Citrus Annual in Egypt

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Egypt

Posted on: 11 Aug 2010

Orange production accounts for well over half the total fruit production in Egypt

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Required Report - public distribution Date: 1/11/2010 GAIN Report Number: EG1001 Egypt CITRUS ANNUAL Citrus Annual Approved By: Jonathan P. Gressel Prepared By: Cynthia I. Guven & Sherif I Sherif Report Highlights: Both area and production of oranges increased by 2 percent in 2008/09 and exports are expected to increase by 3 percent in 2009/10. Executive Summary: The number of oranges bearing trees is increasing every year. Egyptian orange exports in 2008/09 decreased as a result of the effect of the world financial crises. However, exports are expected to increase by 3 percent in 2009/010 due to the growing opportunity in the Iranian market. Commodities: Select Commodities: Select Select Production: Oranges, Fresh Egypt 2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010 Market Year Begin: Oct 2007 Market Year Begin: Oct 2008 Market Year Begin: Oct 2009 USDA Official Data Old Post USDA Official Data Old Post USDA Official Data Jan Data Data Data Area Planted 110,000 110,000 147,000 147,000 150,000 Area Harvested 105,000 105,000 140,000 140,000 150,000 Bearing Trees 5,713 5,713 7,650 7,642 7,800 Non-Bearing Trees 4,563 4,563 6,100 6,097 6,224 Total No. Of Trees 10,276 10,276 13,750 13,739 14,024 Production 2,759 2,759 3,500 3,500 3,568 Imports 0 0 0 0 0 Total Supply 2,759 2,759 3,500 3,500 3,568 Exports 560 850 530 774 800 Fresh Dom. Consumption 2,149 1,859 2,910 2,666 2,698 For Processing 50 50 60 60 70 Total Distribution 2,759 2,759 3,500 3,500 3,568 Production Oranges are a winter fruit well-suited to the Egyptian climate. Orange production accounts for well over half the total fruit production in Egypt. Orange cultivation is centered in two large geographic regions: the fertile Delta area and the newly reclaimed lands. About 80 percent of Egypt?s total orange production is produced by large farms (10-100 feddans) and 20 percent is produced by small farms (1- 10 feddans), (One feddan = .42 hectare). Navel oranges are the predominant variety, representing about 70 percent of total Egypt?s orange production. Lesser amounts of local (baladi), sweet, valencia, and other varieties are also produced. The harvest of navel oranges begins in October and is followed by other varieties in November and December. The harvest usually lasts from four to five months. Total orange area in 2008, was estimated at 147,000 hectares compared to 110,000 hectars in 2007. Total orange production in 2008, increased to about 3.5 million MT compared to 2.7 million MT in 2007. The increase in orange production was mainly due to the increase in the number of bearing trees. For the 2009 season, both area and production are expected to increase. This expected increase in production is due to the increased number of bearing trees, also the expected absence of strong winds which usually cause damage to fruit sets. Consumption Oranges are the main fruit available in Egypt during the winter. Due to the fact that oranges are relatively inexpensive, Egyptians consume large amounts of oranges, both fresh and or juice. Per capita consumption of oranges is estimated at about 33 Kg per year. The orange processing industry is expanding due to the increased number of companies producing orange juice. At the present time, there are eight major orange juice processors in Egypt. Most companies depend on the baladi and summer varieties for processing. Domestic production is primarily destined for fresh consumption. Imported orange juice is also available in the market. Egyptian citrus grown in arid areas (reclaimed desert land) is characterized by low juice content, while fruits produced in the more humid regions, mainly along the Red Sea and Mediterranean coast, have much higher juice content. Trade The Egyptian orange export season is relatively long, extending from December to April, and this is quite favorable for the export of navel oranges. Although Egypt has excellent opportunities for expanding its orange exports due to its favorable climate and strategic geographic location, exports of Egyptian oranges to the European market continue to be limited by the uneven quality of Egyptian oranges as well as by competition from other suppliers such as Spain, Israel, and Morocco. European countries import baladi and summer varieties, mainly for juicing, while Saudi Arabia, Russia and recently Iran are importing Egyptian table oranges. Total Egyptian orange exports in 2008/2009 fell to 774,000 MT compared to 850,000 MT in 2007/2008 as a result of the world financial crisis. For 2009/2010, exports are expected to increase by about three percent, because of the anticipated growing opportunity in Iran as a new market for Egyptian oranges. The current average export price of fresh oranges is $550/MT C&F as compared to $ 555/MT during the same period last season (beginning of export season). The EU-Egyptian Partnership Agreement, which was signed on June 24, 2001, offers tariff concessions for Egyptian orange exporters. In 2007/08 Egypt received a duty-free TRQ of 70,000 MT for fresh or dried oranges. However, starting in the 2009/10 season, Egypt received tariff concessions for all Egyptian orange exports to EU countries. European countries import baladi and summer varieties, mainly for juicing. Trade Matrix Egypt Oranges MT Exports to 2007 Exports to 2008 U.S. U.S. Others Others Russia 150,000 Saudi Arabia 189,000 Ukraine 115,000 Russia 89,000 Iran 83,000 Iran 90,000 England 57,000 Ukraine 75,000 E.U 45,000 England 52,000 Gulf Countries 106,000 Gulf Countries 90,000 Latvia 9,000 Sudan 19,000 Total for Others 565,000 604,000 Others not listed 405,000 170,000 Grand Total 790,000 774,000
Posted: 11 August 2010

See more from Citrus Fruits in Egypt

Expert Views    
Citrus Annual in Egypt   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Citrus Annual 2012   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Citrus Production - Annual   By Foreign Agricultural Service
Orange Groves Blossom along the Nile   By Foreign Agricultural Service