Citrus Annual 2011

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Cyprus

Posted on: 30 Dec 2011

Cypriot orange and lemon production is forecast to increase thanks to mid-November rain.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 11/25/2011 GAIN Report Number: CY1113 Cyprus Post: Rome Cyprus Citrus Annual 2011 Report Categories: Citrus Approved By: Jim Dever Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: MY 2011/12 (November/October) Cypriot orange and lemon production is forecast to increase thanks to mid- November rain that should also help improve the size of the fruit. Oranges Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 O Estimates Estimates Forecast ranges 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 5,500 5,500 5,500 Area Harvested 4,500 4,900 5,300 Production 70,900 97,800 113,900 Imports 712 700 702 Total Supply 71,612 98,500 114,602 Exports 8,177 8,860 8,600 Fresh Dom. Consumption 38,935 49,740 59,502 For Processing 24,500 39,900 46,500 Total Distribution 71,612 98,500 114,602 Source: Industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION Cyprus has produced oranges since the 1950’s. MY 2011/12 (November/October) Cypriot orange production is forecast to increase significantly by 16 percent thanks to mid-November rain that should also help improve the size of the fruit. Famagusta, Limassol, Larnaca, and Paphos districts are the major orange-producing areas. “Navels,” “Ovals” (Shamoutis), and “Valencia” are the main orange varieties grown in Cyprus. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Cypriot orange consumption is forecast to grow by 20 percent, as a result of lower prices due to increased production. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to the fresh open markets and grocery stores). TRADE MY 2011/2012 Cypriot orange exports are forecast to remain steady. The United Kingdom and Russia are the main destination for Cypriot oranges, accounting for 63 percent of the total. “Tardives” variety is marketed during March and April. Cyprus imports small amounts of oranges from Greece, and the Netherlands. Orange Juice Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 O Estimates Estimates Forecast range Juice 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Deliv. to Processors 24,500 39,900 46,500 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 Production 1,507 2,453 2,860 Imports 436 427 430 Total Supply 1,943 2,880 3,290 Exports 823 828 824 Domestic Consumption 1,120 2,052 2,466 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 Total Distribution 1,943 2,880 3,290 Source: Industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) According to the latest estimates, Cyprus is forecast to process about 46,500 MT of oranges in MY 2011/12 to produce 2,860 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined to the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. Tangerines Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Tangerines Forecast 2011/2012 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 1,800 1,800 1,800 Area Harvested 1,300 1,600 1,100 Production 82,000 85,400 77,600 Imports 364 300 300 Total Supply 82,364 85,700 77,900 Exports 28,090 27,200 27,000 Fresh Dom. Consumption 54,274 42,300 37,800 For Processing 0 16,200 13,100 Total Distribution 82,364 85,700 77,900 Source: Industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION Tangerines represent 39 percent of total citrus production in Cyprus. MY 2011/12 (November/October) Cypriot tangerine production is forecast to decrease by 9 percent because of the rotational bearing, which creates wide cyclical swings in yields. Famagusta, Limassol, Larnaca, and Paphos districts are the major tangerine-producing areas. “Mandoras,” “Tangelo,” “Minneolas”, “Nova,” and “Clementines” are the main tangerine varieties grown in Cyprus. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Cypriot tangerine consumption is forecast to decline by 11 percent. All tangerines are consumed fresh. “Mandoras” and “Minneolas” varieties cover early and late season demands, both domestically and abroad. New experimental strains on modern rootstock hold high expectations for the next years. TRADE MY 2011/12 Cypriot tangerine exports are expected to be stable. Russia and United Kingdom continue to be the main destination for Cypriot tangerines. “Divers,” “Nova,” and “Ortanique” varieties are mainly marketed from December to February. Cyprus imports small quantities of fresh tangerines from Israel and Greece. Lemons Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Lemons Forecast 2011/2012 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 580 580 580 Area Harvested 470 510 520 Production 10,800 18,900 19,700 Imports 1,079 1,100 1,300 Total Supply 11,879 20,000 21,000 Exports 2,279 3,629 3,550 Fresh Dom. Consumption 8,300 10,371 11,150 For Processing 1,300 6,000 6,300 Total Distribution 11,879 20,000 21,000 Source: Industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Cypriot lemon production is forecast to increase by 4 percent, thanks to the rainfalls occurred in mid-November that should also help improve the size. Lapithos village is the main lemon- producing area. “Lapithiotiki” (a local variety), “Eureka,” and “Lisbon” are the major lemon varieties grown in Cyprus. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Cypriot lemon consumption is forecast to increase by 6.6 percent driven by the increased production. “Lapithiotiki” lemon variety boasts the highest per capita domestic consumption, due to its distinctive aroma and taste. It has a thin skin, oval shape, rich flesh, firm yellow rind, and the majority of the fruits are seedless. TRADE MY 2011/12 Cypriot lemon exports are forecast to remain steady. Cypriot lemons are sold mainly to Austria, Greece, and Czech Republic. Cyprus imports small amounts of lemons from Argentina and Greece. Cypriot lemons are marketed during December and January. Grapefruits Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Grapefruits Forecast 2011/2012 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 500 500 500 Area Harvested 470 490 480 Production 48,000 51,800 49,500 Imports 89 128 124 Total Supply 48,089 51,928 49,624 Exports 11,010 12,824 12,700 Fresh Dom. Consumption 18,279 20,100 17,724 For Processing 18,800 19,004 19,200 Total Distribution 48,089 51,928 49,624 Source: Industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION Grapefruit from Cyprus, the second largest EU-27 grapefruit producer, is regarded as amongst the best worldwide. MY 2011/12 (November/October) Cypriot grapefruit production is forecast to remain steady. “White Marsh Seedless,” mostly grown in the Limassol area, is the major grapefruit variety grown in Cyprus. New plantations have been established in the district of Paphos where the Red varieties (“Star Ruby,” “Red Blush,” and “Rio Red”) were introduced to meet the increased market demand. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Cypriot grapefruit consumption is forecast to be stable. Cypriot grapefruits are both consumed fresh and channeled to food and beverage manufacturers. TRADE MY 2011/12 Cypriot grapefruit exports are forecast to remain steady. Italy and United kingdom represent the main destination for Cypriot grapefruit exports, accounting for 57 percent of the total. Cyprus imports small quantities of grapefruit from South Africa, Italy, Greece, and Netherlands. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report EU European Union MT Metric ton = 1000 kg MY Marketing year Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October Trade data cited in this report was derived by using the following tariff codes: Oranges: 080510 Tangerines: 080520 Lemons: 080550 Grapefruit: 080540 Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919
Posted: 30 December 2011

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