Canned Peaches and Peach Pure Report

An Expert's View about Food , Beverages and Tobacco in Chile

Posted on: 12 Oct 2011

Although it is early to predict next year’s production, Chile’s canned peach production and exports in 2011 are expected to be similar in volume than the next growing season.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 9/22/2011 GAIN Report Number: CI1037 Chile Canned Deciduous Fruit Annual Canned Peaches and Peach Pure Report Approved By: Rachel Bickford, Agricultural Attaché Prepared By: Luis Hennicke, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: Although it is early to predict next year?s production, Chile?s canned peach production and exports in 2011 are expected to be similar in volume than the next growing season. Executive Summary: The initial forecast for Chilean canned peach production and exports for 2011 (Jan-Dec 2012) shows a similar production level as last year. Commodities: Peaches, Canned Production: Although it is still early for an accurate prediction, production forecasts for 2011 (Jan-Dec 2012), are that they will be similar to last year?s output. This prediction can be expected as the weather has been favorable during this winter. In 2011 canned production was larger than both, the previous year and our previous estimates. Peach production in Chile normally is delivered fresh to canneries without any preselection. A certain percentage of the fruit is rejected immediately before being processed and destined mainly for pulp production. The difference between the figure for production and deliveries includes canning rejects, which are either processed as juice or pulp, or totally discarded as waste. The pulp is used for a variety of products, including jams and confectionary products and also exported. An estimated 10,500 hectares of peaches for canning are planted in Chile, according to the latest statistics published by the Ministry of Agriculture. There are an estimated 1,697 producers of peaches for canning and 4 processing industries. Of the total planted area, approximately 2,600 hectares are planted north of Santiago in Region V (San Felipe-Los Andes). In the Santiago Metropolitan Region there are 1,422 hectares. The remainder is mostly planted south of Santiago in Region VI (Rancagua). Some replanting with improved varieties also continues to take place, which could result in a small production expansion during the next few years. Over 27 different peach varieties for canning are planted in Chile. The most popular varieties that account for 75 percent of total planted area are Pomona, Andros, Fortuna and Phillip?s Cling. Other varieties like Doctor Davies, Everts and Loadel do not exceed 6 percent each. Peaches are canned only during the principal harvest season, which runs from December through April. Some canneries, but not all, can process other types of fruit (pears) or vegetables. Almost all canneries also produce pulp and some produce juice. Prices offered to farmers for peaches for canning were almost as high as in 2007 in US dollar due to the revaluation of the peso against the dollar during the last few years. Farm Prices for Peaches for Canning Purposes Year Chilean Pesos per MT U.S. Dollars per MT 2002 85,000 128.21 2003 120,000 174.17 2004 150,000 246.00 2005 85,000 146.00 2006 95,000 170.00 2007 135,000 260.00 2008 135,000 314.00 2009 118,600 200.00 2010 95,800 180.00 2011 115,000 242.00 Note: Chile?s 2010 inflation rate was 3.0 percent, up from -1.4 percent in 2009. Consumption: There are no official statistics on canned peach consumption, production and ending stocks. The figures are derived from the only known data, i.e., the export figures and limited information supplied by the canning industry. As a result, consumption figures may vary from report to report. In general, however, demand for canned peaches in Chile is considered to be relatively stagnant. This is partly the result of increased competition from alternative products, particularly ice cream and yogurt. Small profit margins do not permit canneries to advertise their products in the domestic market, because the potential advertising benefits are not justified by the high cost. Trade: As a result of an increase in production of canned peaches together with a good export demand, total exports in 2010 (Jan-Dec 2011) is expected to be larger than last year. A little over 90 percent of Chile?s canned peaches are exported to Latin American countries. Mexico is by far the largest market for Chilean canned peaches. The industry expects Mexico to remain as the main export market for Chile, due to a high import duty (23%) for Greek canned peaches, which are Chile?s largest potential competitor in that market. Chile normally imports small amounts of canned peaches, which are mainly destined to the Governments School Lunch programs or opportunities traders find with sometimes low priced Chinese products. Stocks: There are no official stock figures available. Normally, the canning industry hesitates to specify stock size out of fear that large stocks may reflect poor sales and management, or adversely affect future prices. Policy: Chile has no production supports or subsidies for canned peaches. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Peaches, Canned Chi 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 le Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Market Year Begin: Aug 2009 Aug 2011 Aug 2011 USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official Post Deliv. To 97,000 97,000 120,000 150,000 150,000 Processors Beginning Stocks 3,272 3,272 2,100 1,016 1,116 Production 75,000 75,000 92,800 100,000 100,000 Imports 1,500 691 200 500 200 Total Supply 79,772 78,963 95,100 101,516 101,316 Exports 60,000 60,275 68,000 77,200 77,000 Domestic 17,672 17,672 24,500 23,200 23,500 Consumption Ending Stocks 2,100 1,016 2,600 1,116 816 Total Distribution 79,772 78,963 95,100 101,516 101,316 MT, MT, Net Weight Export Trade Matrix Country Chile Commodity Peaches Canned Time Period Jan-Dec Units: M.T. Units: M.T. Exports for: 2009 2010 2011 U.S. 1,788 U.S. 3,205 U.S. 1,806 Others Others Others Russia 12,071 México 18,511 México 16,543 Brazil 5,909 Peru 16,121 Peru 9,492 México 3,505 Colombia 7,667 Colombia 4,949 Ecuador 3,435 Ecuador 4,936 Ecuador 4,038 Venezuela 2,708 Venezuela 3,558 Venezuela 3,304 Peru 2,116 Bolivia 2,010 Bolivia 1,353 Netherlands 1,288 Guatemala 1,115 Australia 828 El Salvador 1,161 Brazil 980 Guatemala 775 Colombia 906 Costa Rica 681 Brazil 518 Guatemala 885 El Salvador 497 So. Korea 484 Total for Others 33,983 56,076 42,283 Others not Listed 21,588 994 1,525 Grand Total 57,358 60,275 45,614 Note: Trade data for CY2011 covers the months of January through August only. Canned Peach Puree Production Producers deliver their peach production to the canning industry normally without any preselect ion. The industry then only processes the best quality fruit into canned peaches and the remainder is then processed and destined mainly for pulp production. Additionally some fruits are also processed for juice or jams, or totally discarded as waste. The pulp is used for a variety of products, including jams and confectionary products and also exported. Peach puree production and exports is going to be affected in a similar way than canned peaches as export demand and prices have also fallen as a result of the economic crisis that?s is affecting most economies in the world. Trade Due to a strong demand and increasing prices for canned peach puree during the last few years the industry increased production and exports until 2008. A fall in demand and prices will lower production and exports of peach puree in the coming years as was indicated by an industry source. Export Trade Matrix Country Chile Commodity Peach Puree Time Period Jan-Dec Units: M.T. Units: M.T. Exports for: 2009 2010 2011 U.S. 2,383 U.S. 1,631 U.S. 1,859 Others Others Others Russia 12,071 Brazil 7,042 Brazil 5,730 Brazil 5,909 Russia 6,440 Russia 5,337 México 3,505 Venezuela 5,787 México 5,043 Ecuador 3,435 Ecuador 4,335 Venezuela 4,726 Venezuela 2,708 México 3,793 Peru 3,497 Peru 2,116 Peru 2,848 Ecuador 2,294 Netherlands 1,288 Argentina 1,547 Guatemala 1,672 El Salvador 1,161 Colombia 1,333 El Salvador 1,247 Colombia 906 Guatemala 1,134 France 583 Guatemala 885 El Salvador 1,060 Colombia 568 Total for Others 33,983 35,319 30,698 Others not Listed 4,887 4,172 4,768 Grand Total 41,253 41,121 37,325 Note: Trade data for CY2011 covers the months of January through August only. Commodities: Select Commodities: Select
Posted: 12 October 2011

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