Energy opportunities

An Expert's View about Sustainability in France

Last updated: 21 Jul 2011

France's energy production consists at present of 80% nuclear energy, 7% conventional (oil, gas, coal, etc), and 13% renewable. By 2020 France’s aim is that renewables will account for at least 23% of total production.

Sector briefing Energy opportunities in France Why France? France's energy production consists at present of 80% nuclear energy, 7% conventional (oil, gas, coal, etc), and 13% renewable. By 2020 France?s aim is that renewables will account for at least 23% of total production. Sarkozy himself stated in June 2009 that he wanted to make France ?the leader in renewables, as well as in nuclear?. France is rich in renewable energy resources, with the largest forest area in Western Europe, the second highest wind energy potential (5,500 kilometres of coasts) and considerable hydroelectric resources. The strong agricultural sector enables the development of bio-energy. In overseas territories (DOM-TOMs), ?Companies looking to break production of solar energy and wave energy is into the French market should developing. be innovative and focused on Find general information on French market the wider and more conditions on UKTI?s website. The Doing economical sale of products Business Guide for France gives an overview of and solutions to meet Ireland?s economy, business culture, potential opportunities and an introduction to other France?s Grenelle objectives? relevant issues. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Energy opportunities in France The tender, worth 10 billion euros, was Opportunities officially launched at the end of May. In line with the government?s requirement that Strengths: Nuclear ? extremely well successful bids must create jobs in France, developed and mature industry given the AREVA would build a wind turbine factory in presence of global leaders Areva and EDF. New France as part of the bid. Alstom and EDF build in the UK in the coming years will Energies Nouvelles have also formed a represent biggest opportunity to work in this consortium for the tender. More detail on this sector. Onshore and wind turbines ? project are available on the blogactiv website. Relatively well established, although resistance to new projects is growing. Hydro-electric The Marine and Hydro sectors dams (>500 kW) ? very mature sector with 90% of France?s ?green electricity? coming from Whereas the hydro-electric dam sector is this form of production. mature, the marine energies sector remains relatively undeveloped. France relies heavily on Weaknesses: Domestic solar panels ? fear hydro-generated energy and has a very mature that the recent government announcement to and long established hydro-electric industry. reduce feed-in tariffs to professionals by 12% nd After Italy, France is the 2 ranking European will slow the development of the sector. country with approximately 1730 hydro dams generating, on average, 2,060 MW (7 to 7,5 Opportunities: Marine energies ? surface TWh/yr) representing 18% of the total and underwater tidal turbines and wave electricity production for France each year. paddles potentially very strong in the future. Hydro-electric dams have traditionally always Solar water/air heating is an emerging been operated by EDF although this is slowly segment with rapid growth. Advantageous changing. feed-in tariffs combined with rendering solar panel installations more aesthetically pleasing Nuclear will be key elements to the continued growth of this sub-sector. Carbon Capture Storage - The nuclear sector in France is dominated by need is to improve overall cycle efficiency and EDF and Areva. Between them they have built minimise environmental impact. Micro and now operate 58 reactors located in 19 (<10kW) and small (10-500 kW)-hydro power stations: thirty-four 900 MW reactors, given under developed nature of sector twenty 1300 MW reactors and four 1500 MW (combined with favourable feed-in tariffs of reactors. The fleet generates 390 billion kWh a 6,07c?/kWh). Offshore wind farms ? ?15 year and provides 87% of EDF?s electricity billion public tender due to be issued in output. September 2010. Tender will be for a minimum of 3000 MW (600 wind turbines), or the In conclusion: equivalent to 2 EPR nuclear reactors. France is not a European leader in any one Threats: Traditional Oil & Gas companies - renewable sector. As such, companies looking diversifying more and more into the to break into the French market should be renewables field and CCS (Carbon Capture and innovative and focused on the wider and more Storage), but there are considerable global economical sale of products and solutions to stakeholdings from TOTAL, GdF and their meet France?s Grenelle objectives. supply chains in maintaining and developing oil and gas fossil fuel energies. TOTAL?s long-term Developing techniques to facilitate the strategy is limited to developing cleaner ways connection of renewable energies to the of using oil and gas, alongside developing national grid will also be key. The UK is, alternative solar and nuclear technologies. however, recognised as a leader in many areas and companies need to transfer this expertise A brief overview of a select number of to the French market if they are to stand a energy sectors in France chance of winning business. Wind Energy Selling into France ? a competitive AREVA and GDF are to join forces with DONG market, but what sells in the UK can sell Energy (DNK), to form a consortium in a bid to in France build France?s 3000 MGW offshore wind farms. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Energy opportunities in France Knowledge of the French language and culture is extremely well received. It is essential to build up relationships with contacts in France and patience is key (not uncommon to take up to 4 years to achieve results). It is also essential to have documentation in French and to conduct initial calls/meetings in French. Needless to say, working with a well- connected French agent/partner will be key. Price is also all-important unless product unique and a real demand exists. References with organisations will also prove vital. Samples will also need to be sent ahead of all public tenders for testing purposes. If you have any questions on the opportunities above, contact the UKTI contacts named in this report. Business opportunities aimed specifically at UK companies are added daily to UKTI?s website. These leads are sourced by our staff overseas in British Embassies, High Commissions and Consulates, across all sectors and in over 100 markets. You can be alerted to business opportunities on a regular basis by registering on the UKTI website. Find out more on UKTI?s business opportunities service on the UKTI website. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Energy opportunities in France Major events and activities UKTI contacts POLLUTEC 2011 Xavier Owen Time: 29 Nov ? 02 Dec 201 Senior Trade Adviser Venue: Paris Nord Villepinte British Embassy Paris Tel: +33 (0)1 44 51 32 80 Internet: Email: Find full details of all events in this country and sector on the UKTI website. Audrey Berté New export events are added daily to the site Trade Adviser and you can register to be alerted to them on a British Embassy Paris daily, weekly or monthly basis Tel: +33 (0)1 44 51 32 71 Email: UKTI?s Tradeshow Access Programme (TAP) provides grant support for eligible Small & Medium Sized Enterprises (SME's) to attend trade shows overseas. Find out more about UKTI support for attendance at overseas events UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Energy opportunities in France Next steps - How UKTI can help ? Arranging appointments British companies wishing to develop their ? Organise seminars or other events for business in the French market are advised to you to meet contacts and promote your undertake as much market research and company in the French market planning as possible in the UK. UKTI?s team in France, with its wide local knowledge and This work is available via our Overseas Market experience, can provide a range of services to Introduction Service (OMIS) a chargeable British-based companies wishing to grow their service which assists British-based companies business in global markets. wishing to enter or expand their business in overseas markets. This can include: ? Provision of market information To find out more about commissioning this ? Validated lists of agents/distributors work, or accessing other UKTI services and ? Key market players or potential specialist advice, please visit the UKTI website customers in the French market to find contact details for your local UKTI ? Establishment of interest of such office. contacts in working with you Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this document is accurate, neither UK Trade & Investment nor its parent Departments (the Department for Business, Innovation & Skills, and the Foreign & Commonwealth Office), accept liability for any errors, omissions or misleading statements, and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual, firm, company or other organisation mentioned. Published 2011 by UK Trade & Investment. Crown Copyright © You may reuse this information (not including logos, images and case studies) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms of the Open Government Licence. To view this licence, visit licence/ or write to the Information Policy Team, The National Archives, Kew, London TW9 4DU, or email: This publication is also available from our website at or for more information please telephone +44 (0)20 7215 8000. UK Trade & Investment Sector briefing: Energy opportunities in France
Posted: 21 July 2011, last updated 21 July 2011

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