Schmallenberg Virus Found in Cattle

A Lastest News about Cattle in Germany

Posted on: 15 Feb 2012

The Schmallenberg virus has been found in cattle in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 1/30/2012 GAIN Report Number: NL2003 Netherlands EU-27 Post: The Hague Schmallenberg Virus Found in Cattle Report Categories: Livestock and Products Approved By: Mary Ellen Smith Prepared By: Bob Flach Report Highlights: The Schmallenberg virus has been found in cattle in Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium. So far, only Russia imposed a ban on sheep and goats, and related products. If Russia would impose a ban on the import of live cattle and beef from these countries, an annual trade value of US$ 150 million would be affected. On January 23rd, the Schmallenberg virus has been found in calves in the Netherlands. Previously it was also found in cattle in Belgium on January 19th and in Germany on November 21st. These incidents have been reported to the OIE. On January 20th, the European Commission and EU Member States discussed a monitoring program for the disease, which will be implemented the coming weeks. The issue has also been discussed at the EU Agricultural Council meeting on January 23rd. Presentations about the Schmallenberg virus on the Standing Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health (SCFCAH) can be downloaded at: http://ec.europa.eu/food/committees/regulatory/scfcah/animal_health/presentations_en.htm#111201201 2 Dutch experts expect that the Dutch calves were infected in August / September 2011, and that therefore that the peak of calves infected with the virus will be born during March / April this year. The major negative effect on the production of the virus is the cause of abnormalities of the born animals. The Dutch Government informed the public that there is no known effect on human health. Below an overview of the farms suspected, inspected and the results of the test in Germany, Netherlands, Belgium and the United Kingdom. Germany Farms Farms inspected Virus found Virus not found Awaiting result Suspected Cattle 6 Sheep 25 Goat 1 Total 32 Netherlands Farms Farms inspected Virus found Virus not found Awaiting result Suspected Cattle 136 91 2 Sheep 134 107 72 Goat 13 9 2 Total 283 76 131 76 Belgium Farms Farms inspected Virus found Virus not found Awaiting result Suspected Cattle 55 1 Sheep 42 27 Goat 2 0 Total 99 28 UK Farms Farms inspected Virus found Virus not found Awaiting result Suspected Cattle Sheep 4 Goat Total The Russian Government banned the import of sheep and goats, including related products from Germany and the Netherlands. In the near future, experts of the Netherlands, Germany, Russia and the European Commission will meet to discuss this issue. Mexico banned imports of sperm and embryo’s of sheep, goats and cattle from the Netherlands. A Russian ban on the import of live cattle, mostly heifers, would have significant trade implications (see tables below). Another important trade flow is the export of beef from Germany to Russia. Exports of Live Cattle, Beef and Veal to Russia in 2011, Value Live cattle Beef and veal The Netherlands 45 million US$ 1 million US$ Belgium 0 7 million US$ Germany 26 million US$ 80 million US$ EU Total 110 million US$ 320 million US$ Source: based on January – October trade statistics of GTIS. Exports of Live Cattle, Beef and Veal to Russia in 2011, Quantity Live cattle (head) Beef and veal (MT) The Netherlands 15,000 500 Belgium 0 2,000 Germany 9,000 18,000 EU Total 35,000 75,000 Source: based on January – October trade statistics of GTIS. Information in this report is based on press releases of the Netherlands Food and Consumer Product Safety Authority (NVWA), a letter of the Dutch Agricultural Minister to the Dutch Parliament, the Belgian Food Safety Agency (FAVV), and FAS Offices in The Hague, Berlin, London and Brussels.
Posted: 15 February 2012

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