Citrus Semi-Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Citrus Fruits in Greece

Posted on: 30 Jul 2012

MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek lemon production is expected to increase significantly due to favorable weather.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 6/28/2012 GAIN Report Number: GR1210 Greece Post: Rome Citrus Semi-Annual 2012 Report Categories: Citrus Approved By: Jim Dever Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek lemon production is expected to increase significantly due to favorable weather. The main lemon producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. Oranges Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Oranges 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 36,000 37,874 37,874 Area Harvested 35,424 36,724 36,600 Production 969,660 996,000 910,000 Imports 7,981 5,146 9,500 Total Supply 977,641 1,001,146 919,500 Exports 383,697 388,713 360,500 Fresh Dom. Consumption 396,944 477,433 424,000 For Processing 197,000 135,000 135,000 Total Distribution 977,641 1,001,146 919,500 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek orange production is expected to drop by 8.6 percent due to heavy frost during flowering. Peloponnese and Aitoloakarnaia (western Greece) are the main orange-producing areas. “Washington Navel,” “Commons,” “Valencia,” “Navelina,” and “Newhall” are the major orange varieties grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Greek orange consumption is expected to decrease by about 11 percent because of the Greece’s economic downturn and reduced purchasing power. Most oranges are consumed fresh (channeled to open markets and grocery stores). The “Commons” variety is used predominantly in processing. TRADE MY 2011/12 Greek orange exports are expected to decrease. Romania, Germany, Serbia, Albania, and Poland continue to be the main destination for Greek oranges. “Navels” and “Tardives” are marketed mostly from November through March. Greece imports small amounts of fresh oranges mainly from South Africa and Hungary. Orange Juice Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Orange Juice 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Deliv. to Processors 197,000 135,000 135,000 Beginning Stocks 0 0 0 Production 12,115 8,289 8,289 Imports 4,959 3,685 4,156 Total Supply 17,074 11,974 12,445 Exports 3,783 3, 130 3,280 Domestic Consumption 13,291 8,844 9,165 Ending Stocks 0 0 0 Total Distribution 17,074 11,974 12,445 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) According to the latest estimates, Greece is expected to process about 135,000 MT of oranges in MY 2011/12, to produce 8,289 MT of concentrate. The total volume of oranges channeled to processing depends on crop quality and quantity of oranges destined to the fresh market, both domestic and foreign. Tangerines Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Forecast Tangerines 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 9,200 9,200 9,200 Area Harvested 8,900 9,100 9,100 Production 110,000 120,000 120,000 Imports 4,878 3,885 3,300 Total Supply 114,878 123,885 123,300 Exports 71,882 80,615 66,244 Fresh Dom. Consumption 41,996 42,270 56,056 For Processing 1,000 1,000 1,000 Total Distribution 114,878 123,885 123,300 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek tangerine production is expected to remain steady. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Igoumenitsa, Arta, Mosologgi, and Thesprotia, located in northern Greece. “Clementine” is the major tangerine variety grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION Most tangerines are consumed fresh. “Clementines” are consumed mainly along the west coast and cover early and late season demands, both domestically and abroad. TRADE Romania, Bulgaria, Serbia, and Macedonia represent the main destination for Greek tangerines. “Clementines” are marketed from January to May. Greece imports small amounts of fresh tangerines mainly from Italy, Cyprus, and France. Lemons Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Forecast Lemons Estimates 2009/2010 2010/2011 2011/2012 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 11,800 11,800 11,800 Area Harvested 10,600 10,328 11,328 Production 33,205 33,000 45,000 Imports 36,450 29,548 30,300 Total Supply 69,655 62,548 75,300 Exports 5,234 2,385 2,400 Fresh Dom. Consumption 63,921 59,663 72,400 For Processing 500 500 500 Total Distribution 69,655 62,548 75,300 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek lemon production is expected to increase significantly due to favorable weather. The main producing areas include the prefectures of Korinthos, Achaia, Piraeus, and Ilias, located in northern Greece. The major lemon variety grown in Greece is “Maglini,” whose fruit is strongly aromatic, with a quite sour juice. It has a thin, shiny peel and when fully ripe has a yellow color. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/12 Greek lemon consumption is expected to increase significantly because of the increased production. Greek lemon production is all destined for the fresh market. Greece has become increasingly reliant on imported lemon juice to meet consumer demand for soft drinks. The yield for lemon juice is 15-17 Kg of fresh lemons to produce 1 Kg of lemon juice, depending on the quality of the fruit. TRADE Greece is a large importer of lemons. MY 2011/12 Greek lemon imports are expected to remain steady. Greece imports most of its lemons from Argentina and Turkey. The “Maglini” lemon variety is marketed from December to May and from September to November after artificial ripening. Greek lemons are sold mainly to Bulgaria. Grapefruits 2009 2010 2011 Estimates Estimates Grapefruits Forecast 2011/2012 2009/2010 2010/2011 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 100 100 100 Area Harvested 89 95 98 Production 5,800 5,800 6,000 Imports 2,589 3,455 3,686 Total Supply 8,389 9,255 9,686 Exports 971 1,728 1,983 Fresh Dom. Consumption 6,618 7,027 7,203 For Processing 800 500 500 Total Distribution 8,389 9,255 9,686 Source: Greek industry contacts; GTA (Global Trade Atlas) PRODUCTION MY 2011/12 (November/October) Greek grapefruit production is expected to remain steady. The prefectures of Corinth and Kavala, the region of Thessaly, and the island of Crete are the major grapefruit-producing areas. CONSUMPTION MY 2011/2012 Greek grapefruit consumption is expected to remain stable. Most grapefruits are consumed fresh. TRADE MY 2011/2012 Greek grapefruit trade volumes are expected to remain steady. Greece imports the majority of its grapefruit from South Africa. Greek grapefruits are sold mainly to Bulgaria, Romania, and Macedonia. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report EU European Union MT Metric ton = 1000 kg MY Marketing year Oranges, Tangerines, Lemons, Grapefruit, Orange Juice: November/October Trade data cited in this report was derived by using the following tariff codes: Oranges: 080510 Tangerines: 080520 Lemons: 080550 Grapefruit: 080540 Orange juice: 200911-200912-200919
Posted: 30 July 2012

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