On Friday, November 23, 2013 USDA and the Chilean Ministry of Agriculture finished negotiating the certificate language to export frozen/chilled poultry meat to include duck meat.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: CI1234
Chile opens market to U.S. Duck Meat
Poultry and Products
Trade Policy Incident Report
Rachel Bickford, Agricultural Attaché
Nelson Ramirez, Agricultural Specialist
On Friday, November 23, 2013 USDA and the Chilean Ministry of Agriculture finished negotiating the
certificate language to export frozen/chilled poultry meat to include duck meat. The USDA updated the
Export Library that same day to reflect the opening of this new market, U.S. duck exporters have
containers ready to go. U.S. exporters have been successfully exporting almost $40 million worth of
chicken and turkey meant and products annually to Chile since 2008 and the addition of duck meat
rounds out the selection.
As a result of negotiations that ended with the publication in the Chilean National Gazette in January
2008 of Resolution 441 Chile recognized the USDA Inspection and Control System for only two species
of poultry: chicken and turkey. In April 2012, members of the U.S. Poultry and Egg Association asked
FAS to open the market for duck meat.
Chile’s Chief Veterinary Officer (CVO) had two conditions to consider before expanding the market:
the first of them, to review the Inspection and Control System for ducks and duck meat and evaluate the
differences, if any, with the sanitary and slaughter system for chicken and turkey. The second was to
evaluate the HACCP process for ducks.
On July 6, 2012, the Ag Attaché sent a formal request to SAG to reconsider the definition for poultry to
include duck in addition to chicken and turkey. After a lengthy deliberation, on October 8, 2012 SAG
published the National Gazette resolution 5851/2012 that derogates resolution 441/2008 and includes
duck in the definition of poultry (Chilean norm CFR 9).
Market size and opportunities:
Even if Chile is an interesting market for chicken and turkey, with a consumption of about 84 lbs per
capita per year. For duck meat or duck meat products the market is different. Chileans consider duck to
be a gourmet product. There is a small Chinese population that commonly eats duck meat.
The Ministry of Agriculture has some small farmer programs to promote duck breeding for this niche
market. According to the results of their experience and the market development since 2005, the
demand can reach 60 tons a year, about $380 thousand and almost all of the production is consumed at
restaurants in Santiago. Post recommends that U.S. duck exporters link with Chilean firms that target
the reatail market that is available to your average Chilean.
On Friday, November 23, 2013 FAS/FSIS/APHIS and the Chilean Ministry of Agriculture finished
negotiating the certificate language to export frozen/chilled poultry meat that includes duck. The FSIS
Export Library was updated the same day to reflect the opening of this new market.
Even if the market is small, it is a new opportunity for U.S. duck producers and exporters.