Agriculture continues to be one of the largest sectors of Ghana’s economy, contributing about 30% of GDP in 2010.
Agricultural sector in Ghana
Agriculture continues to be one of the largest sectors of Ghana’s economy, contributing about
30% of GDP in 2010. There are opportunities for investment in irrigation, machinery, livestock
Ghana produces a wide variety of cash crops including cocoa, palm oil, maize, rice and cassava.
The sector accounted for 34% of GDP in 2009 down from 40% in 2000. In the past decade the
Government has focused on increasing non-traditional exports. This includes sheanuts (67,826
tonnes exported in 2009 – latest figures), cashew nuts (52,965 tonnes exported in 2009), bananas
(47,613 tonnes exported in 2009) and pineapples (31,567 tonnes exported in 2009).
The Ministry of Food and Agriculture (MoFA) has oversight responsibility for major policy
decisions although the cocoa and the timber industries are overseen by independent government
MoFA currently has in place a plan known as METASIP: Medium- Term Agriculture Investment
Plan which spans from 2011-2015 and consists of six components; improving food security,
increasing incomes along the value chain, encouraging competitiveness and market integration,
promoting sustainability, increasing the use of science and technology and improving
institutional coordination throughout the sector.
Irrigation and Water Management - 11,000 hectares of land (out of an identifiable 500,000
hectares) has been developed for formal irrigation. MoFA intends to partner the private sector to
develop and expand this area.
Mechanisation Services - in the expansion of mechanisation to farming activities such as
planting, cultivation, harvesting and primary processing such as threshing, shelling and milling.
Also the quality and efficiency of locally manufactured machinery is not up to food grade
standard and needs to be improved.
Livestock - Undertaking genetic characterisation and improvement of local livestock species,
training farmers on livestock disease management, rehabilitation and equipping of quarantine
stations, equipping and providing logistics for animal health clinics in all district capitals,
production and procurement of relevant vaccines for livestock, training community livestock
workers to act as service agents, identifying, updating and dissemination of improved livestock
Fertiliser – due to poor agricultural yields and the high cost of fertilizer the Government is
looking to commercialise it offshore gas to be used for fertiliser.
Latest export opportunities – Agriculture
Latest export opportunities – Ghana
Getting into the market
All foreign companies are required to register with the Ghana Investment Promotion Centre
(GIPC) who can assist with guidance on the bureaucratic procedures for investment. Guidance
available at http://www.gipcghana.com/
The Ministry of Food and Agriculture
(MoFA-http://mofa.gov.gh) is the lead Ministry responsible for policy and strategy in the
More about doing business in Ghana
Market intelligence is critical when doing business overseas, and UKTI can provide bespoke
market research and support during overseas visits though our chargeable Overseas Market
Introduction Service (OMIS).
To commission research or for general advice about the market, get in touch with our specialists
in country - or contact your local international trade team.
ξ Lydia Bampoe, British High Commission, Ghana.
Tel: +233 (0)302 213312 or email: Lydia.Bampoe@fco.gov.uk.
ξ UKTI Ghana Trade Team, British High Commission, Ghana
Tel: +233 (0)302 213300 or email DLAccraUKTIprotect@fco.gov.uk
Contact your local international trade team
UKTI runs a range of events for exporters, including seminars in the UK, trade missions to
overseas markets and support for attendance at overseas trade shows.
Latest events – Agriculture
More about OMIS and other UKTI services for exporters