Exporter Guide Annual 2011

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Canada

Posted on: 30 Dec 2011

A practical guide for U.S. food exporters in the Canadian market;

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 12/8/2011 GAIN Report Number: CA11065 Canada Exporter Guide Canada Exporter Guide Annual 2011 Approved By: Robin Gray Prepared By: Maria Arbulu Report Highlights: Canada is among the top destinations for U.S. agricultural exports, in CY 2010 U.S. agricultural exports to Canada reached $16.8 billion in agriculture and fish products. Consumer- oriented agricultural products accounted for 76 percent of total U.S. food and agricultural product sales to Canada in CY2010 with fresh and processed fruits and vegetables, snack foods, red meats, breakfast cereals, and fruit and vegetable juice products as the category leaders. A practical guide for U.S. food exporters in the Canadian market; includes updates to the organic food section, market sector reports, consumer trends, and best prospects for U.S. consumer-oriented agricultural products in the Canadian market. Post: Ottawa C anada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Contents SECTION I. MARKET OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................ 3 A) General .......................................................................................................................................................... 3 B) Consumer Trends in Retail Food .................................................................................................................. 4 SECTION II. EXPORTER SERVICES, BUSINESS PROCEDURES, AND FOOD REGULATIONS ....... 7 A) Export Services for U.S. Food and Agricultural Exporters .......................................................................... 7 B) Business Customs Import Procedures ........................................................................................................... 8 C) Food Regulations ........................................................................................................................................ 12 Labeling Requirements ..................................................................................................................... 12 The Guide to Food Labelling and Advertising in Canada ..................................................................... 12 Food Labeling Information Service .................................................................................................... 13 Labeling of Shipping Containers ................................................................................................................. 15 Nutrition Labeling ............................................................................................................................ 15 Allergen Labeling Regulations on Pre-Packaged Foods ............................................................................. 18 Tariffs and Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs) ............................................................................................... 19 Packaging and Container Regulations ................................................................................................ 19 Food Additive Regulations ................................................................................................................ 20 Pesticides and Other Contaminants .................................................................................................... 21 D) Other Regulations and Requirements Inspection and Registration Fees .................................................... 21 E) Other Specific Standards ............................................................................................................................. 23 Fish and Seafood .............................................................................................................................. 23 Novel Foods (Foods Containing Genetically Modified Crops) ............................................................. 24 Wine, Beer and Other Alcoholic Beverages ........................................................................................ 25 Organic Foods .................................................................................................................................. 25 Organic Production Standards ..................................................................................................................... 27 Kosher Foods ................................................................................................................................... 26 Halal Foods ..................................................................................................................................... 27 Food Fortification ............................................................................................................................. 28 Pet Food .......................................................................................................................................... 29 Livestock Feeds ................................................................................................................................ 30 Meat Labeling Claims ....................................................................................................................... 30 General and other Health Claims ................................................................................................................. 31 Sample Products ............................................................................................................................... 32 Test Marketing Authorization: Processed Food Products ........................................................................... 33 Copyright and/or Trademark Laws 35 ........................................................................................................ 36 SECTION III. MARKET SECTOR STRUCTURE AND TRENDS ............................................................. 36 Market Sector Reports...................................................................................................................................... 37 SECTION IV. BEST HIGH-VALUE PRODUCT PROSPECTS .................................................................. 38 What‟s Hot? ..................................................................................................................................................... 38 SECTION V. ROAD MAP FOR MARKET ENTRY ...................................................................................... 40 Entry Strategy .................................................................................................................................................. 40 SECTION VI. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ............................................................................................... 42 SECTION VII. CONTACTS ............................................................................................................................. 44 Summary of Useful Websites ........................................................................................................................... 44 APPENDIX I. Statistics ..................................................................................................................................... 46 2 C anada: Exporter Guide December 2011 SECTION I. MARKET OVERVIEW A) General Canada is among the top destinations for U.S. agricultural exports, according to foreign trade statistics data from the U.S. Census Bureau. In CY 2010 U.S. agricultural exports to Canada reached $16.8 billion in agriculture and fish products. In the first three quarters of CY 2011, U.S. agricultural exports to Canada have increased by 13% compared to the previous year at the same time and U.S. agricultural exports currently are at $ 14 billion. Agricultural exports from the United States to Canada accounted for 16 percent of total U.S. food and agricultural product exports of $ 126.8 billion. Consumer-oriented agricultural products accounted for 76 percent of total U.S. food and agricultural product sales to Canada in CY2010 with fresh and processed fruits and vegetables, snack foods, red meats, breakfast cereals, and fruit and vegetable juice products as the category leaders. Products from the United States accounted for 60 percent of total Canadian agricultural and food imports in 2010. During CY2010, a number of consumer-oriented agricultural categories posted record sales to Canada such as fish products, breakfast cereals and fruit and vegetable juices. Overall, the top 5 export categories are fresh vegetables ($1.6 billion), fresh fruit ($1.5 billion), snack foods ($1.5 billion), red meat ($1.4 billion), and processed fruits and vegetables ($1 million). Canada is also an important market for U.S. fish and forestry exports. Canada is the second largest market for U.S. fish, and seafood exports reached $807 million in CY2010. Despite being a major producer and world exporter of forest products, Canadian imports of U.S. forest products reached about $ 2.1 billion in CY 2010. Combined, total U.S. farm, fish and forestry product exports to Canada reached an estimated $19.9 billion. The United States and Canada have the world's largest bilateral trading relationship. During CY2010, two-way merchandise trade of all goods was valued at $ 475 billion. Two-way truck traffic alone exceeds 7,000 trucks per day. That‟s an average of almost one truck every-other- minute, 24 hours a day. Total bilateral agricultural trade between the United States and Canada reached $34 billion in CY2010, or more than $93 million per day. Under the tariff elimination provisions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the majority of U.S. agricultural products have entered Canada duty-free since January 1, 1998. On December 4, 1998 the United States and Canada signed a Record of Understanding, an agreement to further open Canadian markets to U.S. farm and ranch products. Tangible benefits of the agreement have accrued to the U.S. agricultural industry. Trade with Canada is facilitated by proximity, common culture, language, similar lifestyle pursuits, and the ease of travel among citizens for business and pleasure. Many U.S. products have gained an increased competitive edge over goods from other countries as the result of the FTA/NAFTA. Also U.S. manufacturers generally have a competitive advantage over Canadian manufacturers in the scale of production. Canada‟s grocery product and food service trades have been quick to seize opportunities under FTA/NAFTA, which permit them to expand their geographical sourcing area to include the United States. Declining import duties under the trade agreements and an easing of Canadian packaging requirements for processed horticultural products for the food service market have resulted in significant gains in the Canadian market for U.S. consumer-ready foods and food 3 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 service foods. However, as similar as the United States and Canada are, there are differences that exporters need to recognize. Understanding the nuances of a marketplace is critical to a successful launch of a product in any foreign market. Canadian Market Overview Summary Advantages Challenges P Tariff rate quotas for certain products roximity S imilar lifestyles and consumption Differences in standard package sizes trends Wide exposure to U.S. culture Differences in chemical residue tolerances Frequent business and personal trips to United St Differences in nutrition labeling ates Dut Conversion of measurements to metric system y free tariff treatment for most required products under NAFTA Ea Standard Canadian English required se of entry for business travel Hig Bilingual (English & French) labeling required for h U.S. brand awareness products in retail Hig product is already h U.S. qualit A sophisticated selection of y and safety available in the Canadian market. perceptions Similar food shopping patterns B) Consumer Trends in Retail Food Canada‟s population as of July 1, 2011 was estimated at 34.4 million. The annual growth rate is relatively slow at about 1 percent. The popularity of U.S. food products is very high and Canadian consumers are keenly aware of new product offerings in the United States. The close integration of the North American food market under the NAFTA means that U.S. food and agricultural products are in high demand by Canadian retailers. There are some important trends in the Canadian retail food market that can help U.S. food exporters better understand the market. The following highlights are taken from an Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada review with updates and/or additional information incorporated by the Office of Agricultural Affairs at the U.S. Embassy in Ottawa. For more information on food marketing and trends in Canada, see Section III on Market Sector Structure. 4 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Overview Population growth is slow 1.01 percent a year. Graying population - Canadians 45 years of age and more now account for 40% of the population and by 2016 it will be 45%. In 1984, persons 50 years and older accounted for 23 percent of the population. By 2008, the percentage had increased to 33 percent. Family structure - household size decrease from 3.7 people in 1970 to fewer than 3 people in 2008. Increasing number of immigrants to Canada. By 2017, one in five Canadians will be foreign- born. Graying Population Seniors are well off financially, well educated, and willing to spend. Have time to shop for what they want. Increasingly interested in health and product quality. Demanding smaller portions, single packages, easy to open and easy-read labels. Cultural Diversity Canadian ethnic diversity is different from the United States with less Hispanic influence and more Asian influence. Ethnic diversity – Asian immigrants make up more than half of all immigrants with Chinese and South Asians as the largest immigrant group in Canada. The cultural diversity is an increasingly important force in the marketplace, particularly in urban centers, creating new demands in the food industry. Ethnic foods like pad thai, masala and shwarma have gained in popularity. The growing halal sector is gaining market share among selected grocery chains. Economic Trends Real personal disposable income growth has experienced a slowdown during the past ten years but price inflation has been low. Dual-income families are the norm but single-parent families are also prominent. Increasing number of women in the workforce. Slow economic recovery in 2010-12. Canadian Food Expenditures Real spending on food and non-alcoholic beverages has decreased to a national average of about 9.3 percent for the average Canadian household income. Increase in consumption of fresh and frozen fruits/vegetables, alcoholic beverages, soft drinks, cereals, pulses and nuts, fish, rice, and breakfast foods. Between 2005 – 2009 there have been increases in grocery expenditures on baked goods, 5 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 frozen foods, fresh produce, breakfast foods, candy and chewing gum, condiments, dressings, spreads, relishes and spaghetti/lasagna sauces, dried foods, jams, jellies, preserves, syrups and spreads, dry pasta, and snacks. Market Place Behavior Consumers still seek fresh, tasty, and high quality foods at affordable prices. Growing interest in healthy and nutritious foods. More consumers own microwaves than own barbeques. Consumers seek convenient meal solutions and thus an increased demand for home delivery, "ingredient solutions," home meal replacements, hand-held foods and microwavable products. Growing demand for snack foods. The majority of fish and seafood sales are in foodservice. Kosher and halal food sales are rising rapidly Demand for organic foods continues to increase considerably; an estimate of 18% of Canadians regularly purchases organic foods. Increase in private label products in which consumers have confidence. Foods that address dietary needs and health issues, as obesity, digestive problems or diabetes provide special opportunities. Food Service Trends 80,800 foodservice establishments in Canada. Consumer spending on food purchased outside the home (restaurants) has decreased slightly, to 22.9% percent of food expenditures, due to economic conditions. Fast food restaurants are providing healthy meal choices with greater nutritional content. Increased demand for ethnic foods. Increased take-out service. Retail Store Trends 24,000 retail stores in Canada. Grocery stores are growing in size with most new superstores of over 97,000 sq ft. More ready-made foods to compete with fast food take-out food service outlets. Big supermarkets are locked in a market share battle against the big box stores, and other non-traditional chain stores. Major chains increasingly have organic sections. Increase in Food Label Consciousness Canadians are becoming more food label conscious regarding nutrition and ingredients. There is increased concern for the levels of trans fats, sodium, fiber, and sugar in packaged foods and increased awareness of the issues surrounding allergens, food fortification and health claims. There are different regulations than in the United States for listing ingredients, allergens, and the content and presentation of the nutrition label. 6 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 SECTION II. EXPORTER SERVICES, BUSINESS PROCEDURES, AND FOOD REGULATIONS A) Export Services for U.S. Food and Agricultural Exporters USDA-FAS offers a variety of export marketing services to assist U.S. exporters find customers overseas. Whether a new or experienced exporter; USDA-FAS services are the perfect tools to grow a business. Services United States Department of Agriculture/Foreign Agricultural Service Trade Lead System (TLS) - Is a cooperative effort between FAS overseas offices, state departments of agriculture, industry cooperator groups and U.S. agricultural exporters. The TLS sources foreign importers requests and determines the level interest. Once qualified, these requests are disseminated among U.S. cooperator groups, state entities and suppliers. To view foreign trade leads and register a U.S. company profile in the TLS, go to: http://fas1.agexportservices.org/apps/rfps/info.asp State Regional Trade Groups - U.S. suppliers who want to inform foreign buyers about their products will be directed to the State Regional Trade Groups (SRTGs) for assistance. The SRTGs, which are FAS program participants, offer customized export assistance on a wide variety of export-related topics from "connection to collection." http://www.fas.usda.gov/agx/counseling_advocacy/srtg_directory.asp Export Directory of U.S. Food Distribution Companies - This directory provides information on U.S. suppliers of mixed containers of grocery and/or food service products to foreign buyers. Registration is free of charge. http://www.fas.usda.gov/agx/buying_us/directory_food_distribution.asp U.S. Suppliers List - A searchable database of over 3,500 U.S. exporters and their products (over 500 product categories), used by USDA-FAS to help facilitate connecting potential buyers with U.S. suppliers. Registration is free of charge. http://www.fas.usda.gov/agx/partners_trade_leads/us_suppliers_list.asp State Departments of Agriculture The state departments of agriculture and associated organizations promote U.S. food, beverage, and agricultural exports and are an additional valuable source of information. The National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA) represents all 50 State departments of agriculture and those from the trust territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, and the Virgin Islands. In addition, there are four regional organizations associated with their respective departments of agriculture. Prospective exporters are encouraged to check with their respective state and/or regional organizations for assistance. Website: http://www.nasda.org Country Commercial Guides The Country Commercial Guides (CCG) are prepared by U.S. Embassy staff annually and contain information on the business and economic situation of foreign countries and the political climate as 7 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 it affects U.S. business. Each CCG contains the same chapters, and an appendix, which include topics such as marketing, trade regulations, investment climate, and business travel. This information is available at: http://export.gov/mrktresearch/index.asp B) Business Customs Import Procedures The Commercial Import Process In order to bring goods into Canada, importers must provide the proper documents to Canadian Border Services Agency including: Two copies of the cargo control document (CCD) Two copies of the invoice; http://www.cbsa.gc.ca/publications/forms-formulaires/ci1.pdf Two copies of a completed Form B3, Canada Customs Coding Form Most U.S. products receive a duty free tariff treatment under NAFTA. Shipments exceeding CAD$ 1,600 require a copy of the NAFTA certificate of origin to be retained by the importer on file for up to ten years. http://forms.cbp.gov/pdf/CBP_Form_434.pdf Any import permits, health certificates, or forms that other federal government departments require; calculate and declare the value for duty of the imported goods (where necessary) according to the valuation provisions of the Customs Act; make sure that the goods are properly marked with their country of origin; pay any duties that apply. This information can be found at the site below: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/import/acc-resp-eng.html Automated Import Reference System (AIRS) of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Shipments requiring a NAFTA certificate of origin will require a Harmonized Commodity Description (HS) tariff classification number to be filled in under section six of the form. This number can be determined by visiting AIRS at: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/imp/airse.shtml Customs Brokers Many U.S. firms use the services of a Canadian customs broker (a private company operating as a trade facilitator). According to the Canadian Society of Customs Brokers close to 80% of import transactions into Canada are handled by a customs broker. Brokers help exporters to comply with Canadian import requirements and in some cases, where fulfillment services are offered can resell an exporter‟s products. The Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) licenses customs brokers to carry out customs related responsibilities on behalf of their clients. A broker's services include: Obtaining release of the imported goods Paying any duties that apply Obtaining, preparing, and presenting or transmitting the necessary documents or data Maintaining records Responding to any Canada Customs and Revenue Agency concerns after payment Clients must pay a fee for these services, which the brokerage firm establishes. These fees vary 8 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 based by broker and shipment. Exporters from the United States are urged to inquire about the fees prior to shipping as this may influence the cost of goods sold to the Canadian buyer. Alternatively, importers who do not wish to transact business with the CBSA directly, or use a customs broker, may authorize an agent to transact business on their behalf. Although importers may use an agent to transact business with the CBSA, the importer is ultimately responsible for the accounting documentation, payment of duties and taxes, and subsequent corrections such as re-determination of classification, origin and valuation. The importer remains liable for all duties owed until either the importer or the agent pays them. Agents are required to obtain written authorization from their clients in order to transact business on behalf of their clients. This business may include but is not limited to: Registering for a Business Number (BN), Importer/Exporter Account Providing assistance in cases involving the Special Import Measures Act (SIMA) Submitting refund requests (B2s) Preparing release (interim accounting) documentation Preparing final accounting documentation Remitting payment of duties and taxes to the Receiver General of Canada For additional information, contact: Canadian Society of Customs Brokers Suite 320, 55 Murray Street Ottawa, ON K1N 5M3 Tel: 613-562-3543 Fax: 613-562-3548 Email: cscb@cscb.ca Web Site: www.cscb.ca Searchable list of members: www.cscb.ca Small Parcel Shipments In recent years both Canada Post and courier companies have seen an increase in cross-border shipments. To avoid shipments being held at customs, the exporter is required to complete all necessary documentation. If applicable the U.S. exporter is expected to identify the name of their customs broker on the courier‟s way bill. Those product shipments exceeding C$ 20.00 are subject to custom duties, a handling fee and sales taxes (Goods and Services Tax /Harmonized Tax) that are then collected by the Canada Border Service Agency (CBSA). Exporters from the United States are encouraged to calculate all charges beforehand, including brokerage fees if applicable, as these added costs affect the acceptable selling price to the buyer. For additional information please visit: Canada Border Services Agency on Importing by Mail, http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/import/postal-postale/duty-droits-eng.html United States Postal Service on Country Conditions for Mailing – Canada, 9 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 http://pe.usps.com/text/imm/ce_003.htm Canada's Import Notification Requirements In 2009 the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) announced new import notification requirements for selected commodities regulated under the Food and Drug Act and Regulations. The intent of this initiative is to improve the availability of information to assist in identification and tracking of food products in the event of a food safety issue. In order to facilitate this initiative, the new import notification requirements are being implemented in a phased-in approach for commodities using the International Harmonized System code (HS code). For up to date information on what commodities are required to provide import notification please go to the following webpage: http://inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/invenq/20100830e.shtml Importers and brokers are expected to notify the CFIA of the importation of these commodities via the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) for electronic release. Failure to do so may result in the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) rejecting the release request. Importers and brokers who currently do not have an EDI profile must apply for one, and develop and test the compatibility of their data systems with the CFIA‟s system. To obtain an EDI profile, importers and brokers are required to complete the application and testing processes with both CBSA ACROSS Phase III and then with the CFIA. The CFIA Automated Import System (AIS) Participant’s Information Document provides more information on EDI and becoming a CFIA EDI client. To obtain a copy of this document, please contact: CFIA EDI Coordinator Email: EDICoordianator@inspection.gc.ca Tel.: (613) 773-5322 The Canadian Food Inspection Agency‟s (CFIA) Import Service Centre (ISC) serve as a control point in the import process and can respond to import information requests electronically, by phone, or by fax. The ISC works closely with the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) in determining the Customs release of food items. The ISC handles telephone inquiries and will review and approve proper documentation for all commodities regulated by the CFIA. Note: Pre-clearance is available on meat items and U.S. exporters may contact ISC beforehand with further questions on their documentation. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/imp/importe.shtml National Import Service Centre 7:00 a.m. to 03:00 a.m. (Eastern Time) Phone and EDI: 1-800-835-4486 (Canada or U.S.A.) 1-905-795-7834 (local calls and all other countries) Fax: 1-905-795-9658 Mailing Address: 1050 Courtney Park Drive East Mississauga, Ontario L5T 2R4 10 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Non-Resident Importers and the Good and Services Tax/Harmonized Sales Tax Non-Resident Importers (NRI) are companies that import goods into Canada but reside outside the country. Most NRIs export larger shipments to a number of Canadian customers. Some of the benefits of NRIs, include the ability to reclaim the federal Goods and Services Tax (GST) of 5%. Those exporters not registered as a NRI, will have no recourse to claim the GST assessed on their shipments to Canada. Some provinces (British Columbia, Ontario, and the Atlantic Provinces) have combined their provincial taxes with the federal taxes and are recognized as the Harmonized Sales Tax (HST). In Quebec, the taxes are combined as well but are recognized as the GST and the Quebec Sales Tax (QST). In these instances, the non-registered NRI shipping to Quebec will be assessed both provincial and federal taxes and will not be able to reclaim either tax. To register as a NRI, a Business Number (BN) and an import/export account registered with the Canadian Border Services Agency and Canadian Revenue Agency will be necessary. U.S. exporters can contact a customs broker for further information or visit the following sites. More information can be found at: Business Number: http://www.cbsa-asfc.gc.ca/import/rb-ee-eng.html#P183_14485 Goods Services Tax (GST) and Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) for Non-Residents: http://www.cra-arc.gc.ca/E/pub/gp/rc4027/README.html Credit Checks Besides the well-known private credit service checks that may be available, the U.S. Commercial Service (USCS) International Trade Administration offers the International Company Profile Service designed to verify the credit worthiness of companies in Canada. A U.S. company seeking more information on the WTDR service should contact the closest U.S. Export Assistance Center (USEAC) in the United States. The USCS also offers additional services to help U.S. exporters: http://export.gov/salesandmarketing/eg_main_018198.asp Food Brokers For U.S. companies entering the Canadian market, it is helpful to find a Canadian food broker to help with the logistics of entering the country in addition to marketing products. For a partial listing of Canadian food brokers refer to the latest food brokers report ( CA 11025) on the FAS web site: http://gain.fas.usda.gov 11 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 C) Food Regulations Labeling Requirements The basic packaging and labeling requirements necessary for U.S. agricultural exports to Canada are: Labels in English and French Net quantities expressed in metric units List of ingredients, (including food allergens) Durable life date (if shelf life 90 days or less) Common name of product Name and address of Manufacturer /Canadian Dealer, noted "imported for/importé pour" Nutrition Facts Table in accordance with the Canadian format Starting August 2012, declaration of food allergens on pre-packaged foods Follow minimum type size specifications Conformity to standardized package sizes stipulated in the regulations Country of origin labeling on shipping container Although the Universal Product Code (UPC) or bar code is not required or administered by government, virtually all retailers require products to be labelled with a UPC. The Guide to Food Labelling and Advertising in Canada The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has prepared a Guide to Food Labelling and Advertising that details the regulatory requirements for selling packaged foods and beverages in Canada. The CFIA has the authority to refuse entry, detain, return, or remove from retail shelves any imported processed food product that does not meet the federal food labeling requirements. The CFIA Guide includes information on: Basic labeling requirements * Advertising requirements Claims as to the composition, quality, quantity and origin of foods Nutrition labeling * Nutrient content claims * Health-related claims * New regulations on food allergens * Other product specific requirements for alcoholic beverages, processed fruits and vegetables, honey, meat and poultry, fish and supplementary products* *Regulations differ from the United States and require adherence for retail sales in Canada. The full guide is available on the CFIA website at: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/labeti/guide/toce.shtml 12 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Food Labeling Information Service The CFIA consolidates federal food label review under their Labelling Information Service. The labeling service is designed for new entrants into the marketplace who are not familiar with the Canadian regulatory system. This service is available at specified regional CFIA locations across Canada. These offices coordinate the requirements of the aforementioned federal departments to simplify product approval and label compliance. U.S. exporters are advised to contact the closest regional office as listed in the link below with further questions: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/labeti/guide/ch1e.shtml#1.6 Note: Label registration is required for all processed meat products under the Meat Inspection Act and Regulations. All U.S. exporters are urged to complete the form below and provide along with the appropriate copies of the label and formulation and the specified fee. Request for Registration of Labels, Markings and Containers: http://inspection.gc.ca/english/for/pdf/c1478e.pdf Clerk- Label and Recipe Registration 1431 Merivale Road Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0Y9, Third Floor Ottawa, Ontario K1A OY9 Email. Label-etiquette@inspection.gc.ca CFIA will review a limited number of non-mandatory labels per company. A U.S. exporter may receive information about submitting their request by contacting 1-800-667-2657 or email the draft label to labelwindow@inspection.gc.ca Canadian Food Inspection Agency Food Labeling Information Service Offices National Headquarters Newfoundland and Labrador 1431 Merivale Road P.O. Box 5667 Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0Y9 St. John's, Newfoundland A1C 5X1 Tel: 1-800-442-2342 or (613) 225-2342 Tel: (709) 772-8912 Fax: (613) 228-6601 Fax: (709) 772-5100 Atlantic Provinces New Brunswick Nova Scotia 850 Lincoln Road, P.O. Box 2222 1992 Agency Drive Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 5G4 Dartmouth, Nova Scotia B2Y 1Y9 Tel: (506) 452-4964 Tel: (902) 426-2110 Fax: (506) 452-2923 Fax: (902) 426-4844 13 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Atlantic Provinces (cont.) Quebec Province Prince Edward Island Montreal 690 University Ave Carillon Place II Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island 7101 Jean-Talon St E, Suite 600 C1E 1E3 Anjou, Québec H1M 3N7 Tel: (902) 566-7290 Tel: (514) 493-8859 Fax: (902) 566-7334 Fax: (514) 493-9965 Ontario Province Quebec Place Iberville IV 174 Stone Rd W 2954, Laurier Blvd, suite 100 Guelph, Ontario N1G 4S9 Ste-Foy (Quebec) G1V 5C7 Tel: (519) 837-9400 Tel: (418) 648-7373 Fax: (519) 837-9766 Fax: (418) 648-4792 Central Region Three Rivers 709 Main Street West 25 des Forges, Suite 418 Hamilton, Ontario L8S 1A2 Trois-Rivières, Québec G9A 6A7 Tel: (905) 572-2201 Tel: (819) 371-5207 Fax: (905) 572-2197 Fax: (819) 371-5268 North East Region Western Provinces Unit 7 - 38 Auriga Dr Ottawa, Ontario K2E 8A5 Calgary Tel: (613) 274-7374 110 County Hills Landing NW, Suite 202 Fax: (613) 274-7380 Calgary, Alberta T3K 5P3 Tel: (403) 292-4650 Southwest Region Fax: (403) 292-5692 1200 Commissioners Rd E, Unit 19 London, Ontario N5Z 4R3 Edmonton (includes NWT and Nunavut) Tel: (519) 691-1300 Fax: (519) 691-0148 7000 113 St, Room 205 Edmonton, Alberta T6H 5T6 Toronto Region Tel: (780) 495-3333 1124 Finch Avenue West, Unit 2 Fax: (780) 495-3359 Downsview, Ontario M3J 2E2 Edmonton (includes NWT and Nunavut) Tel. (416) 665-5055 Fax (416) 665-5069 7000 113 St, Room 205 Edmonton, Alberta T6H 5T6 145 Renfrew Drive, Unit 160 Tel: (780) 495-3333 Markham, Ontario L3R 9R6 Fax: (780) 495-3359 Tel: (905) 513-5977 Fax: (905) 513-5971 14 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Western Provinces (cont.) British Columbia Coastal Region Manitoba 4321 Still Creek Dr., Suite 400 269 Main St., Room 613 Burnaby, British Columbia V5C 6S7 Winnipeg, Manitoba R3C 1B2 Tel: (604) 666-6513 Tel: (204) 983-2220 Fax: (604) 666-1261 Fax: (204) 984-6008 4475 Viewmont Avenue, Suite 103 Saskatchewan Victoria, British Columbia V8Z 6L8 421 Downey Road, Room 301 Tel: (250) 363-3455 Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 4L8 Fax: (250) 363-0366 Tel: (306) 975-8904 Fax: (306) 975-4339 British Columbia Mainland/Interior Region (includes Yukon) 1853 Bredin Road Kelowna, British Columbia V1Y 7S9 Tel: (604) 363-3455 Fax: (604) 363-0336 Labeling of Shipping Containers Labels of shipping containers used for industrial or institutional use are exempt from bilingual labeling requirements. The outside of the container requires a product description, the name and address of the U.S. company and a net quantity declaration in either metric or imperial units. If the food inside the container(s) is not for sale directly to consumers (e.g., foodservice, etc.), that label may also be in either French or English, but all other mandatory label information, such as the list of ingredients, is required to be shown. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/labeti/guide/ch2ae.shtml#2.15 Nutrition Labeling On December 12, 2007, Canada‟s mandatory nutrition labeling regulations for prepackaged foods came into effect. The U.S. nutrition panel is not permitted on the labels of foods sold in Canada. All U.S. prepackaged food product exporters are advised to review the Canadian nutrition labeling regulations and to bring their packaging into compliance to avoid entry refusals at the border or product detention. Nutrition labeling policy is set by Health Canada while the Canadian Food Inspection Agency is responsible for enforcement. The nutrition labeling toolkit website is located at: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/labeti/nutrikit/nutrikite.shtml 15 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Example of U.S. Nutrition Label Example of U.S. Nutrition Label Example of Canadian Nutrition Label Source: CRFA, Imported Food and Manufactured Food o Labeling Exemptions Some prepackaged foods are exempt from mandatory nutrition labeling. The following products are exempt from displaying a nutrition facts table (excerpt from the 2011 CFIA Guide to Food Labelling and Advertising, Chapter 5, Section 5.3): a) foods, such as spices and some bottled waters, for which all the nutritional information (other than serving of stated size) set out in column 1 of the table to B.01.401 may be expressed as "0"; b) beverages with an alcohol content of more than 0.5 percent; c) fresh vegetables and fruits without added ingredients, oranges with color, and fruit and vegetables coated with paraffin wax or petrolatum; This category includes fresh herbs such as parsley, basil, thyme, etc. (but not dried herbs); sprouts; and fruits and vegetables that are minimally processed (e.g., washed, peeled, cut-up, shredded, etc.), including mixtures of fruits and vegetables, such as bagged mixed salad and coleslaw (without dressing, croutons, bacon bits, etc.). NOTE: The exemption is lost if any health claim set out in the table following B.01.603 is made, including the following: "A healthy diet rich in a variety of vegetables and fruit may help reduce the risk of some types of cancer," [B.01.401 (3)(e)(ii), and item 4 of the table following B.01.603]. d) raw, single ingredient meat, meat by-product, poultry meat, and poultry meat by-product; NOTE: Prepackaged ground meat, ground meat by-product, ground poultry meat and ground poultry meat by-product must always carry a Nutrition Facts table [B.01.401(3)(d)]. e) raw, single ingredient marine or freshwater animal products (such as fish, crustaceans, etc.); f) foods sold only in the retail establishment where the product is prepared and processed, including products made from a pre-mix when an ingredient other than water is added to the pre-mix; 16 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 NOTE: A Nutrition Facts table is required when only water is added to a pre-mix or when a product is only baked, cooked, etc. on the premises without the addition of other ingredients. g) foods sold only at a roadside stand, craft show, flea market, fair, farmers' market and sugar bush by the individual who prepared and processed the product; h) individual servings of foods that are sold for immediate consumption (e.g., sandwiches or ready-made salads), when these have not been subjected to a process or special packaging, such as modified atmosphere packaging, to extend their durable life; i) foods sold only in the retail establishment where the product is packaged, if the product is labeled by means of a sticker and has an Available Display Surface less than 200 cm2; j) prepackaged confections, commonly known as one-bite confections, that are sold individually (e.g., small individually wrapped candies, mints, etc.); k) prepackaged individual portions of food that are solely intended to be served by a restaurant or other commercial enterprise with meals or snacks (e.g., crackers, creamers, etc.); and l) a variety of cow and goat milk products sold in refillable glass containers. o Losing the Exemption Excerpt from the 2011 Guide to Food Labelling and Advertising, Section 5.3.1: The last three items listed above (a one-bite confection, an individual portion served with meals, milk in glass containers) never lose their exemption. The remaining items listed above lose their exempt status and are required to carry a Nutrition Facts table when: A vitamin or mineral nutrient is added to the product; A vitamin or mineral nutrient is declared as a component of an ingredient (other than flour); Aspartame, sucralose, or acesulfame-potassium is added to the product; The product is ground meat, ground meat by-product, ground poultry meat or ground poultry meat by-product; or The label or advertisement contains one or more of the following: o A nutritional reference or nutrient content claim, o A biological role claim, o A health claim, o A health-related name, statement, logo, symbol, seal of approval or other proprietary mark of a third party, or o The phrase "nutrition facts", "valeur nutritive" or "valeurs nutritives". Allergen Labeling Regulations on Pre-packaged Foods Health Canada has added gluten sources, mustard, and sulphites to the list of Priority Food Allergens list (see table below). As of August 4, 2012, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CRFA) and Health Canada will require most pre-packaged products containing these allergenic ingredients be noted on the label in a form of list or in a statement such as “Allergy and Intolerance 17 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Information”; Contains (name the allergen). The new regulations also require manufacturers to use common names, for example spelt and kamut are to be declared as wheat for allergen labeling purposes. Health Canada provides the following reference guidance to food companies: Food Allergen Labelling Guidance for Industry http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/label-etiquet/allergen/guide_ligne_direct_indust-eng.php To help the food industry ensure the safety of food products for consumers with food allergies, and to prevent the need for costly recalls, the CFIA suggests food companies establish effective allergen controls to minimize the potential for allergic reactions . CFIA provides the following checklist for food manufacturers to help mitigate these risks. The list can be found at: Allergen Check List for Food Suppliers and Manufacturers http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/invenq/inform/toualle.shtml Priority Food Allergens Peanut or its derivatives, e.g., Peanut - pieces, protein, oil, butter, flour, and mandelona nuts (an almond flavoured peanut product) etc. Peanut may also be known as ground nut. Tree Nuts (almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts(filberts), macadamia nuts, pecans, pine nuts (pinyon, pinon), pistachios and walnuts or their derivatives, e.g., nut butters and oils etc. Sesame or its derivatives, e.g., paste and oil etc. Milk or its derivatives, e.g., milk caseinate, whey and yogurt powder etc. Eggs or its derivatives, e.g., frozen yolk, egg white powder and egg protein isolates etc. Fish or its derivatives, e.g., fish protein, oil and extracts etc. Crustaceans (including crab, crayfish, lobster, prawn and shrimp) and Shellfish (including snails, clams, mussels, oysters, cockle and scallops) or their derivative, e.g., extracts etc. Soy or its derivatives, e.g., lecithin, oil, tofu and protein isolates etc Wheat, triticale or their derivatives, e.g., flour, starches and brans etc. Includes other wheat varieties such as spelt, durum, kamut, emmer etc. Mustard or its derivatives, e.g., mustard seeds, mustard flour, ground mustard, prepared mustard etc. Sulphites, e.g., sulphur dioxide and sodium metabisulphites etc. Tariffs and Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs) Effective January 1, 1998 the tariff provisions of the U.S.- Canada Free Trade Agreement (FTA) removed all tariffs between the two countries with the exception of those products for which Canada implemented tariff rate quotas on January 1, 1995. The provisions of the FTA were incorporated into the NAFTA to which Mexico is also a signatory. The NAFTA came into effect on January 1, 1994. In 1995, under the World Trade Organization (WTO) agreement, Canada replaced import quotas on certain agricultural products with Tariff Rate Quotas (TRQs). Under the TRQ system, imports that 18 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 are within quotas are subject to low or free rates of duty, until the quota limit has been reached. Once quota limits have been reached, over quota imports are subject to significantly higher Most-Favored-Nation (MFN) rates of duty. To import and market TRQ commodities, a business must be a registered Canadian business entity and must be in possession of an import permit. These companies are referred to as „quota holders.‟ For most commodities, TRQs are already allocated with only a few available for new Canadian businesses. The Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Export and Import Controls Bureau) is responsible for administering Canada‟s Tariff Rate Quotas for agricultural products. For more information go to: http://www.dfait-maeci.gc.ca/trade/eicb/agric/agric-en.asp Canada administers TRQs that affect exporters of the following U.S. agricultural commodities: Broiler Hatching Eggs & Chicks Chicken and Chicken Products Turkey and Turkey Products Table Eggs Milk & Dairy Products Cheese Margarine Important note for U.S. meat exporters: Canada has further TRQs that affect both the level and the tariff rates of imports from non-NAFTA origin of pork, beef, and wheat, barley and their products, but they do not apply to imports of U.S. origin (or Mexican origin when eligible). Detailed Information is located at the link below: http://www.international.gc.ca/controls-controles/prod/agri/index.aspx?menu_id=3&menu=R Packaging and Container Regulations Canadian regulations governing package sizes for fruits and vegetables, processed horticultural products and processed meats stipulate standardized package sizes that may differ from U.S. sizes. The standards of identity and the container sizes are generally stipulated in the regulations encompassing agriculture and food products. Electronic access to all Canadian food-related regulations is available through: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/reg/rege.shtml o Container Sizes: Honey Imported honey without added flavors must meet specific grades and standards. All honey must be sold in standard container sizes in specific net quantities and are outlined under the Honey Regulations. The regulations are available under CRFA‟s Canadian Import, Export and Interprovincial Requirements for Honey: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/honmiel/cdnreqe.shtml#pres o Container Sizes: Processed Horticultural Products 19 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Imported processed horticultural products are subject to the requirements of Canada‟s Processed Products Regulations. These regulations stipulate the standards and grades for processed fruits and vegetables. The maximum container size permitted for importation is 20 kg or 20 liters. Beyond these sizes, Canadian rules require a ministerial exemption, or bulk waiver of standardized package. The Processed Product Regulations are available for viewing at the following Justice Department website: http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/C-0.4/C.R.C.-c.291/index.html o Container Sizes: Fresh Fruit and Vegetables CFIA specifies container sizes for certain regulated produce commodities in Canada which may not be marketed in a container larger than 50 kg net weight, except for apples where the maximum container size is 200 kg. These requirements can be reviewed at: General Packaging and Labelling Requirements for Fresh Fruit and Vegetables: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/frefra/qual/fruveglabetie.shtml Please see other requirement for grading, licenses and waivers under Requirements for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables on page 22. o Container Sizes: Processed Meats Canada‟s Meat & Poultry Inspection Regulations stipulate the standard package size requirements for processed meat and poultry products such as bacon, sausages, sliced meats and wieners. Common U.S. package sizes for these products are different from Canadian standardized sizes. For example, sliced bacon cannot be sold in a 1 lb. package in Canada. It is mostly sold in 500 g packages, one of the standardized sizes in the regulations. Schedule II of the Meat Inspection Regulations lists all the acceptable package sizes for processed meats. It can be viewed on the Department of Justice website at: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/SOR-90-288/page-36.html#h-34 Food Additive Regulations Canada‟s Food and Drugs Act and Regulations strictly control the use of food additives. Most foods approved for sale in the United States comply with Canadian additive regulations, but differences can occur at the permissible levels and in the use of food colorings and food preservatives. The food additive tables in Division 16 of the Food and Drug Regulations prescribe which additives are permitted in Canada, and those that can be added to food and their allowable levels. Products containing restricted food additives may be refused entry into Canada. Canada‟s Food and Drugs Act and Regulations are available on the Internet at: Food and Drug Regulations, Division 16 B. 16.001 http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/eng/regulations/C.R.C.,_c._870/page-147.html#h-110 Food Additive Dictionary http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/securit/addit/diction/dict_food-alim_add-eng.php Specific technical questions relating to Canada‟s Food and Drugs Act and Regulations may be 20 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 directed to: Bureau of Chemical Safety, Food Directorate Health Products and Food Branch Health Canada 251 Sir Frederick Banting Driveway, Tunney's Pasture Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9 Tel. 613-957-0973 Email: bcs-bipc@hc-sc.gc.ca Website: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/securit/addit/sub_prep_demande-eng.php Health Canada will review „new‟ food additives upon request. They are to be submitted to Health Canada either by email or mail, along with the food additive submission checklist. For further information please visit: Food Additive Submission Checklist: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/pubs/additive-checklist_additifs-aide-memoire-eng.php Pesticides and Other Contaminants Some agricultural chemicals approved for use in the United States are not registered in Canada. As a result, these pesticides are deemed to have a zero tolerance in Canada and imported foods which contain unregistered pesticide residues above 0.1 parts per million are deemed to be adulterated under Section B.15.002 (1) of Canada's Food and Drug Regulations. The goods are subject to detention, destruction, or return. Canada is currently reviewing its policy of the 0.1 ppm default level. A discussion document issued by Health Canada on this policy review is available at: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/cps-spc/pest/part/consultations/_dis2006-01/index-eng.php Health Canada‟s Health Protection Branch sets maximum reside limits (MRL) for pesticides. A full listing of Canadian MRLs is available on the Pest Management Regulatory Agency‟s (PMRA) website at: http://www.pmra-arla.gc.ca/english/aboutpmra/about-e.html The PMRA is also responsible for pesticide registration. The address is: Pest Management Regulatory Agency Health Canada 2720 Riverside Drive Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9 Email. Pmra-arla.docs@hc-sc.gc.ca Tel.: (613) 736-3799 D) Other Regulations and Requirements Inspection and Registration Fees As part of a Canadian government initiative to partially recover costs associated with providing inspection services, most federal departments charge fees to industry for inspection and product registrations. Canada claims its fee structure is consistent with WTO provisions for national 21 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 treatment in that the fees apply equally to Canadian domestic and import sales. Requirements for Fresh Meats Federally inspected USDA meat and poultry plants must be on the Food Safety Inspection Service‟s (FSIS) list of approved establishments to export fresh meats to Canada. All U.S. exporters should be aware that establishments not listed in the current FSIS Meat and Poultry Inspection Directory may experience delays in getting their certificates pre-verified. Contact the FSIS Policy Development Division for assistance: Tel.: (402) 344-5000 Fax: (402) 344-5005 Hotline: 1-800-233-3935 (6 a.m.-5 p.m. CT) Website: http://askfsis.custhelp.com/ An Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) Export Verification (EV) program is no longer required for export of beef and beef products to Canada, but it is required for bison or buffalo meat. Since U.S. bovine spongiform (BSE) regulations do not apply to bison or buffalo, meat and meat products derived from these species must be produced under an approved AMS EV program. The red meat export requirements for shipments to Canada are detailed in the FSIS Library of Export Requirements: http://www.fsis.usda.gov/Regulations_&_Policies/Export_Information/index.asp Requirements for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables All fruits and vegetables imported into Canada must meet specific standards and packaging regulations laid out in the Canada Agricultural Products Act (CAPA), Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations and Processed Product Regulations. For details visit: Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Regulations: http://laws.justice.gc.ca/en/C-0.4/C.R.C.-c.285/index.html All U.S. fresh fruits and vegetable exporters must: Comply with Canadian grade standards and packaging regulations Obtain Canadian Confirmation of Sale form Know consignment selling is prohibited Obtain a Canadian fresh fruit and vegetable license Obtain a Canadian special waiver of standard container regulations for bulk products File a Canada Customs invoice Beginning in 1995, Canada dropped the mandatory requirement (except for apples, onions, and potatoes) that U.S. exports of fresh produce be accompanied by USDA Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) certification that the produce meets Canadian import requirements. Some U.S. exporters still choose to obtain AMS certification as evidence that the produce left the shipping point in grade and condition. Canada requires all foreign shippers of fresh produce to place a grade on consumer size packages for which Canadian grades are established. The law also requires a country of origin declaration with the grade and weight (in metric) printed in a letter size directly proportional to the size of the package display surface. 22 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 If grades and standard container sizes are specifically addressed in Canadian regulation, bulk imports require a special exemption from the Canadian Food Inspection Agency. This exemption is not granted unless there is a shortage of domestic supply. However, in November 2007, the United States and Canada signed an arrangement to facilitate bilateral potato trade. The arrangement will provide U.S. potato producers with predictable access to Canadian Ministerial exemptions, a regulatory vehicle to import potatoes that is only granted by the Government of Canada on a case-by-case basis when there is a proven shortage of potatoes in Canada. The arrangement, while not yet fully implemented, will allow contracts between U.S. growers and Canadian processors to serve as sufficient evidence of a shortage in Canadian potatoes. For more on the potato arrangement, see the following website: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/corpaffr/newcom/2007/20071101e.shtml Canadian Import Requirements for Fresh Fruit and Vegetables can be found below. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/frefra/cdnreqe.shtml Further information on fruit and vegetable regulations is available on the Canadian Food Inspection Agency‟s Fruit and Vegetable website. http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/frefra/frefrae.shtml E) Other Specific Standards Fish and Seafood Fish and fish products are subject to the Fish Inspection Act and Regulations, which contain requirements for wholesomeness, labeling, packaging, grading, and health and safety. There is no requirement under those regulations for imported fish products to be accompanied by a health certificate. However, the person who imports fish into Canada must hold a fish import license and must provide written notification to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) for each imported shipment of fish and must make the fish available for inspection. Product inspections are conducted at frequencies that depend on the product's risk and the trader‟s history of compliance. The normal inspection frequency for fresh fish such as wild caught salmon from an exporter with a good history of compliance would be 2 percent. More information regarding the requirements to import fish into Canada can be found on the CFIA web site under the Import Inspection Program: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/fispoi/import/inspe.shtml Information regarding the labeling of fish products is available on the CFIA web site at: http://www.inspection.gc.ca/english/fssa/labeti/guide/tab15e.shtml The Fish Inspection Act can be found at: http://laws-lois.justice.gc.ca/en/F-12 Labeling requirements for packaged fish must include all mandatory information normally found on consumer packages such as: Country of origin 23 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Common name of the fish Name and address of the manufacturer Day, month and year of processing Quantity (metric or imperial units) Novel Foods (Foods Containing Genetically Modified Crops) Health Canada defines novel foods as: products that have never been used as a food; foods that result from a process that has not previously been used for food; or foods that have been modified by genetic manipulation (i.e., from foods containing genetically modified (GM) crops). Under the Novel Foods Regulations, such foods can only be sold in Canada once approved by Health Canada. More information can be found at: GM Foods and Other Novel Foods http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/index-eng.php Approved GM products http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/appro/index-eng.php o Pre-Market Notification for Novel Foods To obtain approval, companies must submit scientific data and safety assessment data to Health Canada. Guidelines for the pre-submissions can be found at: Pre-submission consultation procedures for novel foods and feeds derived from plants with novel traits: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/fn-an/gmf-agm/pre-sub-proc-eng.php The following offices are responsible for reviewing submissions: Novel Food: Submission Management and Information Unit Food Directorate, Health Products and Food Branch, Health Canada 251, Sir Frederick Banting Driveway Postal Locator: 2202E Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0K9 Phone: (613) 960-0552 Fax: (613) 946-4590 Email: smiu-ugdi@hc-sc.gc.ca Novel Feed/Plants with Novel Traits: Canadian Food Inspection Agency 59 Camelot Drive Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0Y9 Fax: (613) 228-6614 or (613) 228-6140 Email: presubmissionconsultations@inspection.gc.ca 24 Canada: Exporter Guide December 2011 Wine, Beer and Other Alcoholic Beverages The federal Importation of Intoxicating Liquors Act gives the provinces and territories full control over the importation of intoxicating liquor into their jurisdictions. Provincial liquor commissions control the sale of alcoholic beverages in Canada and the market structure can vary considerably from province to province. Alcoholic beverages can only be imported through the liquor commissions in the province where the product will be consumed. In general terms, U.S. exporters are required to have their products “listed” by the provincial liquor control agency. In many provinces, U.S. exporters must have a registered agent who provides the necessary marketing support within the province to obtain a provincial liquor board listing. As an initial step, U.S. exporters should contact the provincial liquor board in the target market for a listing of registered agents or consult the Office of Agricultural Affairs wine report (CA 11017) available at the Foreign Agriculture Service website under Attaché Reports for a partial listing of agents: http://gain.fas.usda.gov Provincial Liquor Commissions: Alberta Gaming and Liquor Commission – http://www.aglc.ca British Columbia Liquor Distribution Branch – http://www.bcliquorstores.com Liquor Control Board of Ontario – http://www.lcbo.com Manitoba Liquor Control Commission – http://www.liquormartsonline.com New Brunswick Liquor Corporation – http://www.anbl.com Newfoundland Liquor Corporation – http://www.nlliquor.com Northwest Territories Liquor Commission - http://www.fin.gov.nt.ca Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation - http://www.mynslc.com/ Prince Edward Island Liquor Control Commission - http://www.peilcc.ca Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority – http://www.slga.gov.sk.ca Société des alcools du Québec – http://www.saq.com Yukon Liquor Corporation Board – http://www.ylc.yk.ca Canadian packaging and labeling requirements for wine and beer are administered under Canada‟s Food and Drug Regulations and the Consumer Packaging and Labeling Regulations. In addition to the general packaging and labeling
Posted: 30 December 2011

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