Livestock and Products Semi-Annual in China

An Expert's View about Animal Husbandry and Support Services in China

Posted on: 9 Mar 2010

FAS Beijing forecasts China’s beef production in 2010 will fall five percent due to a continued fall in China’s cattle herd. High Chinese beef prices will boost beef imports, with beef imports forecast to jump one-third to 30,000 metric tons (MT).

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 3/2/2010 GAIN Report Number: CH10009 China - Peoples Republic of LIVESTOCK AND PRODUCTS SEMI-ANNUAL FAS Beijing 2010 Approved By: Michael Woolsey Prepared By: Michael Woolsey and Jianping Zhang Report Highlights: FAS Beijing forecasts China?s beef production in 2010 will fall five percent due to a continued fall in China?s cattle herd. High Chinese beef prices will boost beef imports, with beef imports forecast to jump one-third to 30,000 metric tons (MT). Beef exports are forecast to slide 25 percent to 28,000 MT due to high Chinese beef prices. Rising swine and productive sow inventories and a stronger Chinese economy in 2010 will boost Chinese pork production four percent to 50.6 million MT. Despite higher domestic production, Chinese pork imports will rebound from sharply lower levels in 2009 to 220,000 MT, fueled by stronger demand in 2010. China?s live swine and pork exports in 2010 are forecast to increase four and three percent respectively to 1.78 million head and 240,000 MT, bolstered by higher sales to Hong Kong. Executive Summary: FAS Beijing forecasts China?s total meat production in 2010 will rise another three percent to 77.5 million metric tons (MMT) following a three percent increase in the previous year, as higher pork production more than offsets further declines in Chinese beef supplies. China?s beef production is estimated to continue falling to 5.5 MMT in 2010, down five percent from the year before, as comparatively low farm returns dampen enthusiasm for raising beef cattle. Post forecasts China?s 2010 beef imports will increase nearly one-third to 30,000 MT, encouraged by continued high prices in the Chinese beef market. Significantly higher quantities of imported beef continue to move through gray channels. Traders estimate these imports ? primarily from Brazil and the United States ? topped 100,000 metric tons in 2009. Meanwhile, reduced supplies and high prices will drive further declines in Chinese beef exports to 28,000 metric tons, down from 38,000 metric tons in 2009. High swine and productive sow inventories will boost China?s pork production four percent to an estimated 50.6 MMT in 2010. Pork imports will rebound 11 percent to 220,000 from sharply lower levels in 2009. The gains will be fueled by an expected resumption in shipments from the United States and a stronger economy. Post forecasts China?s live swine and pork exports in 2010 to rise four and three percent respectively to 1.78 million head and 240,000 MT, boosted by an improving economy in key markets including Hong Kong. Commodities: Select Author Defined: Cattle and Beef Cattle and Beef Production Continues to Slide FAS Beijing forecasts Chinese beef cow beginning stocks will fall three percent to 46.5 million head in 2010, with calf production in 2010 expected to decline four percent to 41 million head. Despite high beef prices, cattle supplies continue to slide due to comparatively poor farm returns, driving beef production down an estimated five percent to 5.5 MMT in 2010. The comparatively low returns compared to swine and poultry, longer production period, combined with expected higher feed prices and production costs in 2010 will continue to dampen cattle farmer interest in expanding placement. Cattle farmers point to the predominant cattle marketing pattern, where intermediaries do the bulk of the purchasing from backyard farmers and keep farm returns low, as a significant factor in low enthusiasm for raising cattle. Although the Chinese government introduced new subsidies in 2009 to boost local beef supplies and improve herd quality, these efforts are considered too modest to stem the decline in China?s beef cattle herd. Chinese Beef Consumption Weakened by High Prices Lower domestic beef production in 2010 will continue to support higher domestic beef prices and lower consumption, as higher imports only partially offset the decline in local supplies. The 2009 average beef price was RMB33.09 ($4.84) per kilogram, a four percent increase from the previous year, and nearly an 80 percent increase since 2006 (see chart 1). Meanwhile, prices of substitute meats continued to fall. 2009 average pork prices dropped 22 percent to RMB18.28 ($2.68) per kilogram, while average broiler prices slid five percent to RMB13.78 ($2.02) per kilogram, making these meats an even better bargain in 2009 relative to beef. The price gap is expected to widen further in 2010. Chart 1 Recovering Dairy Industry Drive Breeding Dairy Cow Imports China?s breeding cow imports in 2009 nearly doubled to 36,000 head fueled by strong demand from dairy operators as the industry gradually recovers from the nationwide melamine crisis in September 2008. The imports are needed to begin replacing some of the more than one million dairy cows that were eliminated from China?s dairy herd following the melamine scandal Total sales are estimated to rise 25 percent in 2010 to 45,000 head. Australia and New Zealand will continue to dominate live cattle supplies to China as imports of North American cattle are banned due to BSE. Beef Imports Continue Strong While a tiny share of total consumption, China?s beef imports continue to rise rapidly, and are forecast to jump 30 percent this year to 30,000 metric tons. In 2009, these sales increased more than threefold to 23,000 metric tons, with shipments from Australia, Uruguay and New Zealand all more than doubling from the year before. While Australia is the top supplier, imports from Uruguay are rising the fastest due to competitive pricing on muscle cuts. These imports topped 6,000 metric tons and strong gains are expected in 2010. Meanwhile, traders reported significantly higher beef imports through gray channels in 2009, with the great majority of shipments originating from Brazil and the United States. Overall, these imports are estimated at over 100,000 metric tons in 2009. Lower Domestic Cattle and Beef Supplies Dampen Exports Almost all China?s live cattle exports are destined to Hong Kong and Macau for slaughter, a tradition of local consumers? preference for fresh meats. Post forecasts lower China cattle supplies will reduce 2010 exports to 30,000 head, down six percent from the year before. The continued decline in China?s beef cattle herd will also dampen beef supplies available for export in 2010. These shipments are forecast to decline 26 percent to 280,000 MT. Commodities: Author Defined: Swine and Pork Modest Gain in Chinese Pork Production Expected in 2010 High swine and productive sow inventories in early 2010 and a strong economy will support a continued rise in Chinese pork production this year. Overall, Post projects pork output will rise 4 percent to 50.6 million tons. Total pig crop production is forecast up 3 percent to 668.5 million head in 2010. The national end-of-year swine and productive sow inventories in 2009 rose 1.32 percent and 0.64 percent respectively to 469 million and 49.1 million head from the previous year, significantly higher than government target levels. At the moment, the Chinese government guidance for the swine industry is to control total swine inventory at 410 million head with productive sows accounting for not more than 10 percent, well below current levels (see table 1). The Chinese government continues to urge domestic swine producers to avoid expanding placements in order to prevent oversupplies. Table 1 China Monthly Swine and Productive Sow Inventories in 2009 (1,000 Head) Month Total Swine Productive Sows Sow Ratio to Swine January 456,160 50,100 10.98 February 445,940 49,870 11.18 March 448,610 49,420 11.02 April 454,890 49,220 10.82 May 453,250 48,800 10.77 June 447,200 48,300 10.80 July 450,060 48,060 10.68 August 458,160 48,160 10.51 September 465,160 48,400 10.41 October 469,210 48,750 10.39 November 465,900 48,700 10.45 December 469,000 49,100 10.47 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture However, reducing China?s pig crop will be difficult as the current sow inventory is considered more productive than the same time last year, as farmers increased slaughter of old or low-yield sows in late 2008 and early 2009 before prices began to fall. Sows are most productive in early years (one to four litters), so the younger sow crop in 2010 compared to 2009 will support higher production this year. Swine producers are expected to maintain high sow levels despite a risk of oversupply. Larger-sized hog farms (with annual slaughter at or above 50 head) are becoming more important as less efficient backyard operators continue to decline as a share of total production. To encourage larger-sized hog farm development, the government provided subsidies worth RMB2.5 billion ($366 million) in 2009 targeted to improve hog raising conditions in these facilities. Overall, the Ministry of Agriculture has reported farms of 50 hogs or more now account for almost 60 percent of total slaughter, up from less than half in 2007. These larger farms are more likely to practice disease control measures and operate under contracts with slaughter facilities, making returns more predictable. Post expects further gains in larger farms as a share of total production in 2010. Government subsidies to increase China?s sow herd, introduced in the wake of the 2007 blue ear disease outbreak, have also played a significant role in increased production. The subsidy grew from RMB50 ($7.32) per head to RMB100 ($14.64) in 2009, successfully boosting the sow herd from under 40 million to nearly 50 million animals. However, while the subsidy was applied nationwide initially, only certain provinces have continued this in 2010. Separately, a sow insurance subsidy of RMB60 ($8.80) per head has continued this year. Gradual improvement in animal genetics is also being observed, with modest government subsidies introduced in 2009. According to the ?Notice of 2009 High-Quality Livestock Breeding Stocks Subsidy Program, and Implementation Guidance by the Ministry of Finance?, the central government provided RMB29.6 million ($4.34 million) subsidizing breeding stock improvement in Hubei Province (one of the largest producers) which continues into 2010 covering nineteen cities and counties. Each productive sow was subsidized RMB40 ($5.87) annually for two litters with each litter using two straws of high-quality boar semen. Double-digit gains in swine feed is also improving efficiency. In 2009, swine feed production was estimated at 51.03 MMT, up 11.5 percent from the previous year. Providing steady and abundant supplies of affordable pork is considered important for social stability, as 65 percent of China?s animal protein comes from pork. To stabilize prices and ensure sufficient farmer returns, the government implemented a market intervention scheme in 2009 whereby the central government purchases pork for state reserves whenever the pork/grain price ratio falls below 6. Since introduction, the government has announced purchases once, taking 120,000 MT of pork off the market in June 2009. Following the purchase, prices picked up immediately. As a result, sow inventory began rebounding in the latter half of 2009. Chart 2 Rising feed costs remain a threat to hog producer returns. According to the China National Grain and Oil Information Center, domestic corn production declined 1.8 percent to 163 MMT in 2009 because of severe drought. On October 12, 2009 the State Council decided at its Standing Committee meeting to continue subsidizing corn, soybean, and rape seed procurements for central reserves at protective prices. On December 1, 2009, China suspended auction of temporarily reserved corn in producing areas because of lower production. In January 2010, China announced the corn procurement protective price at RMB 1,500 ($219.62) per ton, the same as the previous year. At the same time, the government allowed some feed companies involve in corn procurement for their own use beside COFCO, a state monopoly for serial and oil imports and exports. Less supply and more competition in handling procurement will most likely keep corn prices strong in 2010. Chart 3 Pork Consumption Continues to Rise Post forecasts Chinese total pork consumption in 2010 to rise nearly four percent to 50.6 MMT, following a five percent increase in the previous year. Strong consumer preference for pork as the meat of choice, projected robust economic growth in 2010 at nearly 9 percent, and low pork prices will all factor into further consumption gains. Consumer demand will be further bolstered by the large number of migrant workers (mostly farmers) who had lost their jobs in cities in 2008 and returned to the farm, are now back at work in urban areas as consumers of pork rather than producers. Pork Import Ban Lifted But Trade Yet to Resume Due to Additional Certification Requirement for A-H1N1 U.S. pork implemented in late April in response to human A-H1N1 cases in the United States. However, on December 3, 2009, AQSIQ/Import and Export Food Safety Bureau notified FAS Beijing in its No. 1175 letter that it will require additional A/H1N1 influenza certification for all pork exports to China as follows: ?Through monitoring and ante-mortem quarantine, the source swine population of pig products is not infected with A/H1N1 influenza. Pork products are not contaminated by the A/H1N1 influenza.? The United States maintains the certification statements are unnecessary since current U.S. certification is sufficient to ensure safe trade. Bilateral negotiations are continuing. Chinese Pork Imports Reduced by Higher Chinese Production and A-H1N1 Import Ban Higher Chinese pork production in 2009 lowered import demand for most of the year, well more than offsetting strong import levels toward the end of 2009 as prices rebounded. Overall, China?s pork imports (including offals, casings, and trans-shipments through Hong Kong) in 2009 declined by roughly one-third to 650,000 metric tons. Since China banned U.S. pork after April 27, 2009 due to human cases of A-H1N1, shipments from the EU became more important in 2009, accounting for well over half of sales. Canadian pork comprised most of the remainder. 2009 shipments from the United States totaled just over 100,000 metric tons, down from 349,000 metric tons in 2008. Fueled by a stronger Chinese economy in 2010, Post projects China?s pork imports will rebound in 2010 despite continued gains in Chinese production. An expected resumption in imports from the United States in 2010 will also support higher imports. While offals are the primary pork import, there is also strong interest in imported leg and shoulder meat, picnics and ribs for use by food processors and foodservice operators. Lower Live Swine Imports due to A-H1N1 Import Ban China?s imports of live breeding swine fell from over 10,000 head in 2008, to under 3,000 head last year, due to China?s A- H1N1 ban on swine from North America. North America accounts for nearly all China?s live hog imports. Interest among Chinese producers for U.S. hogs remains strong. However, following an expected market opening in early 2010 as H1N1 concerns continue to wane, sales could be limited compared to 2008 by an oversupply of sows and expiration of sow subsidies in most Chinese provinces. Long term, China?s need for swine genetic improvement will continue to boost sales for U.S. hogs, as the quality characteristics of U.S. breeding swine are well-known and widely accepted by Chinese swine producers Steady Growth in Live Swine and Pork Exports China only exports live swine to Hong and Macau for slaughter. As Hong Kong?s economy is recovering from an impact of the world financial crisis, Hong Kong?s demand for fresh pork from hogs slaughtered in Hong Kong is expected higher in 2010. Post expects China?s total live swine exports to increase nearly four percent to forecast 1.78 million head in 2010. China?s total pork exports in 2010 are forecast to increase three percent to 240,000 MT fueled by higher demand in export markets. Southeast Asian countries or areas are China?s main export markets with Hong Kong market accounting for over 50 percent of China?s total exports. Post expects exports to Japan will decline in 2010, dampened by higher Japanese production and stocks. Commodities: Select Author Defined: Statistics Tables Cattle and PS&D Table Animal Numbers, 2008 2009 2010 Cattle China 2008 2009 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 2008 2009 USDA Official New USDA Official New USDA Official Jan Data Post Data Post Data Data Data Data Total Cattle Beg. Stks 105,948 1 05,948 1 05,948 1 05,722 1 05,722 1 05,722 1 04,900 1 04,900 1 04,916 ( 1000 HEAD) Dairy Cows Beg. Stocks 12,259 12,259 12,259 12,335 12,335 12,335 12,450 12,450 12,450 ( 1000 HEAD) Beef Cows Beg. Stocks 49,700 49,700 49,700 48,000 48,000 48,000 46,500 46,500 46,500 ( 1000 HEAD) Production (Calf Crop) 45,360 45,360 45,360 42,572 42,572 42,572 41,500 41,500 41,000 ( 1000 HEAD) Intra-EU Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ( 1000 HEAD) Other Imports 15 15 15 18 18 36 21 21 45 ( 1000 HEAD) Total Imports 15 15 15 18 18 36 21 21 45 ( 1000 HEAD) Total Supply 151,323 1 51,323 1 51,323 1 48,312 1 48,312 1 48,330 1 46,421 1 46,421 1 45,961 ( 1000 HEAD) Intra EU Exports 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ( 1000 HEAD) Other Exports 33 33 33 30 30 32 28 28 30 ( 1000 HEAD) Total Exports 33 33 33 30 30 32 28 28 30 ( 1000 HEAD) Cow Slaughter 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ( 1000 HEAD) Calf Slaughter 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ( 1000 HEAD) Other Slaughter 44,461 44,461 44,461 42,382 42,382 42,382 40,744 40,744 40,929 ( 1000 HEAD) Total Slaughter 44,461 44,461 44,461 42,382 42,382 42,382 40,744 40,744 40,929 ( 1000 HEAD) Loss 1,107 1,107 1,107 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,100 ( 1000 HEAD) Ending Inventories 105,722 1 05,722 1 05,722 1 04,900 1 04,900 1 04,916 1 04,649 1 04,649 1 03,902 ( 1000 HEAD) Total Distribution 151,323 1 51,323 1 51,323 1 48,312 1 48,312 1 48,330 1 46,421 1 46,421 1 45,961 ( 1000 HEAD) CY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ( 1000 HEAD) CY. Exp. to U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ( 1000 HEAD) Balance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ( 1000 HEAD) Inventory Balance -226 -226 -226 -822 -822 -806 -251 -251 -1014 (1000 HEAD) Inventory Change 1 1 1 0 0 0 -1 -1 -1 (PERCENT) Cow Change 0 0 0 -3 0 0 -2 0 0 (PERCENT) Production Change 0 -1 -1 -6 -6 -6 -3 -3 -4 (PERCENT) Production to Cows 73 73 73 71 71 71 70 70 70 (PERCENT) Trade Balance 18 18 18 12 12 -4 7 7 -15 (1000 HEAD) Slaughter to Inventory 42 42 42 40 40 40 39 39 39 (PERCENT) TS=TD 0 0 0 (This is not official PS&D. Please refer to http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline for official data.) Beef and Veal PS&D Table Meat, Beef and 2008 2009 2010 Vea l China 2008 2009 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan 2010 2008 2009 USDA Official Data New Post USDA Official Data New Post USDA Official Data Jan Data Data Data Slaughter (Reference) 44,461 44,461 44,461 42,382 42,382 42,382 40,744 40,264 40,928 (1000 HEAD) Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Production 6,132 6,132 6,132 5,764 5,764 5,764 5,530 5,476 5,500 (1000 MT CWE) Intra-EU Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Other Imports 6 8 8 20 15 23 25 18 30 (1000 MT CWE) Total Imports 6 8 8 20 15 23 25 18 30 (1000 MT CWE) Total Supply 6,138 6,140 6,140 5,784 5,779 5,787 5,555 5,494 5,530 (1000 MT CWE) Intra EU Exports 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Other Exports 58 58 58 33 33 38 25 25 28 (1000 MT CWE) Total Exports 58 58 58 33 33 38 25 25 28 (1000 MT CWE) Human Dom. Consumption 6,080 6,082 6,082 5,751 5,746 5,749 5,530 5,469 5,502 (1000 MT CWE) Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Total Dom. Consumption 6,080 6,082 6,082 5,751 5,746 5,749 5,530 5,469 5,502 (1000 MT CWE) Ending Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Total Distribution 6,138 6,140 6,140 5,784 5,779 5,787 5,555 5,494 5,530 (1000 MT CWE) CY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) CY. Exp. to U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Balance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Inventory Balance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Weights 138 138 138 136 136 136 136 136 134 (1000 MT CWE) Production Change 0 -1 0 -6 -6 -6 -4 -5 -5 (PERCENT) Import Change -50 67 -50 233 88 188 25 20 30 (PERCENT) Export Change -28 -28 -28 -43 -43 -34 -24 -24 -26 (PERCENT) Trade Balance 52 50 50 13 18 15 0 7 -2 (1000 MT CWE) Consumption Change 0 0 0 -5 -6 -5 -4 -5 -4 (PERCENT) Population 1,330,044,60 1,330,044,60 1,330,044,60 1,338,612,96 1,338,612,96 1,338,612,96 1,347,563,49 1,347,563,49 1,347,563,49 (HEAD) 5 5 5 8 8 8 8 8 8 Per Capita Consumption 5 5 5 4 4 4 4 4 4 (KG) TS=TD 0 0 0 (This is not official PS&D. Please refer to http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline for official data.) Cattle and Beef Trade Matrices China Live Cattle Imports by Reporting Countries Export Statistics 2007-2009 (Year-to-Date) (Number of Head) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Nov Jan-Nov Quantity Quantity Quantity Comparison % Change Origin 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009/08 World 14,744 15,075 12,283 36,195 194.68 Australia 11,344 12,416 9,359 26,043 178.27 New Zealand 3,400 2,651 2,668 10,028 275.86 Other 0 8 256 124 -51.56 Source: GTA HS Codes: 010210, 010290 Note: As of 2009, China changed its live cattle imports and exports from the number of head to metric tons. This table uses exporting countries' reports in number of head. China Direct Beef and Veal Imports, 2007-2009, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Quantity Quantity Quantity % Change Origin 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 World 3,924 4,424 14,275 222.67 Australia 2,195 2,712 5,558 104.94 Uruguay 920 1,464 5,163 252.66 New Zealand 457 173 2,505 1347.98 Brazil 333 33 933 2727.27 United States 0 0 0 0.00 Canada 0 0 0 0.00 Other 19 42 114 171.43 HS Code: 020311, 020312, 020319, 020321, 020322, 020329, 021011 021012, 021019, 160241, 160242, and 160249 Source: GTA China Statistics Note: Hong Kong Re-exports to Mainland China is in a separate table. Hong Kong Beef and Veal Re-Exports to Mainland China, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Quantity Quantity Quantity % Change Origin 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 World 1,997 1,064 2,180 104.89 Brazil 718 754 1,457 93.24 Argentina 219 28 326 1064.29 United States 435 160 139 -13.13 Canada 23 25 25 0.00 New Zealand 38 47 0 -100.00 Other 564 53 233 339.62 HS Code: 020110, 020120, 020130, 020210, 020220, 020230, 021020 and 160250 Source: WTA Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department China Live Cattle Exports, 2007-2009 (Number of Head) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Quantity Quantity Quantity % Change Destination 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 World 50,888 33,340 31,758 -2.81 Hong Kong 42,275 29,485 28,657 30.26 Macau 5,517 2,946 3,838 -82.72 Mongolia 143 301 52 #DIV/0! Korea North 450 0 4 -100.00 Uzbekistan 512 512 0 #DIV/0! Malaysia 1,813 0 0 -93.75 Other 178 96 6 #DIV/0! HS Code: 010210, 010290 Source: GTA China Statistics, and Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department Note: As of 2009, China changed its live cattle imports and exports from number of head to metric tons. The Chinese industry's conversion is at 4 live cattle for 1 MT. Post uses the industry's conversion if the importing countries' statistics in number of head not available. China Beef and Veal Exports, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan - Nov Quantity Quantity Quantity % Change Destination 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 World 58,206 41,594 27,183 -34.65 Hong Kong 15,815 14,276 11,392 -20.20 Japan 8,365 5,449 4,846 -11.07 Kuwait 3,825 3,188 3,192 0.13 Kyrgyzstan 1,925 2,149 2,042 -4.98 Jordan 5,530 4,414 2,019 -54.26 Malaysia 2,631 1,837 995 -45.84 Israel 0 568 417 -26.58 Angola 675 603 330 -45.27 Brunei 73 291 267 -8.25 Macau 338 248 223 -10.08 Korea South 10,296 3,948 196 -95.04 Lebanon 1,937 996 191 -80.82 Qatar 366 277 98 -64.62 Korea North 913 180 85 -52.78 United Arab 761 660 72 -89.09 Emirates Indonesia 1,188 15 27 80.00 Libya 75 618 0 -100.00 Other 3,493 1,877 791 -57.86 HS Code: 020110, 020120, 020130, 020210, 020220, 020230, 021020 and 160250 Source: GTA China Customs Statistics China Retail Beef Prices on Average, 2006-2009 (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) 2006 2007 2008 2009 ?% Change, 2009/08 January 18.55 19.64 29.11 33.90 16.45 February 18.65 20.35 31.40 33.72 7.39 March 18.37 20.14 31.42 33.13 5.44 April 18.33 20.07 31.55 32.81 3.99 May 18.31 20.28 31.73 32.60 2.74 June 18.32 21.21 31.82 32.53 2.23 July 18.27 22.02 31.92 32.46 1.69 August 18.40 23.13 32.02 32.70 2.12 September 18.57 23.69 32.39 32.96 1.76 October 18.54 24.36 32.74 33.15 1.25 November 18.86 25.27 32.98 33.35 1.12 December 18.21 26.65 33.25 33.73 1.44 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture Swine and Pork PS&D Table Animal Numbers, 2008 2009 2010 Swine China 2008 2009 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan 2008 2009 2010 USDA Official New USDA Official New USDA Official Jan Data Post Data Post Data Data Data Data Total Beginning Stocks 439,895 439,895 439,895 462,913 462,913 462,913 485,005 485,005 469,000 (1000 HEAD) Sow Beginning Stocks 47,416 47,416 47,416 50,100 50,100 50,100 49,800 49,800 49,100 (1000 HEAD) Production (Pig Crop) 636,817 636,817 636,817 667,669 667,669 651,682 668,500 668,500 668,500 (1000 HEAD) Intra-EU Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Other Imports 12 12 12 4 4 4 4 4 3 (1000 HEAD) Total Imports 12 12 12 4 4 4 4 4 3 (1000 HEAD) Total Supply 1,076,7 1,076,7 1,076,7 1,130,5 1,130,5 1,114,5 1,153,5 1,153,5 1,137,5 (1000 24 24 24 86 86 99 09 09 03 HEAD) Intra EU Exports 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Other Exports 1,645 1,645 1,645 1,700 1,700 1,718 1,740 1,740 1,780 (1000 HEAD) Total Exports 1,645 1,645 1,645 1,700 1,700 1,718 1,740 1,740 1,780 (1000 HEAD) Sow Slaughter 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Other Slaughter 610,166 610,166 610,166 641,381 641,381 641,381 657,840 657,840 661,500 (1000 HEAD) Total Slaughter 610,166 610,166 610,166 641,381 641,381 641,381 657,840 657,840 661,500 (1000 HEAD) Loss 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,500 2,500 2,500 1,500 1,500 2,500 (1000 HEAD) Ending Inventories 462,913 462,913 462,913 485,005 485,005 469,000 492,429 492,429 471,723 (1000 HEAD) Total Distribution 1,076,7 1,076,7 1,076,7 1,130,5 1,130,5 1,114,5 1,153,5 1,153,5 1,137,5 (1000 24 24 24 86 86 99 09 09 03 HEAD) CY Imp. from U.S. 7 7 7 2 2 4 0 2 0 (1000 HEAD) CY. Exp. to U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Balance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 HEAD) Inventory Balance 23,018 23,018 23,018 22,092 22,092 6,087 7,424 7,424 2,723 (1000 HEAD) Inventory Change 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 1 ( PERCENT) Sow Change 7 7 7 6 6 6 (1) (1) (2) (PERCENT) Production Change 8 7 8 5 5 2 0 0 3 ( PERCENT) Production to Sows 13. 13. 13.4 13. 13. 13. 13. 13. 13.6 (PERCENT) Trade Balance 1,633 1,633 1,633 1,696 1,696 1,714 1,736 1,736 1,777 (1000 HEAD) Slaughter to Inventory 139 139 139 139 139 139 136 136 141 ( PERCENT) TS=TD 0 0 0 (This is not official PS&D. Please refer to http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline for official data.) Pork PS&D Table Meat, 2008 2009 2010 Swine China 2008 2009 2010 Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan Market Year Begin: Jan 2008 2009 2010 USDA New Post USDA Official Data New Post USDA Official Data Jan Of ficial Data Data Data Data Slaughter (Reference) 610,166 610,166 610,166 641,381 641,381 641,381 657,840 657,840 661,500 (1000 HEAD) Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 0 120 120 120 (1000 MT CWE) Production 46,205 46,205 46,205 48,500 48,500 48,890 50,300 50,300 50,600 (1000 MT CWE) Intra-EU Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Other Imports 430 437 437 150 150 198 120 120 220 (1000 MT CWE) Total Imports 430 437 437 150 150 198 120 120 220 (1000 MT CWE) Total Supply 46,635 46,642 46,642 48,650 48,650 49,088 50,540 50,540 50,940 (1000 MT CWE) Intra EU Exports 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Other Exports 223 223 223 230 230 233 240 240 240 (1000 MT CWE) Total Exports 223 223 223 230 230 233 240 240 240 (1000 MT CWE) Human Dom. Consumption 46,412 46,419 46,419 48,300 48,300 48,735 50,300 50,180 50,580 (1000 MT CWE) Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Total Dom. Consumption 46,412 46,419 46,419 48,300 48,300 48,735 50,300 50,180 50,580 (1000 MT CWE) Ending Stocks 0 0 0 120 120 120 0 120 120 (1000 MT CWE) Total Distribution 46,635 46,642 46,642 48,650 48,650 49,088 50,540 50,540 50,940 (1000 MT CWE) CY Imp. from U.S. 237 190 190 100 100 50 80 80 50 (1000 MT CWE) CY. Exp. to U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Balance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Inventory Balance 0 0 0 120 120 120 -120 0 0 (1000 MT CWE) Weights 76 76 76 76 76 76 76 76 76 (1000 MT CWE) Production Change 8 8 8 5 5 6 4 4 3 (PERCENT) Import Change 117 117 117 -66 -66 -55 -20 -20 11 (PERCENT) Export Change -36 -36 -36 3 3 4 4 4 3 (PERCENT) Trade Balance -207 -214 -214 80 80 35 120 120 20 (1000 MT CWE) Consumption Change 9 8 9 4 4 5 4 4 4 (PERCENT) Population 1,330,044,60 1,330,044,60 1,330,044,60 1,338,612,96 1,338,612,96 1,338,612,96 1,347,563,49 1,347,563,49 1,347,563,49 (HEAD) 5 5 5 8 8 8 8 8 8 Per Capita Consumption 35 35 35 36 36 36 37 37 38 (KG) TS=TD 0 0 0 (This is not official PS&D. Please refer to http://www.fas.usda.gov/psdonline for official data.) Swine and Pork Trade Matrices China Swine Imports by Reporting Countries' Export Statistics 2007-2009 (Year-to-Date) (Number of Head) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Nov Jan - Nov Quantity Quantity Quantity Comparison % Change Origin 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009/08 World 2,506 11,613 6,170 4,490 -27.23 United States 194 7,086 6,215 4,175 -32.82 France 270 0 0 315 0.00 Canada 1780 3,876 0 0 0.00 Denmark 0 126 45 0 -100.00 United Kingdom 262 525 0 0 0.00 Other 0 0 0 0 0.00 HS Code: 010310, 010391, 010392 Source: GTA Note: As of 2009, China changed its swine imports and exports from the number of head to metric tons. This table uses exporting countries' reports in number of head. China Pork Imports by Reporting Countries' Export Statistics 2007-2009 (Year-to-Date) (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan - Nov Jan - Nov Quantity Quantity Quantity Comparison % Change Origin 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009/08 World 97,745 158,779 151,914 73,200 -51.81 United States 67,979 112,964 109,305 24,310 -77.76 Canada 17,576 17,801 16,099 17,059 5.96 Denmark 4,319 6,445 6,101 10,500 72.10 France 3,792 13,315 12,952 6,809 -47.43 Spain 73 169 24 5,567 0.00 United Kingdom 149 2,398 1,991 1,460 -26.67 Taiwan 205 493 491 271 -44.81 Belgium 960 558 558 77 -86.20 Netherlands 668 1,052 1,052 55 -94.77 Ireland 756 2,727 2,490 25 -99.00 Other 1,268 857 851 7,067 730.43 HS Code: 020311, 020312, 020319, 020321, 020322, 020329, 021011 021012, 021019, 160241, 160242, and 160249 Source: GTA Note: Hong Kong re-exports to Mainland China is in a separate table. Hong Kong Pork Re-Exports to Mainland China, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Quantity Quantity Quantity % Change Origin 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 World 53,696 177,356 72,756 -58.98 Germany 8,991 27,161 13,730 -49.45 United States 1,980 33,483 11,474 -65.73 Canada 641 18,576 9,827 -47.10 Spain 11,266 24,705 9,285 -62.42 Brazil 6,220 8,272 5,046 -39.00 Netherlands 4,809 14,068 3,586 -74.51 Italy 3,520 8,854 3,096 -65.03 France 2,949 4,045 3,076 -23.96 United Kingdom 791 4,116 3,035 -26.26 Poland 2,478 7,692 2,351 -69.44 Demark 3,132 6,134 2,105 -65.68 Ireland 803 3,144 890 -71.69 Belgium 2,639 3,733 818 -78.09 Hungary 736 2,596 459 -82.32 Chile 454 1,220 320 -73.77 Austria 251 982 274 -72.10 Sweden 26 592 164 -72.30 Australia 48 979 49 -94.99 Other 1,962 7,004 3,171 -54.73 HS Code: 020311, 020312, 020319, 020321, 020322, 020329, 021011, 021012, 021019, 160241, 163242, and 160249 Source: WTA Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department China Swine Exports, 2007-2009 (Number of Head) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Quantity Quantity Quantity % Change Destination 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 World 1,609,008 1,645,257 1,717,592 4.40 Hong Kong 1,491,689 1,546,517 1,601,987 3.59 Macau 116,712 98,597 115,605 17.25 Korea North 374 0 0 0.00 Other 233 143 0 -100.00 HS Code: 010310, 010391, 010392 Source: GTA China Statistics; GTA Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department Note: As of 2009, China changed its swine imports and exports from the number of head to metric tons. The Chinese industry's conversion is at 15 swine for 1 MT. Post uses the industry conversion if the importing countries' statistics in number of head are not available. China Pork Exports, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Quantity Quantity Quantity % Change Destination 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 World 269,099 170,999 178,509 4.39 Hong Kong 107,431 87,396 97,533 11.60 Japan 74,429 43,016 40,060 -6.87 Kyrgyzstan 10,172 8,437 8,734 3.52 Singapore 6,456 4,494 7,397 64.60 Philippines 9,525 3,541 6,421 81.33 Malaysia 7,934 7,142 5,576 -21.93 Macau 5,171 4,622 4,984 7.83 Albania 5,158 519 1,671 221.97 Indonesia 1,291 2,097 1,559 -25.66 Korea South 433 465 351 -24.52 Angola 356 61 278 355.74 Vietnam 9,632 1,985 98 -95.06 Russia 822 71 71 0.00 Lebanon 694 636 69 -89.15 Korea North 21,166 2,214 25 -98.87 Kazakhstan 2,282 0 0 0.00 Other 6,147 4,303 3,682 -14.43 HS Code: 020311, 020312, 020319, 020321, 020322, 020329, 021011 021012, 1021019, 60241, 160242 and 160249 Source: GTA China Customs Statistics Swine and Pork Price Tables China Retail Pork Prices On Average, 2006-2009 (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 12.43 14.91 25.53 21.25 -16.76 February 12.18 14.97 26.08 20.62 -20.94 March 11.65 14.50 25.56 19.30 -24.49 April 11.13 14.39 25.68 17.60 -31.46 May 10.71 15.86 24.71 15.68 -36.54 June 10.58 17.74 24.10 15.46 -35.85 July 11.06 20.77 23.58 16.27 -31.00 August 12.01 22.95 23.18 17.94 -22.61 September 12.82 22.10 22.59 18.97 -16.02 October 12.99 21.15 20.86 18.71 -10.31 November 13.35 22.35 19.46 18.47 -5.09 December 14.40 24.05 20.34 19.11 -6.05 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture China Retail Hog Prices On Average 2006-2009 (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 7.40 9.55 16.50 13.41 -18.73 February 7.11 9.20 16.70 12.70 -23.95 March 6.68 8.91 16.83 11.63 -30.90 April 6.21 9.02 16.87 10.35 -38.65 May 5.96 10.20 15.77 9.24 -41.41 June 6.08 11.37 15.35 9.33 -39.22 July 6.47 13.12 14.82 10.13 -31.65 August 7.17 14.27 14.47 11.38 -21.35 September 7.84 13.60 13.86 11.85 -14.50 October 7.93 13.21 12.50 11.47 -8.24 November 8.33 14.13 11.90 11.40 -4.20 December 9.18 15.46 12.91 12.09 -6.35 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture China Retail Piglet Prices On Average 2006-2009 (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 9.24 12.12 29.66 20.06 -32.37 February 9.48 12.26 30.62 20.11 -34.32 March 8.85 12.68 35.29 19.75 -44.04 April 7.82 13.31 38.23 18.27 -52.21 May 6.98 15.09 36.11 15.41 -57.32 June 6.84 17.17 34.55 15.08 -56.35 July 7.05 20.11 33.01 15.88 -51.89 August 8.31 24.09 30.94 17.74 -42.66 September 9.60 23.70 28.55 18.78 -34.22 October 9.85 22.62 23.44 18.14 -22.61 November 10.25 23.84 20.02 17.39 -13.14 December 11.44 26.21 19.42 17.55 -9.63 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture
Posted: 09 March 2010

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