Citrus Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Greece

Posted on: 29 Dec 2012

Greek lemon production is forecast to increase significantly while Greek orange and tangerine productions are forecast to stay flat.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 12/3/2012 GAIN Report Number: GR1220 Greece Post: Rome Citrus Annual 2012 Report Categories: Citrus Approved By: Christine Sloop Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek lemon production is forecast to increase significantly by 11 percent due to favorable weather. MY 2012/13 Greek orange and tangerine productions are forecast to stay flat. Oranges Table 1: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimate Estimate Forecast s s 2012/201 Oranges 2010/201 2011/201 3 1 2 Post Post Post Data Data Data Area Planted 37,874 37,874 37,874 Area Harvested 36,000 36,600 37,000 Production 901,212 910,000 914,000 Imports 5,836 6,300 6,400 Total Supply 907,048 916,300 920,400 Exports 389,920 350,000 350,000 Fresh Dom. Consumptio n 382,128 431,300 435,400 For Processing 135,000 135,000 135,000 Total Distributio n 907,048 916,300 920,400 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek orange production is forecast to stay flat. Peloponnese and Aitoloakarnaia (Western Greece) are the main orange- producing areas. “Washington Navel,” “Commons,” “Valencia,” “Navelina,” and “Newhall” are the major orange varieties grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Greek orange consumption is forecast to remain steady. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to open markets and grocery stores). “Commons” variety is used predominantly in processing. TRADE Romania, Germany, Serbia, Poland, Hungary, and Bulgaria are the main destination for Greek oranges. “Navels” and “Tardives” are marketed mostly from November through March. Greece imports small amounts of fresh oranges from South Africa, Hungary, and Bulgaria. Orange Juice Table 2: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimate Estimate Orange Forecast s s 2012/201 Juice 2010/201 2011/201 3 1 2 Post Post Post Data Data Data Deliv.To Processors 135,000 135,000 135,000 Production 8,289 8,289 8,289 Imports 7,624 6,494 6,500 Total Supply 15,913 14,783 14,789 Exports 6,822 5,566 5,570 Fresh Dom. 9,091 9,217 9,219 Consumptio n Total Distributio n 15,913 14,783 14,789 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA Greece is forecast to process about 135,000 MT of oranges in MY 2012/13 to produce 8,289 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined to the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. Tangerines Table 3: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimate Estimate Forecast s s 2012/201 Tangerines 2010/201 2011/201 3 1 2 Post Post Post Data Data Data Area Planted 9,200 9,200 9,200 Area Harvested 9,100 9,100 9,100 Production 120,000 120,000 120,000 Imports 4,199 2,900 2,850 Total Supply 124,199 122,900 122,850 Exports 80,999 68,000 67,500 Fresh Dom. Consumptio n 42,200 53,900 54,350 For 1,000 1,000 1,000 Processing Total Distributio n 124,199 122,900 122,850 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek tangerine production is forecast to remain steady. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Igoumenitsa, Arta, Mosologgi, and Thesprotia, located in northern Greece. “Clementine” is the major tangerine variety grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION Most tangerines are consumed fresh. “Clementines” are consumed mainly along the west coast and cover early and late season demand, both domestically and abroad. TRADE Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Macedonia represent the main destination for Greek tangerines. “Clementines” are marketed from January to May. Greece imports small amounts of fresh tangerines from Italy, Cyprus, and France. Lemons Table 4: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 L Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 emons Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 11,800 11,800 11,800 Area Harvested 10,328 11,328 11,500 Production 33,000 45,000 50,000 Imports 29,548 34,500 35,000 Total Supply 62,548 79,500 85,000 Exports 2,385 4,000 4,100 Fresh Dom. Consumption 59,663 75,000 80,400 For Processing 500 500 500 Total Distribution 62,548 79,500 85,000 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek lemon production is forecast to increase significantly by 11 percent due to favorable weather. The main lemon-producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. The major lemon variety grown in Greece is “Maglini,” whose fruit is strongly aromatic, with a quite sour juice. It has a thin, shiny peel and when fully ripe has a yellow color. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Greek lemon consumption is expected to increase driven by the increased production. Greek lemon production is all destined for the fresh market. Greece has become increasingly reliant on imported lemon juice to meet consumer demand for soft drinks. The yield for lemon juice is 15-17 Kg of fresh lemons to produce 1 Kg of lemon juice, depending on the quality of the fruit. TRADE Greece is a large importer of lemons from Argentina and Turkey. The “Maglini” lemon variety is marketed from December to May and from September to November after artificial ripening. Greek lemons are sold mainly to Romania and Bulgaria. Grapefruits Table 5: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Grapefruits Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 100 100 100 Area Harvested 95 93 95 Production 5,800 5,500 5,800 Imports 3,455 4,000 4,050 Total Supply 9,255 9,500 9,850 Exports 1,728 2,150 2,200 Fresh Dom. Consumption 7,027 6,850 7,150 For Processing 500 500 500 Total Distribution 9,255 9,500 9,850 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 (November/October) Greek grapefruit production is forecast to grow by 5.4 percent. The prefectures of Corinth and Kavala, the region of Thessaly, and the island of Crete are the major grapefruit-producing areas. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/2013 Greek grapefruit consumption is expected to remain flat. Most grapefruits are consumed fresh. TRADE Greece imports the majority of its grapefruits from South Africa. Small quantities of Greek grapefruits are sold mainly to Bulgaria, Romania, and Macedonia. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report MY Marketing year Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October HS Codes Oranges: 080510 Tangerines: 080520 Lemons: 080550 Grapefruit: 080540 Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919 MT Metric ton = 1000 kg Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres EU European Union
Posted: 29 December 2012

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