Oilseeds and Products Annual

An Expert's View about Cereals, Leguminous Crops, Oil Seeds in Egypt

Posted on: 13 May 2012

Sunflower Oil Imports Increase for Ration Card Program

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: GAIN Report Number: Egypt Oilseeds and Products Annual Sunflower Oil Imports Increase for Ration Card Program Approved By: Jonathan P Gressel Prepared By: Salah Mansour Report Highlights: Imports of soybeans and soybeans meal decreased in MY 2011/12, negatively impacted by disease problems in the poultry industry, but are expected to partially recover in MY 2012/13 with improved economic growth. Prices of sunflower oil are at least $100/MT less than soybean oil, spurring sunflower oil imports to record levels of 850 TMT in MY 2011/12 and, barring a change in relative prices, forecast at 830 TMT in MY 2012/13. Through mid-April, the public sector Food Industries Holding Company had already contracted for 400 TMT of sun oil for the ration card program. On the other hand imports of soybean oil are not expected to exceed 100 TMT in MY 2011/12 and 200 TMT in MY 2012/13. Egypt’s relatively small oilseed production is forecast to decrease in MY 2012/13 as farmers plant less cotton. Production: Area Planted Cottonseed is the major oilseed crop in Egypt. Soybeans and sunflower are the other oilseed crops. All are cultivated in summer. Cotton area increased in MY 2011/12 by about 38 percent compared to MY 2010/11. This increase was mainly attributed to the increase in both world and local market prices for cotton in MY 2010/11. However, cotton area is forecast to decrease significantly from 220 TH in MY 2011/12 to 154 in MY 2012/13 due to the sharp decrease in cotton prices in MY 2011/12 and the large quantities of seed cotton still held by farmers. Demand for cotton this year is down, especially for Egyptian long and extra-long staple cotton, which will have negative impact on cotton planting. Sunflower seed area increased from 3,000 hectares in MY 2010/11 to 5,000 in MY 2011/12 and expected to be at the same level in MY 2012/13. Soybean area remains unchanged. Meal Soybean meal production in MY 2011/12 is expected to decrease by about 10 percent due to poultry disease problems and shutting down some farms which decreased the demand for meal. It is expected that the meal production will increase from about 1,185 TMT to 1,250 in MY 2012/13 anticipating partial recovery of the poultry industry. Over 90 percent of the soybean meal comes from imported soybeans. Sunflower meal production remained at the same level of 104 TMT in MY 2011/12, however it is expected that it will increase slightly in MY 2012/13 due to the expected small increase in imports of sunflower seed. In MY 2011/12, production of cottonseed meal increased 37 percent in line with increased production, but will decline in MY 2012/13 due to the expected smaller area of cotton. Oil Soybean oil production decreased in MY 2011/12, but it is still the major edible oil produced in Egypt. Soybean oil production is forecast to increase from 270 TMT in MY 2011/12 to 280 TMT in MY 2012/13 due to the expected increase in soybean imports from 1.5 MMT in MY 2011/12 to 1.6 MMT in MY 2012/13. In MY 2011/12 cottonseed oil production increased from 27 TMT in MY 2010/11 to 37 TMT in MY 2011/12, but expected to decrease again to 27 TMT in MY 2012/13 due to the smaller area of cotton expected to be planted in the coming season. In MY 2011/12, sunflower oil production increased by 7 TMT from the previous season, and expected to be at the same range of about 28TMT in MY 2012/13. Consumption: Meal Consumption Egypt's oil meal consumption is affected by the status of livestock, poultry, and aquaculture sectors. Egypt’s poultry sector was badly affected by outbreaks of avian influenza and IB in MY 2011/12, but the aquaculture sector is considered a fast growing sector. The current FMD outbreak could further impact soy meal demand, but has not as yet. Soybean meal consumption was estimated at 1.9 MMT in MY 2010/11 and decreased to 1.8 MMT in MY 2011/12. A slight recovery is expected in MY 2012/13. Soybean meal is the major meal consumed in Egypt. About 1 MMT of the meal is consumed by poultry, 500 TMT by feeder and dairy cattle and about 350 TMT consumed by aquaculture. Cottonseed cake and to some extent sunflower meal are used in livestock feed. The aquaculture industry also is beginning to expand and modernize, and many farms have begun using high quality feed rations based on protein meals, primarily soybean meal. Vegetable Oil Consumption In MY 2011/12, the total quantity consumed of oil in Egypt was about 2 MMT, in which sunflower oil for the first time ever represented 45%, palm oil represented about one-third, and soybean oil represented 19% of the total quantity consumed. In MY 2011/12, total vegetable oil consumption was almost the same as the year before and will continue to be the same in MY 2012/13. About one-half of the oil consumed is subsidized through the ration card program, which now covers some 64 million persons. Ration card holders are allowed only 0.50 Kg./person/month at a subsidized price of LE 3.0/kilo ($1 = LE 6.02). In addition, another 1.0 kg at LE 3.0/kilo (with a maximum of 4 kilos per family) is allowed. The average price for oil marketed by private producers ranges from LE 12 to 15 per liter. Because of its relatively low price, palm oil continues to maintain its competitive position with other imported oils for both human consumption and industrial use. Palm stearin is imported mainly as a substitute for tallow in the manufacture of soap. Vegetable Oils Availability (TMT) Oil 2010/11 2011/12 2012/13 Imp Dom Total Imp Dom Total Imp Dom Total Soybean oil 637 294 931 100 270 370 200 280 480 Cotton seed oil 0 27 27 0 37 37 0 27 27 Sunflower oil 330 20 350 850 27 877 800 28 828 Palm oil 675 0 675 650 0 650 650 0 650 Total 1642 341 1983 1600 334 1934 1650 335 1985 Source: PSD estimates and forecasts Trade: In MY 2011/12, the U.S. market share in the soybean import market expected to reach about 43 percent, slightly higher than the year before. The current average price for soybeans imported is about $530 C&F Alexandria compared to about $540/ton in MY 2010/11. The current price of local soybeans is about $480/ton. In MY 2011/12 sunflower oil has dominated the Egyptian market due it lower price compared to soybean oil. Sunflower oil prices are cheaper than soybean oil by about $100/ton. Over 80% of the imports of soybean oil and sunflower oil are imported by the public sector Food Industries Holding Company for the ration card holder, while all the palm oil is imported by the private sector. The Holding Company had already contracted for 400 TMT of sunflower oil imports in MY 2011/12 through mid April. Post estimates soybean oil imports in MY 2011/12 at 100 TMT and 200 TMT in MY 2012/13. Sources in the local trade continue to maintain that only 650 TMT of palm oil are imported annually, although Post understands that Malaysia and Indonesia export data show much higher levels. In MY 2011/12, Egypt imported 1.5 MMT of soybeans, compared to 1.64 MT in MY 2010/11. It is expected that imports of soybeans in MY 2012/13 will reach 1.6 MMT again. Egypt imports about 50,000 MT of sunflower seed. Soybean meal continues to be the major meal imported into Egypt. In MY 2011/12, total soybean meal imports were 500 TMT and forecast at 500 TMT in 2012/13. In MY 2010/11 Brazil and India captured most of the Egyptian market with only about 80 TMT of U.S. meal. U.S. soybean meal is currently imported at $480per MT C&F for 44 percent protein, compared to $460 per MT C&F from South America. Tariffs The current tariff rate for soybeans, sunflower seed, linseed, palm kernel, and sesame seed, is zero. Oilseed meal and cake extracted from vegetable oilseeds are subjected to an import duty of 5 percent, plus 2 percent port charges. Tariffs on imported seed oils are as follows: Import tariffs on bulk crude and refined soybean, sunflower, cotton and palm oil are Zero. Tariffs on packed refined soybean, sunflower, cotton and palm are varying between 2 and 5 percent. Production, Supply and Demand Data Statistics: Oilseed, Cottonseed E 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 gypt Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2009 2010 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted (Cotton) 160 160 215 220 154 Area Harvested 155 155 210 220 154 (Cotton) Seed to Lint Ratio 6,800 6,800 6,800 6,800 6,800 Beginning Stocks 7 7 2 2 7 Production 177 177 240 250 175 MY Imports 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from EU 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 184 184 242 252 182 MY Exports 0 0 0 0 0 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Crush 171 171 212 235 170 Food Use Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Feed Waste Dom. Cons. 11 11 25 10 7 Total Dom. Cons. 182 182 237 245 177 Ending Stocks 2 2 5 7 5 Total Distribution 184 184 242 252 182 1000 HA, RATIO, 1000 MT Meal, Cottonseed E 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 gypt Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2009 2010 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Crush 171 171 212 235 170 Extr. Rate, 999.9999 0 0 0 0 0 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 Production 80 80 99 110 79 MY Imports 5 0 5 0 0 MY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from EU 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 85 80 104 110 79 MY Exports 0 0 0 0 0 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Industrial Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Food Use Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Feed Waste Dom. 85 80 104 110 79 Cons. Total Dom. Cons. 85 80 104 110 79 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 Total Distribution 85 80 104 110 79 Oil, Cottonseed Egypt 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2009 2010 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Crush 171 171 212 235 170 Extr. Rate, 999.9999 0 0 0 0 0 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 Production 27 27 34 37 27 MY Imports 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from EU 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 27 27 34 37 27 MY Exports 0 0 0 0 0 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Industrial Dom. Cons. 4 4 4 3 3 Food Use Dom. Cons. 23 23 30 34 24 Feed Waste Dom. 0 0 0 0 0 Cons. Total Dom. Cons. 27 27 34 37 27 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 Total Distribution 27 27 34 37 27 1000 MT, PERCENT Oilseed, Soybean E 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 gypt Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2010 2011 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 11 11 10 10 11 Area Harvested 11 10 10 10 11 Beginning Stocks 42 42 30 30 22 Production 24 24 25 27 28 MY Imports 1,644 1,644 1,600 1,500 1,600 MY Imp. from U.S. 684 684 625 650 600 MY Imp. from EU 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 1,710 1,710 1,655 1,557 1,650 MY Exports 0 0 0 0 0 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Crush 1,644 1,644 1,600 1,500 1,570 Food Use Dom. Cons. 16 16 17 20 15 Feed Waste Dom. 20 20 20 15 20 Cons. Total Dom. Cons. 1,680 1,680 1,637 1,535 1,605 Ending Stocks 30 30 18 22 45 Total Distribution 1,710 1,710 1,655 1,557 1,650 Meal, Soybean Egypt 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2010 2011 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Crush 1,644 1,644 1,600 1,500 1,570 Extr. Rate, 999.9999 1 1 1 1 1 Beginning Stocks 96 96 103 103 100 Production 1,310 1,310 1,275 1,185 1,250 MY Imports 622 622 700 500 500 MY Imp. from U.S. 107 107 95 80 90 MY Imp. from EU 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 2,028 2,028 2,078 1,788 1,850 MY Exports 0 0 0 0 0 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Industrial Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Food Use Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Feed Waste Dom. 1,925 1,925 1,980 1,688 1,800 Cons. Total Dom. Cons. 1,925 1,925 1,980 1,688 1,800 Ending Stocks 103 103 98 100 50 Total Distribution 2,028 2,028 2,078 1,788 1,850 Oil, Soybean Egypt 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2010 2011 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Crush 1,644 1,644 1,600 1,500 1,570 Extr. Rate, 999.9999 0 0 0 0 0 Beginning Stocks 2 2 124 124 50 Production 294 294 286 270 280 MY Imports 637 637 365 100 200 MY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from EU 0 0 5 0 0 Total Supply 933 933 775 494 530 MY Exports 40 40 40 0 0 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Industrial Dom. Cons. 12 12 12 12 12 Food Use Dom. Cons. 757 757 673 432 470 Feed Waste Dom. 0 0 0 0 0 Cons. Total Dom. Cons. 769 769 685 444 482 Ending Stocks 124 124 50 50 48 Total Distribution 933 933 775 494 530 Oilseed, Sunflowerseed E 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 gypt Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2010 2011 2012 USDA New USDA New USDA New Official Post Official Post Official Post Area Planted 3 3 3 5 5 Area Harvested 2 2 2 5 5 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 Production 5 5 5 12 14 MY Imports 50 50 250 50 50 MY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from EU 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 55 55 255 62 64 MY Exports 3 3 3 0 0 MY Exp. to EU 3 3 0 0 0 Crush 50 50 250 62 64 Food Use Dom. Cons. 2 2 2 0 0 Feed Waste Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Cons. 52 52 252 62 64 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 Total Distribution 55 55 255 62 64 Meal, Sunflowerseed E 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 gypt Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2010 2011 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Crush 50 50 250 62 64 Extr. Rate, 999.9999 1 1 1 1 1 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 Production 28 28 140 34 36 MY Imports 76 76 70 70 75 MY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from EU 20 20 0 25 25 Total Supply 104 104 210 104 111 MY Exports 0 0 0 0 0 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Industrial Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Food Use Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 5 Feed Waste Dom. Cons. 104 104 210 104 106 Total Dom. Cons. 104 104 210 104 111 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 0 0 Total Distribution 104 104 210 104 111 Oil, Sunflowerseed E 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 gypt Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2010 2011 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Crush 50 50 250 62 64 Extr. Rate, 999.9999 0 0 0 0 0 Beginning Stocks 70 70 6 6 8 Production 20 20 100 27 28 MY Imports 330 330 500 850 800 MY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from EU 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 420 420 606 883 836 MY Exports 24 24 25 25 25 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Industrial Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Food Use Dom. Cons. 390 390 511 850 800 Feed Waste Dom. Cons. 0 0 0 0 0 Total Dom. Cons. 390 390 511 850 800 Ending Stocks 6 6 70 8 11 Total Distribution 420 420 606 883 836 Oil, Palm Egypt 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct Market Year Begin: Oct 2010 2011 2012 USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post Area Planted 0 0 0 0 0 Area Harvested 0 0 0 0 0 Trees 0 0 0 0 0 Beginning Stocks 168 168 195 108 50 Production 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imports 1,277 675 1,350 650 650 MY Imp. from U.S. 0 0 0 0 0 MY Imp. from EU 1 0 1 1 2 Total Supply 1,445 843 1,545 758 700 MY Exports 200 135 220 50 50 MY Exp. to EU 0 0 0 0 0 Industrial Dom. Cons. 200 100 220 70 60 Food Use Dom. Cons. 850 500 875 588 560 Feed Waste Dom. 0 0 0 0 0 Cons. Total Dom. Cons. 1,050 600 1,095 658 620 Ending Stocks 195 108 230 50 30 Total Distribution 1,445 843 1,545 758 700
Posted: 13 May 2012

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