Stone Fruit Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Pome Fruits (such as apples or pears) and Stone Fruits (such as peaches, cherries, etc.) in Greece

Posted on: 10 Nov 2012

Greece is the 3rd largest apricot producer in the EU-27, after Italy and France.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 9/14/2012 GAIN Report Number: GR1213 Greece Post: Rome Stone Fruit Annual 2012 Report Categories: Stone Fruit Approved By: Christine Sloop Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: Greece is the 3rd largest apricot producer in the EU-27, after Italy and France. According to industry estimates, MY 2012/13 Greek apricot production is forecast to climb significantly by 48 percent, as weather conditions have been good. Greece is the third largest producer of peaches in the EU-27, after Italy and Spain. I. PEACHES AND NECTARINES Table 1: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates Estimates Forecast Peaches and Nectarines 2010/2011 2011/2012 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Production 42,600 42,600 42,600 Production 681,300 630,000 675,000 Imports 4,308 4,053 4,000 Total Supply 685,608 634,053 679,000 Fresh Dom. Consumption 49,818 171,053 186,300 Exports 111,890 103,000 102,700 For Processing 404,000 340,000 370,000 Losses & Withdraws 120,000 20,000 20,000 Total Distribution 685,608 634,053 679,000 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA PRODUCTION Greece is the third largest producer of peaches in the EU-27, after Italy and Spain. Greek farms are typically four to five hectares, much smaller than the average size in either the EU or the United States. According to industry estimates, there are approximately 42,600 hectares currently cultivated for peaches and nectarines. The main producing areas include six territories (Imathia, Pella, Pieria, Kozani, Larissa, and Kilkis) of Central Macedonia and Thessaly, located in northern Greece. The peach production area is located in an active hail belt that stretches from the Iberian Peninsula to northern Greece. Most of the crop is harvested in June and July. MY 2012/13 fresh freestone peach and nectarine production is forecast at 305,000 MT―an increase of 5.2 percent compared to the previous year. MY 2012/13 clingstone production is forecast to increase by near 9 percent. CONSUMPTION Greek nectarine production is destined mainly for the fresh market; freestone peaches are used for fresh consumption, and clingstone peaches are predominantly used in processing (although some are consumed fresh). TRADE Greece is an important exporter of fresh (and canned) peaches. Russian, Romanian, and Ukrainian markets continue to be the main destinations for Greek stone fruit exports. Greece imports small amounts of fresh peaches and nectarines. Italy and Spain remain the main suppliers to the Greek market. II. APRICOTS Table 2: Production, Supply, and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Apricots Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Production 5,500 5,500 6,000 Production 74,000 48,500 73,500 Imports 482 650 650 Total Supply 74,482 49,150 74,150 Fresh Dom. Consumption 16,635 8,925 20,225 Exports 17,147 13,550 13,500 For Processing 40,700 26,675 40,425 Total Distribution 74,482 49,150 74,150 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA PRODUCTION Greece is the third largest apricot producer in the EU-27, after Italy and France. Greek apricots are grown in Crete, Thessaly, and Peloponnesos, located in southern Greece. According to industry estimates, MY 2012/13 Greek apricot production is forecast to climb significantly by 48 percent, as the weather conditions have been good. The apricot harvest begins in June and lasts until July. Tirinthos, Aurora, Bebekou, and the sweet Diamantopoulou are the leading apricot varieties grown in Greece. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Greek apricot consumption is forecast to climb significantly, driven by the increased production. Most of the apricot production (50–60 percent) goes to the canning industry. Approximately 20 percent is destined for the fresh market, while a small percentage is processed into puree and concentrate. The “Bebekou” variety is predominantly used in processing. TRADE Fresh and canned apricots are sold either in the local market or exported to other EU markets. Germany and Romania continue to be the main destinations for Greek apricot exports. Greece imports small amounts of apricots from Turkey, Italy, and Germany. III. CHERRIES Table 3: Fresh Cherries - Production, Supply and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Cher Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 ries Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Production 8,200 8,200 8,200 Production 50,160 43,405 46,000 Imports 496 295 290 Total Supply 50,656 43,700 46,290 Fresh Dom. Consumption 39,544 32,010 34,450 Exports 8,604 9,520 9,540 For Processing 2,508 2,170 2,300 Total Distribution 50,656 43,700 46,290 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry; GTA PRODUCTION MY 2012/13 Greek cherry season is forecast to be satisfactory, as the weather conditions have been good. Pella and Imathia are the main producing areas. CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Greek demand for cherries is likely to remain steady. Greek cherries production is mainly destined for the fresh market, with a small percentage processed into jams, spoon sweets, and the Vissinada, a traditional sour cherry concentrate mixed with iced water. TRADE Netherlands and Germany continue to be the main destinations for Greek cherries exports. Greece imports small amounts of cherries from Spain and Turkey. Abbreviations and definitions used in this report: MY Marketing year: June/May Peaches/nectarines: HS Code 080930 Apricots: HS Code 080910 Cherries: HS Code 080920 MT Metric ton = 1,000 kg Ha Hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres
Posted: 10 November 2012

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