Fishery Products Annual

An Expert's View about Aquaculture in China

Last updated: 25 Feb 2011

China's aquatic production in 2011 is forecast at 53.6 MMT, up two percent over the estimated 52.5 MMT in 2010. The production growth is driven by strong domestic consumption due to growing disposal incomes, and export-oriented aquatic processing.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 12/31/2010 GAIN Report Number: CH10068 China - Peoples Republic of Post: Beijing Fishery Products Annual Report Categories: Fishery Products Approved By: Ralph Bean Prepared By: Melinda Meador, Wu Xinping and Angie Han Report Highlights: China's aquatic production in 2011 is forecast at 53.6 MMT, up two percent over the estimated 52.5 MMT in 2010. The production growth is driven by strong domestic consumption due to growing disposal incomes, and export-oriented aquatic processing. As a result of the steady improving world economy, total aquatic trade value is expected to increase rapidly to an estimated $16.5 billion in 2010 from the $13.5 billion in the previous year. The United States continues to be the second largest of seafood supplier for China and the second buyer of China's processed aquatic products with fish fillet as the largest category in 2010. The aquatic trade is likely to grow in 2011 along with the anticipated recovery of global economy. Executive Summary: China?s fishery sector is comprised primarily of aquaculture facilities, both fresh and seawater, and a much smaller wild catch component. Continued expansion of the aquaculture sector, which accounted for about 71 percent of total aquatic production in 2009, continues to boosts China?s aquatic output. The increase is attributable to growing domestic demand, a robust processing industry and strong export market. China?s 2011 aquatic production is forecast to reach 53.6 MMT, up two percent from an estimated 52.5 MMT in 2010. Rising disposable income is influencing domestic consumption and the economic recovery of major import markets is further stimulating consumption of China?s aquatic products. Aquatic trade is forecast to produce an $8.1 billion trade surplus in 2011. The United States is the second largest market for China?s processed aquatic exports and the second largest supplier of China?s seafood imports, particularly in the ?Fish/Frozen? (HS Code 0303) category. High quality natural aquatic products, including salmon, are expected to steadily increase in volume and value. Definition of terms in China: China?s definition of aquatic products includes both cultured (farm-raised) and wild caught products; Aquatic products include fish, shrimp/prawn/crab, shellfish, algae, and other; Aquatic catch production is total volume of both fresh and sea water caught wild aquatic products; Aquatic culture production is the total volume of both fresh and seawater cultured (farmed) aquatic products. This report will use Chinese terminology to maintain consistency between Chinese statistics and product categories. Total aquatic trade statistics in this report do not include fishmeal. General Information: Production Aquatic production is forecast to reach 53.6 MMT in 2011 China remains the world?s largest aquatic product producer with 2011 total aquatic production forecast at 53.6 MMT, compared to an estimated 52.5 MMT in 2010, and 51.2 MMT in 2009. Rapid economic growth, rising disposable incomes and a strong export market have culminated to increase demand and stimulate production. Total aquatic production in 2009 increased 4.5 percent over the previous year (compared to 2006-2008 average yearly growth rate of three percent). According to China?s Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), aquatic production for the first three quarters of 2010 reached 34.8 MMT, up 2.5 percent over the same period last year. Cultured production of 25.2 MMT, a 4.8 percent rise over last year, is leading the growth curve, while wild caught production of 9.6 MMT, lags three percent behind last year. Unusually cold weather in the Yellow Sea, Bohai Bay and Eastern China Sea in the first half of 2010 hurt the summer seawater catch harvest. As a result, total caught production in 2010 is expected to be smaller than the previous year. Potential growth in total aquatic catch (seawater and freshwater) has remained elusive for the past five seasons and future prospects remain dim due to declining wild fishery resources, both domestically and worldwide. Recheck the numbers below - Table 1 China?s aquatic production (Unit: 1000 Metric Ton) Category/Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010* Total Aquatic Production 45,836 47,475 48,956 51,164 52,500 -Seawater Aquatic Production 25,096 25,509 25,983 26,816 26,900 ---Seawater Catch 12,455 12,435 12,580 12,763 12,400 ---Seawater Culture 12,642 13,073 13,403 14,052 14,500 -Freshwater Aquatic Production 20,740 21,966 22,973 24,348 25,600 ---Freshwater Catch 2,204 2,256 2,248 2,184 2,100 ---Freshwater Culture 18,536 19,710 20,725 22,165 23,500 Source: 2009 China Statistics Yearbook/Table 12-20;* Estimated by FAS/Beijing Growth prospects for aquaculture production, both fresh and seawater, are easier to identify. China?s National Statistics Bureau?s (NSB) data shows that annual cultured aquatic production, from 2004 to 2009, grew at more than six percent per year. In 2009, among cultured products, freshwater production grew 6.9 percent, seawater grew 4.8 percent, overall accounting for 71 percent of total aquatic production and topping 36.2 MMT, a 2.1 MMT rise from the previous year. Table 2 China's seawater and freshwater aquatic production by category (Unit: 1000 Metric Ton) Category/Year 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Seawater Fish 9,139 8,921 8,913 8,643 8,808 Seawater Shrimp, Prawn, and Crab 2,813 2,994 2,989 2,888 3,036 Seawater Shellfish 10,081 10,467 10,682 10,725 11,200 Seawater Algae 1,339 1,376 1,388 1,423 1,484 Seawater Other 1,286 1,338 1,536 1,221 1,310 Freshwater Fish 17,372 18,225 19,085 19,985 21,099 Freshwater Shrimp, Prawn, and Crab 1,403 1,678 2,021 2,101 2,288 Freshwater Shellfish 463 509 505 501 520 Freshwater Other 302 328 356 387 442 Source: 2009 China Agriculture Statistics Report Total fish production stood at 29.9 MMT in 2009 (up 1.3 MMT from the previous year), accounting for 58 percent of the total aquatic production, followed by shellfish and crustaceans at 23 and 10 percent, respectively. Cultured fish continued to dominate with total production of 20.4 MMT, accounting for 68 percent of total fish production in 2009. Carp, the most popular cultured freshwater fish with total production of 14.5 MMT in 2009 (from the 13.5 MMT in 2008), accounted for 74 percent of total freshwater cultured fish production. Tilapia, another popular farm-raised fish, saw 2010?s production fall due to last year?s low prices, abnormally cold spring weather that killed fingerling stocks and 3rd quarter floods in Hainan and Guanxi provinces, altogether leading to a 13 percent drop in 2010 production, from 1.26 MT in 2009 to an estimated 1.1MMT in 2010. Nevertheless, tilapia production, which grew 11 percent per year from 1999 to 2009, is expected to rebound quickly in response to foreign market demand and increasing domestic consumption. Catfish, another historical export fish product, is expected to reach 250,000 MT in 2010, rising from 223,000 MT in 2009. Domestic consumption continues to boost catfish production, while exports will rebound when the USDA import policy is finalized. Shellfish, primarily cultured in seawater, continued to show moderate growth with 2009 production at 10.5 MMT (See table 2), and accounting for 75 percent of the total sea cultured production. Crustaceans, on the other hand, are primarily raised in freshwater. 2009 production approached 3 MMT. Cultured Penaeus vannamei (also known as white shrimp) production exceeded 1.1 MT in 2009, accounting for 37 percent of total cultured crustacean production. For 2010, Shandong, Guangdong, and Fujian provinces, due to their favorable coastal locations plus freshwater resources/facilities, are expected to remain the largest aquatic producers. Hubei, Guangdong, and Jiangsu provinces, with abundant freshwater, have developed their resources to rank as the top three in terms of freshwater cultured production. Table 3 China's top-8 aquatic producing provinces in 2009 (Unit: 1000 Metric Ton) Province Total production Sea production Freshwater production Total 51,164 26,816 24,348 Shandong 7,536 6,264 1,272 Guangdong 7,026 3,871 3,154 Fujian 5,675 4,958 717 Jiangsu 4,432 1,305 3,127 Zhejiang 4,403 3,538 865 Liaoning 4,006 3,275 731 Hubei 3,339 0 3,339 Guangxi 2,623 1,490 1,133 Other 12,124 2,115 10,010 Source: 2010 China Statistics Yearbook Although there are freshwater aquaculture facilities nationwide, particularly for carp, some species? production is limited to certain regions due to available resources and climatic conditions. For example, 90 percent of tilapia production occurs in four provinces, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, and Fujian. 62 percent of catfish production is located primarily in Sichuan, Hubei, Jiangsu and Jiangxi, with substantial production in Hunan and Anhui provinces. The largest producers for both cultured freshwater and seawater shrimp and prawn are Guangdong, Jiangsu, Hubei, Guangxi, and Zhejiang provinces. Guangdong is the largest shrimp producer with total cultured production of 537,000 MT, of which Penaeus uannamei production was 428,000 MT in 2009 (402,000 MT in 2008). Eel production is concentrated in Fujian, Guangdong, and Jiangxi provinces with much of it destined for the Japanese market. Shandong, Fujian, Guangdong, and Liaoning provinces continue to dominate the production of cultured shellfish -accounting for 80 percent of the 2009 total. Tilapia production continues to be challenged by disease According to industry sources, streptococcus disease continued to adversely impact tilapia production in 2010. China?s tilapia experts analyzed that the deteriorating water environment and high-density farming resulted in a high bacteria count leading to outbreak of the disease. A vaccine to prevent the disease is still in the trial period. Some industry insiders believe the disease is likely to impact the tilapia production in the near future and it can be prevented only if the culture environment can be controlled properly with the assistance of a vaccine. Aquatic catch production is shrinking Although total 2011?s catch forecast of 14.5 MMT is unchanged from 2010, however, it is still an amount lower than the 14.9 MMT in 2009. MOA acknowledges that abnormally cold weather in North China resulted in smaller catch production in the Eastern China and Yellow seas in the summer. According to MOA, total catch production in the first nine months in 2010 was 9.6 MMT, three percent lower than last year. Industry sources report that total catch is unlikely to increase in the foreseeable future due to limited freshwater and seawater natural resource availability. The seawater catch production for other territorial seas was 977,000 MT in 2009, down from the 1.1 MMT in the previous year. Most industry insiders believe it is difficult to increase production significantly from other territorial seas. Aquaculture farming water area expansion continues Active aquaculture expansion in 2009 saw total area increase more than eleven percent, with total water area exceeding 7.2 MHA. Aquaculture area increases overall reached 733,000 HA in 2009, with 452,000 HA of freshwater and 281,000 HA of seawater. Liaoning Province in northeast China had the largest net increase of 266,000 HA (compared to a net increase of 158,000 HA in 2008), of which 219,000 HA was seawater. Hubei and Henan also increased aquaculture area by 66,000 HA and 57,000 HA in 2009, respectively. Industry insiders feel this level of active growth of aquaculture is not sustainable, with both seawater and freshwater culture area likely to grow more moderately in the future. Limited water resources and environmental challenge the feasibility of further expansion of aquaculture areas. Additional production gains will be found through technology and innovation. Table 4 China?s Aquaculture Area Resources (Unit: Hectares) Freshwater- Freshwater- Freshwater- Freshwater- Year Total Seawater Freshwater Pond Reservoir lake Other 2009 7,283,138 1,859,313 5,423,845 2,331,900 1,726,407 998,232 1,707,000 2008 6,549,932 1,578,909 4,971,023 2,144,715 1,549,612 961,335 1,792,862 2007 5,745,090 1,331,478 4,413,612 1,840,626 1,299,349 1,040,123 1,783,810 Change 09/08 +11% +18% +9% Change 08/07 +14% +18% +13% Source: 2007, 2008 and 2009 China Agriculture Statistics Report MOA promotes healthy aquaculture and high quality products The MOA recently pledged to continue to modernize the fishery industry and promote a ?Healthy Development of the Aquaculture Industry? to produce high quality and safe aquatic products. In 2010, MOA invested an estimated $1.2 billion to reconstruct 260,000 HA of fish ponds. MOA also called for more technology transfer and protection of water resources. In an effort to promote ?healthy aquaculture?, MOA continued (started in 2009) the re-construction plan of 1.3 million hectares of fish pond for repairing the eco-system, and standardizing the pond (within next 5 to 10 years). MOA has also intensified its monitoring and supervision of the quality and safety of aquatic products. They expect 90 percent of aquaculture production facilities to be licensed by the end of 2010. MOA has established agricultural product quality test stations in 1,200 counties (out of the total more than 2,400 counties) nationwide. To ensure the quality of aquatic products, particularly goods for export, MOA and the Administration for Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine of China (AQSIQ) adopted a strict licensing regime for all export-oriented farms and processing establishments. MOA and AQSIQ conduct frequent field audits of export-oriented aquaculture farms. Aquatic products for export are subject to mandatory inspection and must be accompanied by AQSIQ inspection certificates. The aquatic processing for re-export rebounded in 2010 The aquatic processing for re-export sector (processing trade) rebounded in 2010 following a multi-year slowdown from the global economic recession. According to MOA, in the first three quarters of 2010, the export volume and value for processing trade stood at 798,500 MT and $ 3.2 billion, up 10 and 15 percent, respectively over the previous year. Industry sources stated that increased exports under processing trade reflected a rebound in demand for aquatic products by major importing countries, and an increase in prices for raw and processed aquatic products in the world market. The share of export value under the processing trade accounted for 33 percent of all aquatic product export value, three percent lower than same period of 2009, in part showing an increased export of cultured aquatic products in 2010. Another trend for processing is that more aquatic product manufacturers opted to purchase raw materials and process them for export, instead of ?processing for a client and only earning a processing fee.? Based on MOA data, the import volume (purchased by China?s manufacturers for processing trade) increased by almost 20 percent in the first three quarters of 2010. Based on the Global Trade Atlas (GTA), China?s imports of frozen fish in the first ten months of 2010 approached 1.6 MMT, up 11.5 percent over the same period in 2009. The imports of mollusks also increased to 227,000 MT, up nine percent over the previous year. These imports have historically been destined for the processing trade. However, China?s industry insiders reported that the aquatic processing trade sector is increasingly challenged by rising production costs and a ?shortage of labor,? and the situation is expected to become more serious in the coming years. Aquatic processing for domestic consumption grew steadily Processed aquatic products using domestic raw material (mostly cultured products) is highly export focused. Domestic consumption of processed aquatic products remains relatively small compared to the total annual domestic aquatic product consumption. Most Chinese consumers? preference to live or fresh aquatic goods instead of processed products. According to MOA, the total number of aquatic processing facilities declined to 9,635 in 2009 from 9,971 in 2008. Total processing capacity, however, remained stable at 22.1 MMT (compared to 22 MMT in 2008). The decrease in facilities indicated an industry restructuring following the recent economic downturn in 2009. In 2009, 18.2 MMT of aquatic products were processed, compared to 16.4 MMT in 2008. Total processed aquatic product volume stood at 14.8 MMT, of which 9.4 MMT was frozen or frozen processed goods. The share of frozen and frozen processed volume accounted for 63 percent, compared to the 62 percent in 2008. Industry sources indicate that this situation reflects domestic consumers enduring preference for live aquatic products, however, the net increase of 1.8 MMT of aquatic processed in 2009 also shows a steady growth in processed aquatic products. Aquatic processing bases are located in or near major aquatic production regions. Of the total 9,635 processing facilities, 6,389, or 66 percent are concentrated in Zhejiang, Shandong, Fujian, and Guangdong provinces. These provinces are also major aquaculture producers and are equipped with port and cold storage facilities. Many foreign traders have also entered the processing trade industry in these provinces. Consumption China?s per capita aquatic consumption growth is forecast to continue in 2011. Post estimates per capita consumption for urban dwellers in 2009 was 14.7 Kg, up from the estimated 14.3 Kg in 2008, while NSB reported that rural residents consumed 5.27 Kg, up slightly from 5.25 Kg in the previous year. NSB did not provide consumption of aquatic products for urban dweller in 2008 and 2009. Chinese industry insiders expect that the consumption of aquatic products in 2010 is higher than the previous year mainly because of adequate supply at increased but still affordable prices, and the continued growth in consumer incomes. Per capita consumption is expected to increase steadily, with strong growth potential in the rural sector due to relatively low consumption. Table 5 Per capita consumption trends of aquatic and animal products (Kg) Per Capita Consumption Trends for Aquatic Products 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Urban 12.5 12.55 12.95 14.2 14.3* 14.7* Rural 4.5 4.94 5.01 5.36 5.25 5.27 Per Capita Consumption Trends for Pork, Beef, Poultry and Mutton Urban 29.22 32.83 32.12 31.8 30.7 34.67 Rural 17.89 20.76 20.54 18.74 18.3 19.58 Urban Population of 621.7 million (46.6%). Rural Population of 712.9 million (53.4%); *estimated by Post (data not available from NSB); Data before 2007 are based on NSB unadjusted version Source: 2010 China Statistical Yearbook Table 10-9 and 10-29 Based on MOA survey results (among 80 major aquatic product wholesale markets), the average wholesale price for aquatic products in the first three quarters of 2010 increased by about ten percent over the previous year. Sea water products increased by 14 percent, and the price of fresh water products increased by five percent. Prices for aquatic products are expected to grow in 2011 reflecting increases in the price of feed and other inputs. Table 6 lists the ten provinces and municipalities with highest expenditures on aquatic products in 2009. The per capita consumption of aquatic products is highest in coastal regions (where aquatic products have been a traditional source of protein) and places with relatively high disposable income. The rankings are almost unchanged from 2008. Most Chinese consumers are price sensitive when purchasing aquatic products. Freshwater cultured products such as carp and shrimp or prawns are popular for home consumption and in restaurants due to their affordability. Seawater aquatic products, including yellow croaker, ribbonfish and squid continue to be favorites in Northern China. Imported seawater products popular domestically include cod, squid, plaice, and mackerel. Processed shellfish/shrimp/prawns and tilapia fillets are increasingly popular among city consumers with busy lifestyles. High-value imported seafood such as lobster, geoducks, salmon, and crab are widely used by hotels and restaurants for high-end consumers. Based on the GTA, China?s imports of salmon from Norway reached 12,288 MT in the first ten months of 2010, up 80 percent over the previous year. The Norway Seafood Association expects China in 2010 to exceed Japan as the largest salmon market. A booming economy producing a growing middle-class in large cities and coastal regions provides promising potential for these products as Chinese families opt for a more diversified and nutritious diet. Table 6 Per Capita Annual Living Expenditure on Aquatic Product of Urban Residents by Region in 2009 Aquatic Product Expenditure Disposable Income Disposable Income Region RMB Value Rank Value Fujian 954 7 19,577 Shanghai 728 1 28,838 Zhejiang 623 3 24,611 Hainan 619 21 13,751 Guangdong 594 4 21,575 Jiangsu 382 5 20,552 Tianjin 395 6 21,402 Liaoning 350 11 15,761 Shandong 312 8 17,811 Guangxi 276 14 15,451 Beijing 246 2 26,738 Nationwide Average 301 NA 17,175 Source: 2010 China Statistics Yearbook/Table 10-15 Trade China is expected to be the world?s largest aquatic trading country in 2010 Total aquatic trade value in 2010 is estimated at $16.5 billion, up 22 percent over the $13.5 billion in 2009. Some industry leaders expect China?s total aquatic product trade value will exceed $17 billion in 2010, surpassing the United States as the world?s largest trader. The aquatic trade surplus is expected to hit $8.1 billion in 2010, up from the $6.2 in the previous year. Export value is estimated to surge to $12.3 billion in 2010, up 25 percent over the previous year. This significant growth is in part a result of increased unit price, as export volume is only expected to increase by 12 percent. Import value is estimated at $4.2 billion in 2010, up 15 percent from the $3.6 billion in the previous year, mainly due to recovered demands for aquatic products both globally and domestically. According to GTA, in the first ten months of 2010, total export volume reached 2.4 MMT, up 11 percent, while the import volume stood at 1.9 MMT, up 12 percent, respectively, over the same period in previous year. Industry sources stated that the high growth in export value and lower growth in volume reflects increased production costs as well as a shift toward more value-added products. Most Chinese industry insiders believe that a stable recovery of world economy, and the keen competitiveness of the Chinese industry, will result in higher aquatic exports in 2011. China?s aquatic export trade destinations with export value over $100 million rose from 17 countries in 2009 to 22 in 2010. Japan continues to be the largest export destination, followed by the United States and South Korea. Based on GTA, salmon imports decreased sharply to 134,393 MT in the first ten months of 2010, down 20 percent compared to the previous year. The salmon imports from Russia and Chile plummeted, down 65 and 60 percent, respectively over the year before mainly due to decreased production in both countries. The industry sources reported the smaller production is due to a sea catch policy change in by Russia government and an outbreak of a disease in Chile. Imports from the United States increased to 58,943 MT, up 4 percent. Import price for salmon in the first ten months of 2009 averaged at $ 3,213/MT, up 40 percent from the previous year. The United States is the largest supplier of salmon to China, followed by Japan. Russia is expected to remain China?s largest supplier of aquatic products, distantly followed by the United States and Japan. Total imports from Russia are estimated to exceed $1.2 billion in 2010, similar to the previous year, accounting for 29 percent of China?s total 2010 aquatic imports. Qingdao and Dalian continue to be the two largest arrival ports for aquatic products, accounting for 75 percent of the total import volume in 2009. Well-established facilities, including processing factories in Qingdao and Dalian, solidify the two cities? status as the largest seafood import hubs in China. Aquatic trade with the United States continues growing Although the United States is the second largest importer and exporter of aquatic products to China, we still have a large trade deficit in this area with China. In the first ten months of 2010, China?s aquatic imports from the United States increased in value (to $ 587 million), up 24 percent over the previous year. During the same period, frozen fish remained the largest category (valued at $475.5 million), accounting for 81 percent of the total imports from the United States. More specifically, salmon ranked top valued at $176 million, followed by plaice at $112 million (out of the total $115 million for all flatfish). Salmon is increasingly popular among middle class consumers at home or dining out in Japanese restaurants or hi-end hotels in large cities. Industry insiders believe China will become one of the world?s largest salmon markets in the near future. Total aquatic exports to the United States in the first ten months of 2010 rebounded to $1.9 billion, up 20 percent over the previous year. Major product category includes fish fillet ($871 million, up 19 percent over the previous year), followed by prepared/preserved crustacean/mollusks ($424 million), and prepared/packaged fish and caviar ($ 214 million). Fishmeal imports are forecast at 1.2 MMT in 2011 Fishmeal imports in 2011 are forecast at 1.2 MMT, up from the estimated 1.1 MMT imports in 2010. Fishmeal imports in 2009 exceeded 1.3 MMT mainly due to a steady recovery of the animal husbandry. Fishmeal imports and consumption in 2010 are restricted by the price spike. According to GTA, China?s imported fishmeal price in the first ten months of 2010 soared to $1,616/MT, up 60 percent from the same period in 2009 mainly due to smaller supply from major producing countries. Total fishmeal imports declined by 24 percent (in particular from the top two suppliers, Peru and Chile, down by 23 and 61 percent, respectively) in the first ten months of 2010 over the previous year. Feed industry sources reported that fishmeal is still regarded as the best animal protein source provided the price remains acceptable and reasonable. Other protein meals are added as substitutes when prices for fish meal are too high. Domestic fishmeal production continues to be low and expected to be less than 250,000 MT in 2010. Despite the high price, imports for 2011 are forecast at 1.2 MMT given the large scale of China?s animal husbandry and aquaculture. Peru remains the largest fishmeal supplier, accounting for 59 percent of China?s total imports in the first ten months of 2010. Imports from the United States are expected to be smaller than the past years at approximately 70,000 MT in 2010 mainly due to increased price. Fish fillet tops in total aquatic exports Fish fillet (HS Code 0304) continues to be the largest export category with export value at $ 2.9 billion, accounting for 30 percent of total aquatic exports in the first ten months of 2010. China?s exports of aquatic products for 2010 are estimated at $12.3 billion, significantly higher than the $9.8 billion in the previous year. Based on GTA, in the first ten months of 2010, China?s aquatic exports increased in both volume (up 11 percent) and value (up by 27 percent) over the previous year. All major export categories, fish fillet (HS Code 0304), the prepared crustaceans and mollusks (HS Code 1605), and the mollusk and other (0307) have seen rapid growth in value and volume. Fish fillet (HS Code 0304) exports increased by 10 percent in export volume, and 17 percent in value, compared to the previous year. The exports of prepared or packaged fish and caviar (HS Code 1604) increased in value up by 19 percent, however, decreased in volume by one percent. The strong exports of aquatic products showed a steady recovery of demands by the customers in major importing markets. Adding greater value to fish products has increasingly enhanced the industry. The trend is expected to continue and will be made possible through the advancement in technology and management, as the industry strives to meet changing of consumer demand. In the first ten months of 2010, total tilapia exports reached $731 million, up 34 percent from the $546 million in the previous year, although the export volume increased by 24 percent only. Based on the GTA, in the first ten months of 2010, the processed tilapia products (fillet, dried/salted, prepared/preserved) continue to dominate in both export value accounting for 85 percent and volume at 71 percent out of all tilapia exports. The export price for processed tilapia products averaged at $3,396/MT, compared to the $2,937/MT in the previous year. The export of processed tilapia products is expected to continue growing in 2011 mainly due to its competitiveness in price. In the first ten months in 2010, the United States remained the largest destination for China?s tilapia products, accounting for 52 percent in volume. The net export volume to the United States exceeded 123,000 MT, up 19 percent over 2009. The impact of EU catch certificate on sea caught seafood remains limited According to MOA, based on EU IUU regulation (Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing Regulation), effective on January 1, 2010, most of the sea caught seafood export to EU needs to be accompanied with ?Catch Certificate?. This covers both sea caught products by Chinese marine fishing companies and products imported from other countries by Chinese processors. MOA requested traders/processing facilities to obtain the ?Catch Certificate? from the overseas suppliers if the processed products are destined for EU. Based on GTA, China?s total aquatic exports to EU reached 445,600 MT in the first ten months of 2010, up 13 percent over the previous year. This growth rate is higher than the export growth to the world at 11 percent, though some Chinese industry insiders opined that the requirements raised the threshold and created a trade barrier for Chinese aquatic product exports to EU. China?s catfish industry shows concerns on USDA catfish inspection rule Since the United States Legislation extended FSIS?s inspection jurisdiction to include domestic and imported farm-raised catfish in 2008, the Chinese relevant authorities expressed concerns on the issue in various occasions. The Chinese industry is eager to learn the developments of the USDA proposed catfish rule, and hope it will not affect trade. FAS/Beijing explained to the industry the implementation of the rule will comply with the WTO principles. Policy China?s policy favors smooth growth for aquatic production and exports China?s fishery production policy remains unchanged generally. China?s rapid GDP growth will boost domestic demand for aquatic products. MOA continued to promote a more sustainable development model with rational resource utilization through a nationwide plan to build environment-friendly and healthy aquaculture demonstration bases. Through the intensification of the enforcement of relevant laws and regulations and technical extension, the plan is aimed at promoting better use of resources, protecting the environment, producing safe products, and raising farmer income. Other measures included technology extension and drug use supervision. Some provinces expedited development of local fresh water or seawater resources in 2009. For instance, Liaoning Province added 266,000 HA of water area for aquaculture (compared to the net increase of 158,000 HA in 2008). Hubei and Henan also increased aquaculture area by 66,000 HA and 57,000 HA in 2009, respectively. It is difficult to predict this rapid expansion of culture water area will sustain in 2010 and beyond. Large aquatic producing provinces will continue to focus on their most competitive products. Export-oriented aquaculture production/processing will continue to be concentrated in coastal provinces. Domestic aquatic catch will continue to be restricted by the ?Zero Growth? policy for domestic wild aquatic catch although the overseas catch is encouraged. The two-month summer fishing moratorium in China?s seawater extended to two and half months in 2009, and the three-month spring fishing ban in the Yangtze River entered its seventh year. MOA decided that a fishing ban (from April 1 through June 1) will be enforced in the Pearl River region in 2011. In an effort to protect and restore ecological balance, the state and provincial fishery departments conduct frequent releases of aquatic fingerlings to waters nationwide. According to MOA, total catch in other territorial seas declined to 977,000 MT in 2009 from the 1,083,000 MT IN 2008. The catch in other territorial seas is encouraged but the expected production will remain stable in general. Implementation of aquaculture licensing system delayed The implementation of an aquaculture licensing system continued in 2010. According to MOA?s 2008 Promotion of Healthy Aquaculture Action Plan, major aquatic producing counties completed the overall water resources development plans and 90 percent of aquaculture entities would be licensed by the end of 2008. However, MOA reported that, as of the end of 2009, 67 percent of aquaculture entities had been issued licenses. This showed the licensing the thousands of small scale aquaculture facilities remained a challenging work. The implementation of the licensing system nationwide is aimed at better regulation of the industry and enforcement of policies. As mentioned above, the HHS and AQSIQ agreement signed in December 2007 will require exporters to the United States to register with AQSIQ and agree to annual inspections to ensure their goods meet U.S. standards. The policy on aquatic processing trade remains unchanged China?s government views the processing trade as an advantageous industry due to its role in generating new employment and producing rendered product that can be used as a feed ingredient for the feed industry. Basically, imports under ?Processing Trade? will still be free of tariff and value added tax (VAT). Processed products, however, must be re- exported. Imports destined for China?s domestic consumption are subject to tariff and VAT (CH5089). The share of the processing trade declined slightly, accounting for about 33 percent of China?s estimated $12.3 billion aquatic exports in 2010. However, China?s industry and official sources both claim that China is actively becoming the world?s processing center for mackerel, salmon, cod, and herring. Industry sources note that the number of enterprises involved in ?Processing Trade? is on the rise, especially in Shandong and Liaoning. According to China?s Ministry of Finance, enterprises engaged in primary processing of aquatic products and other agriculture commodities are entitled to a preferential income tax policy, however, no details have been published. The import certificate for live edible aquatic product amended On December 11, 2008, AQSIQ published on its website the ?Explanations on Amendments to Rules of Inspection and Quarantine on Entering Edible Aquatic Species.? (http://dzwjyjgs.aqsiq.gov.cn/zxjyjyyq/200812/t20081211_100208.html). The amendments request the exporting country to add detailed inspection and quarantine information to the export health certificate (GAIN CH9050). FAS/Beijing, in collaboration with NOAA, APHIS/Beijing, and Foreign Commercial Service/Beijing conducted several consultations with AQSIQ. A NOAA amended version of Health Certificate for live edible aquatic products was approved by AQSIQ, and the NOAA is prepared 50 original copies of the certificate was sent to AQSIQ in December 2010. AQSIQ verbally agreed that the trade would not be impacted during this transitional period. The import fishmeal subject to a new hygiene certificate On August 23, 2010 China?s AQSIQ informed the U.S. Embassy Beijing that its Decree 118, which was notified to the WTO as G/SPS/N/CHN/109 on May 15, 2008 and its Regulating Inspection and Quarantine of Import and Export Feed and Feed Additives of July 20, 2009 would both be going into effect at the beginning of 2011. This latter measure was not notified to the WTO. With these measures, U.S. exports of aquatic origin protein would face import requirements that included facility registration and new hygiene and quarantine requirements. China?s new requirements for fishmeal and other aquatic-origin protein and fish oil will have a significant negative impact on U.S. exports of fishmeal and fish oil from the United States. U.S.-origin fishmeal and fish oil commodities are currently being exported to China in accordance with the U.S.-China Protocol on the Veterinary Health Requirements for Non-Ruminant Derived Animal Feed and Tallow to be Imported from the United States to the People?s Republic of China, signed on November 18, 2004, the provisions of which require facility inspections by the U.S. Government; assignment of approval numbers by AQSIQ; product registration through China?s Ministry of Agriculture (MOA); and export certification by the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) Veterinary Services. The U.S. Government have requested that China notify this proposed measure to the WTO promptly and provide a comment period for all WTO Members prior to the adoption and enforcement of these measures. The U.S. Government also requested that China provide the relevant information and scientific justification for these requirements, including a scientific risk assessment or adoption of international standards. The United States and all trading partners need to be given an adequate amount of time to review and comment on China?s proposed new measures. In the interim, we recommend that Chinese regulatory agencies continue to authorize importation of U.S.-origin fishmeal, fish oil, and other aquatic commodities under existing protocols and requirements until a new agreement can be reached. Despite all above progress, traders are highly recommended to consult with your importing partners for specific requirements for exporting fishmeal and fish oil to China during the period when the U.S. government is consulting with AQSIQ on this issue. Marketing (ATO/Beijing) Demand for imported seafood and aquatic products are expected to grow continuously because of increased consumer incomes and an increasing preference for high-quality and healthy foods. In 2009, China imported $548.68 million of seafood and fishery products from the United States, a 5.8% increase from 2008. The United States continues to be the second largest exporter of seafood to China. Much of the U.S. seafood and aquatic products exported to China are further processed for re-export purpose. For the non- processed products, they are mostly high-value products and are introduced mainly through HRI foodservice sector in upscale hotels and restaurants. In general, Chinese consumers prefer to consume live and fresh aquatic products, including fish, crabs, clams and others. This is particular true for consumers in coastal provinces in East and South China, either they purchase aquatic products in retail, wet market or they order in restaurants, the products needs to be live and kicking to show its freshness. With years of market development, more and more imported aquatic products in frozen forms have appeared onto Chinese consumer?s dining table. Salmon, Snow Crab legs, Cod are common products available in supermarkets. Product identification such as brand names, logo and country origin flags are important tools to attract consumer interests amongst many of the same kind products in supermarkets. In that regard, continued education for retailers and distributors are important to help consumers to establish brand recognition and brand loyalty. Scallops, Salmon, Alaskan Snow Crab Legs, King Crabs, Black Cods, Oyster are also popular items in many five-star hotels, including Hyatt, Shangri-La and Ritz-Carlton. Buffet style restaurant are common in those hotels and it is a good way to promote high-end seafood products to customers. With proper display, customers are certainly attracted by those high-value imported items and consider them as important items for money spend on a buffet somewhere around RMB198 ? RMB298 ($30-$45). Chef demonstration or themed promotion during major Chinese holidays such as Spring Festival and Mid-Autumn Festival are effective in HRI food service sector to promote products in sales. Fish roe is another popular products, with Japanese style restaurants the most common channel for this type of product. Importers claim high value U.S. seafood products are easy to sell in both first tier and secondary cities, even in coastal cities such as Qingdao. Products such as King crab kegs, scallops and oysters enjoy crisp sales. Major obstacles are inconsistent availability for fish and crab products due to insufficient supply in the U.S. There are also counterfeit products for snow crab legs, as claimed by restaurant operators in Zhengzhou, Henan province. Trade shows in China is a good venue for new products to enter the market. In the recent China Fisheries & Seafood Expo in Dalian, live seafood such as geoduck is first seen in recent years with multiple U.S. exporters carrying this product. Importers are keen to this product as it is a popular item in Chinese cuisine, in particularly Cantonese style restaurants, which in previous shows, Canada has dominated this market niche. Over the years, feedbacks from U.S. exhibitors are great as it generates good business, it is also a great channel to obtain face-to-face meetings with new and existing buyers. Trade Tables Trade of Certain Aquatic Products (Volume: MT; Value: $ Million) Imports by Category Jan-Dec/07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Year Jan-Oct/10 HS Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Code Total 2,327,181 3,486 2,353,986 3,713 2,223,844 3,638 1,958,453 3,480 0302 Fish, Fresh 6,035 33 6,035 44 9,789 61 12,558 82 0303 Fish, Frozen 1,814,983 2,635 1,814,983 2,736 1,782,948 2,711 1,556,450 2,442 0304 Fish, Fillet 17,098 38 17,098 48 30,374 66 20,830 49 Fish, Dried, 0305 Salted, Brined 9,762 34 9,762 49 7,810 19 4,968 13 0306 Crustaceans 76,746 300 76,746 308 88,428 337 93,613 411 0307 Mollusks & Other 382,031 387 382,031 471 274,980 394 226,795 402 Prepared and Packaged Fish and 1604 Caviar 5,518 20 5,518 24 3,226 16 3,321 13 Prepared and Packaged Crustaceans and 1605 Mollusks 15,008 39 15,008 29 26,291 36 39,918 68 Exports by Category HS Jan-Dec/07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Code Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Volume Value Total 2,834,491 8,910 2,730,030 9,619 2,735,668 9,849 2,405,188 9,789 0302 Fish, Fresh 46,466 116 39,680 118 38,043 142 31,708 133 0303 Fish, Frozen 452,193 637 415,078 674 507,836 849 443,681 1,016 0304 Fish, Fillet 793,531 2,443 797,703 2,602 908,085 3,108 803,676 2,886 Fish, Dried, 0305 Salted, Brined 56,920 239 58,897 280 56,239 285 53,316 279 0306 Crustaceans 103,967 368 86,979 380 189,468 1,042 152,262 856 Mollusks and 0307 Other 277,855 616 249,134 648 303,555 1,000 294,878 1,180 Prepared or Packaged Fish 1604 and Caviar 623,942 2,129 629,709 2,320 440,852 1,643 353,529 1,589 Prepared or Packaged Crustaceans and 1605 Molluscs 479,617 2,362 452,849 2,598 291,589 1,781 272,138 1,848 Source: Global Trade Atlas Aquatic Products Trade by Country of Origin (Value: $ million) Imports by Country of Origin Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Russia 1,340 1,223 1,186 1,077 United States 463 533 549 587 Norway 173 183 274 283 Japan 209 181 203 195 Canada 163 184 162 174 India 86 94 124 87 Korea South 142 159 117 116 Thailand 97 115 99 108 Netherlands 85 175 92 95 New Zealand 58 73 75 74 Other 671 793 757 685 Total 3,487 3,713 3,638 3,480 Exports by Country of Destination Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Japan 2,734 2,500 2,470 2,350 United States 1,729 1,996 2,004 1,890 Korea South 973 917 869 878 Germany 384 497 490 410 Hong Kong 314 326 404 436 Taiwan 137 173 346 427 Russia 300 362 283 295 Canada 211 239 273 270 Spain 241 230 259 285 Malaysia 185 298 253 276 United Kingdom 228 257 230 214 Mexico 173 180 168 188 Philippines 45 55 150 100 Netherlands 120 152 140 110 France 102 118 124 118 Other 1,034 1,321 1,386 1,542 World 8,909 9,619 9,849 9,789 Source: Global Trade Atlas Imports of Fish, Frozen by Country of Origin (Volume: MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Russia 724,009 716,816 702,909 713,583 United States 222,906 211,631 237,743 232,768 Norway 71,152 79,283 136,054 108,344 Japan 133,374 95,651 104,783 85,216 India 105,633 88,399 88,316 55,400 Netherlands 112,170 121,138 67,379 58,057 Thailand 97,880 106,737 59,103 36,576 New Zealand 39,084 49,087 54,015 38,577 Korea South 32,862 49,489 37,326 37,575 Canada 38,406 37,068 34,602 18,906 Other 237,507 249,745 260,718 171,448 Total 1,814,983 1,805,044 1,782,948 1,556,450 Price: $/MT 1,452 1,516 1,521 1,568 Imports of Flatfish by Country of Origin (Volume: MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 United States 83,332 104,640 92,447 93,596 Russia 37,304 20,641 14,505 15,423 Canada 8,238 8,428 8,697 5,728 Greenland 7,351 6,441 6,243 5,123 India 1,218 1,990 3,994 1,923 Spain 2,385 2,117 2,731 2,738 Iceland 2,205 1,662 2,462 1,887 Norway 2,667 2,372 2,389 1,331 Germany 1,737 1,671 2,335 1,824 Pakistan 1,261 2,597 2,208 1,165 Korea South 2,237 2,537 1,572 2,436 Other 12,683 11,653 6,411 5,673 Total 162,618 166,749 145,994 138,847 Price: $/MT 1,538 1,543 1,488 1,586 Source: Global Trade Atlas Imports of Plaice by Country of Origin (Volume: MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 United States 82,173 103,536 90,695 92,621 Russia 32,596 16,498 9,862 11,158 Canada 3,504 2,915 2,881 3,498 Spain 1,638 1,617 1,112 614 Korea South 1,500 2,041 1,026 2,108 Japan 460 213 707 243 Greenland 792 1,270 593 207 Other 6,187 5,207 2,947 2,211 Total 128,850 133,297 109,823 112,660 Price: $/MT 1414 1478 1367 1441 United States 82,173 103,536 90,695 92,621 Imports of Salmon by Country of Origin (Value: $ million; Volume: MT) (Value: in $ million) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Russia 43 47 156 63 United States 116 106 140 176 Japan 81 82 107 82 Norway 37 42 58 86 Chile 9 16 36 19 Other 6 5 12 6 Total 292 299 509 432 (Volume: in MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Russia 22,105 25,537 86,567 23,581 United States 59,898 44,700 58,693 58,943 Japan 43,435 39,101 44,236 32,142 Chile 4,321 5,413 13,815 5,049 Norway 7,214 6,535 8,733 12,288 Canada 2,109 258 2,256 662 Other 1,717 3,106 2,879 1,728 World 140,799 124,650 217,179 134,393 Price: $/MT 2,075 2,395 2,345 3,213 Source: Global Trade Atlas Imports of Herrings by Country of Origin (Volume: MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Russia 39,625 48,708 40,270 43,142 Netherlands 4,828 4,239 7,841 5,503 United States 6,875 4,757 5,699 8,197 Korea South 293 1,680 3,817 1,060 Germany 606 1,752 1,603 2,024 United Kingdom 101 72 1,042 1,232 France 0 511 801 1,695 Norway 540 1,010 749 691 Japan 357 693 702 27 Canada 984 101 16 370 Other 293 371 1 121 Total 54,502 63,894 62,541 64,062 Price: $/MT 575 563 528 588 Imports of Crustaceans by Country of Origin (Value: $ million; Volume: MT) (Value: in $ Million) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Canada 85 102 97 123 Thailand 22 19 30 57 Myanmar 6 11 24 26 United States 11 28 22 23 Greenland 19 16 21 17 Russia 45 23 21 10 Indonesia 10 20 13 25 Malaysia 10 13 12 18 India 12 8 10 12 Other 80 69 88 100 Total 300 308 337 411 (Volume: in MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Canada 26,695 25,800 23,221 27,704 Greenland 9,229 7,240 8,282 6,850 Myanmar 2,040 4,950 7,789 7,516 Russia 15,059 7,976 6,460 3,078 Thailand 4,465 4,029 5,894 12,586 United States 3,758 5,913 5,043 4,850 Denmark 2,616 2,323 2,735 2,240 Other 25,489 23,491 29,004 28,789 Total 89,351 81,722 88,428 93,613 Source: Global Trade Atlas Imports of Mollusks and Other by Country of Origin (Volume: MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Peru 69,942 82,113 57,112 25,502 United States 23,479 30,393 42,231 45,269 Korea South 95,163 81,124 37,187 23,350 Korea North 21,192 24,679 12,650 43,585 Malaysia 7,232 11,287 10,693 6,576 New Zealand 12,105 12,410 9,977 7,821 India 7,380 9,192 9,732 11,746 Japan 3,826 12,255 9,171 18,019 Indonesia 7,190 4,963 7,706 4,381 Other 134,522 129,587 78,521 40,546 Total 382,031 398,003 274,980 226,795 Imports of Fishmeal by Country of Origin (Volume: MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Peru 516,557 876,338 730,369 552,453 Chile 187,563 239,351 339,922 124,486 United States 72,163 76,978 88,708 51,034 Russia 39,190 49,138 40,168 44,426 Argentina 15,083 21,979 18,770 11,516 Pakistan 14,436 12,807 17,896 16,150 New Zealand 14,391 16,646 16,986 13,054 South Africa 13,267 13,300 8,567 22,951 Panama 756 5,265 7,731 3,937 Thailand 50,053 5,865 6,710 46,720 Other 42,894 31,009 32,238 44,738 Total 966,353 1,348,676 1,308,065 931,465 Price ($/MT) 1,046 1,036 995 1,616 Source: Global Trade Atlas Exports of Fish Fillet by Destination (Value: $ million) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 United States 649 636 945 871 Japan 450 430 479 467 Germany 357 475 464 388 United Kingdom 183 196 175 143 Canada 118 105 117 106 France 78 95 105 95 Russia 48 56 93 69 Netherlands 92 97 90 73 Korea South 54 47 74 67 Poland 57 50 69 77 Spain 69 77 68 66 Belgium 47 55 53 50 Other 241 283 375 413 Total 2,443 2,602 3,108 2,886 Price: $/MT 3,079 3,262 3,422 3,591 Exports of Prepared and Packaged Fish and Caviar by Country (Value: $ million) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Japan 975 773 746 776 United States 432 609 271 214 Russia 162 188 93 110 Korea South 93 126 85 64 Hong Kong 81 70 68 79 Mexico 89 114 47 27 Malaysia 27 34 34 22 Taiwan 8 33 34 44 Thailand 13 54 27 23 Spain 30 17 18 18 Other 219 300 220 212 Total 2,129 2,320 1,643 1,589 Source: Global Trade Atlas Exports of Prepared and Preserved Crustacean and Mollusks by Destination (Value: $ million) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Japan 779 750 562 498 United States 454 579 455 434 Korea South 195 172 99 107 Canada 59 92 76 88 Hong Kong 125 134 70 92 Taiwan 53 71 58 127 Australia 71 61 48 43 Malaysia 118 217 47 76 Russia 78 102 46 55 Mexico 77 58 44 57 Other 354 361 276 271 Total 2,362 2,598 1,781 1,848 Exports of Shrimps and Prawns by Destination (Value: $ Million; Volume: MT) (Value: in $ million) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 United States 205 263 321 247 Japan 278 252 246 193 Malaysia 98 212 141 160 Hong Kong 111 77 92 103 Spain 95 103 90 72 Canada 41 75 89 96 Taiwan 41 28 76 84 Korea South 99 70 76 71 Mexico 69 52 56 68 Australia 66 50 55 52 Russia 11 29 45 49 United Kingdom 20 23 22 29 Other 140 146 175 141 Total 1,275 1,381 1,483 1,365 (Volume: MT) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 United States 36,225 40,928 47,409 35,328 Japan 49,190 37,339 34,705 28,979 Korea South 38,846 26,240 27,040 18,818 Spain 25,063 25,448 23,619 17,590 Malaysia 16,428 30,156 18,372 19,965 Hong Kong 18,923 11,421 15,003 15,959 Canada 6,539 10,160 11,745 12,049 Russia 2,388 6,024 10,086 10,805 Taiwan 11,116 5,380 8,729 8,472 Mexico 11,553 9,865 8,139 9,604 Other 42,450 38,017 41,522 34,551 Total 258,721 240,978 246,369 212,120 Price: $/MT 4,928 5,731 6,021 6,436 Source: Global Trade Atlas Exports of Shrimps and Prawns by Category (Value: $ Million; Volume: MT) (Value: in $ million) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan- Jan- Category /07 /08 Dec/09 Oct/10 Shrimps and Prawns 1,275 1,381 1,483 1,365 --Shrimps And Prawns, Prepared Or Preserved 1,072 1,133 639 487 --Shrimps And Prawns, Including In Shell, Frozen 182 236 734 645 --Not Frozen Shrimps And Prawns, Nes 21 11 109 83 (Volume: MT) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan- Jan- Category /07 /08 Dec/09 Oct/10 Shrimps and Prawns 258,721 240,978 246,369 212,120 --Shrimps And Prawns, Prepared Or Preserved 197,105 182,854 93,421 83,024 --Shrimps And Prawns, Including In Shell, Frozen 49,638 52,120 127,950 109,522 --Not Frozen Shrimps And Prawns, Nes 11,967 5,968 24,907 19,482 Price: $/MT 4,928 5,731 6,021 6,436 Source: Global Trade Atlas Exports of Eel Products by Destinations (Value: $ million) Country Jan-Dec /07 Jan-Dec /08 Jan-Dec/09 Jan-Oct/10 Japan 521 354 379 440 United States 29 41 37 70 Russia 21 25 27 40 Hong Kong 42 44 27 25 Korea South 11 36 23 24 Singapore 6 7 7 12 Other 46 48 43 51 Total 677 555 543 661 Price: $/MT 11,219 12,422 12,322 16,909 Exports of All Tilapia Products by Destination (Volume: MT) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan- Jan- Country /07 /08 Dec/09 Oct/10 United States 122,091 118,538 137,372 123,768 Mexico 39,289 36,522 36,185 33,086 Russia 19,357 17,117 21,861 17,261 Israel 4,073 4,146 6,643 5,404 Cote d Ivoire 1,404 5,279 4,372 5,454 Cameroon 0 54 4,156 4,819 Poland 2,502 3,734 3,750 5,851 Netherlands 2,860 2,757 3,112 2,319 France 1,838 1,623 2,929 3,224 Egypt 0 0 2,869 4,799 Other 19,940 32,581 33,690 38,294 Total 215,361 224,359 258,948 246,289 Total export value in $ million 491 734 710 731 Export of Selected Tilapia Products (fillet, dried, salted, preserved/prepared) by Destinations (Volume: MT) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan- Jan- Country /07 /08 Dec/09 Oct/10 United States 114,471 114,852 127,303 109,528 Mexico 37,283 35,760 33,572 25,748 Russia 19,142 17,048 21,742 17,213 Israel 3,843 4,136 6,569 5,373 Poland 2,502 3,734 3,750 5,851 Cameroon 0 54 2,278 1,663 Netherlands 2,447 2,303 2,202 1,555 Ghana 731 1,006 2,049 723 Germany 1,996 1,701 1,973 1,997 Spain 403 777 1,932 3,125 Other 18,351 30,219 21,615 15,049 Total 201,169 211,590 224,985 187,825 Price: $/MT 2,359 3,372 2,937 3,396 Total export value in $million 475 714 661 618 Source: Global Trade Atlas
Posted: 25 February 2011, last updated 25 February 2011

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