Ghana has two main deepwater coastal ports – Tema and Takoradi which are managed by the statutory corporation Ghana Harbour Ports Authority (GHPA).
Ports sector in Ghana
Ghana, an attractive emerging economy, is looking for investment in developing its growing ports sector.
Ghana has two main deepwater coastal ports – Tema and Takoradi which are managed by the
statutory corporation Ghana Harbour Ports Authority (GHPA).
Tema is the largest, handling 75% of maritime trade in 2010. Tema port has 12 berths with
draughts ranging from 8-11.5 metres, and handled 590,147 teus in 2010, a 12% rise in container
volume from 2009. GHPA are looking to increase the size of Tema port to relieve the current
congestion. Expansion plans are significant and include a new container terminal, fruit & sugar
terminal, passenger terminal and transhipment terminal. Costs have been estimated at $1.5
billion and investment through PPPs is being sought by GHPA.
Takoradi port has gained more significance since the discovery of oil in 2007. It is now the main
supply port for the offshore production and exploration operations and capacity is under
considerable strain. Takoradi port has seven berths with draughts ranging from 9-10 metres. It is
predominately an export port for commodities such as cocoa and timber and for mining
extractives such as bauxite and manganese, it also handles container imports (53,041 teus in
2010). GHPA are looking at a $750 million expansion plan over three phases to increase the size
of the port by 300%, which includes land reclamation. Investment through PPPs is sought though
the Government has listed the first phase of works amongst infrastructure projects to be financed
under a Master Facility Agreement with the China Development Bank (a $3 billion draw down
There are also plans to develop the Boankra Inland Port, an intermodal dry port outside of
Kumasi. Sustainability of this project may be dependent on the rehabilitation of the Eastern
railway line; there is currently no functioning railway service on this route. But this would form
an important cargo port for goods going to the North of Ghana and the landlocked countries of
Burkina Faso and Niger.
ξ Major projects in both Tema and Takoradi ports; Ghana is looking seriously to
significantly develop its transport infrastructure which it sees as essential to sustained
ξ GHPA looking for a partner for a concession on the Dry Dock in Tema Port.
ξ The Government has been in long term planning for a dedicated oil services port in the
Western Region, which it would look to finance through a PPP.
ξ Lonrho are undertaking a feasibility study for an oil services terminal in Atubao in the
Western Region. Lonrho are looking to promote this project with oil & gas companies
operating in West Africa.
ξ Commercial shipping opportunities on Volta Lake, north/south Ghana connections.
Latest export opportunities – Ports & Logistics
Latest export opportunities - Ghana
Getting into the market
Face to face meetings are essential in this business environment and appointments should be
made with the following:
Ghana Harbour Ports Authority, for port management and planning,
Ministry of Transport, for strategic leadership and oversight, http://www.mot.gov.gh/index.php
Ghana Investment Promotion Centre, for guidance and assistance to international investors,
More about doing business in Ghana
Market intelligence is critical when doing business overseas, and UKTI can provide bespoke
market research and support during overseas visits though our chargeable Overseas Market
Introduction Service (OMIS).
To commission research or for general advice about the market, get in touch with our specialists
in country - or contact your local international trade team.
•Alasdair Hamilton, British High Commission, Ghana. Tel: +233 (0)302 213231 or email:
•UKTI Ghana Trade Team, British High Commission, Ghana. Tel: +233 (0)302 213200 or
Contact your local international trade team
UKTI runs a range of events for exporters, including seminars in the UK, trade missions to
overseas markets and support for attendance at overseas trade shows.
Latest events – Ports & Logistics
More about OMIS and other UKTI services for exporters