KG - - - - 136,891 78,000 Argentina KG - - 693,629 867,500 121,098 135,000 Ecuador KG 8,664 8,000 24,080 19,035 105,159 44,250 Colombia KG 4,864 5,035 57,131 60,345 86,710 44,235 Israel KG - - - - 81,620 46,640 Bolivia KG - - 10,056 7,882 26,803 16,779 Trinidad & Tobago KG 36,783 14,445 32,013 12,341 20,674 8,950 Dominican Republic KG 10,893 5,565 11,925 6,625 11,660 5,830 Portugal KG 5,538 6,274 9,077 8,262 9,299 7,928 Thailand KG 8,225 3,900 - - 5,088 2,400 Jamaica KG - - 12,719 5,150 2,841 1,150 Barbados KG - - - - 247 107 Canada KG 11,130 18,550 - - - - Myanmar KG - - 11 5 - - Singapore KG 9,275 9,275 19,734 18,550 - - Syria KG 1,238 605 - - - - Angola KG - - 436 200 - - Uruguay KG - - 70,408 71,640 - - Source: SECEX – Foreign Trade Secretariat Brazil Import Statistics Commodity: 200979, Apple Juice, Nesoi, Not Fortified With Vitamins Or Minerals, Unfermented, Not Containing Added Spirit, Whether Or Not Sweetened Calendar Year: 2009 - 2011 Partner 2009 2010 2011 Unit Country USD Quantity USD Quantity USD Quantity World KG 35,806 47,542 129,883 143,376 61,048 62,565 Germany KG 11,681 8,670 36,061 26,707 34,060 22,586 South Africa KG 8,655 9,125 4,651 4,709 16,441 16,971 Hungary KG 9,532 23,040 14,908 36,360 6,755 17,400 Page 11 United States KG 5,657 6,426 6,497 7,560 3,711 5,583 Italy KG - - 83 50 81 25 Argentina KG - - 48,612 45,990 - - - Chile KG 281 281 - - - China KG - - 19,071 22,000 - - Source: SECEX – Foreign Trade Secretariat Harmonized Tariff System (HS) Codes: Tariff Rate Table Tariff Number Product Description Rate (%) (HTS) 0808.10.00 Apples, Fresh 10 2009.7 Apple juice 14 Policy: Brazil published Normative Instruction #12 on June 6, 2012, which established that all imports of apples, pears and quince from Argentina will need to request a prior authorization from the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture. This confirms post’s projections that Brazil will import fewer apples next year. As a result, this could help the United States and Chile to increase apple and pear exports to Brazil. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: App les, Fresh B 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 razil M Market Year Begin: Jan arket Year Begin: Jan 2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2012 2013 USDA O New P USDA USDA ost fficial O New Post fficial O New Post fficial Page 12 Area Planted 0 39,079 39,000 39,099 36,950 (HA) Area Harvested 38,800 38,563 38,100 38,100 36,800 (HA) Bearing Trees 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 TREES) Non-Bearing 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 TREES) Trees Total Trees 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 TREES) Commercial 1,250,000 1,240,000 1,240,000 1,220,000 1,190,000 (MT) Production Non-Comm. 0 0 0 0 0 (MT) Production Production 1,250,000 1,240,000 1,240,000 1,220,000 0 1,190,000 (MT) Imports 60,000 96,565 82,000 61,000 60,000 (MT) Total Supply 1 ,310,000 1,336,565 1,322,000 1,281,000 0 1,250,000 (MT) Fresh Dom. 1,045,000 1,102,899 1,062,000 989,000 983,500 (MT) Consumption Exports 80,000 48,666 70,000 83,000 86,000 (MT) For Processing 185,000 185,000 190,000 209,000 180,500 (MT) Withdrawal From 0 0 0 0 0 (MT) Market Total Distribution 1 ,310,000 1,336,565 1,322,000 1,281,000 0 1,250,000 (MT) Pear Production Pear production in Brazil is insignificant, with only 19,500 MT of output. This production is concentrated in the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina, Parana, Sao Paulo and Minas Gerais. Page 13 The fruit is sold locally, mostly in small cities and with little impact on the big wholesale markets. European universities have been testing the feasibility of growing pears in Brazil’s apple-growing regions. Imports Pear imports were up 11 percent in CY 2011 to 210,402 MT versus 189,884 MT for the previous year, due to favorable exchange rates and higher consumer purchasing power. Argentina’s market share declined one percent in 2011 when compared to 2010; U.S market share increased 40 percent in 2011. Trade sources forecast that 2012 pears imports will decrease by three percent. According to the new Normative Instruction published by the Brazilian authorities (IN#12, June 6, 2012), importers will need to request a prior notice of authorization to the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, in order to import pears from Argentina. This should affect Argentine imports, as importers will try to find other sources. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Pea rs, Fresh B 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 razil Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 2012 2013 USDA O New P USDA ost fficial O New P USDA ost w Post fficial O Nefficial Area Planted 0 0 0 0 0 (HA) Area Harvested 1,650 1,650 0 1,750 1,750 (HA) Page 14 Bearing Trees 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 TREES) Non-Bearing Trees 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 TREES) Total Trees 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 TREES) Commercial 18,200 18,300 18,000 19,500 20,000 (MT) Production Non-Comm. 0 0 0 0 0 (MT) Production Production 18,200 18,300 18,000 19,500 20,000 (MT) Imports 210,400 210,402 230,000 190,000 195,000 (MT) Total Supply 228,600 228,702 248,000 209,500 215,000 (MT) Fresh Dom. 228,600 228,418 248,000 209,200 215,000 (MT) Consumption Exports 0 284 0 300 0 (MT) For Processing 0 0 0 0 0 (MT) Withdrawal From 0 0 0 0 0 (MT) Market Total Distribution 228,600 228,702 248,000 209,500 215,000 (MT) Grapes Area Total planted area for grapes is expected to remain the same in 2011 at 77,000 hectares. According to recent surveys, the states of Bahia and Paraná are losing area planted to grapes due to higher land values. However, this lost area is offset by increases in other regions in the states of Rio Grande do Sul, Minas Gerais and Sao Paulo. Page 15 Most important regions for grape production: States Region Planted area Planted area Variation 2010 (ha) 2011 (ha) Bahia Petrolina, Juazeiro, Vale do São 12,000 11,500 -4.2% Francisco Minas Pirapora, Várzea da Palma, 154 162 5.2% Gerais Buritizeiros e Lassance São Paulo Jales, Palmeira D’Oeste, Urânia 755 798 5.7% e São Francisco São Paulo Pilar do Sul 650 650 0.0% São Paulo Sao Miguel Arcanjo 2,050 2,050 0.0% São Paulo Louveira 4,549 4,503 -1.0% São Paulo Porto Feliz 465 465 0.0% Paraná Maringa, Marialva and others 29 6,280 6,180 -1.6% cities SUB 26,903 26,308 -2.2% TOTAL Total planted area for grape production States Planted area 2010 (ha) Planted area 2011 (ha) Rio Grande do Sul 46,259 46,300 São Paulo 9,514 9,510 Pernambuco 6,038 6,038 Paraná 6,280 6,180 Brazil total area 77,000 77,000 Source: based on IBGE data Production After the 2008 crisis in the grape market at the São Francisco Valley, producers tried to find an alternative to boost the activity in the region. In 2008, the total planted area for grapes was 13,000 hectares, and in 2011 this area was reduced to 11,500 hectares. Much of this area was destined to supply foreign markets, but the international financial crisis discouraged Brazilian producers of this region. An alternative for those who continued with the business was to increase the domestic market share. This situation could be observed in 2011; it was estimated that 50 percent of the grape production from this region was destined for the domestic market, while in 2010, 80 percent of the grape production from that area was destined for international markets. While the area was reduced, the Page 16 productivity increased by 8 percent, as the favorable weather conditions influenced positively yields. The peak of the harvest for the export market is in May and September-November and for the domestic market April-June and September-December. Consumption Post sources estimate grape consumption at 3.54 kilos (7.08 lbs) per inhabitant. Following last year’s trend, there was strong growth in demand for natural grape juice (with stocks being exhausted at some wineries). As consumers seek healthier juice options and organic products, there is a trend for producers to shift to producing grapes destined for juice as opposed to wine. Trade Grape Exports Production in Rio Grande do Sul is intended for processing, in the Northeast (Sao Francisco Valley) for exports, and the state of Sao Paulo, for table consumption. Grape exports decreased two percent from 60,805 MT in 2010 to 59,391 MT in 2011. Trade sources forecast that grape exports in 2012 will remain at the same level or slightly decrease due to softening demand and adverse weather conditions. Brazil Export Statistics Commodity: 080610, Grapes, Fresh Calendar Year: 2009 - 2011 Partner Uni 2009 2010 2011 Country t USD Quantity USD Quantity USD Quantity 110,574,45 54,559,68 136,648,80 60,805,18 135,782,85 59,391,48 World KG 7 4 6 5 7 2 22,662,66 26,149,21 25,334,47 Netherlands KG 44,184,938 9 58,803,505 7 56,063,878 1 United States KG 22,745,590 12,444,69 28,928,695 13,128,19 37,440,295 16,251,05 Page 17 0 5 3 United 13,299,00 15,023,63 13,266,35 Kingdom KG 27,473,174 2 32,927,215 5 31,910,142 1 Norway KG 4,007,602 1,406,774 2,766,991 1,016,725 2,631,452 963,990 Germany KG 1,475,757 759,594 1,437,429 713,942 2,430,345 1,167,243 Canada KG 2,324,716 688,878 1,912,515 716,985 2,251,696 834,800 Russia KG 70,848 31,488 758,660 301,102 893,448 501,930 Argentina KG 929,225 414,008 1,005,124 446,280 471,205 264,816 Sweden KG 380,804 161,000 859,539 368,010 422,429 240,313 Italy KG 399,731 103,500 381,261 115,000 315,501 115,000 Belgium KG 3,229,623 1,507,559 4,258,476 1,777,534 271,655 122,727 Lithuania KG 147,364 45,900 340,302 140,380 245,434 114,350 Ireland KG 2,110,422 628,605 653,560 220,120 135,771 88,760 United Arab Emirates KG 33,861 16,728 154,936 80,784 109,956 50,184 Uruguay KG 64,060 33,634 48,768 28,848 90,702 35,216 Denmark KG 692,757 251,800 928,499 364,955 34,597 12,480 Spain KG - - 252,454 127,930 33,723 12,480 Saudi Arabia KG - - - - 30,600 15,300 Portugal KG - - - - 28 18 South Africa KG 32,130 15,300 - - - - Paraguay KG - - 1,035 577 - - Angola KG 110,058 29,700 - - - - Latvia KG - - 86,769 32,400 - - Equatorial Guinea KG 97 30 496 143 - - Falkland Islands KG - - 63 14 - - Finland KG 161,700 58,825 120,256 36,500 - - Page 18 France KG - - 22,258 15,909 - - Source: SECEX – Foreign Trade Secretariat Grape Imports Post forecasts that grape imports will continue at the same level in 2012, due to unfavorable weather conditions in Chile and high production costs in Argentina, reducing the competitiveness of those countries for 2012. CY2011 grape imports increased by 37 percent compared to 2010. Chile is the main supplier, accounting for 55 percent market share, and the Argentina market share was 39 percent. Brazil Import Statistics Commodity: 080610, Grapes, Fresh Calendar Year: 2009 - 2011 Partner Uni 2009 2010 2011 Country t USD Quantity USD Quantity USD Quantity 21,697,29 18,665,47 36,074,86 24,794,69 51,370,63 34,083,10 World KG 6 6 0 5 4 7 12,828,21 10,846,05 17,019,29 11,806,54 27,472,44 18,620,81 Chile KG 3 4 6 2 9 9 15,926,30 11,559,26 19,759,89 13,438,55 Argentina KG 8,062,155 7,453,027 6 4 5 7 Spain KG 253,794 124,345 325,707 212,463 1,894,982 993,310 Italy KG 40,411 14,439 438,972 190,141 1,045,123 552,911 Mexico KG 93,644 31,200 1,025,498 432,639 601,883 233,856 Peru KG 135,846 75,550 1,097,870 504,154 580,014 240,389 United States KG 283,233 120,861 241,211 89,492 16,288 3,265 Source: SECEX – Foreign Trade Secretariat Harmonized Tariff System (HS) Codes: Tariff Rate Table Tariff Number Product Description Rate (%) Page 19 (HTS) 0806.10.00 Grapes, Fresh 10 Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: G rapes, Fresh B 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 razil M Market Year Begin: Jan arket Year Begin: Jan 2009 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 2011 USDA O New P USDA ost w Pos t fficial O New P USDA ost fficial O Nefficial Area Planted 77,000 78,400 77,000 77,000 77,000 (HA) Area Harvested 0 0 0 0 0 0 (HA) Commercial Production 1,300,000 1,310,189 1,300,000 1,300,000 1,300,000 (MT) Non-Comm. 0 0 0 0 0 (MT) Production Production 1,300,000 1,310,189 1,300,000 1,300,000 0 1,300,000 (MT) Imports 24,000 18,665 18,000 24,794 25,500 (MT) Total Supply 1,324,000 1,328,854 1,318,000 1,324,794 0 1,325,500 (MT) Fresh Dom. 1,272,000 1,274,294 1,266,000 1,263,989 1,265,500 (MT) Consumption Exports 52,000 54,560 52,000 60,805 60,000 (MT) For Processing 0 0 0 0 0 0 (MT) Withdrawal From 0 0 0 0 0 0 (MT) Market Total Distribution 1,324,000 1,328,854 1,318,000 1,324,794 0 1,325,500 (MT) TS=TD 0 0 0 0 Page 20
Posted: 30 September 2012

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Sugar Semi-annual 2012   By Foreign Agricultural Service
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Tomatoes and Products in Brazil   By Foreign Agricultural Service
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