Sugar Semi-annual 2012

An Expert's View about Tropical and Subtropical Fruits, Sugar Cane in Brazil

Posted on: 21 Oct 2012

Brazil’s MY 2012/13 sugarcane crush is estimated at 570 mmt, up 5 mmt from the previous estimate (565 mmt) due to improved weather conditions.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 10/1/2012 GAIN Report Number: BR12014 Brazil Sugar Semi-annual 2012 Approved By: Fred Giles, Director Agricultural Trade Office, Sao Paulo Prepared By: Sergio Barros, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: This report updates BR12005. Brazil’s MY 2012/13 sugarcane crush is estimated at 570 mmt, up 5 mmt from the previous estimate (565 mmt) due to improved weather conditions in the Center-South region. Approximately 49.1 percent of the crop should be diverted to sugar, up 1 percentage point relative to MY 2011/12 due to continued strong international demand for sugar. Total exports for MY 2012/13 are forecast at 25 mmt, raw value, similar to MY 2011/12 (24.65 mmt). Commodities: Sugar, Centrifugal Production: Sugarcane Production, Area and Yield The Agricultural Trade Office (ATO/Sao Paulo) estimates total Brazilian sugarcane crush for marketing year (MY) 2012/13 (May-April) at 570 million metric tons (mmt), up 5 mmt from the previous estimate. Total sugarcane production in the center-south (CS) has been revised upward to 518 mmt, up 18 mmt from previous figure, due to likely higher agricultural yields than previously expected, a consequence of steady rainfall during April through June. The harvest is likely to end in December and approximately 8 mmt of sugarcane is likely to be left in the fields. The North-Northeast (NNE) is expected to crush 60 mmt of sugarcane, down 5 mmt from the previous season due to weather related issues. The crush begun in August for minor producing states and the harvest should extend though March. According to the Sugar and Alcohol Millers Association of Sao Paulo State (UNICA), 307.6 mmt of sugarcane were crushed in the CS from March through September 1, down 9 percent compared to the same period in 2011. UNICA reports that 18.7 million tons of sugar, tel quel, and 11.9 billion liters of ethanol were produced through September 1, quite below 2011 levels (20.4 million tons of sugar and 13.8 billion liters of ethanol). These numbers also show that more sugarcane has been diverted toward sugar production (49.2 percent compared to 47.7 percent in 2011). The following tables show monthly sugarcane crush data for the state of Sao Paulo and the CS region for the 2008/09 to 2012/13 crops, as reported by UNICA. Sao Paulo represents approximately 60 percent of the CS production. Sugarcane crushed in the state of Sao Paulo (1,000 metric tons). Month 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 February 0.00 0.00 207.21 0.00 0.00 March 472.40 2,665.32 4,120.21 708.01 0.00 April 12,948.0 27,545.3 35,863.9 13,464.1 6,753.4 May 38,933.8 46,716.6 51,305.9 49,442.9 34,197.0 June 45,157.1 46,210.3 52,523.4 48,575.0 32,888.1 July 50,136.3 46,934.1 52,596.6 53,335.4 54,517.2 August 47,158.6 45,596.4 52,065.6 49,139.9 56,652.6 September 46,246.2 37,594.3 40,116.0 46,245.9 0.0 October 42,464.9 44,334.6 36,567.7 27,754.5 0.0 November 39,485.7 36,651.4 27,872.0 14,814.4 0.0 December 19,375.0 16,809.7 5,606.2 702.4 0.0 January 2,104.7 3,638.0 294.6 0.0 0.0 February 1,050.7 3,221.3 105.9 23.9 0.0 March 759.5 3,343.3 257.5 23.4 0.0 Cumulative 346,293.0 361,260.7 359,502.7 304,229.9 185,008.3 Source: Sugar and Alcohol Millers Association of Sao Paulo State (UNICA). Sugarcane crushed in Center-Southern Brazil (1,000 metric tons). Month 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 February 0 0 325 0 0 March 1,340 4,717 6,618 1,795 0 April 20,091 39,209 51,599 22,208 14,133 May 55,055 66,950 75,633 76,447 56,665 June 64,751 67,169 81,550 77,244 57,580 July 73,335 70,183 82,122 82,349 88,472 August 68,224 70,987 82,301 79,460 90,746 September 67,655 59,736 64,732 74,081 0 October 62,350 65,734 56,349 46,568 0 November 56,283 54,713 42,892 27,818 0 December 28,096 26,254 11,267 3,660 0 January 3,952 6,399 843 938 0 February 2,190 5,385 441 557 0 March 1,794 4,527 270 138 0 Cumulative 505,116 541,962 556,945 493,264 307,596 Source: Sugar and Alcohol Millers Association of Sao Paulo State (UNICA). Total area planted to sugarcane and sugarcane area for harvesting for MY 2012/13 are estimated at 9.75 and 8.7 million hectares, respectively. The agricultural yield in MY 2012/13 is estimated at 66.4 metric tons (mt)/hectare (ha), up 5 percent relative to the previous season (63.1 mt/ha), due to higher renewal rate of the sugarcane fields (20 percent) and good rainfall during April through June. Industrial yields are estimated at 135 kg of TRS (total reducing sugars)/mt of sugarcane, down 1.6 kg/mt compared to MY 2011/12 (136.6 TRS/mt) due to steady rainfall during the second quarter of 2012. Sugarcane Industrial Yields (kg TRS/metric ton) MY 08/09 MY 09/10 MY 10/11 MY 11/12 MY 12/13 * TRS/ton 140.32 130.99 140.07 136.59 135.04 Souce: USDA/FAS/ATO/Sao Paulo * MY 2012/13 - estimate Sugarcane and Ethanol Total sucrose (total reducing sugar, TRS) content destined for sugar and ethanol production is estimated at 49.1/50.9 percent for MY 2012/13, compared to 48.07/51.93 percent for MY 2011/12, due to higher profitability provided by sugar, a consequence of steady demand in the international markets. ATO/Sao Paulo estimates sugar production in MY 2012/13 at 37.5 mmt, raw value, up 1.35 mmt, raw value, from MY 2011/12, due to higher availability of sugarcane for crushing. The tables below show monthly sugar production for the state of Sao Paulo and the CS region for the 2008/09 to 2012/13 crops, as reported by UNICA. Sugar production in the state of Sao Paulo (Metric tons, tel quel) Month 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 February 0 0 4,575 0 0 March 8,946 68,428 154,759 23,072 0 April 433,514.0 1,152,562.5 1,745,785.0 467,145.0 290,985.0 May 1,872,140.0 2,530,998.5 3,025,435.0 2,734,815.0 1,952,653.0 June 2,425,239.4 2,728,866.5 3,427,445.0 3,161,100.0 2,017,509.0 July 3,094,297.6 3,020,118.6 3,703,160.0 3,853,337.0 3,800,734.0 August 3,034,420.9 3,043,705.4 3,923,784.0 3,840,998.0 4,377,672.0 September 3,101,857.8 2,468,929.3 3,125,428.0 3,801,633.0 0.0 October 2,592,977.0 2,838,434.5 2,357,500.0 2,118,061.0 0.0 November 2,083,436.6 2,065,828.7 1,726,851.0 1,023,956.0 0.0 December 906,197.3 570,066.9 228,169.0 43,837.0 0.0 January 59,565.4 77,062.7 4,471.0 0.0 0.0 February 21,616.2 70,985.3 6,287.0 0.0 0.0 March 28,228.2 93,377.0 12,470.0 0.0 0.0 Cumulative 19,662,436 20,729,364 23,446,119 21,067,954 12,439,553 Source: Sugar and Alcohol Millers Association of Sao Paulo State (UNICA). Sugar production in Center-Southern Brazil (Metric tons, tel quel). Month 08/09 09/10 10/11 11/12 12/13 February 0 0 4,575.00 0 0 March 41,936 147,030 208,240 56,496 0 April 631,526.0 1,572,303.5 2,342,614.0 761,078.0 545,249.0 May 2,527,935.0 3,364,576.5 4,094,385.0 3,966,565.0 2,983,558.0 June 3,282,349.0 3,669,830.5 4,854,177.0 4,618,058.0 3,161,408.0 July 4,243,947.1 4,137,317.6 5,284,255.0 5,411,365.0 5,605,984.0 August 4,087,441.9 4,381,252.4 5,704,484.0 5,629,162.0 6,360,894.0 September 4,247,954.8 3,552,156.3 4,619,064.0 5,607,822.0 0.0 October 3,541,734.0 3,824,805.5 3,425,318.0 3,257,617.0 0.0 November 2,741,753.6 2,786,746.7 2,496,111.0 1,776,138.0 0.0 December 1,221,877.4 870,647.9 437,100.0 178,575.0 0.0 January 92,084.2 118,869.7 10,797.0 28,526.0 0.0 February 40,002.2 108,770.3 7,031.0 14,408.0 0.0 March 49,278 110,527 12,574 2,332 0 Cumulative 26,749,819 28,644,834 33,500,725 31,308,142 18,657,093 Source: Sugar and Alcohol Millers Association of Sao Paulo State (UNICA). Based on the aforementioned sugar/ethanol breakdown, Post estimates total ethanol production for MY 2012/13 at 22.3 billion liters (8.9 liters of anhydrous and 13.4 billion liters of hydrous ethanol), similar to 2011/12 (8.9 billion liters of anhydrous and 13.7 billion liters of hydrous ethanol). Estimates released by the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA), place cumulative alcohol production for the 2012/13 crop through August 1, 2012, at 8.5 billion liters – 3.1 billion liters of anhydrous ethanol and 5.4 billion liters of hydrous ethanol. The tables below show sugarcane, sugar and ethanol production by state for the 2011/12 and 2012/13, as reported by MAPA. Cane, Sugar & Alcohol Production: 2011/12 Crop (MT and 000 Liters) Ethanol State/Region Cane Sugar Anhydous Hydrous Total Acre 52,622 0 0 2,681 2,681 Alagoas 27,705,442 2,348,141 348,081 324,707 672,788 Amazonas 286,969 15,483 0 6,432 6,432 Bahia 2,557,325 124,035 66,694 51,223 117,917 Ceara 119,896 0 0 8,392 8,392 Maranhao 2,265,572 9,383 147,699 29,505 177,204 Para 666,370 15,414 17,255 21,762 39,017 Paraíba 6,723,102 269,950 149,655 207,835 357,490 Pernambuco 17,642,236 1,481,175 187,571 170,035 357,606 Piaui 991,946 60,068 35,587 1,891 37,478 Rio Gde Norte 2,973,301 200,743 57,552 48,121 105,673 Rondonia 157,091 0 0 12,416 12,416 Sergipe 1,918,128 89,780 39,585 62,482 102,067 Tocantins 1,366,152 0 77,353 33,849 111,202 NNE 65,426,152 4,614,172 1,127,032 981,331 2,108,363 Espirito Santo 4,003,836 122,235 137,811 74,605 212,416 Goias 45,220,066 1,752,443 724,594 1,950,827 2,675,421 Minas Gerais 50,241,798 3,238,313 739,945 1,361,765 2,101,710 Mato Grosso Sul 33,859,650 1,587,746 425,824 1,206,000 1,631,824 Mato Grosso 13,153,709 398,191 329,533 514,078 843,611 Parana 40,519,301 3,008,029 365,888 1,039,446 1,405,334 Rio de Janeiro 2,207,855 129,666 0 81,118 81,118 Rio Grande Sul 95,125 0 0 6,575 6,575 Sao Paulo 305,636,316 21,112,970 4,772,987 6,866,338 11,639,325 Center South 494,937,656 31,349,593 7,496,582 13,100,752 20,597,334 TOTAL 560,363,808 35,963,765 8,623,614 14,082,083 22,705,697 Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply-Sugar, Alcohol Dept, 07/31/12 Cane, Sugar & Alcohol Production: 2012/13 Crop (MT and 000 Liters) Ethanol State/Region Cane Sugar Anhydous Hydrous Total Acre 0 0 0 0 0 Alagoas 0 0 0 0 0 Amazonas 0 0 0 0 0 Bahia 1,458,770 47,539 37,869 40,780 78,649 Ceara 0 0 0 0 0 Maranhao 1,393,749 3,534 52,813 5,864 58,677 Para 102,014 2,982 1,311 3,448 4,759 Paraíba 0 0 0 0 0 Pernambuco 0 0 0 0 0 Piaui 142,438 5,158 2,039 36 2,075 Rio Gde Norte 0 0 0 0 0 Rondonia 15,482 0 0 850 850 Sergipe 0 0 0 0 0 Tocantins 885,996 0 47,704 24,358 72,062 NNE 3,998,449 59,213 141,736 75,336 217,072 Espirito Santo 1,382,551 36,666 41,994 32,297 74,291 Goias 24,477,884 830,429 334,862 980,080 1,314,942 Minas Gerais 22,017,067 1,314,864 299,456 503,439 802,895 Mato Grosso Sul 14,846,003 629,880 173,570 539,188 712,758 Mato Grosso 6,873,274 200,547 179,945 236,713 416,658 Parana 17,292,793 1,193,071 156,853 395,660 552,513 Rio de Janeiro 651,659 28,861 0 21,977 21,977 Rio Grande Sul 14,352 0 0 721 721 Sao Paulo 128,358,239 8,062,169 1,723,624 2,618,175 4,341,799 Center South 215,913,822 12,296,487 2,910,304 5,328,250 8,238,554 TOTAL 219,912,271 12,355,700 3,052,040 5,403,586 8,455,626 Source: Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply-Sugar, Alcohol Dept, 07/31/12 In spite of the steady increase in the flex-fuel vehicle (FFV) fleet, hydrous ethanol production has been severely limited by the high prices at the pump and the trend towards sugar production to meet strong international demand. The table below shows the licensing of flex fuel vehicles (FFV) and ethanol powered cars since 2006. Note that sales of FFV currently represent over 80 percent of total vehicle sales. Licensing of Ethanol Powered Vehicles (pure ethanol & flex fuel units) 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 /1 1,432,197 2,003,197 2,329,331 2,652,368 2,876,223 2,848,122 1,812,108 Source: National Association of Vehicle Manufacturers (ANFAVEA) 1/ January-July Note: flex fuel vehicles were introduced in March 2003. The domestic demand for ethanol for MY 2012/13 is projected at 22.2 billion liters, similar to MY 2011/12 (22.4 billion liters). The table below shows the average prices for gasoline and ethanol as well as the price ratio for January-February (off-peak) and July-August (peak season) 2009, 2010, 2011 and 2012. The 70 percent ratio between ethanol and gasoline prices is the rule of thumb in determining whether flex car owners will choose to fill up with ethanol (price ratio below 70 percent) or gasoline (price ratio above 70 percent). Note that the ethanol/gasoline ratio has been over 70 percent in several Brazilian states and cities, even during the peak of the season, thus favoring gasoline consumption. Gasoline Ethanol 2009 2010 2011 2012 2009 2010 2011 2012 Jan 2.393 2.477 2.487 2.649 1.312 1.807 1.733 1.888 Sao Feb 2.398 2.509 2.490 2.641 1.331 1.831 1.765 1.818 Paulo State Jun 2.349 2.399 2.665 2.636 1.168 1.274 1.704 1.805 Aug 2.351 2.412 2.663 2.261 1.231 1.387 1.814 1.747 Jan 2.391 2.475 2.482 2.647 1.312 1.810 1.733 1.874 Sao Feb 2.396 2.508 2.486 2.630 1.327 1.835 1.766 1.801 Paulo City Jun 2.346 2.395 2.680 2.630 1.180 1.274 1.716 1.786 Aug 2.348 2.408 2.673 2.605 1.230 1.382 1.820 1.722 Jan 2.381 2.489 2.537 2.824 1.611 1.965 1.902 2.208 M Feb 2.374 2.509 2.584 2.817 1.623 2.077 1.956 2.166 inas Gerais Jun 2.326 2.412 2.823 2.806 1.501 1.678 2.075 2.142 Aug 2.361 2.621 2.817 2.801 1.564 1.710 2.126 2.110 Jan 2.331 2.431 2.499 2.761 1.597 1.926 1.886 2.172 Belo Horizonte (MG Feb 2.329 2.458 2.547 2.746 1.612 2.064 1.938 2.128 Capital) Jun 2.282 2.379 2.778 2.741 1.487 1.661 2.087 2.127 Aug 2.313 2.381 2.781 2.718 1.547 1.683 2.113 2.094 Jan 2.537 2.641 2.654 2.850 1.685 2.044 2.022 2.266 Rio Feb 2.535 2.663 2.663 2.846 1.695 2.104 2.053 2.257 Janeiro State Jun 2.524 2.613 2.892 2.854 1.588 1.703 2.200 2.256 Aug 2.526 2.598 2.854 2.849 1.604 1.718 2.212 2.206 Jan 2.534 2.640 2.651 2.818 1.680 2.050 2.025 2.257 Rio Feb 2.531 2.660 2.661 2.810 1.692 2.106 2.057 2.236 Janeiro Capital Jun 2.521 2.611 2.865 2.821 1.579 1.695 2.165 2.253 Aug 2.523 2.595 2.824 2.813 1.598 1.713 2.191 2.185 Jan 2.538 2.568 2.534 2.738 1.746 2.257 2.103 2.372 Porto Alegre (RS Feb 2.538 2.592 2.552 2.689 1.765 2.335 2.157 2.348 Capital) Jun 2.419 2.488 2.722 2.657 1.550 1.765 2.180 2.390 Aug 2.577 2.560 2.632 2.663 1.765 1.836 2.237 2.360 Jan 2.565 2.654 2.667 2.831 1.581 1.838 1.822 1.959 Goiania (GO Feb 2.564 2.655 2.697 2.782 1.581 1.897 1.891 1.899 Capital) Jun 2.562 2.304 2.830 2.672 1.483 1.227 1.782 1.856 Aug 2.556 2.384 2.838 2.638 1.411 1.347 1.837 1.773 Jan 2.388 2.530 2.644 2.551 1.615 1.909 1.871 2.076 Fortaleza (CE Feb 2.533 2.530 2.647 2.660 1.747 2.013 1.944 2.077 Capital) Jun 2.363 2.663 2.688 2.564 1.671 1.807 2.029 2.163 Aug 2.575 2.645 2.661 2.685 1.768 1.772 2.161 2.162 Source: Petroleum, Natural Gas and Biofuels National Agency (ANP). Ratio Ethanol/Gasoline Prices 2009 2010 2011 2012 Jan 55% 73% 70% 71% Sao Feb 56% 73% 71% 69% Paulo Jun 50% 53% 64% 68% Aug 52% 58% 68% 77% Jan 55% 73% 70% 71% Sao Paulo Feb 55% 73% 71% 68% Jun 50% 53% 64% 68% Aug 52% 57% 68% 66% Jan 68% 79% 75% 78% M Feb 68% 83% 76% 77% inas Gerais Jun 65% 70% 74% 76% Aug 66% 65% 75% 75% Jan 69% 79% 75% 79% Be Feb 69% 84% 76% 77% lo Horizonte Jun 65% 70% 75% 78% Aug 67% 71% 76% 77% Jan 66% 77% 76% 80% Rio Feb 67% 79% 77% 79% Janeiro Jun 63% 65% 76% 79% Aug 63% 66% 78% 77% Jan 66% 78% 76% 80% Rio de Feb 67% 79% 77% 80% Janeiro Jun 63% 65% 76% 80% Aug 63% 66% 78% 78% Jan 69% 88% 83% 87% Porto A Feb 70% 90% 85% 87% legre Jun 64% 71% 80% 90% Aug 68% 72% 85% 89% Jan 62% 69% 68% 69% Goian Feb 62% 71% 70% 68% ia Jun 58% 53% 63% 69% Aug 55% 57% 65% 67% Jan 68% 75% 71% 81% Feb 69% 80% 73% 78% Fortaleza Jun 71% 68% 75% 84% Aug 69% 67% 81% 81% Sugarcane, Sugar and Ethanol Prices in the Domestic Market The State of Sao Paulo Sugarcane, Sugar and Alcohol Growers Council (CONSECANA) reports that the cumulative average sugarcane price for the 2012/13 crop (April-August) for the state of Sao Paulo, in reais, is R$ 0.4858 per kg of TRS, or R$ 62.90 per ton of sugarcane, down R$ 2.10 per ton compared to the same period (April-August) for the 2011/12 crop (R$ 0.4904 per kg of TRS, or approximately R$ 65 per ton of sugarcane). Note that CONSECANA’s prices are based on both sugar and ethanol prices in domestic and international markets and these have been considerably better in the current crop season compared to the previous year. The Crystal Sugar and Ethanol Indexes released by the University of Sao Paulo’s College of Agriculture "Luiz de Queiroz" (ESALQ) follow. The Crystal Sugar Index tracks crystal sugar prices in the domestic spot market. The Ethanol Indexes track anhydrous and hydrous prices received by producers in the domestic spot market. Prices have remained stable even during the peak of the crushing season due to relatively tight supply of sugarcane. Crystal Sugar Prices - Domestic Market (Real, 50kg/bag, including tax). Month 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 January 25.04 36.71 70.83 76.29 62.04 February 26.20 44.77 72.49 75.17 59.10 March 27.44 48.40 69.58 70.55 57.34 April 28.11 46.48 63.66 66.24 56.44 May 26.71 44.57 43.76 59.73 54.58 June 24.94 42.20 40.40 52.25 55.12 July 24.38 41.46 40.90 64.33 56.96 August 29.01 45.43 46.42 68.49 56.08 September 1/ 30.81 55.50 56.91 65.21 59.92 October 31.13 57.28 71.68 62.73 November 30.74 56.21 75.24 63.91 December 31.72 58.73 72.66 63.57 Source: USP/ESALQ/CEPEA. September 2012 refers to September 10. Fuel Anhydrous Ethanol Prices: State of São Paulo (R$/000 liters). Month 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 January 786.22 873.30 1,285.40 1,233.20 1,270.30 February 808.08 860.30 1,297.60 1,293.10 1,184.60 March 831.50 744.50 974.60 1,596.60 1,278.80 April 789.40 697.00 908.40 2,375.00 1,259.70 May 821.50 676.40 839.20 1,380.70 1,294.30 June 787.00 692.80 827.30 1,244.60 1,234.00 July 873.20 803.78 924.20 1,298.90 1,232.50 August 858.50 820.70 961.90 1,352.80 1,198.70 September 1/ 891.20 912.90 1,040.20 1,384.20 1,244.80 October 902.20 1,086.40 1,173.20 1,378.50 November 897.00 1,093.80 1,185.20 1,377.30 December 880.60 1,131.60 1,201.80 1,359.20 Source: USP/ESALQ/CEPEA. September 2012 refers to September 3-6 Fuel Hydrous Ethanol Prices: State of São Paulo (R$/000 liters). Month 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 January 697.18 781.40 1,171.20 1,109.40 1,159.00 February 714.70 777.60 1,095.80 1,176.10 1,119.80 March 754.56 656.80 825.20 1,421.90 1,204.40 April 715.60 621.30 799.70 1,387.50 1,191.40 May 697.10 585.22 724.30 1,005.90 1,140.10 June 665.30 606.60 720.30 1,113.70 1,082.80 July 718.10 710.20 797.90 1,136.80 1,059.90 August 719.30 726.50 835.70 1,193.00 1,041.70 September 1/ 749.60 791.40 896.20 1,204.60 1,084.90 October 715.70 935.10 977.70 1,229.70 November 726.40 941.90 1,001.00 1,277.00 December 737.70 1,000.40 1,075.10 1,250.10 Source: USP/ESALQ/CEPEA. September 2012 refers to September 3-6. Consumption: There is no official source for domestic consumption of sugar in Brazil. ATO/Sao Paulo estimates for the Brazilian sugar consumption in MY 2012/13 remains unchanged at 11.7 mmt, raw value, based on updated information from post contacts. Trade: Sugar Exports Brazilian sugar exports for MY 2012/13 are estimated at 25 mmt, raw value, similar to MY 2011/12 (24.65 mmt). Raw sugar exports should contribute 19.65 mmt of total exports. Refined exports should account for 5.35 mmt, raw value. The following tables show Brazilian sugar exports by destination for MY 2011/12 and MY 2012/13 (May-August), as reported by the Brazilian Secretariat of Foreign Trade (SECEX). Brazilian Sugar Exports (NCMs 1701.11, 1701.13 & 1701.14, MT, tel quel, US$ 000 FOB) MY 2011/12 1/ MY 2011/12 2/ MY 2012/13 2/ Country Quantity Value Quantity Value Quantity Value China 2,049,380 1,161,322 875,468 488,445 782,118 404,269 Russia 2,036,356 1,107,415 1,474,878 796,297 507,367 268,528 Egypt 1,638,572 942,484 525,399 304,396 411,182 219,049 Algeria 1,325,727 749,963 634,688 350,390 405,661 214,694 Bangladesh 1,119,727 626,871 392,545 218,254 206,151 106,128 Canada 921,609 540,992 353,927 207,184 207,026 109,930 Malaysia 900,140 506,809 469,834 256,110 153,596 80,399 Saudi Arabia 876,955 495,192 252,876 136,306 161,122 86,388 Iran 900,262 494,093 571,515 316,754 210,647 110,017 Venezuela 811,154 490,537 223,750 133,961 119,002 78,887 Others 6,595,932 3,856,581 2,417,727 1,344,674 1,588,153 832,029 Total 19,175,814 10,972,258 8,192,606 4,552,772 4,752,023 2,510,317 Source : Brazilian Foreign Trade Secretariat (SECEX) Note : Numbers may not add due to rounding 1/May - April - 2/May - Aug. Brazilian Sugar Exports (NCM 1701.99.00, MT, tel quel, US$ 000 FOB) MY 2011/12 1/ MY 2011/12 2/ MY 2012/13 2/ Country Quantity Value Quantity Value Quantity Value U.A.E. 758,901 439,749 441,596 269,403 88,140 45,111 Yemen 419,090 279,587 145,191 98,614 107,785 59,682 Saudi Arabia 377,075 222,945 173,515 103,642 136,440 67,028 Ghana 296,250 203,142 144,003 97,164 80,459 49,676 Nigeria 263,556 164,879 77,321 50,505 81,229 42,618 Colombia 232,666 158,920 50,103 34,567 73,872 41,657 Angola 215,900 147,398 36,683 23,880 37,819 22,310 South Africa 155,952 106,978 54,339 37,738 65,622 39,785 Mauritania 188,268 130,577 61,128 42,307 39,748 24,125 Togo 180,654 122,388 115,910 80,946 49,085 29,588 Others 1,927,472 1,329,317 958,109 651,354 366,680 225,157 Total 5,015,784 3,305,880 2,257,897 1,490,119 1,126,879 646,738 Source : Brazilian Foreign Trade Secretariat (SECEX) Note : Numbers may not add due to rounding 1/May - April - 2/May - Aug. Ethanol Exports For MY 2012/13, Brazilian ethanol exports are estimated at 2.5 billion liters, up 585 million liters compared to the previous season (1.915 billion liters), due to expected increase of exports of fuel ethanol to the U.S. The tables below show ethanol exports for MY 2011/12 and MY 2012/13 (May- August), as reported by the Brazilian Secretariat of Foreign Trade (SECEX). Brazilian Ethanol Exports (NCM 2207.10, 2207.20.11 & 2207.20.19, MT, 000 Liters, US$ 1,000 FOB) MY 2011/12 1/ MY 2012/13 2/ Country Volume Weight Value Volume Weight Value USA 679,356 541,428 590,477 526,696 421,678 404,190 Japan 277,439 223,329 200,307 21,978 17,495 15,344 South Korea 243,558 196,827 165,824 50,512 40,812 33,360 Argentina 22,540 18,186 20,013 38 32 40 Jamaica 137,589 110,904 109,416 25,794 20,855 19,590 Netherlands 90,046 72,715 64,270 4,900 3,959 3,308 Switzerland 73,400 59,196 47,744 3,116 2,510 2,411 Puerto Rico 20,257 16,463 18,080 14,779 12,022 12,759 El Salvador 50,081 40,489 33,855 10,195 8,238 6,222 India 27,565 22,296 21,445 0 0 0 Others 293,796 237,267 222,485 39,953 32,268 27,481 Total 1,915,628 1,539,102 1,493,916 697,960 559,869 524,706 Source : Brazilian Foreign Trade Secretariat (SECEX) Note : Numbers may not add due to rounding 1/May - April - 2/May - Aug. Ethanol Imports ATO/Sao Paulo estimates Brazilian ethanol imports during MY 2012/13 at 250 million liters, a sharp drop compared to MY 2011/12 (1.4 billion liters) due to expected lower supply from the U.S. The tables below show ethanol imports for MY 2011/12 and MY 2012/2013 (May-August), as reported by the Brazilian Secretariat of Foreign Trade (SECEX). Brazilian Ethanol Imports (NCM 2207.10, 2207.20.11 & 2207.20.19, MT, 000 Liters, US$ 1,000 FOB) MY 2011/12 1/ MY 2012/13 2/ Country Volume Weight Value Volume Weight Value USA 1,374,616 1,085,784 979,359 73,231 57,794 46,640 United Kingdom 23,964 18,903 18,193 0 0 0 France 1,674 1,321 1,268 0 2 33 Jamaica 446 411 1,512 111 100 308 Trinidad & Tobago 417 345 441 0 0 0 Barbados 158 132 194 0 0 0 Germany 50 56 600 8 7 109 Poland 26 21 44 0 0 0 Netherlands 17 13,398 16,204 0 0 0 Spain 12 6,709 4,462 0 0 1 Others 12 10 63 23 22 51 Total 1,401,391 1,127,090 1,022,339 73,374 57,926 47,143 Source : Brazilian Foreign Trade Secretariat (SECEX) Note : Numbers may not add due to rounding 1/May - April - 2/May - Aug. Stocks: Sugar ending stocks for MY 2012/13 are estimated at 515,000 mt, raw value. Negative stocks in the previous marketing years have been balanced by the early start (March/April) of the sugarcane harvest in the CS region as opposed to the official beginning of the season (May). Policy: In October 2011, the percentage of ethanol blended to gasoline dropped from 25 to 20 percent, due to lower availability of the product, a consequence of the drop in the size of the sugarcane crop. The aforementioned percentage should remain unchanged at least until the beginning of the 2013/14 sugarcane crop. According to Provisional Measure (Medida Provisoria – MP) #532 of April/2011, the percentage of ethanol blended to gasoline can vary from 18 to 25 percent. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Sugar Cane for Centrifugal Brazil 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Market Year Begin: May 2010 Market Year Begin: May 2011 Market Year Begin: May 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 8,950 8,950 9,650 9,650 9,750 9,750 Area Harvested 8,490 8,490 8,890 8,890 9,000 8,700 Production 620,000 620,000 561,000 561,000 565,000 570,000 Total Supply 620,000 620,000 561,000 561,000 565,000 570,000 Utilization for Sugar 284,900 284,900 269,670 269,670 274,760 279,870 Utilizatn for Alcohol 335,100 335,100 291,330 291,330 290,240 290,130 Total Utilization 620,000 620,000 561,000 561,000 565,000 570,000 1000 HA, 1000 MT Sugar, Centrifugal Brazil 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Market Year Begin: May 2010 Market Year Begin: May 2011 Market Year Begin: May 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Beginning Stocks -835 -835 -285 -285 -285 -285 Beet Sugar Production 0 0 0 0 0 0 Cane Sugar Production 38,350 38,350 36,150 36,150 37,800 37,500 Total Sugar Production 38,350 38,350 36,150 36,150 37,800 37,500 Raw Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 Refined Imp.(Raw Val) 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 37,515 37,515 35,865 35,865 37,515 37,215 Raw Exports 20,400 20,400 19,350 19,350 19,850 19,650 Refined Exp.(Raw Val) 5,400 5,400 5,300 5,300 5,400 5,350 Total Exports 25,800 25,800 24,650 24,650 25,250 25,000 Human Dom. Consumption 12,000 12,000 11,500 11,500 11,700 11,700 Other Disappearance 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Use 12,000 12,000 11,500 11,500 11,700 11,700 Ending Stocks -285 -285 -285 -285 565 515 Total Distribution 37,515 37,515 35,865 35,865 37,515 37,215 1000 MT Exchange Rate Exchange Rate (R$/US$1.00 - official rate, last day of period) Month 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 January 2.22 2.12 1.76 2.32 1.87 1.67 1.74 February 2.14 2.12 1.68 2.38 1.81 1.66 1.71 March 2.17 2.05 1.75 2.25 1.78 1.62 1.82 April 2.09 2.03 1.69 2.18 1.77 1.57 1.89 May 2.30 1.93 1.63 1.97 1.81 1.57 2.02 June 2.16 1.93 1.64 1.95 1.80 1.56 2.02 July 2.18 1.88 1.57 1.87 1.75 1.56 2.05 August 2.14 1.96 1.63 1.88 1.75 1.59 2.04 September 1/ 2.17 1.84 1.92 1.78 1.69 1.85 2.04 October 2.14 1.74 2.12 1.74 1.70 1.69 -- November 2.17 1.78 2.33 1.75 1.71 1.85 -- December 2.14 1.77 2.34 1.74 1.66 1.88 -- Source : Gazeta Mercantil and BACEN (as of October 2006) 1/ September 2012 refers to September 4.
Posted: 21 October 2012

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