Farmers in the Czech Republic so far have harvested approximately 25 percent of all grains and over 60 percent of rapeseed crops.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
GAIN Report Number: EZ1205
Crop Situation Update
Grain and Feed
Oilseeds and Products
Livestock and Products
Michael Henney, Agricultural Attaché
Jana Mikulasova, Agricultural Specialist
Farmers in the Czech Republic so far have harvested approximately 25 percent of all grains and over 60
percent of rapeseed crops. Yields vary among different regions, however, on average they are lower
compared to the previous year. Total grain production is forecast approximately 20 percent lower
compared to previous year.
According to the latest crop estimates issued by the Czech Statistical Office, the average yield of grains
reaches 4.43 MT/ha, which is 1.17 MT/ha less compared to previous year. The lowest yields are
currently in the South-Moravian Region and in the Plzen Region. The diversity of kinds of grains
grown in the Czech Republic has been continuously declining. The largest areas cover wheat (56.4
percent of the total grains area), barley (26.5 percent) and corn (7.6 percent).
Rapeseed became the second most spread crop in the Czech Republic. Its area has been expanding
every year. As well as wheat, rapeseed has been a profitable commodity with a good export potential
for Czech farmers.
Quality of grains and rapeseed seems to be satisfactory, thanks to favorable weather conditions during
the harvest. The drop in yields this year was caused by severe frosts combined with a lack of snow
cover in winter and exceptional draught in spring.
Being the main crop in the Czech Republic, wheat sowing area reaches 815 thousand hectares: 746
thousand hectares of winter wheat and 69 thousand ha of spring wheat. With average yields of
4.62 MT/ha and 4.03 MT/ha respectively, total wheat production is estimated at 3.727 MMT. This
amount of wheat should satisfy domestic demand and should provide for limited exportable surplus.
Sowing area of barley increased to current 382 hectares, consisting of 98 thousand ha of winter barley
and 284 ha of spring barley. Total barley production is forecast at 1,649 thousand MT, which should
provide sufficient exportable surplus of malting barley.
Production of oats will slightly increase, reaching 171 thousand MT, thanks to increased sowing
area totaling 51 thousand hectares.
Acreage of corn remained almost unchanged in comparison to previous year, reaching 110 hectares.
Sowing area of rapeseed broke records again, exceeding for the first time 400 thousand hectares
(totaling at 401,000 hectares). The yield estimate shows only a slight drop by 0.02 percent to 2.78
MT/ha and so the total production will develop to 1,117 thousand hectares. Oil content of rapeseed is
seen as satisfactory.
Price development of crops copies the one of the European and world markets. Increasing prices of
grains that are caused by drop in production in draught affected countries might negatively impact
Czech livestock farmers, who have been hurt already by rising prices of other inputs and lack of
subsidies into animal production.