Fresh Deciduous Fruit Semi-annual

An Expert's View about Pome Fruits (such as apples or pears) and Stone Fruits (such as peaches, cherries, etc.) in Chile

Last updated: 23 May 2011

Chile’s apples, table grapes and pear production and exports are expected to increase when compared to last year as a result of good weather conditions in most growing areas.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 5/12/2011 GAIN Report Number: CI1016 Chile Fresh Deciduous Fruit Semi-annual Apple, Table Grape and Pear Semi-annual Approved By: Rachel Bickford, Agricultural Attaché Prepared By: Luis Hennicke, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: Chile?s apples, table grapes and pear production and exports are expected to increase when compared to last year as a result of good weather conditions in most growing areas. Executive Summary: New estimates show that production of apples, table grapes and pears will increase in 2011, as weather has been favorable. Exports will increase in-line with production. Apples are the exception to this trend. The domestic processing industry is also expanding and shows strong demand and ability to pay a premium price. Commodities: Apples, Fresh Production: Adverse weather conditions, like frost in some areas observed during last winter (Jun-Aug 2010) did not affect apple production; on the contrary output almost increased 10 percent when compared with the previous year. But exports did not expand accordingly mainly because of a strong internal demand for apples for processing. Consumption: There are no official statistics on domestic fresh apple consumption. The figures shown in our PS&D table are estimated as a residual of production, minus apples destined for processing and known exports. Trade: The industry expects export volumes in 2011 to be similar than last season in spite of a larger output. A further revaluation of the peso against the dollar and increasing production costs (labor and energy costs) forced producers to sell large amounts of apples to the processing industry. High prices offered by the apple juice industry tempted a large number of producers to sell their production to a fixed known price instead of a delivery of their production in consignment to an undetermined price. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Apples, Fresh Chile 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2009 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 37,250 37,250 37,300 37,300 37,300 37,300 Area Harvested 32,780 32,780 32,900 32,900 32,900 33,000 Bearing Trees 14,750 14,750 14,800 14,800 14,800 14,845 Non-Bearing Trees 2,039 2,039 2,011 2,011 2,011 1,966 Total Trees 16,789 16,789 16,811 16,811 16,811 16,811 Commercial Production 1,270,000 1,270,000 1,360,000 1,360,000 1,305,000 1,496,000 Non-Comm. Production 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 Production 1,280,000 1,280,000 1,370,000 1,370,000 1,315,000 1,506,000 Imports 146 146 150 245 140 250 Total Supply 1,280,146 1,280,146 1,370,150 1,370,245 1,315,140 1,506,250 Fresh Dom. Consumption 181,509 181,646 221,150 190,596 187,140 194,290 Exports 678,637 678,500 790,000 837,149 710,000 840,000 For Processing 420,000 420,000 359,000 342,500 418,000 471,960 Withdrawal From Market 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Distribution 1,280,146 1,280,146 1,370,150 1,370,245 1,315,140 1,506,250 HA, 1000 TREES, MT Export Trade Matrix Country Chile Commodity Apples, Fresh Exports for: 2009 2010 Time Period Jan-Dec Units: M.T. Units: Volume Value Volume Value U.S. 88,057 65,079 U.S. 121,083 99,549 Others Others Netherlands 64,950 37,190 Colombia 76,614 53,877 Colombia 59,293 39,050 Saudi Arabia 58,979 41,825 Peru 38,899 19,176 Netherlands 56,856 38,220 Ecuador 38,864 21,878 Taiwan 51,305 57,493 Saudi Arabia 36,068 25,197 Ecuador 47,412 30,870 Taiwan 31,953 34,347 Peru 47,185 26,361 UK 30,696 22,665 Russia 38,018 26,655 Russia 30,446 20,676 U.K. 35,885 28,051 Venezuela 27,520 41,193 U Arab Emirates 28,859 19,962 U Arab Emirates 25,458 16,826 India 23,035 15,055 Total for Others 384,147 464,147 Others not Listed 206,296 251,920 Grand Total 678,500 483,031 837,149 620,660 Commodities: Grapes, Table, Fresh Production: In spite of unstable weather conditions in some production areas coupled with colder than usual summer weather and rain at certain areas during the summer months, table grape production increased 10 percent when compared to the previous season. Chile produces over 36 varieties of table grapes for export. Thompson Seedless, Crimson Seedless, Red globe, Flame Seedless Superior Seedless and Autumn Royal account for over 90 percent of total production. Table Grapes are planted from Region III (Copiapo) to Region VII (Curico-Talca). Consumption: As with other Chilean fresh fruits, domestically consumed table grapes are mainly export rejects. There are no official statistics on domestic consumption. Domestic fresh consumption is derived from the only known figure, which is exports, and estimated production data. Domestic consumption and processing, generally accounts for about 30 percent of total output. Trade: Table grape export volumes will increased in 2011 as a result of a larger and good quality production. The US is by far the largest export market for Chilean table grapes, over 50 percent go to that market. Exports to the EU expanded significantly when compared to the previous year, mainly due to more favorable Euro value when compared to the Dollar. Nevertheless, the EU remained as the second export market despite an increase of over 40 percent of the deliveries to that market. As in the past, table grapes are being imported during the off-season. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Grapes, Fresh Chile 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2009 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 56,000 56,000 62,411 62,411 62,415 62,462 Area Harvested 48,900 48,900 53,085 53,085 53,200 53,118 Commercial Production 1,200,000 1,200,000 1,100,000 1,100,000 1,166,000 1,210,000 Non-Comm. Production 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 5,000 Production 1,205,000 1,205,000 1,105,000 1,105,000 1,171,000 1,215,000 Imports 292 292 195 282 200 250 Total Supply 1,205,292 1,205,292 1,105,195 1,105,282 1,171,200 1,215,250 Fresh Dom. Consumption 354,902 354,887 305,195 324,197 361,200 380,250 Exports 850,390 850,405 800,000 781,085 810,000 835,000 For Processing 0 0 0 0 0 0 Withdrawal From Market 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total Distribution 1,205,292 1,205,292 1,105,195 1,105,282 1,171,200 1,215,250 HA, MT Export Trade Matrix Country Chile Commodity Grapes Exports for: 2009 2010 Time Period Jan-Dec Units: Volume Value Volume Value U.S. 467,933 627,506 U.S. 411,496 690,440 Others Others Netherlands 80,979 94,658 Netherlands 68,123 99,750 UK 52,984 77,601 U.K. 49,658 80,807 Russia 30,492 39,081 Russia 41,387 60,995 Hong-Kong 30,222 45,021 So. Korea 31,103 62,022 So. Korea 25,991 40,491 Hong-Kong 25,191 48,088 México 19,138 25,020 México 18,588 32,400 Germany 13,531 13,697 Brazil 11,699 16,922 Spain 12,299 14,899 Spain 11,499 16,351 China 12,284 19,207 China 9,830 21,216 Brazil 10,872 12,792 Canada 7,698 14,214 Total for Others 288,793 274,775 Others not Listed 93,680 94,814 Grand Total 850,405 1,135,258 781,085 1,288,505 Commodities: Pears, Fresh Production: Frost in some production areas last winter did not negatively affect pear production. Sufficient cold hours during last winter had a positive effect on budding which will result in a larger than previously expected harvest. The quality of the production is also reportedly good and as a result larger export volumes are expected. Consumption: Most pears are consumed fresh because only a few varieties in Chile can be processed for canned pears or juice concentrates. Domestically consumed pears are mainly export rejects. Trade: The estimated larger production is expected to result in a corresponding increase in exports. The European Union is Chile?s main export market. Close to 50 percent of exports are destined for the EU. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Pears, Fresh Chile 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011 Market Year Begin: Jan 2009 Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan 2011 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 6,590 6,590 6,590 6,590 6,590 6,590 Area Harvested 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 6,000 Bearing Trees 2,981 2,981 2,981 2,981 2,981 2,981 Non-Bearing Trees 285 285 285 285 285 285 Total Trees 3,266 3,266 3,266 3,266 3,266 3,266 Commercial Production 278,000 278,000 260,000 260,000 248,800 280,000 Non-Comm. Production 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 Production 280,000 280,000 262,000 262,000 250,800 282,000 Imports 0 0 22 61 20 20 Total Supply 280,000 280,000 262,022 262,061 250,820 282,020 Fresh Dom. Consumption 81,532 82,000 82,056 82,000 80,000 83,020 Exports 130,038 129,570 115,000 116,261 110,000 129,000 For Processing 68,430 68,430 64,966 63,800 60,820 70,000 Withdrawal From Market 0 0 0 0 0 Total Distribution 280,000 280,000 262,022 262,061 250,820 282,020 HA, 1000 TREES, MT Export Trade Matrix Country Chile Commodity Pears, Fresh Exports for: 2009 2010 Time Period Jan-Dec Units: Volume Value Volume Value U.S. 18,187 15,156 U.S. 18,187 15,156 Others Others Netherlands 26,739 21,845 Netherlands 16,990 16,221 Italy 14,605 16,763 Colombia 16,555 13,402 Colombia 13,514 10,074 Italy 13,039 15,268 Perú 9,790 5,934 Peru 11,295 7,665 Venezuela 8,460 13,133 Ecuador 8,931 6,527 Ecuador 6,730 4,445 Germany 4,774 4,505 Germany 5,179 4,252 Russia 4,520 4,159 Spain 5,032 4,810 Spain 4,334 4,428 Russia 3,728 2,963 Venezuela 2,560 2,849 UA Emirates 2,275 2,181 Saudi Arabia 2,546 2,426 Total for Others 96,053 85,544 Others not Listed 15,330 12,550 Grand Total 129,570 113,012 116,281 106,071 Commodities: Apple Juice, Concentrated Production: Chile?s production of apple juice concentrate (AJC) primarily reflects foreign demand and availability of apples for processing. The apple juice industry mainly processes export rejects. The industry has also encouraged farmers to plant sour-type apples, as well as to expand new plantings of apple varieties mainly for juice purposes. The apple juice industry competes with the pulp industry for the apples left from the fresh export process. As a result of a significant increase in foreign demand and international prices of AJC the industry increased the buying price for apples and a large number of producers decided to sell their apples to the juice industry instead of exporting them. As a result and in spite of an increase of apple production, exports of fresh apples are not expected to grow accordingly. Consumption: Only a small amount of AJC, principally single strength juice, is consumed domestically. AJC competes with a variety of fresh and processed juices in Chile. Trade: The United States continues to be Chile's largest AJC export market, accounting for over 60 percent of total export sales in 2009. Other markets of increasing importance are Japan, Mexico and Canada. Latin American export markets also are growing. Apple Juice Concentrate exports increased 65 percent in volume and 50 percent in value during the first three months of 2011 (Jan-Mar), when compared to the same period of last year. Lower stocks and a fall of production in China explain the significant increase in prices, as was indicated by an industry official. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Export Trade Matrix Country Chile Commodity Apple Juice, Concentrated Exports for: 2009 2010 Time Period Jan-Dec Units: M.T. Units: Volume Value Volume Value U.S. 23,770 24,447 U.S. 18,599 18,511 Others Others Japan 5,207 5,990 Japan 3,834 4,076 México 3,761 4,585 México 3,809 4,117 Canadá 3,677 3,130 Netherlands 1,689 1,958 So. Korea 848 906 Germany 1,264 1,427 Costa Rica 199 352 So. Korea 1,056 1,302 Perú 140 200 U.K. 480 558 Panamá 123 155 Argentina 458 484 Venezuela 98 106 El Salvador 294 322 Ecuador 56 94 Perú 184 257 Dominican Rep. 55 74 Costa Rica 175 324 Total for Others 14,164 13,242 Others not Listed 212 5,891 Grand Total 38,146 40,318 37,732 39,847 A nt ttachment Attachme Link Download
Posted: 23 May 2011, last updated 23 May 2011

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