China Poultry and Products Annual 2009

A Hot Tip about Food , Beverages and Tobacco in China

Posted on: 24 Dec 2009

Post forecasts China's broiler meat production will rise three percent in 2010 to 12.5 million metric tons. The modest gains will be fueled by an expanding Chinese economy into 2010 and higher pork prices compared to 2009.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 9/16/2009 GAIN Report Number: 9070 China - Peoples Republic of POULTRY AND PRODUCTS ANNUAL Annual Report Approved By: William Westman Prepared By: Michael Woolsey, Jianping Zhang Report Highlights: Post forecasts China's broiler meat production will rise three percent in 2010 to 12.5 million metric tons. The modest gains will be fueled by an expanding Chinese economy into 2010 and higher pork prices compared to 2009. Higher Chinese production will hinder import demand, with total Chinese broiler meat imports in 2010 forecast to slide three percent to 360,000 metric tons Chinese poultry meat exports are projected to increase slightly to 287,000 metric tons, supported by rising demand in Hong Kong. Executive Summary: FAS Beijing projects a modest increase in China?s 2010 broiler meat production, rising three percent to 12.5 million metric tons (MMT), following an estimated two percent increase in 2009. Domestic demand continues to rise steadily fueled by rising sales through fast food chains and other foodservice channels. Post forecasts China?s total broiler imports in 2010 to decrease three percent to 360,000 MT, following an estimated 7 percent decline in 2009. While overall imports continue to slide, demand for imports from the United States has risen, up 10 percent so far in 2009 on top of record sales in 2008. The recent opening of China to direct sales from Brazil may challenge continued steady gains in U.S. sales. Post forecasts China?s broiler meat exports in 2010 to increase three percent to 287,000 metric tons as the global economy begins to rebound. This follows an estimated two percent decline in 2009 as slow sales to Japan are partially offset by higher exports to Hong Kong. Commodities: Poultry, Meat, Broiler Production: Modest Production Gains Expected in 2010 FAS Beijing forecasts China?s broiler production in 2010 to increase three percent to 12.5 million metric tons (MMT) from an estimated 12.1 MMT in 2009. Sluggish sales in early 2009 are being offset by rising demand in the second half of this year fueled by the rising Chinese economy and a steady rise in pork prices (up 15 percent since June). Traders report the large volume of frozen stocks at the beginning of the year has been mostly depleted, further improving incentives for Chinese producers. Producers are also benefiting from a general decline in feed prices, down nearly 10 percent from mid-2008. Ministry of Agriculture is projecting modest growth in corn production in 2009, which should create additional downward pressure on feed prices into 2010. Rising foreign investment through joint ventures (JV) in raising, slaughter and processing is improving production efficiency at large-scale operations in China, which account for an increasing share of Chinese broiler production. In May 2009, U.S. Tyson Foods Co., Ltd. set up a fourth JV with Xinchang Group, Shandong Province. Meanwhile, Japanese investors recently agreed to a JV with Shuanghui Group with a total capacity to hatch, raise, slaughter, and process 50 million birds a year. Post expects the latter is being geared to meet the specific requirements of Japan, China?s most important export market. Consumption: Strong Foodservice Demand Bolsters Consumption Growth Post forecasts China?s broiler consumption in 2010 to increase three percent to 12.6 MMT following a two percent increase in 2009. Modest demand growth is being fueled by lower prices and rising foodservice demand, especially at foreign fast food chains. Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC), the largest foreign fast- food chain in China, is now operating over 2,400 outlets, up from 1,206 in 2004. ATO Guangzhou notes KFC mainly procures its broiler supplies locally through opening bidding based on price and KFC internal food standards, which require no higher than -12°C air conditioned container at the time of delivery, and specified weight of pieces, i.e., believed to be 1.06-1.41 oz (30-40 grams) for drumsticks and 2.82 ? 3.50 oz. (80-100 grams) for boneless chicken legs used as fillets. McDonalds is also relying on chicken items to pursue growth in the Chinese market. Recent promotions include chicken leg-quarter burger and three-piece chicken wings, value-priced at RMB9 ($1.25). Foreign fast food chain restaurants in China will play an increasingly important role in Chinese broiler consumption. Trade: Imports from the United States Continue to Rise While Total Imports Decline in 2009 Post forecasts China?s total broiler imports in 2010 to decrease three percent to 360,000 MT, following an estimated 7 percent decline in 2009 due to increased domestic production. While total broiler meat imports are lower, demand for imports from the United States continues to rise in 2009. In the first six months in 2009, total Chinese imports of U.S. broiler meat (including trans-shipments through Hong Kong and chicken claws) reached 391,723 metric tons, up almost 10 percent from the previous year. The strong performance in the first half of 2009 follows record sales in 2008 that totaled 641,000 metric tons, up 19 percent from the previous year. Traders report the strong demand is due mainly to competitive pricing and reliable supplies from the United States. On March 31, 2009, China suspended poultry imports from the State of Kentucky due to an outbreak of low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI). Up to now, four states in the United States (the other three: Virginia, Arkansas, and Idaho) are banned due to LPAI. Direct imports from Brazil are expected to rise in the near term as the number of facilities approved by China for export expands. In May 2009, China announced it had resumed trade by provisionally lifting its suspension on 24 Brazilian plants. However, traders report that only five of these facilities are currently approved to ship. Historically, Brazilian broiler products mainly entered China via Hong Kong or Vietnam through gray channels. The first direct shipments from the recent plant approvals are reported to arrive in late summer. Traders predict Brazilian broiler meat may become a greater threat to U.S. sales gains as Brazilian chicken claws and whole wings are competitive based on quality, and prices will be lower compared to Brazilian chicken marketed through gray channels. Turkey Meat Imports Down Lower U.S. turkey production and a double-digit price increase in 2009 have dampened Chinese demand for U.S. turkey meat. Sales through June are down 55 percent to just over 16,000 metric tons compared to the same period in 2008. Since broiler meat is a close substitute for turkey meat, turkey meat demand will likely continue weak into 2010, unless prices fall vis-a-vis chicken. Imports account for the great majority of the Chinese turkey meat market. Total turkey meat sales were estimated at 50,000 ? 60,000 MT in 2008, with local production accounting for just 5,000 MT of total volume. Broiler Meat Exports to Rebound in 2010 Post forecasts China?s broiler meat exports in 2010 will increase two percent to 287,000 following an estimated two percent decrease in the previous year. Japan remains China?s largest export destination accounting for almost half of total shipments. Sales to Japan continue to be sluggish due to the weak Japanese economy and rising competition from Brazil. Overall, traders report stocks in Japan are high and do not see potential for growth until the Japanese economy improves in 2010. Meanwhile, exports to Hong Kong are expected to rise in the near term due to Hong Kong?s declining chicken production capacity. Commodities: Poultry, Eggs Production: Poultry Egg Steady Growth in Poultry Egg Production FAS Beijing (Post) forecasts China?s poultry egg production to increase three percent to 28.7 MMT following an estimated three percent increase (27.8 MMT) in the previous year. China Total Poultry Egg production, 2003-2009 (1,000 Metric Tons) Estimate Forecast % Change 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2010/09 Poultry Egg 23,331 23,706 24,381 24,240 25,290 27,017 27,830 28,700 3.13 Source: National Statistics Bureau In the first six months in 2009, egg prices decreased four percent on average compared with the same period in the previous year. Low prices have been fueled primarily by over supply. According to the Chinese egg layer industry, in the first 21 weeks in 2009, the weekly inventory of grand-parent (GP) generation breeding stocks was 627,700 sets, a 27 percent increase from the same period in the previous year. The inventory of parent-generation breeding stocks from 31 commercialized farms across China increased 24 percent to nearly 4.7 million sets from the same period in 2009. From January to June 2009, although China?s imports of GP-generation breeding stock decreased 40 percent to 73,900 sets, domestic developed new GP-generation breeding stocks ? Jing Red 1, and Jing Pink 1 ? produced by Yukou Poultry Company are expected to fill up the gap. China?s egg exports have fallen 8 percent so far this year, after rising 37 percent in 2008 to $105 million. Hong Kong and Macau continue to account for over 80 percent of China?s exports. Author Defined: Statistics Tables Broiler PS&D Table 2008 2009 2010 2008 2009 2010 Market Year Begin: Market Year Market Year Poultry, Meat, Jan 2008 Begin: Jan 2009 Begin: Jan 2010 Broiler China USDA Official USDA DA D New ata P O N USew fficial Official Jan ost D Post ata Data Data Data Data Inventory (Reference) (MIL HEAD) Slaughter (Reference) 8,811 8,811 8,740 9,170 8,980 9,259 ( MIL HEAD) Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Production 11,895 1 1,895 11,840 12,133 12,100 12,500 ( 1000 MT) Whole, Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Parts, Imports 399 399 399 425 370 360( 1000 MT) Intra-EU Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Other Imports 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Total Imports 399 399 399 425 370 360( 1000 MT) Total Supply 12,294 1 2,294 12,239 12,558 12,470 12,860 ( 1000 MT) Whole, Exports 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Parts, Exports 285 285 285 215 280 287( 1000 MT) Intra EU Exports 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Other Exports 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Total Exports 285 285 285 215 280 287( 1000 MT) Human Consumption 12,009 1 2,009 11,954 12,343 12,190 12,573 ( 1000 MT) Other Use, Losses 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Total Dom. Consumption 12,009 1 2,009 11,954 12,343 12,190 12,573 ( 1000 MT) Total Use 12,294 1 2,294 12,239 12,558 12,470 12,860 ( 1000 MT) Ending Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Total Distribution 12,294 1 2,294 12,239 12,558 12,470 12,860 ( 1000 MT) CY Imp. from U.S. 321 321 342 328 365 330( 1000 MT) CY Exp. to U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Balance 0 0 0 0 0 0 (1000 MT) Inventory Balance 0 0 0 0 0 0( 1000 MT) Production Change 5 5 5 2 2 3( PERCENT) Import Change -17 -17 -17 7 -7 -3 (PERCENT) Export Change -20 -20 -20 -25 -2 3 (PERCENT) Trade Balance -114 -114 -114 -210 -90 -73 (1000 MT) Consumption Change 5 5 5 3 2 3( PERCENT) Broiler Trade Matrices China Direct Broiler Meat Imports, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan - Jun Jan - Jun Origin Quantity Quantity Quantity Comparison % Change 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009/08 World 773,812 787,358 395,883 338,805 -14.42 United States 508,290 572,170 280,038 301,944 7.82 Argentina 102,090 192,252 112,571 29,065 -74.18 Chile 0 12,372 1,184 7,178 506.25 France 12 10,391 1,941 608 -68.68 Brazil 163,388 131 131 0 -100.00 Other 32 42 18 10 -44.44 HS Code: 020711, 020712, 020713, 020714 and 160232 Note: China chicken paw imports under HS Code 02071422 is included in this table, but excluded in the PS&D table. Source: GTA China Customs Statistics China Direct Chicken Claw Imports, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan - Jun Jan - Jun Quantity Quantity Quantity Comparison % Change Origin 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009/08 World 396,331 452,170 215,882 157,992 -26.82 United States 221,373 272,638 119,299 128,895 8.04 Argentina 80,972 163,722 94,919 23,962 -74.76 Chile 0 9,590 646 4,913 660.53 France 0 6,114 913 223 -75.58 Brazil 93,986 106 106 0 -100.00 Other 0 0 0 0 0 HS Code: 020714.22 Source: GTA China Customs Statistics Hong Kong Re-Exports of Broiler Meat to Mainland China, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan - Jun Jan - Jun Quantity Quantity Quantity Comparison % Change Origin 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009/08 World 252,647 255,771 121,166 69,558 -42.59 Brazil 184,184 146,732 76,733 30,339 -60.46 United States 29,219 69,071 23,841 29,940 25.58 Argentina 13,996 12,703 6,430 2,509 -60.98 Canada 4,392 3,737 1,940 1,474 -24.02 Chile 2,385 4,015 1,858 1,229 -33.85 Denmark 880 2,045 431 1,219 182.83 France 3,734 3,544 2,079 714 -65.66 Australia 1,511 1,783 997 376 -62.29 Netherlands 3,386 4,858 3,076 244 -92.07 Germany 1,003 1,183 488 200 -59.02 Poland 2,515 945 332 192 -42.17 United Kingdom 1,175 389 190 148 -22.11 Iran 1,294 146 146 131 -10.27 Belgium 375 993 533 80 -84.99 Spain 340 1,304 659 75 -88.62 Other 2,258 2,323 1,433 688 -51.99 HS Code: 020711, 020712, 020713, 020714 & 160232 Note: China chicken paw imports under HS Code 02071410 is included in this table, but excluded in the PS&D table. Source: WTA, Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department Hong Kong Chicken Paw Re-Exports to Mainland China, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan - Jun Jan - Jun Quantity Quantity Quantity Comparison % Change Origin 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009/08 World 147,859 191,988 93,103 47,413 -49.07 Brazil 107,173 121,164 63,623 21,531 -66.16 United States 19,067 47,566 17,861 20,254 13.40 Argentina 12,751 11,066 5,665 1,998 -64.73 Chile 1,717 2,771 1,472 1,082 -26.49 Denmark 419 1,605 376 988 162.77 Canada 270 1,563 604 279 -53.81 Australia 1,016 1,491 764 253 -66.88 France 1,281 1,463 766 155 -79.77 Germany 286 571 312 125 -59.94 Poland 1,228 291 141 96 -31.91 United Kingdom 223 158 47 73 55.32 Netherland 532 803 657 53 -91.93 Iran 972 146 146 0 -100.00 Other 924 1,330 669 526 -21.38 HS Code: 020714.10 Source: WTA, Hong Kong Census and Statistics Department China Broiler Meat Exports, 2007-2009 (Metric Tons) Jan-Dec Jan-Dec Jan - Jun Jan - Jun Quantity Quantity Quantity Comparison % Change Destination 2007 2008 2008 2009 2009/08 World 358,053 285,316 136,104 125,111 -8.08 Japan 204,384 135,896 66,287 57,775 -12.84 Hong Kong 106,871 108,651 51,064 51,119 0.11 Malaysia 9,870 15,362 5,837 5,064 -13.24 Kyrgyzstan 1,650 3,904 778 2,078 167.10 Korea South 11,767 6,627 5,165 1,753 -66.06 Netherlands 0 0 0 1,631 0.00 Macau 2,848 2,959 1,363 1,452 6.53 Bahrain 4,078 4,194 2,423 1,370 -43.46 Azerbaijan 2,371 817 546 666 21.98 Iraq 3,716 1,751 990 504 -49.09 Philippines 898 205 125 172 37.60 Armenia 329 205 110 71 -35.45 Georgia 362 205 179 26 -85.47 United States 476 12 12 12 0.00 South Africa 1,643 851 196 0 -100.00 Netherlands Antilles 794 521 207 0 0.00 Aruba 986 211 106 0 -100.00 Somalia 778 0 0 0 0.00 Kenya 579 0 0 0 0.00 Other 3,653 2,945 716 1,418 98.04 HS Code: 020711, 020712, 020713, 020714 & 160232 Note: China has no exports of chicken claws Source: GTA China Customs Statistics Price Tables China Retail Broiler Meat Prices On Average 2006-2009 (Year-To-Date) (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 9.99 11.89 14.90 14.06 -5.64 February 9.78 12.26 14.69 13.88 -5.51 March 9.62 11.87 14.51 13.74 -5.31 April 9.58 11.77 14.80 13.71 -7.36 May 9.45 12.32 14.72 13.66 -7.20 June 9.52 13.05 14.51 13.50 -6.96 July 9.82 13.47 14.33 August 10.50 14.14 14.29 September 10.87 14.01 14.40 October 11.14 13.60 14.29 November 11.28 13.23 14.00 December 11.64 13.46 13.87 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture China Retail Live Chicken Prices On Average 2005-2008 (Year-To-Date) (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 9.76 11.95 13.97 14.16 1.36 February 9.86 12.65 14.53 13.99 -3.72 March 9.62 12.12 14.31 13.70 -4.26 April 9.31 12.03 14.59 13.57 -6.99 May 9.49 12.51 14.42 13.47 -6.59 June 9.57 13.30 14.13 13.37 -5.38 July 9.83 13.59 13.89 August 10.42 14.51 13.91 September 10.85 14.35 14.15 October 11.24 13.73 14.08 November 11.36 13.46 13.84 December 11.68 13.57 13.72 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture China Broiler Chicklet Prices On Average 2006-2009 (Year-To-Date) (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 1.64 2.38 2.64 2.06 -21.97 February 1.69 2.42 2.83 2.31 -18.37 March 1.62 2.28 2.89 2.55 -11.76 April 1.48 2.37 3.49 2.47 -29.23 May 1.37 2.60 3.39 2.24 -33.92 June 1.42 2.82 2.87 2.48 -13.59 July 1.66 3.00 2.45 August 2.10 3.75 2.55 September 2.25 3.76 2.77 October 2.27 3.35 2.77 November 2.47 2.84 2.42 December 2.68 2.90 2.13 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture China Layer Chick-let Prices On Average 2006-2009 (Year-To-Date) (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 1.99 2.37 2.61 2.33 -10.73 February 1.96 2.45 2.74 2.42 -11.68 March 1.96 2.47 2.74 2.57 -6.20 April 1.89 2.54 2.95 2.62 -11.19 May 1.81 2.67 2.92 2.57 -11.99 June 1.87 2.88 2.84 2.48 -12.68 July 1.84 2.83 2.65 August 2.08 3.12 2.64 September 2.25 3.24 2.68 October 2.24 3.11 2.68 November 2.30 2.90 2.46 December 2.36 2.79 2.36 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture China Retail Chicken Egg Prices On Average 2005-2008 (Year-To-Date) (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 6.28 7.31 7.92 7.56 -4.55 February 5.83 7.59 7.98 7.43 -6.89 March 5.68 7.25 7.64 7.31 -4.32 April 5.54 7.25 7.52 7.44 -1.06 May 5.55 7.58 7.66 7.58 -1.04 June 5.65 7.91 7.84 7.57 -3.44 July 5.72 7.59 7.80 August 6.41 8.26 8.04 September 7.00 8.31 8.47 October 6.99 8.14 8.15 November 6.93 7.98 7.60 December 7.26 7.94 7.50 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture China Industry Feed Prices for Broilers On Average 2006-2009 (YTD) (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 2.12 2.18 2.66 2.69 1.13 February 2.09 2.21 2.69 2.67 -0.74 March 2.09 2.22 2.70 2.64 -2.22 April 2.06 2.21 2.75 2.65 -3.64 May 2.07 2.25 2.76 2.65 -3.99 June 2.09 2.28 2.82 2.67 -5.32 July 2.11 2.31 2.91 August 2.09 2.36 2.91 September 2.11 2.42 2.89 October 2.10 2.44 2.84 November 2.11 2.53 2.77 December 2.16 2.58 2.70 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture China Industry Feed Prices for Egg Layers On Average 2006-2009 (YTD) (RMB/KG, $1=RMB6.83) % Change MONTH 2006 2007 2008 2009 2009/08 January 1.89 1.97 2.41 2.40 -0.41 February 1.88 1.98 2.44 2.39 -2.05 March 1.87 2.02 2.44 2.37 -2.87 April 1.86 2.01 2.47 2.37 -4.05 May 1.87 2.03 2.48 2.37 -4.44 June 1.88 2.06 2.54 2.40 -5.51 July 1.89 2.09 2.62 August 1.89 2.13 2.62 September 1.91 2.18 2.60 October 1.91 2.19 2.55 November 1.91 2.27 2.48 December 1.95 2.33 2.42 Source: The Ministry of Agriculture
Posted: 24 December 2009

See more from Food , Beverages and Tobacco in China

Expert Views    
Marketing U.S. Wine in China   By Foreign Agricultural Service
China Cuts Import Tariffs for 730 Commodities on January 1   By Foreign Agricultural Service
China Imports Baby Formula   By Hong Kong Trade Development Council (HKTDC)
Hot Tips    
China 2009 Dairy and Products Annual Report   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Risk Levels for Trade of Animal Feed and Feed Additives   By Foreign Agricultural Service