Planting Seed Annual 2011

An Expert's View about Seed Processing in China

Posted on: 23 Mar 2012

Chinese imports of grass and vegetable seeds are to rise on continued strong demand.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 2/17/2012 GAIN Report Number: CH12009 China - Peoples Republic of Post: Beijing Planting Seed Annual 2011 Report Categories: Planting Seeds Approved By: Scott Sindelar Prepared By: Joshua Emmanuel Lagos and Zhang Lei Report Highlights: For MY 2011/12, planting seed production is estimated to increase from last year. Chinese imports of grass and vegetable seeds are to rise on continued strong demand. Sunflower imports are forecast to decline on lower planted acreage and high stocks. For more information on grains, oilseeds, and cotton production, please see Gain report CH12022, CH12020, and CH11018. Production: China is the second largest seed market in the world (the United States is the largest). According to the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), China annually utilizes 12.5 million metric tons (MMT) (RMB 55 billion (USD $8.7 billion)) of planting seed. On an annual basis, 60 percent is bought commercially (from both private and public sources), while 40 percent is saved on-farm. Chinese industry expects that by 2015 China?s total seed market value will reach RMB 90 billion (USD $14.2 billion), and fewer farmers will save seed on-farm. Hybrid corn and rice seed are 100 percent produced by private companies, unlike wheat seed which only comprises 40 percent (60 percent is produced by the public sector). Private companies could be defined as joint ventures with international firms. China is 100 percent self-sufficient in rice, corn, wheat, cotton, and soybean seed. China domestically produces over 80 percent of its vegetable and fruit seeds. Less farmers are reportedly saving seeds for future harvests (e.g. wheat), and are relying more on government subsidy programs to annually purchase high quality seeds. Recent reports indicate price increases for hybrid rice and corn seed due to higher production, labor, and transportation costs. Rice According to industry sources, for MY 2011/12 hybrid rice seed acreage is estimated at 112,000 Hectares (Ha) with production at 290,000 MT, up 7 percent from last year on favorable weather. Seed demand is estimated to rise to 250,000 MT on increased indica acreage in southern China. MY 2009/10 to MY 2011/12 data has been revised to reflect this steady rise in demand. Corn For MY 2011/12, total hybrid corn seed production is estimated at 1.36 MMT, an 18 percent increase from last year due to good weather conditions. Acreage is estimated at 273,000 Ha, a 5 percent increase from last year. Seed demand is estimated to remain steady at 1.18 MMT. Wheat In MY 2011/12, winter wheat seed acreage is estimated at 859,000 Ha. Production is at 5 MMT, up 19 percent. Total demand is estimated to increase to 3.7 MMT, as less farmers are saving seed on-farm and increasing seed populations in the field (higher density). Most wheat seeds are conventional varieties, and are produced in China?s northern provinces. Cotton For MY 2011/12, cotton seed acreage is estimated at 103,000 Ha, with production revised to 156,000 MT. Post believes there have not been significant production increases in the last few years. Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) cotton accounts for about 70 percent of China?s total cotton acreage. It is reported that cotton acreage in Henan, Hebei, Shandong and Anhui provinces only comprises Bt cotton. Although Xinjiang is the largest cotton producing province in China, its farmers do not utilize Bt cotton since they have few pest problems. Agricultural Planted Area and Yields According to MOA, in 2010 China?s total sown area for all crops was 160.7 million Ha, 2.1 million Ha higher than last year. Because of high prices, corn is the largest contributor to total sown acreage. On the contrary, due to several years of relatively lower profits, farmers continue to plant less soybeans. For 2010, soybean acreage declined 674,000 Ha. Table 1. Agricultural Crop Sown Area in Million Hectares Year/Crop Rice Wheat Corn Soybeans Cotton Rapeseed Tubers Peanut Vege- Sugar tables 2002 28.2 23.9 24.6 9.6 4.2 7.1 9.9 4.9 17.4 N/A 2003 26.5 22.0 24.0 9.5 5.1 7.2 9.7 5.1 18.0 N/A 2004 28.4 21.6 25.4 9.6 5.7 7.3 9.5 4.7 17.6 N/A 2005 28.8 22.8 26.4 9.6 5.1 7.3 9.5 4.7 17.7 1.6 2006 28.9 23.6 28.5 9.3 5.8 6.0 7.9 4.0 16.6 1.8 2007 28.9 23.7 29.5 8.7 5.9 5.6 8.1 3.9 17.3 1.8 2008 29.2 23.6 29.9 9.1 5.8 6.6 8.4 4.2 17.9 2.0 2009 29.6 24.3 31.2 9.2 4.9 7.3 8.6 4.4 18.4 1.9 2010 29.9 24.2 32.5 8.5 4.8 7.4 8.7 4.5 19.0 1.9 (Source: Ministry of Agriculture of China) Table 2. Agricultural Crop Yields in Metric Tons per Hectare Year/Crop Rice Wheat Corn Soybeans Cotton Rapeseed Peanut 2002 6.2 3.8 4.9 1.7 1.17 1.48 3.01 2003 6.1 3.9 4.8 1.6 0.95 1.58 2.65 2004 6.3 4.3 5.1 1.8 1.11 1.81 3.02 2005 6.3 4.3 5.3 1.7 1.13 1.79 3.08 2006 6.2 4.6 5.4 1.7 1.29 1.83 3.25 2007 6.4 4.6 5.2 1.6 1.29 1.87 3.30 2008 6.6 4.8 5.5 1.7 1.30 1.83 3.36 2009 6.6 4.7 5.2 1.6 1.29 1.87 3.36 2010 6.6 4.7 5.4 1.8 1.23 1.78 3.45 (Source: Ministry of Agriculture of China) Trade: In MY 2010/11, China imported 50,993 MT of planting seeds, valued at $251 million, an increase of 7 percent and 24 percent over the previous year. Vegetable/fruit, grass (rye grass, fescue, clover, and Kentucky grass), and sunflower seeds still rank in the top 3 categories of China?s seed imports. In MY 2010/11, China?s seed exports totaled 33,124 MT, and were valued at $187 million, a 2 percent decrease in volume but an 18 percent increase in value from the previous year. Prices for rice and vegetable/fruit exports, which account for the largest share of total Chinese seed exports, rose because of higher production costs. The United States continues to be the largest seed supplier to China, and has high market share in grass, sunflower, and fruit/melon seed. For MY 2010/11, the United States total seed market share in China is 67 percent in volume and 44 percent in value. China has tariff-rate quotas (TRQs) for wheat, rice, and corn seed (this is allowed under China?s WTO accession agreement). In-quota wheat, corn, and rice seed are subject to a 1 percent tariff. Out-of-quota tariffs for seed corn are 20 percent, while out-of-quota tariffs for wheat and rice seed are 65 percent. The VAT-free policy on seed imports will remain in effect through the 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2015). 2012 quotas will not be available until at least July or August 2012. Traditionally, until the new quotas are issued, importers are required to pay a deposit (usually 13 percent of the import value) to Customs. This year, in order to better facilitate trade before the roll- out of the 2012 quotas, the Ministry of Finance and the General Administration of Customs and General Administration of Tax jointly authorized the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) and the State Administration of Forestry (SFA) to issue 30 percent of the 2011 quota in advance, and will not require a deposit for this advance. Eventually, these quotas will be rolled into the 2012 quota allocation. Of those firms that apply for the advance, not all firms will receive 30 percent of the quotas they received last year (could be less). Table 3. China?s VAT-free Seed Import Quota in 2011 H.S. Commodity MOA Quota SFA Total code (MT) Quota(MT) 120922 Clover 600.6 2000 2600.6 120923 Fescue 4200 6000 10200 120924 Kentucky 1630.68 3500 5130.68 120925 Rye Grass 4800 6000 108000 Bean seed 1000 N/A 1000 10019010 Wheat seed 5 N/A 5 100510 Corn seed 600 N/A 600 10089010 Other cereals seed 5 N/A 5 120720 Cotton seed 2 N/A 2 Oil seed (peanut, sunflower, 9600 N/A 9600 rapeseed, sesame) 12091000 Sugar seed 2000 N/A 2000 120991 Vegetable seed 12000 N/A 12000 Grass Seed Imports to Grow due to New Grassland Policies and Landscaping For MY 2011/12, China?s grass seed (rye grass H.S. code 120925, fescue H.S. code 120923, clover H.S. code 120922, and Kentucky grass H.S. code 120924) imports are forecast at 35,000 MT, a 6 percent increase from MY 2010/11. As the largest grass seed supplier to China, the United States accounted for over 85 percent of China?s total grass seed imports. Top US exports are rye grass and fescue seed (see figure 1 below). Because of China?s new policies to protect and develop its grasslands, industry contacts believe that Chinese demand for grass seed imports will continue to rise. From 2011-2015, China plans to launch the Grassland Ecology Protection Reward- Compensation Mechanism in 8 provinces, which includes Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, Sichuan, Gansu, Ningxia, and Yunnan. Major measures of the Mechanism include: 1) Compensation will be provided to herders who can no longer use certain land for grazing (the central government will compensate RMB 90 per Ha (USD $14.2 per Ha)); 2) Herders will be compensated RMB 22.5 per Ha (USD $3.5 per Ha) to keep animal numbers low; and 3) The aforementioned 8 provincial governments will receive RMB 150 per Ha (USD $23.6 per Ha) for seeds to develop 6 million Ha (encompasses all 8 provinces) of artificial grassland. During the same time frame, the central government also announced a plan to invest RMB 15.7 billion (USD $2.47 billion) to protect and construct grasslands in southern China. Figure 1. MY 2010/11 China?s Grass Seed Imports by Commodity (Source: Global Trade Atlas) For MY 2011/12, China?s rye seed imports are forecast at 14,000 MT, a 4 percent increase due to strong demand in the feed sector. Rye seed is reportedly a popular feed for poultry, fish and dairy. China?s grassland policies also may boost demand. That being said, high prices may affect its price competitiveness with other feed ingredients. According to China Customs, in the third quarter of 2011 rye seed import prices increased 26 percent from the same period last year (see figure 2 below). For MY 2010/11, the United States comprised over 80 percent of China?s total rye seed imports. In MY 2011/12, China?s fescue seed imports are forecast at 13,800 MT, a 10 percent rise due to strong demand in landscaping. Fescue is widely used in landscaping for property and road construction. Industry contacts expect first and second tier city landscape construction to foment further demand. In MY 2010/11, U.S. fescue seed comprised over 90 percent of China?s total fescue seed imports. Figure 2. China?s Rye Seed Import Prices (USD $ per MT) (Source: Global Trade Atlas) Figure 3. China?s Rye Grass and Fescue Seed Imports (MT) (Source: Global Trade Atlas) Sunflower Seed Imports to Decline on Lower Planted Acreage and High Stocks In MY 2010/11, China imported 3,824 MT of sunflower seed (H.S. code 12060010), a 17 percent increase on expectations of strong demand. However, many farmers reportedly substituted sunflower acreage with corn on expectations of relatively higher profit margins due to strong corn prices. This generated high domestic stock levels for sunflower seeds. For MY 2011/12, China?s sunflower seed imports are forecast to decline on high stocks and continued low planted acreage due to high corn prices. In 2011, industry sources reported that sunflower acreage declined 10 to 15 percent in Inner Mongolia, the largest sunflower producing province, and many believe total domestic acreage will continue to fall in 2012. The United States is the largest supplier of sunflower seeds to China, accounting for over 90 percent of China?s total imports in MY 2010/11. Vegetable Seed Imports Rise on Strong Domestic Demand For MY 2011/12, China?s vegetable seed imports are forecast at 8,500 MT, a 5 percent increase from last year on strong domestic demand. Although China produces many domestic vegetable seed varieties, imported seeds are primarily used for greenhouse production, and marketed to customers that demand higher quality. Many of these seeds are used to produce organic or green foods, which demand a higher price premium (these products are marketed for their higher quality and food safety (e.g. less pesticide residues)). Imported seeds costs reportedly are 10 times higher than domestic varieties. Indonesia, Thailand, Italy, and New Zealand are major vegetable seed suppliers to China, accounting for over 70 percent of China?s total vegetable seed imports in MY 2010/11. Seed Exports to Fall due to Rising Production Costs For MY 2011/12, China?s seed exports are forecast to decline 3 percent to 32,000 MT on higher production costs, which is expected to damper demand in foreign markets. In MY 2010/11, rice seed (H.S. code 10061011) and vegetable and fruit seed exports account for 65 and 15 percent of China?s total seed exports. Prices for all 3 commodities increased from 18 to 38 percent from last year. Industry sources expect production costs, which include fertilizer, pesticide, and labor, to continue to rise. Policy: Chinese Seed Industry Reform: Vertical Integration Incentives In April 2011, for the first time in history the State Council released a document specifically to develop and reform the domestic seed industry. It is entitled: Guiding Opinions on Accelerating the Development of the Modern Seed Industry. Some industry contacts believe it means that the Chinese government now wants to focus on developing the seed industry to help realize China?s food security goals. The document provides 2 key points: 1) encourages enterprises to vertically integrate business into a model that includes breeding research, production, distribution, and marketing. Qualified vertically integrated business would potentially pay less taxes and have access to an expedited seed variety registration called the green channel; and 2) by the end of the 12th 5 year plan (2015) China will prohibit universities and research institutions from commercializing product in order to incentivize public researchers and scientists to enter the private sector. Please refer to Gain Report CH11025 for full translation of the above-mentioned document. Although the document states that qualified vertically integrated enterprises will be able to take advantage of the ?green channel,? MOA officials indicated that the specific policy details are not yet available. MOA is currently revising the Seed Registration Regulation, and the tenants of the ?green channel? are expected to be included in this document. In order to implement the State Council decree, the Ministry of Finance is expected to establish the ?Modern Seed Industry Development Fund,? which, according to the General Administration of Tax, will provide tax exemptions for vertically integrated enterprises, and give these businesses the opportunity to acquire a favorable interest rate from the Agriculture Development Bank. MOA?s New Seed Licensing Regulation: Mergers and Acquisitions and Limitations to Biotech Licensing In August 2011, MOA released its final version entitled: ?Administrative Measures on the License of Seed Production and Operation,? (see Gain Report CH12010) which stipulates that seed companies must comply with minimal capital requirements (fixed and/or liquid) in order to register for a production and/or operation license. Although the capital requirements vary depending on the level of vertical integration, it is expected to incentivize smaller seed companies to consolidate/merge their operations or exit the business (China reportedly has over 8,000 seed companies, and only 1 percent are vertically integrated). The final version does not directly address how enterprises can acquire production and operation licenses for genetically modified seeds, and states that additional measures or regulations will be forthcoming. In late September 2011, MOA released another document entitled: ?Regulations on the License of Production and Operation of GM Cotton Seed,? which provides guidance on how to acquire a license only for GM cotton seed. MOA authorities indicated that the regulations would be revised if other GM seeds, such as corn and rice, complete the variety seed registration process. MOA officials have previously said that GM corn and rice may not complete the variety seed registration process for 5 years or longer (See Gain Report CH11050). Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) Protection Although China has IPR laws and regulations, IPR infringement and counterfeit cases continue to be an ongoing issue. Seed sold in counterfeit packages identical to legitimate brand names is the most frequent problem for seed companies. Other IPR crimes include theft of seed/germplasm from production fields or facilities that is then bred and marketed by other companies. Seed companies also have reported consumer demands for restitution for ?inferior quality? seeds sold by counterfeiters. Plant Variety Protection (PVP) Background and Development On October 1, 1999, China legally recognized the 1978 version of the International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (UPOV). From 1999 to September 30, 2011, China?s PVP office has accepted PVP applications from both foreign and domestic entities. Out of the total 8,487 PVP applications, 3,713 applications have been approved. The greatest number of applications and approvals are for major field crops including corn, rice, wheat, soybeans, and rapeseed. Domestic agricultural research institutes and universities/colleges filed 55 percent of the applications, which was significantly higher than for domestic seed enterprises and individuals (only 38 percent of total applications). Within the last 3-4 years, foreign companies have taken a greater interest in submitting PVP applications to China. 69 out of the 537 foreign applications received were reviewed and approved. The approval process can take 3-5 years or longer from the date of application. The Netherlands is the largest PVP applicant, and has applied for 214 new plant varieties in China (190 applications are flower varieties). The United States ranks second with 132 PVP applications (103 applications are corn varieties). Table 4. MOA PVP Applications and Approvals Plant Applications Approvals CY CY 2011(up to Sep. Grand 2011(up to Sep. Grand 2009 2010 30) Total 30) Total Rice 221 372 186 2,470 92 1,240 Corn 295 329 179 2,854 67 1,434 Wheat 67 88 85 756 43 363 Cotton 26 51 21 302 7 116 Soybean 66 59 35 350 2 125 Other major crops 84 76 52 466 15 166 Vegetable 53 91 66 459 7 131 Flower 143 90 85 567 1 77 Fruit 32 37 15 230 6 61 Others (pasture and 5 13 2 33 0 0 tea) Total 992 1,206 726 8,487 240 3,713 (Source: MOA PVP Office) Table 5. MOA PVP Applicants Applicants Applications Approvals CY CY 2011(up to Grand 2011(up to Grand 2009 2010 Sep. 30) Total Sep. 30) Total Chinese research 470 508 307 4,058 149 2,009 institutes Chinese enterprises 277 426 290 2,776 48 1,170 Chinese 74 104 43 646 22 307 universities/colleges Chinese individuals 67 52 42 470 16 158 Foreign enterprises 89 107 41 482 2 66 Foreign individuals 11 6 0 32 1 1 Foreign 4 3 2 19 2 2 universities/colleges Foreign research 0 0 1 4 0 0 institutes Total 992 1,206 726 8,487 240 3,713 (Source: MOA PVP Office) Biotechnology Policy: In November 27, 2009, the Ministry of Agriculture (MOA) granted biosafety certificates to two insect resistant rice varieties and a high phytase corn variety. In addition to the biosafety certificates, both products must still complete the plant variety registration process before they can be officially commercialized. MOA has mentioned that because these are GM crops, the variety registration process may take up to 5 years or possibly longer. Please refer to Gain Report CH11050 for more information on China?s biotechnology developments. Marketing: China?s onerous investment, import, and marketing laws and regulations for the planting seed sector remain unchanged. The country?s policy on foreign investment in the seed sector prevents any investment by foreign enterprises in genetically engineered planting seed sector, while investment for ?main crop? varieties is limited to a minority share. Many foreign seed companies, however, have established representative offices in China. When introducing new varieties to China, companies usually demonstrate seed quality in trial plots before they decide which varieties to market to farmers. Demonstration trials are the best way to showcase farmers the advantages of newly developed varieties. It is also effective to provide free seeds to farmers or farmer cooperatives for trial planting. In general, farmers purchase seeds from local county or village level seed stations. Seed vendors mainly promote the seeds that have the highest profit margins; therefore, it is important to note that price is an important concern when selling seeds to small-scale household farmers. Trade shows are another way to expose farmers to new varieties. For example, China?s National Agriculture Technology Extension Center/MOA and China Seed Association sponsor an annual national seed fair with support from the leading (mainly domestic) seed companies. Many regional (one or several provinces) or specialized (such as vegetable or oilseeds seed fairs) are held regularly, such as China (Shouguang) International Vegetable Science and Technology Fair. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics : Table 1. Hybrid corn seed PSD table 2009 2010 2011 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Market Year Begin: Jul Market Year Begin: Jul Market Year Begin: Jul 2009 2010 2011 1,000 MT USDA USDA USDA Official Data New Official Data New Official Post Post Data New Post Data Data Data Area Harvested 223,000 223,000 259,000 259,000 273,300 (ha) Beginning 450 450 430 430 400 Stocks Production 1,120 1,120 1,150 1,150 1,360 MY Imports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 1,570 1,570 1,580 1,580 1,760 MY Exports 0 0 0 0 0 Domestic 1,140 1,140 1,130 1,180 1,180 Consumption Ending Stocks 430 430 430 400 580 Total 1,570 1,570 1,580 1,580 1,760 Distribution Table 2. Hybrid rice seed PSD table 1,000 MT 2009 2010 2011 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Market Year Begin: Jul Market Year Begin: Jul Market Year Begin: Jul 2009 2010 2011 USDA USDA USDA Official New Official Data New Official Data Post Post Data New Post Data Data Data Area Harvested 91,000 91,000 100,000 100,000 112,000 (ha) Beginning Stocks 47 47 47 23 26 Production 237 237 254 271 290 MY Imports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 284 284 301 294 316 MY Exports 19 21 17 23 16 Domestic 218 240 251 245 250 Consumption Ending Stocks 47 23 41 26 50 Total Distribution 284 284 301 294 316 Table 3. China's Imports from the World in Volume & Value MY(Jul-Jun) Volume (MT) Value (Thousand US$) HS Code Planting Seeds MY08/09 2009/10 2010/11 MY08/09 2009/10 2010/11 Total 28,691 47,865 50,993 149,307 202,311 250,873 10019010 Wheat 0 0 0 0 0 0 10020010 Rye 0 0 0 0 0 0 10030010 Barley 0 0 0 0 0 0 10040010 Oats 0 0 0 0 0 0 100510 Corn 122 223 257 2,248 3,952 4447 10061011 Rice,long grain 0 0 0 0 0 0 10061019 Rice, other 0 4 0 1 36 0 10070010 Sorghum 1 18 0 2 32 3 10089010 Other cereals 0 0 0 0 0 0 12010010 Soybean seeds 0 0 0 2 5 3 12051010 Rape/Colza, low erucic acid 0 0 0 0 0 0 12060010 Sunflower 1,855 3,266 3,824 18,315 38,058 48,163 12072010 Cotton 0 1 2 2 3 6 12091000 Sugar beet 899 799 978 8,519 7,952 12,034 120921 Alfalfa 180 254 402 494 900 1,360 120922 Clover 1,847 1,891 1,595 7,294 5,741 5,082 120923 Fescue 5,987 11,603 12,538 9,339 11,598 12,186 120924 Kentucky 2,609 3,845 5,361 9,585 11,076 14,807 120925 Rye grass 5,681 13,965 13,481 6,922 11,531 12,269 120930 Herbaceous 28 25 48 4,598 5,547 7,753 12092990 Other Forage 799 230 3 1,798 359 35 120999 Fruit, Melon and Other 2,184 3,921 4,432 11,948 15,083 18,541 120991 Vegetable 6,499 7,820 8,072 68,240 90,438 114,184 Source: Global Trade Atlas Table 4 China's Imports from the U.S. in Volume & Value MY(Jul- Jun) Volume (MT) Value (Thousand US$) HS MY08/0 MY09/1 MY10/1 MY08/0 MY09/1 MY10/1 Planting Code seeds 9 0 1 9 0 1 Total 14,334 31,440 34,335 48,929 82,239 111,206 1001901 0 Wheat 0 0 0 0 0 1002001 0 Rye 0 0 0 0 0 1003001 0 Barley 0 0 0 0 0 1004001 0 Oats 0 0 0 0 0 100510 Corn 0 0 0 0 0 1006101 Rice, long 1 grain 0 0 0 0 0 1006101 9 Rice, other 0 0 0 0 0 1007001 0 Soghum 0 0 0 0 0 1008901 0 Other cereals 0 0 0 0 0 1201001 0 Soybean 0 0 0 0 0 1202101 0 Peanut 0 0 0 0 0 1205101 Rape/Colza,lo 0 w erucic acid 0 0 0 0 0 1205901 Rape/Colza, 0 nes 0 0 0 0 0 1206001 0 Sunflower 1,099 2,560 3,463 10,966 29,566 43,746 1207201 0 Cotton 0 0 0 1 0 0 1209100 Other sugar 0 beet 0 0 0 0 0 0 120921 Alfalfa 2 30 109 4 126 424 120922 Clover 76 456 598 363 1,335 1,870 120923 Fescue 5,167 10,597 11,568 8,132 10,453 11,085 120924 Kentukey 2,426 3,463 5,208 9,057 10,331 14,499 120925 Rye grass 4,116 11,792 10,818 4,520 8,941 9,090 120930 Herbaceous 3 5 6 2,224 2,085 2,531 1209299 0 Other forage 141 59 1 944 206 23 Fruit, Melon 120999 & Other 1,080 2,308 2,272 6,238 9,146 11,406 120991 Vegetable 224 170 292 6,480 10,050 16,532 Source: Global Trade Atlas Table 5 China?s Major Seed Imports and Major Countries of Origin Clover Imports Volume and Major Origins (in MT) 120922 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 United States 76 456 598 Denmark 193 891 375 Australia 367 245 269 Argentina 20 65 194 Canada 298 142 139 New Zealand 892 91 20 Others 0 0 Total 1847 1891 1595 Fescue Seeds Imports Volume and Major Origins (in MT) 120923 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 United States 5167 10597 11568 Canada 566 624 524 Denmark 159 381 444 Others 5 0 2 Total 5897 11603 12538 Kentucky Seeds Import Volume and Major Origins (in MT) 120924 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 United States 2,426 3,463 5,208 Denmark 182 329 128 Canada 0 52 25 Total 2,609 3,845 5,361 Rye Grass Imports Volume and Major Origins (in MT) 120925 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 United States 4116 11792 10818 Canada 1367 1330 1658 Denmark 180 611 841 New Zealand 6 148 142 Germany 11 68 22 Netherlands 0 16 0 Total 5681 13965 13481 Sunflower Planting Seed Imports Volume and Major Origins (in MT) 12060010 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 United States 1,099 2,560 3,463 Chile 265 282 169 Argentina 82 72 111 Australia 92 75 62 France 66 236 13 Others 251 40 5 Total 1,855 3,266 3,824 Fruit, Melon and Other Import Volume and Major Origins (in MT) 120999 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 United States 1,080 2,308 2,272 Canada 297 552 585 Denmark 162 312 526 Argentina 179 248 425 Australia 166 136 265 Taiwan 99 225 189 Others 201 137 167 Total 2,184 3,921 4,432 Vegetable Import Volume and Major Origins (in MT) 120991 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 Indonesia 1,383 2,003 1,603 Thailand 1,427 949 1,514 Italy 873 1,603 1,477 New Zealand 216 482 1,068 Denmark 1,051 1,139 749 Japan 444 437 461 United States 224 170 292 Vietnam 85 403 242 Australia 355 205 218 Others 439 428 449 Total 6,499 7,820 8,072 Source: Global Trade Atlas Table 6 China's Exports to the World in Volume & Value MY(Jul- Jun) Volume(MT) Value(Thousand US$) HS Planting MY08/0 MY09/1 MY10/1 MY08/0 MY09/1 MY10/1 Code Seeds 9 0 1 9 0 1 Total 36,612 33,691 33,124 140,468 158,348 186,826 1001901 0 Wheat 0 0 5 0 0 0 1002001 0 Rye 0 0 0 0 0 0 1003001 0 Barley 0 0 0 0 0 0 1004001 0 Oats 0 0 0 0 0 0 100510 Corn Seed 292 534 161 521 816 498 1006101 Rice Long 1 Grain 15,759 17,421 21,384 30,347 37,431 54,144 1006101 9 Rice Other 7,927 4,061 2,625 15,464 9,050 6,607 1007001 0 Sorghum 40 14 6 92 184 89 1008901 0 Other Cereals 2 1 0 1 1 0 1201001 0 Soybeans 37 34 61 117 105 204 1202101 0 Peanuts 19 0 0 19 0 0 Rape/Colza, 1205101 low erucic 0 acid 49 68 0 218 382 0 1205901 Rape/Colza,n 0 es 0 10 0 0 56 1 1206001 Sunflower 0 Planting 531 1,825 297 1,351 5,470 1,154 1207201 Cotton 0 Planting 106 147 329 741 766 1,583 120921 Alfalfa 702 346 1,390 1,397 777 5,051 120922 Clover 0 0 0 2 1 0 120923 Fescue 0 0 0 0 0 3 120924 Kentucky 0 0 9 0 0 58 120925 Rye Grass 13 5 4 87 18 10 120930 Herbaceous 824 995 972 11,562 11,449 13,308 1209100 0 Sugar Beet 1 1 1 3 6 14 1209291 Other Sugar 0 Beet 3 6 11 7 23 41 1209299 0 Other Forage 4,533 2,481 759 6,788 3,670 2,814 120991 Vegetable 4,095 4,125 3,600 57,569 70,821 78,856 Fruit, Melon 120999 and Other 1,679 1,617 1,510 14,182 17,322 22,391 Source: Global Trade Atlas Table 7. China?s Major Seed Exports and Major Countries of Origin Rice, Long Grain Export Volume and Major Destinations (in MT) 10061011 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 Vietnam 6,136 8,188 8,590 Pakistan 1,940 3,943 5,775 Bangladesh 3,754 3,334 3,396 Indonesia 3,275 1,184 2,413 Philippines 625 742 1,172 Others 28 30 39 Total 15,759 17,421 21,384 Rice Other Exports Volume and Major Destinations (in MT) 10061019 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 Indonesia 1,719 1,998 1,623 Bangladesh 4,924 228 503 Philippines 625 1,015 222 Pakistan 602 752 162 Others 57 68 115 Total 7,927 4,061 2,625 Vegetable Seed Exports in Volume and Major Destinations (in MT)120991 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 Netherlands 614 658 678 United States 455 529 536 Korea South 451 471 434 Japan 574 455 401 Vietnam 283 231 227 Taiwan 328 260 196 Italy 180 209 173 France 153 180 144 Thailand 194 341 139 Hong Kong 180 172 139 Russia 84 74 103 Others 598 543 427 Total 4,095 4,125 3,600 Fruit/melon Seed Exports in Volume and Major Destinations (in MT)120999 Country MY08/09 MY09/10 MY10/11 Korea South 657 909 733 Japan 307 257 306 Netherlands 85 100 126 United States 48 64 67 France 36 25 54 Pakistan 124 27 39 Others 421 234 182 Total 1,679 1,617 1,510 Source: Global Trade Atlas
Posted: 23 March 2012

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