Tree Nuts Annual 2012

An Expert's View about Tree and Bush Fruits and Nuts in Greece

Posted on: 10 Nov 2012

Greece is the third largest producer of almonds in the EU-27, after Spain and Italy.

THIS REPORT CONTAINS ASSESSMENTS OF COMMODITY AND TRADE ISSUES MADE BY USDA STAFF AND NOT NECESSARILY STATEMENTS OF OFFICIAL U.S. GOVERNMENT POLICY Voluntary Public - Date: 9/14/2012 GAIN Report Number: GR1212 Greece Post: Rome Tree Nuts Annual 2012 Report Categories: Tree Nuts Approved By: Christine Sloop Prepared By: Ornella Bettini Report Highlights: Greece is the third largest producer of almonds in the EU-27, after Spain and Italy. Per capita consumption of tree nuts in Greece at 17 kilos/year is the highest in the EU and one of the highest in the world. MY 2012/13 Greek almond production is forecast to recover in terms of both quantity and quality. The United States is the main almond and pistachio supplier to the Greek market. I. ALMONDS Table 1: Production, Supply and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 Almonds, Shelled Basis Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 40,000 40,000 40,000 Area Harvested 38,000 37,000 39,950 Production 12,000 10,000 14,000 Imports 6,035 6,555 6,560 Total Supply 18,035 16,555 20,560 Exports 1,418 1,100 1,098 Domestic Consumption 16,617 15,455 19,462 Total Distribution 18,035 16,555 20,560 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry contacts; GTA PRODUCTION Greece is the third largest producer of almonds in the EU-27, after Spain and Italy. Almond cultivation in Greece has a long tradition and history. According to industry estimates, there are approximately 40,000 hectares currently cultivated for almonds, including all types of systematically cultivated orchards and a large number of scattered trees (yielding about 1,200 MT annually for private consumption). The main almond producing areas include five prefectures (Katerini, Serres, Kavala, Magnisia, and Larissa) of Central Macedonia and Thessaly, located in northern Greece. The quality of Greek almonds is considered excellent and the most popular varieties are Ferragnes, Texas, Troito, and Retsou. The Ferragnes variety is growing in popularity and replacing many traditional ones. MY 2012/13 Greek almond production is forecast to recover in terms of both quantity and quality. MY 2011/12 has been characterized as one of the worst crops in the last 15 years. In fact, heavy frost in December and adverse conditions in March heavily damaged the crop in the main producing areas, reducing the harvest by 60-70 percent. CONSUMPTION Per capita consumption of tree nuts in Greece at 17 kilos/year is the highest in the EU and one of the highest in the world. Almonds represent an important component of the Greek diet. Greeks consume almonds mainly as a snack food, and, to a lesser extent, as an ingredient for confectionary products, such as ice cream and chocolate. TRADE Greece is a net importer of almonds. The United States is the main almond supplier to the Greek market, accounting for 65 percent of total imports. Spain is also an important supplier to the Greek market, accounting for 26 percent of the total. Imported almonds are destined mainly for the confectionary, ice cream, and chocolate industries, both for the domestic and re-export markets, mainly Bulgaria and Italy. Greece exports small amounts of almonds. Bulgaria and Italy continue to be the main destinations for Greek almonds. Greek almond exports are destined for both the snack and confectionary industry. II. PISTACHIOS Table 2: Production, Supply and Demand (MT) 2010 2011 2012 P Estimates 2010/2011 Estimates 2011/2012 Forecast 2012/2013 istachios, In-shell Basis Post Data Post Data Post Data Area Planted 4,900 4,900 9,000 Area Harvested 4,800 4,850 8,850 Beginning Stocks 460 405 390 Production 3,000 3,150 5,000 Imports 1,948 960 962 Total Supply 5,408 4,515 6,352 Exports 1,262 1,100 1,098 Domestic Consumption 3,741 3,025 4,879 Ending Stocks 405 390 375 Total Distribution 5,408 4,515 6,352 Source: Unofficial estimates based on Greek industry contacts; GTA PRODUCTION According to industry estimates, MY 2012/13 Greek pistachio area and production are forecast to increase significantly. Greek pistachios are produced mainly in the Island of Egina and in the area of Lamia, located in central Greece. New producing areas include the Makrakomi area of Central Greece and the municipality of Oropos, in East Attica. Due to its distinct flavor, form, and full kernel, the Aegina pistachio has been recognized by the European Commission as a PDO (Protected Designation of Origin). CONSUMPTION MY 2012/13 Greek pistachio demand is forecast to grow driven by increased production. Greeks mainly consume pistachios fresh, as a snack food, and, to a lesser extent, as an ingredient for confectionary products, such as ice cream and chocolate. Imported pistachios comprise a significant portion of Greek consumption. TRADE Greek pistachio imports come mainly from the United States and France. Imported pistachios are destined for the confectionary and ice cream sectors. Greece is an emerging exporter. France represents the main destination for Greek pistachios. Abbreviations and Definitions Used in this Report MY Marketing Year Almonds and Pistachios: September/August HS Codes: Almonds: Shelled 080212; In-shell 080211 Pistachios: 080250 Conversion factors used to convert shelled to in-shell tree nuts: Almonds: 3.3 Pistachios: 1.5 Ha hectare; 1 ha = 2.471 acres MT Metric ton = 1,000 kg MS EU member state(s)
Posted: 10 November 2012

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