Orange production accounts for well over half the total fruit production in Egypt
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE
BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S.
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number: EG1001
Jonathan P. Gressel
Cynthia I. Guven & Sherif I Sherif
Both area and production of oranges increased by 2 percent in 2008/09 and exports are expected to
increase by 3 percent in 2009/10.
The number of oranges bearing trees is increasing every year. Egyptian orange exports in 2008/09
decreased as a result of the effect of the world financial crises. However, exports are expected to
increase by 3 percent in 2009/010 due to the growing opportunity in the Iranian market.
2007/2008 2008/2009 2009/2010
Market Year Begin: Oct 2007 Market Year Begin: Oct 2008 Market Year Begin: Oct 2009
USDA Official Data Old Post USDA Official Data Old Post USDA Official Data Jan
Data Data Data
Area Planted 110,000 110,000 147,000 147,000 150,000
Area Harvested 105,000 105,000 140,000 140,000 150,000
Bearing Trees 5,713 5,713 7,650 7,642 7,800
Non-Bearing Trees 4,563 4,563 6,100 6,097 6,224
Total No. Of Trees 10,276 10,276 13,750 13,739 14,024
Production 2,759 2,759 3,500 3,500 3,568
Imports 0 0 0 0 0
Total Supply 2,759 2,759 3,500 3,500 3,568
Exports 560 850 530 774 800
Fresh Dom. Consumption 2,149 1,859 2,910 2,666 2,698
For Processing 50 50 60 60 70
Total Distribution 2,759 2,759 3,500 3,500 3,568
Oranges are a winter fruit well-suited to the Egyptian climate. Orange production accounts for well over
half the total fruit production in Egypt. Orange cultivation is centered in two large geographic regions:
the fertile Delta area and the newly reclaimed lands. About 80 percent of Egypt?s total orange
production is produced by large farms (10-100 feddans) and 20 percent is produced by small farms (1-
10 feddans), (One feddan = .42 hectare). Navel oranges are the predominant variety, representing
about 70 percent of total Egypt?s orange production. Lesser amounts of local (baladi), sweet, valencia,
and other varieties are also produced. The harvest of navel oranges begins in October and is followed
by other varieties in November and December. The harvest usually lasts from four to five months.
Total orange area in 2008, was estimated at 147,000 hectares compared to 110,000 hectars in 2007.
Total orange production in 2008, increased to about 3.5 million MT compared to 2.7 million MT in
2007. The increase in orange production was mainly due to the increase in the number of bearing trees.
For the 2009 season, both area and production are expected to increase. This expected increase in
production is due to the increased number of bearing trees, also the expected absence of strong winds
which usually cause damage to fruit sets.
Oranges are the main fruit available in Egypt during the winter. Due to the fact that oranges are
relatively inexpensive, Egyptians consume large amounts of oranges, both fresh and or juice. Per capita
consumption of oranges is estimated at about 33 Kg per year. The orange processing industry is
expanding due to the increased number of companies producing orange juice. At the present time,
there are eight major orange juice processors in Egypt. Most companies depend on the baladi and
summer varieties for processing. Domestic production is primarily destined for fresh consumption.
Imported orange juice is also available in the market. Egyptian citrus grown in arid areas (reclaimed
desert land) is characterized by low juice content, while fruits produced in the more humid regions,
mainly along the Red Sea and Mediterranean coast, have much higher juice content.
The Egyptian orange export season is relatively long, extending from December to April, and this is
quite favorable for the export of navel oranges. Although Egypt has excellent opportunities for
expanding its orange exports due to its favorable climate and strategic geographic location, exports of
Egyptian oranges to the European market continue to be limited by the uneven quality of Egyptian
oranges as well as by competition from other suppliers such as Spain, Israel, and Morocco. European
countries import baladi and summer varieties, mainly for juicing, while Saudi Arabia, Russia and
recently Iran are importing Egyptian table oranges. Total Egyptian orange exports in 2008/2009 fell to
774,000 MT compared to 850,000 MT in 2007/2008 as a result of the world financial crisis. For
2009/2010, exports are expected to increase by about three percent, because of the anticipated growing
opportunity in Iran as a new market for Egyptian oranges. The current average export price of fresh
oranges is $550/MT C&F as compared to $ 555/MT during the same period last season (beginning of
The EU-Egyptian Partnership Agreement, which was signed on June 24, 2001, offers tariff concessions
for Egyptian orange exporters. In 2007/08 Egypt received a duty-free TRQ of 70,000 MT for fresh or
dried oranges. However, starting in the 2009/10 season, Egypt received tariff concessions for all
Egyptian orange exports to EU countries. European countries import baladi and summer varieties,
mainly for juicing.
Exports to 2007 Exports to 2008
Russia 150,000 Saudi Arabia 189,000
Ukraine 115,000 Russia 89,000
Iran 83,000 Iran 90,000
England 57,000 Ukraine 75,000
E.U 45,000 England 52,000
Gulf Countries 106,000 Gulf Countries 90,000
Latvia 9,000 Sudan 19,000
Total for Others 565,000 604,000
Others not listed 405,000 170,000
Grand Total 790,000 774,000