Citrus Annual 2011

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Greece

Posted on: 30 Dec 2011

Greek orange production is forecast to decrease by 1.3 percent due to heavy frost during flowering.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 11/25/2011 GAIN Report Number: GR1112 Greece Post: Rome Greece Citrus Annual 2011 Report Categories: Citrus Approved By: Jim Dever Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek orange production is forecast to decrease by 1.3 percent due to heavy frost during flowering. MY 2011/12 Greek orange, tangerine, and lemon consumption is forecast to decrease by 3 percent because of the Greece’s economic downturn and reduced purchasing power. Oranges Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Oranges 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 36,000 36,000 36,000 Area Harvested 35,424 34,300 34,150 Production 969,660 922,000 910,000 Imports 7,946 8,000 8,500 Total Supply 977,606 930,000 918,500 Exports 381,880 380,700 382,200 Fresh Dom. Consumption 398,726 419,300 406,300 For Processing 197,000 130,000 130,000 Total Distribution 977,606 930,000 918,500 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek orange production is forecast to decrease by about 1 percent, due to heavy frost during flowering. Peloponnese and Aitoloakarnaia (western Greece) are the main orange-producing areas. “Washington Navel,” “Commons,” “Valencia,” “Navelina,” and “Newhall” are the major orange varieties grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Greek orange consumption is forecast to decrease by about 2 percent because of the Greece’s economic downturn and reduced purchasing power. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to open markets and grocery stores). The “Commons” variety is used predominantly in processing. TRADE MY 2011/12 Greek orange exports are forecast to remain stable. Romania, Serbia, and Germany continue to be the main destination for Greek oranges. “Navels” and “Tardives” are marketed mostly from November through March. South Africa supplies about 40 percent of Greece’s orange import requirements. Orange Juice Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Orange Juice 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Deliv. to Processors 197,000 130,000 130,000 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 Production 12,115 7,995 7,995 Imports 4,329 3,958 3,900 Total Supply 16,444 11,953 11,895 Exports 3,783 3,030 3,200 Domestic Consumption 12,661 8,923 8,695 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 Total Distribution 16,444 11,953 11,895 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) According to the latest estimates, Greece is forecast to process about 130,000 MT of oranges in MY 2011/12, to produce 7,995 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined to the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. Tangerines Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Tangerines 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 9,200 9,200 9,200 Area Harvested 8,900 9,100 9,100 Production 110,000 120,000 120,000 Imports 4,788 3,999 3,700 Total Supply 114,788 123,999 123,700 Exports 33,310 70,496 74,895 Fresh Dom. Consumption 80,478 52,503 47,805 For Processing 1,000 1,000 1,000 Total Distribution 114,788 123,999 123,700 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek tangerine production is forecast to remain steady. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Igoumenitsa, Arta, Mosologgi, and Thesprotia, located in northern Greece. “Clementine” is the major tangerine variety grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Greek tangerine consumption is forecast to decrease by 9 percent because of the Greece’s economic downturn and reduced purchasing power. Most tangerines are consumed fresh. “Clementines” are consumed mainly along the west coast and cover early and late season demands, both domestically and abroad. TRADE MY 2011/12 Greek tangerine exports are forecast to keep an upward trend. Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Germany represent the main destination for Greek tangerines. “Clementines” are marketed from January to May. Greece imports small amounts of fresh tangerines mainly from Italy and France, accounting for 68 percent of total imports. Lemons Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Forecast Lemons Estimates 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 11,800 11,800 11,800 Area Harvested 10,600 11,328 11,328 Production 33,000 46,000 45,000 Imports 36,450 30,614 28,000 Total Supply 69,450 76,614 73,000 Exports 5,996 3,346 4,000 Fresh Dom. Consumption 63,454 73,268 69,000 For Processing 0 0 0 Total Distribution 69,450 76,614 73,000 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek lemon production is forecast to remain stable. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. The major lemon variety grown in Greece is “Maglini,” whose fruit is strongly aromatic, with a quite sour juice. It has a thin, shiny peel and when fully ripe has a yellow color. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Greek lemon consumption is forecast to decrease by 6 percent because of the Greece’s economic downturn and reduced purchasing power. Greek lemon production is all destined for the fresh market. Greece has become increasingly reliant on imported lemon juice to meet consumer demand for soft drinks. The yield for lemon juice is 15-17 Kg of fresh lemons to produce 1 Kg of lemon juice, depending on the quality of the fruit. TRADE Greece is a large importer of lemons. MY 2011/12 Greek lemon imports are forecast to remain steady. Greece imports most of its lemons from Argentina and Turkey. The “Maglini” lemon variety is marketed from December to May and from September to November after artificial ripening. Greek lemons are sold mainly to Bulgaria and Italy. Grapefruits Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Grapefruits Forecast 2011/2012 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 100 100 100 Area Harvested 89 95 98 Production 5,800 5,800 6,000 Imports 2,509 3,371 3,600 Total Supply 8,309 9,171 9,600 Exports 1,120 1,271 1,350 Fresh Dom. Consumption 6,389 7,400 7,750 For Processing 800 500 500 Total Distribution 8,309 9,171 9,600 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek grapefruit production is forecast to remain steady. The prefectures of Corinth and Kavala, the region of Thessaly, and the island of Crete are the major grapefruit-producing areas. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/2012 Greek grapefruit consumption is forecast to remain stable. Most grapefruits are consumed fresh. TRADE MY 2011/2012 Greek grapefruit trade volumes are forecast to remain steady. Greece imports the majority of its grapefruit from South Africa and Cyprus. Greek grapefruits are sold mainly to Macedonia and Romania. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report EU European Union MT Metric ton = 1000 kg MY Marketing year Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October Trade data cited in this report was derived by using the following tariff codes: Oranges: 080510 Tangerines: 080520 Lemons: 080550 Grapefruit: 080540 Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919
Posted: 30 December 2011

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