Crop Situation Update

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in the Czech Republic

Posted on: 27 Aug 2012

Farmers in the Czech Republic so far have harvested approximately 25 percent of all grains and over 60 percent of rapeseed crops.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 8/10/2012 GAIN Report Number: EZ1205 Czech Republic Post: Prague Crop Situation Update Report Categories: Grain and Feed Oilseeds and Products Livestock and Products Approved By: Michael Henney, Agricultural Attaché Prepared By: Jana Mikulasova, Agricultural Specialist Report Highlights: Farmers in the Czech Republic so far have harvested approximately 25 percent of all grains and over 60 percent of rapeseed crops. Yields vary among different regions, however, on average they are lower compared to the previous year. Total grain production is forecast approximately 20 percent lower compared to previous year. General Information: According to the latest crop estimates issued by the Czech Statistical Office, the average yield of grains reaches 4.43 MT/ha, which is 1.17 MT/ha less compared to previous year. The lowest yields are currently in the South-Moravian Region and in the Plzen Region. The diversity of kinds of grains grown in the Czech Republic has been continuously declining. The largest areas cover wheat (56.4 percent of the total grains area), barley (26.5 percent) and corn (7.6 percent). Rapeseed became the second most spread crop in the Czech Republic. Its area has been expanding every year. As well as wheat, rapeseed has been a profitable commodity with a good export potential for Czech farmers. Quality of grains and rapeseed seems to be satisfactory, thanks to favorable weather conditions during the harvest. The drop in yields this year was caused by severe frosts combined with a lack of snow cover in winter and exceptional draught in spring. Wheat Being the main crop in the Czech Republic, wheat sowing area reaches 815 thousand hectares: 746 thousand hectares of winter wheat and 69 thousand ha of spring wheat. With average yields of 4.62 MT/ha and 4.03 MT/ha respectively, total wheat production is estimated at 3.727 MMT. This amount of wheat should satisfy domestic demand and should provide for limited exportable surplus. Barley Sowing area of barley increased to current 382 hectares, consisting of 98 thousand ha of winter barley and 284 ha of spring barley. Total barley production is forecast at 1,649 thousand MT, which should provide sufficient exportable surplus of malting barley. Oats Production of oats will slightly increase, reaching 171 thousand MT, thanks to increased sowing area totaling 51 thousand hectares. Corn Acreage of corn remained almost unchanged in comparison to previous year, reaching 110 hectares. Rapeseed Sowing area of rapeseed broke records again, exceeding for the first time 400 thousand hectares (totaling at 401,000 hectares). The yield estimate shows only a slight drop by 0.02 percent to 2.78 MT/ha and so the total production will develop to 1,117 thousand hectares. Oil content of rapeseed is seen as satisfactory. Prices Price development of crops copies the one of the European and world markets. Increasing prices of grains that are caused by drop in production in draught affected countries might negatively impact Czech livestock farmers, who have been hurt already by rising prices of other inputs and lack of subsidies into animal production.
Posted: 27 August 2012

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