With 14.9 million people, Ecuador offers significant export opportunities for U.S. food and agricultural products.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number:
Andres Barahona / Ximena
Ecuador’s population of 15 million offers export opportunities for agricultural and food products principally because
Ecuador’s society is thriving from a vibrant petroleum-led and export led economy. Consumers have increased purchasing
power in the lower and middle classes and consumers favor imported products.
SECTION I. MARKET OVERVIEW
With 14.9 million people, Ecuador offers significant export opportunities for U.S. food and
agricultural products, as the purchasing power of the lower and middle class has noticeably
increased in the past few years, leading to higher consumption and a higher demand for processed
products. This increase in purchasing power by a large segment of the population also promotes
the participation of local food processors in the market and increases competition for imported
goods. However, political uncertainty remains, as the National Assembly is looking at laws to see
whether they conform to a new constitution. This reality means that it is important to have updated
information and work with a good distributor who takes into consideration new procedures for
getting products into this market.
The Ecuadorian economy is based on petroleum and agricultural exports (bananas, shrimp, cut
flowers, coffee and cacao). Inflation increased from 3.33 to 5.41 percent in 2011. While the official
rate of unemployment is 5.07 percent, underemployment is measured at 44.20 percent (December
ECUADOR’S ECONOMIC INDICATORS
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010* 2011
Nominal GDP 36.94 41.71 45.50 54.21 52.02 57.98 65.95
G .36 3.58 7.78 rowth 5.74 4.75 2.04 7.24 0 (%)
GDP per capita $ $ $ $ $3,715 $4,013 $4,554
(nominal $) 2,795 3,110 3,345 3,961
Inflation (%) 2.12 3.30 2.28 8.40 4.31 3.33 5.41
Spending (% 23.88 23.77 27.42 40.40 N/A 35.23 33.81
2,147 2,023 3,521 4,473 3,792 2,622 2.957.6
* Projection based on the 2010 estimates by the Ecuadorian Central Bank.
In the first semester of 2012, some sectors had a positive growth. The agricultural sector grew 0.5
percent, manufacturing showed a growth of 3.2 percent, the construction sector decrease 8.5
percent, commerce decrease in a 0.6 percent, governmental and domestic services grew by 2.5
percent and 0.5 percent respectively. All the remaining sectors showed a decrease. The quantities
are calculated as provisional estimates through the end of the year.
Source: Banco Central del Ecuador
GENERAL AND AGRICULTURAL TRADE SITUATION
In 2011, Ecuadorian exports of all goods to the United States were $9.77 billion, accounting for
approximately 43 percent of its total exports, which reached $22.29 billion in 2011. Crude Oil
exports were at the top of the list, accounting for approximately 57 percent of total exports.
Agricultural products such as bananas, shrimp, cut flowers and cacao were among the top exports.
Ecuador’s total agricultural exports to the world in 2011 according to the Ecuadorian Central Back,
including raw products and processed products, were $5.74 billion, representing 26 percent of total
Imports into Ecuador accounted in 2011 for $22.95 billion. U.S. exports of all goods to Ecuador in
2011 were $6.11 billion. The total trade balance in 2011 was negative at $717 million. However,
between Ecuador and the United States Ecuador enjoyed a positive trade balance of $3.66 billion in
the same year.
Exports in 2012
Total exports during the period January through June 2012 were $12.15 billion, accounting for an
increase of 10 percent compared with foreign sales recorded during the same period of 2011, which
were $11 billion.
Source: Banco Central del Ecuador
Non-oil exports registered a total of $4.79 billion (FOB) for the first 6 months of 2012 and showed a
little increase with respect to non-oil exports registered in the same period in 2011, which were
$4.61 Billion. Within this group of products, volume and unit prices increased by 3.8 percent and 6.8
Source: Banco Central del Ecuador
Ninety nine percent of Ecuador’s exports to the United States receive tariff preferences under
ATPDEA and/or GSP regimes. ATPDA was renewed in October 2011 and will be effective until July
Imports in 2012
At the end of the first half of 2012, Ecuador’s total imports of all goods reached $11.77 billion, up
nine percent compared with the same period in 2010 ($10.80 billion). Both oil imports and non-oil
imports grew 5.5 percent and 9.6 percent respectively.
Source: Banco Central del Ecuador 
Imports By Use Or Economic Destination
The total participation of imports by use or economic destination in FOB values from January to June
2012 were: raw materials 30.1 percent, capital goods 27.18 percent, fuel and oil 21.86 percent,
consumer goods 20.70 percent and others 0.18 percent.
Source: Banco Central del Ecuador
The total participation of imports by use or economic destination in volume from January to June
2012 were: raw materials 51.69 percent, capital goods 3.92 percent, fuel and oil 36.14 percent,
consumer goods 8.23 percent and others 0.03 percent.
Between January and June 2012 imports base on value of capital goods increased by 17.9 percent
while those of consumer goods increased by 10.7 percent. Import of fuels and lubricants and raw
materials increased by 5.5 percent and 3.3 percent, respectively.
Regarding prices, there was an increase in all import groups in the following order: capital goods up
3.9 percent, consumer goods up 8.2 percent, fuels and lubricants up 6.1 percent, raw materials up
2.7 percent, and various products up 22.3 percent.
Imports by volume changed as follows: capital goods up 7 percent, consumer goods down 3.8
percent, fuels and lubricants down 0.6 percent, raw materials up 0.6 percent, and various products
down 10.6 percent.
Source: Banco Central del Ecuador, Monthly Statistics
Imports of non-durable consumer goods between January and June 2012 had an FOB value of $1.37
billion representing 11.7 percent of total FOB imports, and an increase in value of 7.9 percent
compared to the same period in 2011.
Imports of durable consumer goods reached an FOB value of $1.05 billion representing 9 percent of
total FOB imports, and an increase in value of 14.6 percent compare to the same period on 2011.
Imports Evolution: Consumer Goods
Value, Quantity and Unit Price
%Market Share Increase (+) / Decrease (-)
Totals Value Volume Unit Value
20.70% Consumer Goods 10.70% -3.8% 15.2%
11.7% Non-Durable Consumer Goods 7.90% -7.50% 16.6%
9% Durable Consumer Goods 14.60% 8.90% 5.3%
Imports by Country and Commercial Partners
Between January and June 2012, $ 1.58 billion of Ecuador’s imports came from the Andean
Community of Nations (CAN) Members (Colombia $1.07 billion, Peru $505.4 million, and Bolivia
$5.1 million). This represents a decrease of 4 percent compared to the same period in 2011.
Between January and June 2012 $3.75 billion of Ecuador’s imports came from Latin American Trade
Integration Association (ALADI) while in the same period in 2011 the value of imports was $3.4
billion. Colombia is the largest supplier followed by Peru, Panama and Brazil among ALADI member
ALADI has 14 country members including Ecuador; Panama was accepted as a member as of this
For the first 6 months of 2012, Ecuador’s imports of all goods from the United States added up to
$3.33 billion, accounting for 28 percent of the country’s total imports. During the same timeframe,
Ecuador imported from China $1.2 billion (equivalent to 10 percent of the market share), from
Colombia $1.07 billion (equivalent to 9 percent of the market share) and from Peru $505 million
(equivalent to 4 percent of the market share).
Source: Banco Central del Ecuador
Data from monthly report: IMPORTS, JUNE 2012 
AGRICULTURAL IMPORTS FROM US AND THE WORLD
Source: Global Trade Atlas
In the graph above we observe a general low level of imports from the United States during 2011
that does not vary much from 2010 imports. Food Industry Residues and Cereals products remain
the most important imported products between 2008 and 2011. For these two commodity groups,
imports have considerably increased between 2010 and 2011 thanks to corn and soy bean meal
imports. For the other commodities, import levels remain stable between these dates.
Source: Global Trade Atlas, USDA
Cocoa and cocoa products remain important imported products. It is also, along with Dairy Products
and Live animals, are stable commodity, whose import level did not suffer any major changes
between 2009 and 2011.However, the milling products (ex. malt) are the commodities that suffered
the biggest changes in import levels, during 2011 with an important decrease of almost 6 million
Source: Global Trade Atlas, USDA
The graph shows 12 classes of most imported products by Ecuador from the world. Generally
speaking, commodities had a positive value of imports during 2011. For commodities like Cereals,
Food Industry Residues, Fish & Crustaceans and Animal or Vegetable, imports have considerably
increased between 2010 and 2011. For the other commodities, import levels remain stable between
these dates. Only Beverages and Edible Vegetables have a lower level of import in relation to the
previous year, however this level does not vary much from 2010 imports.
Source: Global Trade Atlas, USDA
In the graph above, we observe the next 12 most imported products by Ecuador from the world.
Although one may observe a more irregular level of imports from 2008 to 2011, 2011 was a
generally positive year for imports. After a relatively average import level, coffee, tea and mate are
the commodities that register one of highest increases of groups of imports in 2011 while also
registering sustained growth since 2008. The class of goods “Meat and Edible Meat” have the most
significant level of increase in 2011. As for the products with a decreasing import level in 2011, we
find Products of Animal Origin, Edible Preparations, and Gums & Resins. However these
commodities’ import levels do not vary much from 2010 imports.
The table below summarizes key advantages and challenges facing U.S. products in Ecuador:
Appreciation for US food quality and Tariffs have increased for several consumer goods.
Having a U.S. Dollar as the country’s Due to the redistribution of resources, there has
currency creates economic stability for been a decrease in income for the middle high and
importers and gives higher purchasing high income groups of the Ecuadorian population,
power to consumers. which will eventually slow the growth in
consumption of imported food and beverages.
Local food processing industries do not The Ecuadorian market is relatively small and a
have competitive prices for the market. constraint for U.S. exporters seeking large volume
Consumers are increasingly changing The weak dollar causes an increase in price for
their habits and becoming more oriented most products.
toward fast food consumption and grocery
Ecuadorian emigrants have adopted U.S. companies have lost market share to
foreign consumption tendencies, which companies from Peru, Colombia and Chile that
have been transmitted to their families in have benefited from favorable exchange rates and
Ecuador, creating niche markets for trade agreements
Growth of tourism creates outstanding Smuggling continues to affect the market for
opportunities for the HRI sector, which legally imported products.
has been growing in recent years.
SECTION II. EXPORTER BUSINESS TIPS
Supermarket chains are considered the main market for imported food products whose
target customers are high and middle-income consumers. U.S. exporters should contact large
importers, wholesalers/distributors or supermarkets directly.
U.S. exporters can approach Gas Marts, grocery and mom-and-pop stores through major
local suppliers (wholesalers/distributors).
Be diligent when selecting a partner (an agent or a representative) in Ecuador. Personal
visits/meetings are highly recommended. Conduct a background check of the prospective
partner before signing permanent contractual arrangement.
The local partner should be able to provide updated information on consumer trends to
identify niche markets, current market development (merchandising, point of sale and
promotion activities), and business practices.
Negotiating power of major supermarkets towards food suppliers is strong.
Suppliers to major supermarkets have wide range of distribution channels ranging from those
for fancy foods to those for foods for mass consumption.
Major food importers/distributors supply all major supermarket chains and provincial
retailers. It should be noted that major supermarket chains usually request product
exclusivity to new suppliers.
Food is primarily imported in mixed containers.
Major supermarket chains prefer to import expensive high-end products directly in order to
earn higher margins.
Distributors and wholesalers make constant in-store promotional activities. They count with
support personnel in every store and all distribution channels.
Research information by product with shipping consolidators and with U.S. ports statistics.
This information will show the preferences of Ecuadorian consumers.
Ecuadorian supermarket chains prefer to import directly from producers. However, U.S.
companies that want to export for the first time should contact brokers/local importers to
facilitate the process.
The food sector in Ecuador at the retail level can be divided into five categories: supermarket
chains, open or wet markets, independent groceries, small food stores, and convenience
stores known as mini-marts.
Importers for the supermarket chains require that U.S. exporters have all permits and
licenses needed as well as the logistic arrangements necessary for products at the port of
Any person or company that wants to import in Ecuador must obtain an import permit (DUI
or Unique Document for Imports), and, if applicable, the importer must have authorization
from the Ministry of Agriculture or the Ministry of Public Health.
Importers usually search for competitive conditions in prices and quality. However prices are
not always constrained as there are niche markets for many high value products for high-
level income consumers.
Brand loyalty is common in Ecuador. Therefore, exporters seeking to enter new markets in
Ecuador will need to demonstrate the strengths of the new product through advertisement.
The use of point-of-purchase (POP) material is recommended as well as promotional
campaigns and samplings.
Ecuadorian eating habits have changed dramatically in recent years: there are more women
working outside of the home and commute times/distances are longer, causing more
consumers to choose fast food or processed food.
There is fierce competition among distributors for new consumers. In order to gain market
share, some distributors permanently place new products in discount stores where prices
usually are between a 10 percent and 20 percent lower.
A new tendency that has appeared in supermarkets, due to strategic alliances with producing
companies, is supermarket branded products. This allows the stores to offer more
Based on sales, the main supermarket chains in Ecuador, representing approximately 60
percent of the sector, are La Favorita (Supermaxi), and El Rosado (Mi Comisariato). Tiendas
Industriales Asociadas, Mega Santa Maria, Supermercados Coral and Magda Espinosa are
medium-sized supermarket chains that are growing fast and obtaining an important market
RoRoad Map for Market Entry
In order to enter the market there are few things that should be taken in consideration:
First identify the channel of distribution that will best fit the company strategy to enter in the
Depending of the channel chosen, identify a strategic partner that will import the product.
Obtain the sanitary registration, if needed, either directly or though the local partner.
Request import permits when product require.
Make sure to send a copy of all the documentation required to clear customs to importer
prior to the shipment for review.
Provide support to local partner to push consumer demand of the product.
Fd Standards and Regulations
Sanitary inspection, food registration, packaging and control regulations for food and beverages are
under the competency of the Ministry of Health and the National Hygiene Institute (INH), a rough
equivalent to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding sanitary supervision and
registration of food and beverages. AGROCALIDAD, part of the Ministry of Agriculture, is the local
counterpart to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) concerning the development of sanitary
and phytosanitary regulations and the inspection of animal and plant origin products. The National
Institute for Standarization and Norms is the agency in charge of labeling standards, labeling
control, and trademarks.
GIl Import and Inspection Procedures
In order to clear Customs (SENAE) imports must have a Unique Customs Declaration (DAU), a
commercial invoice, an airway bill or bill of lading, a packing list, an insurance letter, certificate of
origin, and a food sanitary registry from INH for food processed products or a health certificate for
animals, plants or their by-products that complies with AGROCALIDAD’s import requirements.
When the customs agent transmits the DAU physically and electronically, SENAE will determine the
type of control for the merchandise within one of the 5 channels established which could include just
a paper procedure or an inspection of all the product imported .
If the products don’t match the description on the DAU these can be confiscated, although many
times SENAE gives the option to re-export the product. The exporter should be cautious about this
because sending samples or extra promotional products in the shipment will fall under this and can
cause problems for nationalizing all the products.
Fo Food and beverage sanitary registration
All the food products imported need to have obtained a sanitary registration number prior to entry
into the country. This procedure can be a little bit complicated and can take some time, or even
quite a long time. The sanitary registration for imported products is granted by confirmation (or
equivalence). The sanitary registration petition can either be filed by the manufacturer or by its
Ecuadorian legal representative. In both cases, the registration belongs and will be issued to the
name of the manufacturer, unless specifically requested otherwise. Prior to submit the request for
sanitary registration of any product the manufacturer or representative needs to be register in the
national sanitary registration electronic system. The Sanitary Registration will be valid for five years
from the date of issue
Currently the application must include the following documents:
Request form (filled at the national sanitary registration electronic system web page).
A copy of the identification document (in the case of a natural person), or a certificate of
company registration accompanied by the legal representative’s appointment (in the case of
The Certificate of Free Sale issued by a competent health authority in the exporting country.
This document must list the products to be registered and must state that the products are
authorized for free sale and consumption in the country of origin. In the United States, this
document can be obtained at the Health Services Department of the state where the
manufacture plant is located.
Stability Study which justifies the product’s shelf life or maximum consumption time
accompanied by the signature of the responsible technician (Stability Card).
Chemical specifications of the container/packaging.
Product’s original label and draft of the tag that complies with the requests of the
corresponding INEN Technical Regulation.
Certificate that the product comes from an authorized manufacturer or distributor, except
when the manufacturer is requesting the registration.
Invoice of registration fees payment (approximately US$620.00 per item).
All documents and certificates written in languages other than Spanish must be translated.
All official certificates and documents must be either legalized by the Consul of Ecuador in the
exporting country or have proof of authenticity through an Apostille certificate
It is recommended that Sanitary Registrations are filed in the INH offices in Quito rather than
in Guayaquil, due to administrative and compliance problems the INH-Guayaquil.
A new Sanitary Permit will be necessary in the following events:
If there is a change in the product composition.
The product needs a different conservation process.
There is a substantial modification of the following additives: colorings, flavorings,
sweeteners, conservation agents, and nutritional additives.
Changes in the nature of the container
Change of manufacturer.
Ce Certificates for animals, plants, and their by-products
Before the product is shipped, the importer must request an import permit from AGROCALIDAD. The
exporter must provide to the importer the corresponding official country of origin health certificate,
including the specific certification requirements of AGROCALIDAD.
USDA agencies that issue health certificates accepted by Ecuador are the Animal and Plant Health
Inspection Service (APHIS) for animals and plants and their derived products, and the Food
Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) for meats and their by-products.
La Labeling requirements
Imported packaged foods must carry a separate adhesive label before reaching the point of sale. A
Spanish translation of the label must include all the information requested at the technical
standard norms NTE INEN 1334-1:2011, NTE INEN 1334-2:2011, and NTE INEN 1334-3:2011.
SECTION III. MARKET SECTOR STRUCTURE AND TRENDS
To the extent that the distribution channels for a product are well established, new entrants must
focus on the retail sector and seek to convince retailers to accept their products through lower prices
and increased profit margins, sharing costs of promotion, engaging in joint promotional efforts at the
point of sale, among others. When it is not possible to penetrate the existing distribution channels,
the new company acquires its own cost of distribution structure and can still create new marketing
systems and seize market share.
Distribution channels can be different between local and imported products and are changing all the
time. In general, food retail companies are always looking at importing directly and not through
brokers, so they reach economies of scale and maximize profits. However, retailers do buy from
local importers, that represent one or more foreign suppliers, when the products offered are
attractive and have a growing demand.
Companies with low sales volume, who import directly, face high costs as the conditions and
procedures for importing can be difficult. Therefore it is better to use a local wholesaler to make the
import process easier and fulfill all the required procedures.
The local food processing companies usually have their own distribution chain which contains
wholesalers, self-service, traditional retailers and to a lesser extent the institutional (HRI catering).
There is a small portion of companies that have outsourced the distribution to certain provinces.
Retail Food Sector
Approximately 34 percent of Ecuadorians (4.5 million people) buy food in a grocery store,
with an average monthly expenditure of $250. The highest percentage of supermarket
customers is found among the population with middle and high incomes, which combined
reach approximately 36 percent of Ecuador’s population.
The two largest supermarket chains, Supermaxi, and Mi Comisariato account for the majority
of food sales in this segment. On average, 18 percent of the available shelf space is
dedicated to imported foods and beverages, such as fresh fruit, prepared or canned fruits and
vegetables, frozen items, snacks, confectioneries, wine, juices, beer, and more recently, diet
Mini-marts tend to offer imported and specialty products such as cigarettes, liquors, snacks,
and soft drinks.
The best way to enter this sector is through direct contact with supermarkets using local
importers and distributors who usually require exclusive contracts, which tends to increase
costs, thus making the product less competitive.
Sales usually increase during special holidays such as Mother’s Day, Christmas, Carnival,
Valentine’s Day, and Father’s Day. Demand for most consumer-ready products usually
peaks during the tourist season (June-September).
The number of supermarkets and self-service stores are increasing as people turn to these
stores in order to get a wider variety of products in a more organized and cleaner shopping
environment. Such stores offer the best sale opportunities for imported products.
The following table shows different consumption levels and the market size for food and beverage
products in Ecuador as well as a forecast until 2015:
Food, beverages and tobacco consumption
2006a 2007a 2008a 2009b 2010b 2011c 2012c 2013c 2014c 2015c
Food, beverages &
tobacco (consumer 6,969 7,530 8,604 9,035 10,170 11,082 12,035 13,083 14,233 15,476
expenditure; US$ )
Food, beverages &
tobacco (% of household 26.0 26.0 26.0 26.0 25.9 25.9 25.7 25.4 25.2 24.9
Food, beverages &
tobacco (market 43,882b 45,072b 50,332b 53,664 60,355 65,428 71,916 79,254 87,401 96,371
demand; US$ m)d
Food, beverages &
.8 -1.5b 4.5b 0.8 7.1 6.0 6.8 6.2 6.1 6.1
and; % real
Meat consumption (kg
per head) 41.1 41.2 42.6 42.4 42.7 43.9 44.7 45.5 46.4 47.3
Fish consumption (kg
per head) 4.5 4.5 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 5.0 5.1 5.2
Fruit consumption (kg
pe 167.7 171.9 175.5 179.2 182.5 186.0 189.5 r head) 163.0 164.8 168.5
Vegetable consumption 4.9 25.0 25.4 25.3 25.4 25.7 26.0 26.2 26.4 26.7
(kg per head 2)
Milk consumption (liters
per h 106.9 108.2 111.1 111.5 114.0 116.6 119.0 121.3 123.6 126.0 ead)
Coffee consumption (kg
pe .0 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.6 r head) 4
Tea consumption (kg per
head) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Actua bl. Economist Intelligence Unit estimates. c Economist Intelligence Unit forecasts d. Excludes retail and wholesale
Source: Economist Intelligence Unit of The Economist.
Food Processing Sector
Due to variations in the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and Latin American currencies,
ingredients for food processing are often imported from Colombia, Chile, and Mexico. This
happens when the dollar is stronger because it is cheaper in these countries.
The products most in demand for this sector are: processed sugar, concentrated ingredients
for sugar, juice concentrates and mixtures, colorants, cereals, meats, ferments, flours, and
A successful sales strategy for processed food products in Ecuador is the diversification of
product lines. For example, Pronaca, the leading company in this sector has a portfolio with
over 800 products and 26 brands.
The main processed food products in the market are pre-cooked or easy to prepare products
for which many ingredients and seasonings are imported.
Food producers are also beginning to diversify their products. For example, Tecnopesca de
Manta, a fishing company, has begun to manufacture processed foods like soup and new
The beverage sector has focused on improved distribution channels to extend its coverage
while simultaneously launching new products, as is the case of Sap Miller which owns the
largest local brewery.
HRI Food Service Sector
Consumer spending on restaurants and eating out is expected to grow rapidly. Although this
will be from a low base (total spending was US$2.5bn in Ecuador in 2010, while the figure for
neighboring Colombia was US$13.3bn), Post expects it to rise by an annual average of 8.4%
Growth in the tourism industry continues to represent a key opportunity for the HRI sector.
The year 2011 began with positive results, with a total of 105,541 foreign visitors in
January, accounting for an increase of 9.8 percent compare to the same month in 2010.
Most restaurants are supplied by local producers and importers. The only exception is the big
hotel chains that manage direct imports through agents in the country of origin.
Products with the greatest demand are: meats, shell-fish, salmon, mussels, squid, wine,
beer, liquor, olive oil, truffles, canned tomatoes, confectioneries, sausages, pre-cooked frozen
potatoes, cheese products, and spices.
The most important franchises in Ecuador are Pizza Hut, Burger King, McDonald’s, Dunkin
Donuts, Domino’s Pizza, KFC, Papa Johns, Baskin Robbins, Subway, Taco Bell, TGI Fridays,
Tony Roma’s, Chili’s, American Deli, Crepes & Waffles, Tropi Burger, Pollo Tropical, and Little
Domestic demand for fast food is growing and all the major US fast food chains are
represented in Ecuador, although they are concentrated in the large urban centers.
Most products used by franchise restaurants are imported and include: mayonnaise, ketchup,
mustard, beef, poultry, spices, special ingredients, cheese, pepperoni, bacon, olives, corn oil,
frozen french fries, ice cream and yogurt mixes. However, most of these products are
supplied by each franchise’s global supplier.
Wine is becoming an important product in the food and beverage sector; however, the
majority of wine in Ecuador is imported. The primary exporters of wine to Ecuador are Chile
and Argentina, followed by the United States, the EU, and Australia the reason being the high
tariffs and lack of preference such as the ones Chile and Argentina have. As the economy
grows, there is an increasing demand for wine especially since there is considerable
promotion of wine culture in the larger cities.
SECTION IV: BEST HIGH-VALUE PRODUCT PROSPECTS
Based on import statistics, as well as consumer preferences and Ecuadorian market trends, U.S.
export opportunities lie in the following products:
Soybean and sub products
Sorghum and sub products for animal feed
Wheat and meslin
Corn for animal feed.
Fresh Fruits such as apples, pears, peaches
Bakery products and supplies for pastry
Mineral water and other bottled waters
Spirits and liqueurs
Sugar confectionery including white chocolate
Chocolate and other food preparations containing cacao
Coffee and Tea
Fats and Oils
Food Waste for animal feed
Mechanically deboned meat (MDM)
Precooked frozen meals
Pork cuts and Pork products
Low-calorie food products
SECTION V: KEY CONTACTS AND FURTHER INFORMATION
For more information about this report, please do not hesitate to contact:
FOREIGN AGRICULTURAL SERVICE
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE
U.S. EMBASSY, QUITO
SECTION VI: BIBLIOGRAPHY
BANCO CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR, www.bce.fin.ec
“Evolucion de la Balanza Comercial”, Banco Central del Ecuador, August 2011
“INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ESTADISTICAS Y CENSOS” www.inec.goc.ec
“ANALISIS SEMANAL”, Grupo Spurrier, www.grupospurrier.com
“THE ECONOMIST”, http://viewswire.eiu.com/index.asp?layout=ib3Article&article_id=838566668