For the 2009/2010 season, both orange area and production are expected to increase. This expected increase in production is due to the increased number of bearing trees in the vast expansion of new cultivated area in the newly reclaimed land.
THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY
USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT
Required Report - public distribution
GAIN Report Number:
Slow Increase in Citrus Production
Cynthia I. Guven, Senior Agricultural Attache
Sherif Sherif, Agricultural Specialist
For the 2009/2010 season, both orange area and production are expected to increase. The level of use for direct consumption
and for the processing industry is not expected to change significantly. Total oranges exports are expected to reach 845,000
MT in 2009/2010. However, exports are forecast to decrease in 2010/2011 as a result of increased production in
neighboring supplier countries and trade rumors that the Iranian market may be closed.
Citrus, Other, Fresh
For the 2009/2010 season, both orange area and production are expected to increase. This expected
increase in production is due to the increased number of bearing trees in the vast expansion of new
cultivated area in the newly reclaimed land. The increase can also be attributed to the continued absence
of strong winds, which can be a large determining factor for overall yield and production as they usually
cause damage to fruit sets. In 2010/2011, total planted orange area is forecast at 152,000 hectares
compared to 150,000 estimated for 2009/2010 and 147,000 hectares in 2008/09. Production in
2010/2011 is forecast to increase to 3.65 million MT, up from the estimated 3.57 million MT in 2009/10
compared to about 3.5 million MT in 2008/2009. The expected increase in total orange production is
mainly due to the increase in the number of bearing trees.
Oranges are a winter fruit well-suited to the Egyptian climate. Orange production accounts for half the
total fruit production in Egypt. Cultivation is centered in two large geographic regions: the fertile Delta
area and the newly reclaimed lands. Navel oranges are the predominant variety. Smaller amounts of
local (baladi), sweet, Valencia, and other varieties are also produced. The harvest of navel oranges
begins in October and is followed by other varieties in November and December. Harvest usually lasts
from four to five months.
Oranges, Fresh Egypt 2008/2009 2009/2010 2010/2011
Market Year Begin: Oct 2008 Market Year Begin: Oct 2009 Market Year Begin: Oct 2010
USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post USDA Official New Post
Area Planted 147,000 147,000 150,000 150,000 152,000
Area Harvested 140,000 140,000 140,000 143,000 143,000
Bearing Trees 7,642 7,642 7,800 7,800 7,960
Non-Bearing Trees 6,097 6,097 6,224 6,250 6,250
Total No. Of Trees 13,739 13,739 14,024 14,050 14,210
Production 3,500 3,500 3,570 3,570 3,645
Imports 0 0 0 0 0
Total Supply 3,500 3,500 3,570 3,570 3,645
Exports 774 774 800 845 750
Fresh Dom. Consumption 2,666 2,666 2,700 2,655 2,820
For Processing 60 60 70 70 75
Total Distribution 3,500 3,500 3,570 3,570 3,645
The level of use for direct consumption and for the processing industry is not changing significantly.
Oranges are the main fruit available in Egypt during the winter. Due to the fact that oranges are
relatively inexpensive, Egyptians consume large amounts of oranges, both fresh and as juice. Per capita
consumption of oranges is estimated at about 18 kg per year. The orange processing industry is
expanding due to the increased number of companies producing orange juice. Most companies depend
on the baladi and summer varieties for processing.
The Egyptian orange export season is relatively long, extending from October to April, which is quite
favorable for the export of navel oranges. The recent positive effects of the EU- Egyptian Partnership
agreement under which Egypt received a duty-free TRQ of all quantities of fresh or dried oranges as of
June 1, 2010, is expected to have a positive impact on total oranges exports. Total oranges exports are
expected to reach 845,000 MT in 2009/2010. However, total oranges exports for 2010/011 are forecast
to decrease from the 2009/10 levels mainly because of 1) more competition from expected increased
orange production in Spain, Morocco and Turkey and 2) rumors in the trade that Iran may close its
market for political reasons. Iran has been an 80 to 90 TMT market for Egyptian citrus in recent years.
Although Egypt has excellent opportunities for expanding its orange exports due to its favorable climate
and strategic geographic location, exports to the European market continue to be limited by the uneven
quality of Egyptian oranges. European countries import baladi and summer varieties, mainly for juicing.
Russia, the Ukraine and the Gulf countries, including Iran and Saudi Arabia have been the primary
Egyptian exporters prefer to sell their production for cash on an FOB basis in order to avoid the risk of
being rejected due to sanitary- phytosanitary (SPS) reasons or being in a position to face adjusted prices
due to quality factors.
In 2009/2010 the average FOB export price for Egyptian oranges was between $550 and $570 per MT.
Export Trade Matrix
Exports to 2008/09 2009/010
Russia 150,000 Saudi Arabia 188,167
Ukraine 115,000 Russia 158,713
Iran 83,000 Iran 91,494
England 57,000 Ukraine 75,540
Other E.U 45,000 UK 63,239
Gulf Countries 106,000 Other E.U 44,468
Latvia 9,000 Neither land 38,683
Total for Others 565,000 730,974
Others not listed 405,000 114,105
Grand Total 790,000 845,079