Cotton and Products Annual in Egypt

An Expert's View about Agriculture and Animal Husbandry in Egypt

Posted on: 11 Aug 2010

Cotton area and production in 2010/2011 are forecasted to increase by 34 percent. Exports in 2009/10 increased sharply from the previous year with attractive prices

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 4/19/2010 GAIN Report Number: Egypt Cotton and Products Annual Annual Report Approved By: Cynthia Guven Prepared By: Sherif Ibrahim Report Highlights: Total Cotton area and production in 2010/2011 is forecast to increase by 34 percent, as a result of the recent increase in cotton prices and the less attractive prices for other competing crops. In order to satisfy local factories and replenish depleted stocks, cotton imports are expected to increase in 2010/2011. Cotton production is forecast to increase from 432,000 bales in 2009/2010 to 580,000 bales in 2010/2011 season with the expected increase in cotton area. While imports are expected to increase to satisfy the local industry, exports are expected to decrease in order to replenish the ending stocks. Executive Summary: Cotton area and production in 2010/2011 are forecasted to increase by 34 percent. Exports in 2009/10 increased sharply from the previous year with attractive prices. Imports in 2010/11 are forecast to increase by about 19 percent to maintain supplies to the Egyptian textile and garment industries. Progress is being made toward permitting the export of cotton from all boll weevil free areas in the United States and eliminating the requirement for methyl bromide fumigation at origin. Commodities: Cotton Production: Over the past three years, the area planted to cotton in Egypt has declined because of inconsistent government policy which affected the cropping pattern especially cotton and rice. However, in MY 2010/2011, cotton area is expected to total about 160,000 HA, or about 34 percent increase than the area planted in MY 2009/2010. The expected increase is being attributed to many farmers deciding to plant cotton as a result of the significant price declines for other competing crops such as rice, corn and wheat (domestic rice prices are kept low by export taxes and export restrictions) and relatively strong cotton prices. Approximately 70 percent of the total area planted to cotton is located in the Delta. The remainder is found in Middle and Upper Egypt. For MY 2010/2011, approximately 22 percent of the total cotton crop is expected to be extra long staple (ELS) varieties (staple lengths of 1 3/8 inches and above), about 5 percent more than the previous season. The only ELS varieties are now Giza 88, Giza 86. The remainder of the crop is comprised of long staple (LS) varieties (staple lengths of 1 1/4 inches): Giza 80 and Giza 90. Every year the government specifies certain varieties of cotton for each growing region, and farmers are obligated to cultivate those varieties according to their respective areas. The Ministry of Agriculture continues to be the sole distributor of cottonseed. Prices For 2009/10 season farmers have received the LE 800 Giza 86($145), LE 1000 ($182) for Giza 88 and LE 600 ($109) for Giza 90. This compared to LE 870 ($ 158) for Giza 86, LE 1000 ($155) for Giza 88, and LE 750 ($136) for Giza 90 (prices are per kentar of 157 kg). This compared to $080 C&F per LB for imported short staple cotton from Greece. Consumption: The declining trend in cotton utilization in Egypt is expected to continue in MY 2010/11 because of high prices for both domestic and imported cotton. Up until recently, the Egyptian textile industry's annual requirement of raw cotton averaged between 1.2 and 1.4 million bales. In MY 2009/2010, however, total utilization is expected to reach only at 882,000 bales. Approximately 60 percent of total cotton consumption is imported cotton, mainly from Greece and Sudan due to its lower prices as compared to locally produced cotton. Imported cotton is used in the production of coarse count fabrics (Ne 20/1 to Ne 30/1), which are used for shirts, knitwear and toweling. Textile and garment exporters also import fabric from cheaper sources such as Syria, Pakistan and India. This is done under the temporary admission system of imports, which allows manufacturers to import their inputs duty free provided that the end products are exported. Trade: Exports in 2009/10 increased dramatically and reach 340,000 bales, from 100,000 bales in the previous year. This sharp increase in exports is a direct result of the partial recovery of the world financial crisis. As a result of the world financial crisis, many spinning and weaving mils were forced either to shut down or reduce production. As of today, the Egyptian cotton crop is essentially sold out. In 2009/2010, imports are forecast to increase by about 19 percent over the 2008/09 level and expected to reach 500,000 bales of short staple cotton, mostly from Greece at reported prices between $0.70 and $0.87 per LB C&F, including fumigation at the loading port. Egypt also imported Acalla cotton from Sudan at a reported price of $ 0. 60 per LB and Barakat at $.75 per LB. Imports for 2010/2011 are forecast to increase to 550,000 bales in an attempt to replenish the stocks. Most cotton traders were informed about the ban of using methyl bromide in fumigation of cotton in the EU that started on March 18, 2010. Accordingly cotton importers contracted for their needs of cotton from Greece before the effective date. However cotton imports from other sources such as Sudan and Syria are still subject to methyl bromide fumigation. The Ministry of Agriculture is currently study the substitution of methyl bromide with Megatoxin which is approved by the EU countries. Currently imports of cotton are permitted from 8 approved areas: Sudan, Syria, Greece, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, California and Arizona with other U.S states in addition to California and Arizona under consideration. To be approved an area must be shown to be boll weevil free. Once the area has been checked and approved, cotton imports must be fumigated at port of loading under vacuum with methyl bromide, or if vacuum is not available, atmospheric fumigation at port of loading followed by second fumigation at port of arrival under vacuum. Given international sensitivity about the use of methyl bromide (not normally approved for use in the US or the EU), alternative treatments or chemicals are under investigation. APHIS and Egyptian Central Administration for Plant Quarantine (CAPQ) officials made good progress through a series of exchanges, culminating in a bilateral meeting in Cairo in March. The U.S. side requested from the Egyptian side to consider the science-based alternative to mandatory methyl bromide vacuum fumigation as condition of entry for U.S baled cotton. The U.S side provided published articles and DVD demonstrating the efficacy of cleaning, ginning, and Universal Compression baling in achieving insect mortality essentially equivalent to fumigation. In addition, APHIS briefed CAPQ on the boll weevil free status of some 94 percent of U.S. cotton growing areas. While continued follow up is needed, we expect that progress will continue to be made toward permitting imports of U.S. upland cotton and eliminating the requirement for methyl bromide fumigation. Trade Matrix Export Trade Matrix Cotton Time Period 2007/08 Units: 2008/09 Exports for: U.S. U.S. 0 Others Others India 211 China 29 Pakistan 169 India 22 Emirates 42 Turkey 15 China 32 Qatar 10 Turkey 31 Brazil 4 Switzerland 19 Italy 3 Italy 18 Japan 3 S. Korea 15 Bangladesh 3 Germany 12 S. Korea 3 Qatar 10 Pakistan 3 Total for Others 559 95 Others not Listed 60 5 Grand Total 619 100 Source: Alexandria Cotton Exporters Association Stocks: Stocks are expected to decrease in 2009/10 as exports increases. Further decrease in stocks is expected for 2010/2011. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Cotton 2008 2009 2010 Egypt 2008/200 2009/201 2010/201 9 0 1 Market Year Begin: Aug Market Year Begin: Aug Market Year Begin: 2008 2009 Aug 2010 USDA Official New USDA Official New USDA New Data Post Data Post Official Data Post Data Data Data Area Planted 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Area Harvested 130 133 133 117 110 119 160 Beginning Stocks 581 518 518 468 380 380 80 Production 500 483 483 450 400 432 580 Imports 425 420 420 400 450 500 550 MY Imports from U.S. 0 13 13 0 15 15 20 Total Supply 1,506 1,42 1,42 1,318 1,23 1,31 1,21 1 1 0 2 0 Exports 125 100 100 75 150 340 300 Use 900 921 921 875 900 882 850 Loss 13 20 20 13 15 10 10 Total Dom. Cons. 913 941 941 888 915 892 860 Ending Stocks 468 380 380 355 165 80 50 Total Distribution 1,506 1,42 1,42 1,318 1,23 1,31 1,21 1 1 0 2 0 Source: Ministry of Agriculture and Trade. Author Defined:
Posted: 11 August 2010

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